Use this tag for questions about Schwartz distributions, also known as Generalised Functions. For questions about "probability distributions", use (probability-distributions). For questions about distributions as sub-bundles of a vector bundle, use (differential-geometry).

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2
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2answers
178 views

Characterization of delta Distribution

I encountered this problem while solving a problem related to characterization of delta function upto constant multiple. $\phi \in D(R)$, Space of compactly supported infinitely differentiable ...
2
votes
2answers
369 views

Delta function in curvilinear coordinates

I have been looking everywhere but I am unable to prove $$\delta(\vec{x}-\vec{a}) = \frac{1}{fgh}\delta(x_u-a_u)\delta(x_v-a_v) \delta(x_w-a_w)$$ Where $f,g,h$ are scale factors for an orthogonal ...
0
votes
1answer
355 views

Proving that the bi-laplacian of a radial basis function is the dirac delta

According to equation (2.14) of the paper "The Uniform Convergence of Thin Plate Spline Interpolation in Two Dimensions" a radial basis function $\phi(\parallel x \parallel)$ has the property $$ ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Delta function integrated from zero

I am trying to understand the motivation behind the following identity stated in Bracewell's book on Fourier transforms: $$\delta^{(2)}(x,y)=\frac{\delta(r)}{\pi r},$$ where $\delta^{(2)}$ is a ...
5
votes
1answer
173 views

Tempered distribution concentrated in a lower dimensional manifold

Question: What can you conclude about a tempered distribution $G\ \in\ S'(R^n)$ that is concentrated in some k-dimensional manifold $M\ \subset\ R^n$ (for k < n)? More specifically, is there a ...
4
votes
2answers
666 views

On distributions over $\mathbb R$ whose derivatives vanishes

Let $I \subset \mathbb R$ be open, $u \in \mathcal D'(I)$ be a distribution whose distributional derivatives vanishes (i.e. is zero for all test functions, which we may assume to be complex valued ...
6
votes
2answers
567 views

Topologies on the space $\mathcal D'(U)$ of distributions

In my analysis lecture I am given a topology on the space of distributions as follows: Let $u_k$ be a sequence in $\mathcal D'(u)$, $u \in \mathcal D'(u)$. We say $u_k \rightarrow u$, if ...
9
votes
2answers
213 views

How do different notions of “distribution” relate to one another?

In reading "Real Analysis: Modern Techniques and Their Applications" (Folland), I've come across a few different notions of "distribution" or "distribution functions." The distribution function of a ...
1
vote
0answers
310 views

Misapplication of the Hahn-Banach theorem

I was reading a comment on MathOverflow and did not understand what was being suggested. I also don't understand Anton's response: ...
7
votes
2answers
784 views

Dual of Sobolev space $W^{1,p}(U)$ for $U$ an arbitrary subset of $\mathbb R^n$

this question may be shameful, but nevertheless I can't help myself. Let $U \subset \mathbb R^n$ be arbitrary, in particular not the whole of the space itself. I wonder about the dual of the space ...
4
votes
1answer
336 views

Distributional derivative as linear approximation

Is it possible to characterize the distributional derivative as some sort of "best linear approximation" of a distribution (a la the Fréchet/Gâteaux derivatives), if viewed in the appropriate spaces? ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

How to prove $\frac{d\theta}{dx} = \delta(x)$?

Here is a problem from Griffith's book Introduction to E&M. Let $\theta(x)$ be the step function $$\theta = \begin{cases} 0, & x \le 0, \\ 1, & x \gt 0. \end{cases} $$ The ...
4
votes
4answers
784 views

Distribution theory book

I'm looking for a good book on distribution theory (in the Schwartz sense), I have the basic knowledge as given in Grafakos' Classical Fourier Analysis, but I want to know more about it. Is the ...
7
votes
3answers
5k views

what is product of delta function with itself?

what is the product of delta function with itself ? what is the dot product with itself ?
4
votes
2answers
300 views

Operators commuting with translations

Let $T$ be a bounded linear operator on $L^2(\mathbb R)$. So, let us now assume that $T$ commutes with the translations $\tau_x$. How do I now show that $T$ is given by a convolution with respect to a ...
4
votes
3answers
451 views

Derivatives distribution

Let $f$ be a distribution on $\mathbf{R}^n$ (in the Schwartz sense) such that $$\frac{\partial f}{\partial x_i} = 0 \text{ for $i = 1, \ldots, n$.}$$ Then how to prove that $f$ is a constant? I had ...