1
vote
0answers
33 views

Function satisfies differential equation.

Given the D'Alembert operator D'Alembertian $\Box$, I want to show that $$ G(x,t,x_0,t_0):= \frac{\delta \left(t_0 + \frac{||x-x_0||}{c} -t \right)}{||x-x_0||} $$ satisfies $$ \Box G(x,t,x_0,t_0) = ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Approximation of the Heaviside Function whose derivative has a compact support

I am looking for a smooth approximation $H_\delta$ of the Heaviside function, which has the property that $$ \lim_{\delta\rightarrow 0^+}H_\delta =H $$ in the distribution sense, and $$ ...
0
votes
0answers
128 views

Delta function?

I came across this integral: \begin{align} \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \mathrm{d}k_1 |f(k_1)| \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \mathrm{d} k_2 |g(k_2)|& \nonumber \times\bigg\{\lim _{V \to ...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

Derivative of Dirac delta behavior at 0

I calculated the curl of the vector field $\vec j = \delta(z) f(\rho) \vec e_\phi$ in cylindrical coordinates (ρ,φ,z). For the $\vec e_ρ$ unti vector I got: $$-\delta'(z)f(\rho)$$ The main question ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Close fourier transforms implies close time domain functions?

What conditions do we need so that $A(f)\approx B(f) \Rightarrow \mathcal{F}^{-1}\left\{A\right\}(t)\approx\mathcal{F}^{-1}\left\{B\right\}(t)$ The Fourier transforms of my two things look alike. In ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

I need to integrate with $\delta$ against something that isn't a test function!

In relation to ``How does integration over $\delta^{(n)}(x)$ work?,'' I need to evaluate $\int_{-a}^{a}f(x)\delta^{(n)}(x)\, dx$. However, while my $f$ is smooth on its domain, it can't be a test ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

Derivatives of $|x|$

I wanted to calculate the first and second derivatives of the function $f(x)=|x|$, in order to verify that: $$ f'(x)=\frac{|x|}{x} $$ and $$ f''(x)=2\delta(x). $$ Can you help me?
2
votes
2answers
92 views

Computation of integral involving Heaviside function

Let $H : \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ denote the Heaviside function: $$ H(y) = \begin{cases} 0 & y < 0, \\ 1 & y \ge 0. \end{cases} $$ Suppose that $c > 1$ is fixed with $t$ ...
0
votes
1answer
417 views

integral of Dirac delta function with sine

It i well known that the Dirac Delta Function has the following property $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\delta(t-a)f(t)dt=f(a)$ if $g(t)=\int_{0}^{t}\sin(t-\tau)\delta(\tau-\pi)d\tau$ then $g(t) = ...
1
vote
0answers
107 views

Fundamental solution of wave equation in 3D

I want to ask for assistance in verifying the fundamental solution of the wave equation in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$. Here the fundamental solution is given by $$\frac{1}{2\pi}H(t)\delta(t^{2}-|x|^{2})$$which ...
5
votes
1answer
155 views

Computing the integral $ \lim\limits_{\epsilon\to 0} \int_{-2}^{0} \frac{e^{1/x(x+2)}}{x+1+i\epsilon} $

I got stuck when calculating of this expression $$ \lim_{\epsilon\rightarrow 0} \int_{-2}^{0} \frac{e^{\frac{1}{x(x+2)}}}{x+1+i\epsilon} $$ I will be grateful for the advice.
2
votes
4answers
681 views

Proof: $ \int^{\infty}_{-\infty}\delta(t)^2 dt = 1 ??$

Let $\delta(t)$ be the Dirac-Delta function. I know that its area is 1, and amplitude is $\infty$. Then, how to prove that: $ \int^{\infty}_{-\infty}\delta(t)^2 dt = 1 ??$
5
votes
4answers
8k views

Derivative of a Delta function

I know questions similar to this one have been asked, but there is a particular aspect that I'm confused about that wasn't addressed in the answers to the other ones. I'm dealing with an expression ...
4
votes
1answer
204 views

Solution of a differential equation in space of distributions

I cant figure out how to find general solution to equation $(1+x)^2 u''=0$ in the space of distributions. Any ideas?
0
votes
1answer
147 views

Show that $\delta(\xi-x)=\delta(x-\xi)$

How would you show $\delta(\xi-x)=\delta(x-\xi)$ if you know that $$\int _{-\infty}^{\infty}\delta(x)h(x)=h(0)$$ Also how would you then show more generally that if $f(\xi)$ is a monotonic ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Find $r(x)$ such that $r(x)L$ is self-adjoint

The differential operator $$L=a(x)\frac{d^2}{dx^2}+b(x)\frac{d}{dx}+c(x)$$ is not self adjoint. How would you find r(x) such that r(x)L is self adjoint. I know that this is self adjoint when $L=L^*$ ...
5
votes
4answers
278 views

delta functions $e^{x}\delta (x)=\delta (x)$

How would you prove that; $$e^{x} \delta (x)= \delta (x)$$ Is it anything to do with the following relationship; $$ \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} g'(x)h(x)\,dx = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} g(x)h'(x)\,dx.$$ ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Calculation of the Laplacian of a function in $\mathbb{R}^3$.

I have to calculate the Laplacian distributional sense) of the following function $$\frac{e^{i\sqrt{\lambda}|x|}-1}{4\pi|x|}$$ with $\lambda>0$, $x\in\mathbb{R}^3$. I've procedded in the following ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Is this integral 0?

Let $\phi \in C_0^{\infty}(\Omega)$ with $\Omega = (0,1)\times(0,1)$. Let $u\in L_2(\Omega)$ defined by $u(x,y) = 1$ for $x>y, u(x,y) = 0$ for $x\leq y$ Is there a way we can conclude ...
1
vote
2answers
502 views

Dirac delta function

1)Prove that the dirac delta function property: $$ x\delta'(x)=-\delta(x)$$ 2)and : $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty \delta'(x)f(x)dx=-f'(0) \ $$
3
votes
1answer
65 views

Show continuity of a function?

Are there theorems or results to show that if for every $\varphi\in \mathcal{C}_0^\infty(\mathbb{R})$ we have, $$\int_{\mathbb{R}} \varphi^k(x)\mu(dx) \leq C$$ Then $\mu(dx) = f(x)dx$ and $f\in ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Non-regularity of non-elliptic operator

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^d$ be open,and $P(D)=\operatorname{\sum_{|\alpha|\le N}}f_{\alpha}D^{\alpha}$ be an elliptic differential operator. Rudin proves in Functional Analysis Part II the ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Show that a functional is a distribution

Consider the following functional $$ \langle u , \phi \rangle = \int_0^{\infty} \phi(t) \frac{\mathrm{d}t}{t^{\alpha}} $$ I want to show that it is a functional in $\mathcal{D'}{(\mathbb{R})}$. ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

what could be said about the series of test-functions?

in another thread an offtopic question came to my mind. Consider a test/bump function $\phi$, then consider all its derivatives $\phi^{(k)}$, of course they are bounded by constants $M_k$, next form ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Proof of Dirac Delta's sifting property

A common way to characterize the dirac delta function $\delta$ is by the following two properties: $$1)\ \delta(x) = 0\ \ \text{for}\ \ x \neq 0$$ $$2)\ \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\delta(x)\ dx = 1$$ I ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Delta function integrated from zero

I am trying to understand the motivation behind the following identity stated in Bracewell's book on Fourier transforms: $$\delta^{(2)}(x,y)=\frac{\delta(r)}{\pi r},$$ where $\delta^{(2)}$ is a ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

How to prove $\frac{d\theta}{dx} = \delta(x)$?

Here is a problem from Griffith's book Introduction to E&M. Let $\theta(x)$ be the step function $$\theta = \begin{cases} 0, & x \le 0, \\ 1, & x \gt 0. \end{cases} $$ The ...