# Tagged Questions

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### Existence objective function given optimality regions

Let $I$ and $X$ be finite, nonempty sets, and denote by $\Delta(X)$ the set of probability measures on $(X,2^X)$. Suppose that for each $i \in I$, we are given a subset $M_i \subseteq \Delta(X)$ of ...
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### Smallest triangle in a convex polygon triangulation

I have been working on this problem for quite a while and it seems necessary to prove or disprove this particular problem. Suppose $T$ is the set of all possible triangles made from the vertices of a ...
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### Algebraic proof of Ehrhart's theorem

Let $P \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a $d$-dimensional polytope, where all vertices lie on integral coordinates, and let $L(P,n)$ denote the number of integral lattice points contained in the scaled ...
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### Regular polygons constructed inside regular polygons

Let $P$ be a regular $n$-gon, and erect on each edge toward the inside a regular $k$-gon, with edge lengths matching. See the example below for $n=12$ and $k=3,\ldots,11$.       Two ...
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### Geometry textbook

I am planning to take a graduate Geometry course next semester. The preliminary syllabus does not specify any textbook but has the following descriptions: Catalog Course Description: This course ...
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### Cover the n-sphere with sub-hemispherical caps

Original Question (answered): Define a cap (x,Phi) to be the set of all points of the sphere that are within an angle Phi of the point x. $0 \le \phi < \frac{\pi}{2}$. (define the angle ...
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### If we spot n dots on a sphere (radius r), there exists two dots whose distance is under d

Is there any formula about $n$, $r$, $d$ at the question?
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### Question related to Desargues' Theorem

The diagram below is one way of drawing two triangles ($\Delta PQR,\ \Delta P'Q'R'$) perspective from a point ($O$), with pairs of corresponding sides meeting at $D, E, F$ as in Desargues' Theorem ...
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### Circles on the plane such that every line intersects at least one of them but no line intersects more that 100 of them

I have a serious problem with this problem: Is it possible to Draw circles on the plane such that every line intersects at least one of them but no line intersects more that 100 of them !? Any help ...
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### Flip graph of point set [closed]

Is the ﬂip graph of every point set in $\mathbb R^3$ connected? If not, is there a set with an isolated node? Def: For a point set $S$, the ﬂip graph of $S$ is a graph whose nodes are the set of ...
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### Regular Pentagon is the Unique Largest Two-Distance Set in the Plane

A two-distance set is a collection of points for which only two distinct distances appear among pairs of points. (That is, the distance between any pair of points is either $x$ or $y$, and these ...
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### square cake with raisins

Alice bakes a square cake, with $n$ raisins (= points). Bob cuts $p$ square pieces. They are axis-aligned, interior-disjoint, and each piece must contain at least $2$ raisins. Note that a single ...
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### Simplex with edges of length at least s having smallest circumradius

Is it true that of all $k$-simplices with edge lengths greater than or equal to some parameter $s$, the regular simplex with edge lengths $s$ has the smallest circumradius? Please supply a proof or ...
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### Proving by induction that an equilateral triangle will always be divided into (n+1)^2 small triangles?

I'm working on a proof that looks like this: Let $n$ be a positive integer. Given an equilateral triangle, place $n$ points on each side, dividing the side into $n+1$ equal segments. Use the ...
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### Voronoi Diagrams Proof

I am having a real problem with this proof about voronoi diagrams: Prove that $V(p_i)$ (i.e., the cell of $\operatorname{Vor}(P)$ which corresponds to $p_i$) is unbounded if and only if $p_i$ is on ...
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### Tilings of the plane

There are many possible tilings (or tesselations) of the plane: periodic ones by a - necessarily - finite number of prototiles (e.g. regular tilings) aperiodic ones by a finite number of prototiles ...
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### Can all convex polytopes be realized with vertices on surface of convex body?

Each convex polytope $P$ has a combinatorial type, its so-called face lattice. This lattice is just the poset of all faces of $P$ ordered by inclusion. Given one realization of such a combinatorial ...
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### “Round” regions on surface of convex polytope

A convex $d$-polytope $P$ is the convex hull of finitely many points. Given such a polytope with $n \gg d$ vertices, I would like to prove that its surface has to be "round" in some region. Let me ...
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### A lemma regarding cones covering $\mathbb{R}^d$

Added: Pointers to some references with the same conclusion as the wolloing lemma may be helpful to understand it, and are appreciated. In A Probabilistic Theory of Pattern Recognition By Luc ...
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### Dividing a square into equal-area rectangles

How many ways are there to tile an $n\times n$ square with exactly $n$ rectangles, each of which has integer sides and area $n$? The sequence $C(n)$ begins 1, 2, 2, 9, 2, 46, 2, 250, 37. Clearly ...
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### Help me name or find the existing name for this geometric concept!

This may have a proper name, if so - let's discuss. If not, let's name it. This is for a web application in C#, so whatever we call it I will start naming as such in my code. I'm taking GPS data as a ...
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### Intersection of squares/cubes/hypercubes.

One can form a polygon of $4 n$ sides by intersecting $n$ congruent squares (treated as closed sets, i.e., filled squares):          Q1. For which of the ...
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### Mean distance between N equidistributed points in a circle

I would like to calculate the mean distance depending on circle shape points, This is a mean calculating all posible distances between any two points for N=2, line, there is only 1 distance. for ...
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### Which internal angles can a lattice polygon have?

I am wondering if for a lattice polygon an internal angle can take any value? If no which ones not and why? I guess there will be some restrictions due to the discrete nature of the grid but I am ...
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### Why is a circle in a plane surrounded by 6 other circles

When you draw a circle in a plane you can perfectly surround it with 6 other circles of the same radius. This works for any radius. What's the significance of 6? Why not some other number? I'm ...
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### Results related to The Happy Ending Problem

Im giving a small talk for a combinatorics class on the Erdos-Szekeres conjecture regarding the happy ending problem (the paper is focused on recent work regarding the conjecture). I always find that ...
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### Existence of lines not containing given points in general position

I remember seeing something like the following problem in the past and would like to know if it has a solution (or if I can find a source for it). Problem Given a finite set of points in the plane in ...