For questions on Dirichlet series.

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7
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1answer
243 views

Connection between Dirichlet series and integration?

For quiet sometime I've been working on an idea of mine: Basis We define the following basis: $$ A_n= ( \underbrace{00000\ldots}_{n-1\text{ times}} 1 )^T $$ Hence, $$ A_1 =(111111 \ldots )^T $$ ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Dirichlet series 'shifted' by a polynomial

Let $F(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ and $$ \xi(s) = \sum^\infty_{n=1}g(n)n^{-s} $$ be the Dirichlet series associated an arithmetic function $g(n)$. Define a new Dirichlet series $$ \xi_F(s) = ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Translations AND dilations of infinite series

Sometimes, when working with infinite series, it's useful to add "dilated" or "translated" versions of the infinite series, term by term, back to the original. There are ways of making this rigorous ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

How does Dirichlet regularization of $1 + 2 + 3 + …$ work?

How does Dirichlet regularization assign value $-1/12$ to $\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} k$? Yes, I know that $\zeta(-1) = - 1/12$, a result that follows from the Riemann functional equation $\zeta(s) = 2^s ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

How to construct a minimizing sequence?

Let ${u_k}$ be a harmonic function sequence that is continuous on a unit disk. How to construct the sequence such that, $ {u_k}$ are piecewise smooth and $u_k=0 $ on the boundary $ {u_k}$ make the ...
7
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0answers
213 views

The effect of roots of Dirichlet's $\beta$ function condenses to $\frac12\left(1+ie^{i2\pi\frac{p}4}\right)$

With the help of Raymond Manzoni and Greg Martin I was able to derive an explicit formula for the number of primes of the form $4n+3$ in terms of (sums of) sums of Riemann's $R$ functions over roots ...
6
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0answers
40 views

For all Dirichlet series, is $a_n$ unique to $f(s)$?

For any Dirichlet series, $$f(s)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{a_n}{n^s}$$ is the function, $a_n$, always unique to $f(s)$? In other words, is it possible to show that $a_n$ is the only function that will ...
6
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0answers
309 views

How to simplify $\newcommand{\bigk}{\mathop{\vcenter{\hbox{K}}}}\prod_{p\in\mathbb{P}}\left(1+\bigk_{k=1}^{\infty }\frac{f_k(s)}{g_k(s)}\right)^{-1}$

I'd like to simplify $$\newcommand{\bigk}{\mathop{\huge\vcenter{\hbox{K}}}}B(s)=\prod_{p\in\mathbb{P}}\left(1+\bigk_{k=1}^{\infty }\frac{f_{k}(s)}{f_{k}(s)}\right)^{-1}$$ to something of the form ...
4
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0answers
60 views

Derivatives of a Dirichlet polynomial

I am new here, so I don't know how this works exactly. If I do something wrong, please let me know. I'd like help to solve a problem I am studying: Let $A$ be finite set of positive integers and ...
4
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0answers
53 views

Dirichlet series' help

If $f(n)$ is an arithmetic function with $|f(n)|=1$, and $$\lim_{s\to+1} (s-1)\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{f(n)}{n^s}=0$$ Can I deduce that $$\lim_{s\to +1}(s-1)^2\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{f(n)\ln(n)}{n^s}=0$$ ...
3
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0answers
18 views

Absolute convergence of ordinary Dirichlet series

I am currently reading Serre's 'A course in Arithmetic' and I have a question about proposition 8 of section 2.4 (but I think the question can be answered without knowing the book.) The proposition ...
3
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0answers
42 views

Average Order of $\frac{1}{\mathrm{rad}(n)}$

Again a question about $\mathrm{rad}(n).$ Let $\mathrm{rad}(n)$ denote the radical of an integer $n$, which is the product of the distinct prime numbers dividing $n$. Or equivalently, ...
3
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0answers
19 views

Integral evaluation for the Riesz means special case $s_n=1$

At the moment, I am investigating the Riesz means defined as the series $$ s^{\delta}(\lambda)=\sum_{n\leq\lambda}\left( 1-\frac{n}{\lambda} \right)^{\delta}s_n. $$ Consider the special case $s_n=1$. ...
3
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0answers
85 views

Can that two double series representations of the $\eta$/$\zeta$ function be converted into each other?

By an analysis of the matrix of Eulerian numbers(see pg 8) I came across the representation for the alternating Dirichlet series $\eta$: $$ \eta(s) = 2^{s-1} \sum_{c=0}^\infty \left( ...
3
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0answers
160 views

How write Dirichlet character sums for the terms of the von Mangoldt function?

The way to separately write the terms of the von Mangoldt function $\Lambda$ as Dirichlet character sums seems to be: $$\Lambda (1) = \sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty } \frac{(e^{\Lambda (1)} \chi ...
3
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0answers
174 views

Dirichlet series represents an analytic function

Let $$T(x)=\sum_{n \leq x} t_n$$ and $T(X)=O(x^a)$ for $a \geq 0$. Now let $$F(s)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{t_n}{n^s}$$ What needs to be checked to prove that this Dirichlet series represents an ...
2
votes
0answers
204 views

Does the Euler product for the Dirichlet $\beta$-function converge for all $\Re(s)>\frac12$?

The Dirichlet $\beta$-function is defined for $\Re(s)>0$ as: $$\beta(s) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty\frac{(-1)^n}{(2n+1)^s}$$ It has the following Euler product (I used that Dirichlet character ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Growth rate of arithmetical function

I'm interested in how one would estimate the growth rate of $$f(n)=\sum_{k\le n}\mu^2(k)\log(k)$$ I.e. sum of logarithms of square free integers. I can think of some trivial methods in my head ...
1
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0answers
34 views

Dirichlet series with logs&zeta function

i have the following question: Let F(s) be the Dirichlet series associated to $$f(n)= \sum_{d|n} \frac{log(d)}{d} $$. My answer has to depend on the zeta function. (i.e simplify F(s) so that we can ...
1
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0answers
10 views

Prove or disprove the existence of f(k) when $\sum_{n=1}^m{\frac{a_n}{n^s}}=\sum_{n=1}^m\frac{a_n+f^n(x)}{n^s}$.

Can we find a function, $f(k)$, such that $$\frac{a_n}{n^s}+\frac{a_{n+1}}{(n+1)^s}+\frac{a_{n+2}}{(n+2)^s}=\frac{a_n+x}{n^s}+\frac{a_{n+1}+f(x)}{(n+1)^s}+\frac{a_{n+2}+f(f(x))}{(n+2)^s}$$ for some ...
1
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0answers
29 views

Why does the uniqueness theorem for Dirichlet series hold for the infinite sums, while obviously not for partial sums?

I asked in a previous question whether a function, $a_n$, is unique to $F(s)$ for any Dirichlet function defined by the following $$F(s)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty{\frac{a_n}{n^s}}.$$ Its uniqueness property ...
1
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0answers
51 views

Does the “alternating” harmonic series where only prime terms are negative converge?

We know that the harmonic series $\sum \frac{1}{n}$ diverges, yet the alternating harmonic series $\sum \frac{(-1)^n}{n}$ converges. Euler famously gave a proof of the infinitude (and of the ...
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0answers
28 views

Can you give an example of an irreducible element of the ring of Dirichlet series with integer coefficients?

According to this. The ring of Dirichlet series with integer coefficients is a UFD. Can you give an example of an irreducible element in that ring?
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0answers
79 views

Which one will give one

We know that the odd terms of Dirichelt Beta function are $\frac{\pi }{4}$,$\frac{\pi^3 }{32}$,$\frac{5\pi^5 }{1536}$,... If we use the WolframAlpha to find the limit of the odd terms only divided ...
1
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0answers
66 views

Abscissa of absolute convergence of a Dirichlet series

I'd like some help to prove the following theorem : Let $\sum_{n \geq 1}\frac{f(n)}{n^s}$ and $\sum_{n \geq 1}\frac{g(n)}{n^s}$ be two Dirichlet series with respective abscissas of absolute ...
1
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0answers
19 views

Is $\min \deg$ in a dirichlet subring interesting or is it always $1$?

Let $s \in C$. Let $D = A[[n^{-X}]]$ be a subring of the formal (or absolutely converging on a region; whatever is needed) Dirichlet series with base ring $A$. Define a minimal Dirichlet series for ...
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0answers
39 views

Determing sequence from its Dirichlet series

Suppose I know the Dirchlet series $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{f(n)}{n^s} = \frac{\zeta(s)}{\zeta(3s)},$$ where $\zeta(s)$ is the usual Riemann zeta function. My question is - is there a way to ...
1
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0answers
42 views

generalization of dirichlet series to integrals?

if there are Dirichlet series like $$ F(s)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{a(n)}{n^{s}} $$ why isn't an anlogue like $$ F(s)= \int_{1}^{\infty}dx \frac{a(x)}{x^{s}} $$ for example the generalization of ...
1
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0answers
48 views

A question about the behavior of Dirichlet series and its derivatives

Let us consider the Dirichlet series: $$f(s)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{a_n}{n^s}$$ We know that its derivative is given by: $$f'(s)=-\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{(\ln n) a_n}{n^s} $$ My question is: What ...
1
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0answers
127 views

Euler's Basel problem continued… $\zeta(2n)$ expressed in terms of $sinc$?

I have to make a brief intro before comming to my question. To approach the famous Basel problem Euler starts with the $sinc$ function \begin{align}\frac{\sin(x)}{x} = 1 - \frac{x^2}{3!} + ...
1
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0answers
64 views

Can we express $x$ as a Dirichlet series?

Can we express $x$ as a Dirichlet series ? Thus $x = a_0 + a_1 2^{-x} + a_2 3^{-x} + a_3 4^{-x} + ...$ where the $a_i$ are real numbers ? I do not know how to get a nondivergent solution.
0
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0answers
16 views

Uniform and ordinary convergence of a series.

I have a series of the kind $\sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{a_nt^n}{1+t^{2n}}$, $t\in(0,\infty)$. Btw, $a_n$ are real and they are determined by several integrals, but it is possible to compute any ...
0
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0answers
47 views

Proof that $\int f(x)\sin(Nx)\ dx \to 0$ as $N \to \infty$

I'm studying Fourier series out of Rudin's "Principals of Mathematical Analysis". In the proof that the Fourier series $s_N(f;x)$ converges pointwise to $f$, it assumes that at a point $x$, there is ...
0
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0answers
35 views

Partial GCD - Sum

$\sum\limits_{n = 2}^{M} \sum\limits_{m = 1}^{R} GCD(m,n) $ $R = (\lfloor\dfrac{N}{n}\rfloor-n) \% n $ $M = \lfloor\sqrt{N}\rfloor $ I calculated that - For N=10 the sum is 1 For N = 100 the ...
0
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0answers
52 views

show that there are infinitely many primes congruent to 1 or 4 modulo 5…

Given the following Dirichlet character: $\epsilon (n)=\begin{Bmatrix} 1 : n\equiv 1,4(mod 5)\\ -1 : n\equiv 2,3(mod 5) \end{Bmatrix}$ It is known that it is multiplicative, i.e $\epsilon(nm) = ...
0
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0answers
35 views

Existence and uniqueness of Dirichlet problem

Let $U= \{x \in \Bbb R^n: |x|>1 \}$. Suppose $u \in C^2 (U) \cap C(\bar U)$ is a bounded solution of the following Dirichlet problem: $\Delta u=0 \in U$ and $u=\phi$ on $\Gamma=\{x \in \Bbb R^n: ...
0
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0answers
21 views

An exercise on the mulitplication of dirichlet series

This is an exercise problem in the chapter 7 of the Stein complex analysis book. I am stuck at (a). In fact, I have no idea how to deal with the condition "mk = n". Could anyone please help me?
0
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0answers
26 views

What are the coefficients of Modified Fourier Bessel series?

What are the co-efficients of Modified Fourier Bessel series? $$\phi g(r,z,Φ) = \sum_{v=1}^∞ \sum_{m=1}^∞ \sin\left(\frac{mπz}{L}\right) I_v \left(\frac{mπr}{L}\right)\left(A_{vm} \cos(vΦ) + B_{vm} ...
0
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0answers
23 views

What kind of generating function adapts well both argument shift and multiplicativity?

I have encountered a sequence which involves both some multiplicative arithmetic functions and argument shifts and does not seem to fit neither into Dirichlet nor Lambert kind of generating function. ...
0
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0answers
22 views

Dirichlet Series of weakly multiplicative characters

Let $$ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} a(n)n^{-s} = \prod_{p}\left((1-\alpha_{p}p^{-s})(1-\alpha_{p}'p^{-s})\right)^{-1},$$ where $ a(n) $ is weakly multiplicative (i.e $ a(n)a(m) = a(n,m) $ if $ ...
0
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0answers
45 views

Generalize a trick with Dirichlet series to algebraic number theory

I am not able to generalize the following equality involving Dirichlet series : ...
0
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0answers
79 views

Plotting Dirichlet Series $L_{\tau}(s)$ related to Ramanujan tau function in Mathematica

According to wikipedia, Ramanujan tau function $\tau:\mathbb{N}\to\mathbb{Z}$ is defined by equating the coefficients of the power series on both sides of the identity: ...
0
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0answers
39 views

A functional equation for a Dirichlet serie

I'm looking for a functional equation for the following Dirichlet serie $$\varphi(s)=\sum_{n=1}^{+\infty}{\frac{2 \cos(2n \pi q)}{n^s}}$$ where $q$ is a rational number. Any help ? Thank you !
0
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0answers
89 views

Limits as a representation of the Dirichlet function

I read that the Dirichlet function (1 if Rational, 0 else) can be written as: What is the proof of that? Are those limits commutative? Is there any other closed formula for Dirichlet function? (With ...