For questions on Dirichlet series.

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18
votes
2answers
437 views

How can I prove my conjecture for the coefficients in $t(x)=\log(1+\exp(x)) $?

I'm considering the transfer-function $$ t(x) = \log(1 + \exp(x)) $$ and find the beginning of the power series (simply using Pari/GP) as $$ t(x) = \log(2) + 1/2 x + 1/8 x^2 – 1/192 x^4 + 1/2880 x^6 - ...
0
votes
2answers
773 views

Sines and cosines of angles in arithmetic progression [closed]

Prove that if $\phi$ is not equal to $2k\pi$ for any integer $k$, then $$\sum_{t=0}^{n} \sin{(\theta + t \phi)}=\frac{\sin({\frac{(n+1)\phi}2})\sin{(\theta+\frac{n \phi}2)}}{\sin{(\frac{\phi}2)}}$$ ...
22
votes
3answers
1k views

On Dirichlet series and critical strips

(I'll keep this one short) Given a Dirichlet series $$g(s)=\sum_{k=1}^\infty\frac{c_k}{k^s}$$ where $c_k\in\mathbb R$ and $c_k \neq 0$ (i.e., the coefficients are a sequence of arbitrary nonzero ...
5
votes
1answer
161 views

Average order of $\mathrm{rad}(n)$

Let $\mathrm{rad}(n)$ denote the radical of an integer $n$, which is the product of the distinct prime numbers dividing n. Or equivalently, $$\mathrm{rad}(n)=\prod_{\scriptstyle p\mid n\atop p\text{ ...
14
votes
1answer
901 views

Derivative of Riemann zeta, is this inequality true?

Is the following inequality true? $$\gamma -\frac{\zeta ''(-2\;n)}{2 \zeta '(-2\;n)} > \log (n)-\gamma$$ This for $n$ a positive integer, $n=1,2,3,4,5,...$, and more precisely when $n$ approaches ...
10
votes
2answers
576 views

Two Dirichlet's series related to the Divisor Summatory Function and to the Riemann's zeta-function, $\zeta(s)$

Considering the $\textit{Divisor Summatory Function}$, $D(n)$, defined as $$ D(n) = \sum_{k=1}^{n}d(k) , $$ where $$ d(n) = \sum_{k|n}^{n}1. $$ One can observe the following pattern in the values of $...
5
votes
2answers
979 views

An identity involving the Möbius function

$$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{n^s}\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{\mu(n)}{n^s}=1$$ for $s>1$. How do I prove this identity?
3
votes
3answers
668 views

how to show that this complex series converge?

If $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{a_{n}}{n^{s}}$$ Converges( s is real) and $\operatorname{Re}(z)>s$. Then $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{a_{n}}{n^{z}}$$ also converges. $a_n$ is complex sequence.
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Does the Abel sum 1 - 1 + 1 - 1 + … = 1/2 imply $\eta(0)=1/2$?

If $\sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n$ is Abel summable to $A$, then necessarily $\sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n n^{-s}$ has a finite abscissa of convergence and can be analytically continued to a function $F(s)$ on a ...
17
votes
4answers
748 views

$\# \{\text{primes}\ 4n+3 \le x\}$ in terms of $\text{Li}(x)$ and roots of Dirichlet $L$-functions

In a paper about Prime Number Races, I found the following (page 14 and 19): This formula, while widely believed to be correct, has not yet been proved. $$ \frac{\int\limits_2^x{\frac{dt}{\ln ...
2
votes
1answer
238 views

Convergence of the Fourier Transform of the Prime $\zeta$ Functions

I think I found a way to write the truncated Prime $\zeta$ function like this: $$ P_x(s)=\sum_{p<x} \frac{1}{p^s} =\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{ \mu (n)}{n} \sum_{z\in\{1,\rho\}}(-1)^{1-\delta_{1z}} \...
8
votes
2answers
683 views

Approximation of Products of Truncated Prime $\zeta$ Functions

The problem arose, while I was looking at products of power prime zeta functions $$ P_x(ks)=\sum_{p\,\in\mathrm{\,primes}\leq x} p^{-ks}, $$ with $k\in \mathbb{N}$ and $s=it$ with real $t$. By using (...
6
votes
2answers
415 views

Divergence of Dirichlet series

Suppose $s$ is a complex number with $\Re(s) \in (0,1]$ and $\{a_n\}$ is a complex sequence converging to $a \neq 0$. Must the Dirichlet series $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{a_n}{n^s}$$ diverge?
23
votes
2answers
1k views

Proving that $\frac{\pi}{4}$$=1-\frac{\eta(1)}{2}+\frac{\eta(2)}{4}-\frac{\eta(3)}{8}+\cdots$

After some calculations with WolframAlfa, it seems that $$ \frac{\pi}{4}=1+\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}(-1)^{k}\frac{\eta(k)}{2^{k}} $$ Where $$ \eta(n)=\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}\frac{(-1)^{k+1}}{k^{n}} $$ is the ...
6
votes
1answer
119 views

Is series $\displaystyle\sum^{\infty}_{n=1}\frac{\cos(nx)}{n^\alpha}$, for $\alpha>0$, convergent?

I've done the following exercise: Is series $\displaystyle\sum^{\infty}_{n=1}\frac{\cos(nx)}{n^\alpha}$, for $\alpha>0$, convergent? My approach: We're going to use the Dirichlet's ...
7
votes
0answers
223 views

The effect of roots of Dirichlet's $\beta$ function condenses to $\frac12\left(1+ie^{i2\pi\frac{p}4}\right)$

With the help of Raymond Manzoni and Greg Martin I was able to derive an explicit formula for the number of primes of the form $4n+3$ in terms of (sums of) sums of Riemann's $R$ functions over roots ...
6
votes
0answers
49 views

For all Dirichlet series, is $a_n$ unique to $f(s)$?

For any Dirichlet series, $$f(s)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{a_n}{n^s}$$ is the function, $a_n$, always unique to $f(s)$? In other words, is it possible to show that $a_n$ is the only function that will ...
3
votes
2answers
217 views

Showing $\sum\frac{\sin(nx)}{n}$ converges pointwise

I do not understand how one can say using "Dirichlet conditions" that $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\dfrac{\sin(nx)}{x}$ is pointwise convergent. I know the proof for $x=1$ but how can one show it is convergent ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Determining the coefficients of the reciprocal of a Dirichlet series

Given a Dirichlet series with coefficients $$ F(s)= \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{a(n)}{n^{s}},$$ is it then always possible (and how) to obtain the $ b(n) $ coefficients related to its reciprocal $$ \...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Translations AND dilations of infinite series

Sometimes, when working with infinite series, it's useful to add "dilated" or "translated" versions of the infinite series, term by term, back to the original. There are ways of making this rigorous ...
3
votes
1answer
36 views

Is there no proof of Dirichlet's results on quadratic residues without analysis?

Wikipedia states that all known proofs of Dirichlet's results $$ L(1) = -\frac{\pi}{\sqrt q}\sum_{n=1}^{q-1} \frac{n}{q} \left(\frac{n}{q}\right) \gt 0 $$ and $$ L(1) = \frac{\pi}{\left(2-\left(\...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Is this Dirichlet series generating function of the von Mangoldt function matrix correct?

Let $\mu(n)$ be the Möbius function and let $a(n)$ be the Dirichlet inverse of the Euler totient function: $$a(n) = \sum\limits_{d|n} d \cdot \mu(d)$$ Let the matrix $T$ be defined as: $$T(n,k)=a(...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Doubts and computations about Dirichlet series and aliquot sequences I

Perhaps the more easier statement that one can deduce for aliquot sequences (which is the Wikipedia's Page) is the following Lemma. For an integer $n\geq 1$, let $s^0(n)\equiv n$, $s(n)\equiv s^1(...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

On a simple application of Paley-Wiener theorem and related doubts

Let $$F(x)=\frac{ \left\{ x \right\} }{e^{\sqrt{x}}},$$ be supported on $ \left( 0,\infty \right) $, where $ \left\{ x \right\} $ is the fractional part function. Then $F\in L^2(0,\infty)$ and the ...