For questions on Dirichlet series.

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37 views

Why does the uniqueness theorem for Dirichlet series hold for the infinite sums, while obviously not for partial sums?

I asked in a previous question whether a function, $a_n$, is unique to $F(s)$ for any Dirichlet function defined by the following $$F(s)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty{\frac{a_n}{n^s}}.$$ Its uniqueness property ...
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49 views

For all Dirichlet series, is $a_n$ unique to $f(s)$?

For any Dirichlet series, $$f(s)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{a_n}{n^s}$$ is the function, $a_n$, always unique to $f(s)$? In other words, is it possible to show that $a_n$ is the only function that will ...
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0answers
48 views

Existence and uniqueness of Dirichlet problem

Let $U= \{x \in \Bbb R^n: |x|>1 \}$. Suppose $u \in C^2 (U) \cap C(\bar U)$ is a bounded solution of the following Dirichlet problem: $\Delta u=0 \in U$ and $u=\phi$ on $\Gamma=\{x \in \Bbb R^n: |x|...
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1answer
70 views

Does the “alternating” harmonic series where only prime terms are negative converge?

We know that the harmonic series $\sum \frac{1}{n}$ diverges, yet the alternating harmonic series $\sum \frac{(-1)^n}{n}$ converges. Euler famously gave a proof of the infinitude (and of the "density"...
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1answer
161 views

Average order of $\mathrm{rad}(n)$

Let $\mathrm{rad}(n)$ denote the radical of an integer $n$, which is the product of the distinct prime numbers dividing n. Or equivalently, $$\mathrm{rad}(n)=\prod_{\scriptstyle p\mid n\atop p\text{ ...
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1answer
106 views

On the series $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} (H_{n}+\exp(H_{n})\log(H_{n}))/n^{s}$, where $H_{n}$ is the $n$th harmonic number

It is known the following (see [1], here is an open access PDF on his homepage): Theorem (Lagarias, 2002). Let $\sigma(n)$ denote the sum of the positive divisors of $n$. Riemann Hypothesis ...
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30 views

What are the coefficients of Modified Fourier Bessel series?

What are the co-efficients of Modified Fourier Bessel series? $$\phi g(r,z,Φ) = \sum_{v=1}^∞ \sum_{m=1}^∞ \sin\left(\frac{mπz}{L}\right) I_v \left(\frac{mπr}{L}\right)\left(A_{vm} \cos(vΦ) + B_{vm} \...
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1answer
107 views

The Dirichlet series $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{rad(n)}{n^s}$

Following the example to compute $\zeta (s)\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{\phi(n)}{n^s}=\zeta (s-1)$, converges absolutely if $\sigma>2$, where $\phi(n)$ is the Euler's totient function and $s=\sigma + ...
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1answer
32 views

Translations AND dilations of infinite series

Sometimes, when working with infinite series, it's useful to add "dilated" or "translated" versions of the infinite series, term by term, back to the original. There are ways of making this rigorous ...
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1answer
63 views

Sequence Involving Dirichlet Function

The question I have to prove is the following: Let $D(x)$ be Dirichlet Function: $$D(x) = \begin{cases}1 & x\in \Bbb Q \\ 0 & x \notin \Bbb Q \end{cases}$$ Let $(a_n)_{n=1}^{n\...
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1answer
47 views

Prove that these Dirichlet L function are equal to these zeta function products.

Prove or disprove that: $$2 L_{2,1}(s)-2 \zeta (s)+\zeta (s)=\left(1-\frac{1}{2^{s-1}}\right) \zeta (s)$$ $$3 L_{3,1}(s)-3 \zeta (s)+\zeta (s)=\left(1-\frac{1}{3^{s-1}}\right) \zeta (s)$$ Where $L_{...
3
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1answer
53 views

Analytic continuation of a certain Dirichlet series

Is there an elementary way to analytically continue $$f(s)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{(-1)^n}{(2n+1)^s}$$ to the entire complex plane? It is not hard to see (by grouping terms in pairs and using the ...
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0answers
228 views

Does the Euler product for the Dirichlet $\beta$-function converge for all $\Re(s)>\frac12$?

The Dirichlet $\beta$-function is defined for $\Re(s)>0$ as: $$\beta(s) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty\frac{(-1)^n}{(2n+1)^s}$$ It has the following Euler product (I used that Dirichlet character $\chi_{4}(...
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1answer
75 views

How do we prove Dirichlet L-series converges when $\chi$ is non-trivial character and $s>0$?

Let $\chi$ be a non-trivial Dirichlet character modulo $a$. Also assume $a$ has a primitive root $r$. Prove that Dirichlet $L$ function $L(s,\chi)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty {\chi(n)\over n^{s}}$ converges ...
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1answer
40 views

Expression of coefficients of a product of Dirichlet polynomials

Suppose we have two Dirichlet polynomials: $$ f_1(s) = \sum_{n=1}^{m} \frac{a_n}{n^s} \\ f_2(s) = \sum_{n=1}^{m} \frac{b_n}{n^s} $$ Their product will also be a Dirichlet polynomial: $$ f_1(s)f_2(s)...
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2answers
217 views

Showing $\sum\frac{\sin(nx)}{n}$ converges pointwise

I do not understand how one can say using "Dirichlet conditions" that $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\dfrac{\sin(nx)}{x}$ is pointwise convergent. I know the proof for $x=1$ but how can one show it is convergent ...
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0answers
29 views

Can you give an example of an irreducible element of the ring of Dirichlet series with integer coefficients?

According to this. The ring of Dirichlet series with integer coefficients is a UFD. Can you give an example of an irreducible element in that ring?
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2answers
71 views

Dirichlet $L$ functions at $s=2$

Let $\chi$ be a Dirichlet character and let $L(\chi,s)$ denotes its Dirichlet $L$-function. What is the value of $L(2,\chi)$ ? Or simply, is $L(2,\chi)/\pi^2$ rational ? Many thanks for your answer !...
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1answer
55 views

Writing Dirichlet series in infinite product.

In Serre's $A \, Course\, In \,Arithmetic$, it says the following: $\sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty}c(n)/n^s= \prod\limits_{p \,\rm prime}\frac{1}{1-c(p)p^{-s}+p^{2k-1-2s}}$ $\Longleftrightarrow$ ...
3
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1answer
57 views

$\zeta_m(s)=\prod\limits_{p\nmid m} \frac{1}{\left(1-\frac{1}{p^{f(p)s}}\right)^{g(p)}}$ is a Dirichlet series with non-negative coefficients

Let $p$ be a prime number, $m$ be any integer, $f(p)$ be the order of $p$ in $(Z/mZ)^*$, $i.e.$ $p^{f(p)} \equiv 1 \pmod m$ with $f(p)$ smallest. Let $g(p)=\frac{\phi(m)}{f(p)}$ is a integer where $\...
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22 views

Dirichlet Series of weakly multiplicative characters

Let $$ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} a(n)n^{-s} = \prod_{p}\left((1-\alpha_{p}p^{-s})(1-\alpha_{p}'p^{-s})\right)^{-1},$$ where $ a(n) $ is weakly multiplicative (i.e $ a(n)a(m) = a(n,m) $ if $ \textit{gcd}(m,n)...
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1answer
104 views

Integral of a Dirichlet Series

I'm stuck at a problem of an exercise list... I'd like some help to solve it :) The problem: Suppose that the Dirichlet Series $$A(s)=\lim_{N \to \infty}\sum_{n=1}^Na(n)n^{-s}$$ has abscissa of ...
4
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0answers
63 views

Derivatives of a Dirichlet polynomial

I am new here, so I don't know how this works exactly. If I do something wrong, please let me know. I'd like help to solve a problem I am studying: Let $A$ be finite set of positive integers and ...
1
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1answer
133 views

Prove that this sequence of integers is on average equal to zero.

Consider the sequence $\{a(n)\}_{n\in\mathbb{N}^*}$ that is defined by the Dirichlet series: $$\zeta (s)^2\cdot\left(1-\frac{1}{2^{s-1}}-\frac{1}{3^{s-1}}+\frac{1}{6^{s-1}}\right)=\sum_{n\geq 1}\frac{...
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3answers
231 views

How to prove $(\frac{1}{5^3}-\frac{1}{7^3})+(\frac{1}{11^3}-\frac{1}{13^3})+(\frac{1}{17^3}-\frac{1}{19^3})+…=(1-\frac{\pi ^3}{18\sqrt{3}})$

How to prove $$ \sum_{k=1}^\infty \left[\frac{1}{(6k-1)^3} - \frac{1}{(6k+1)^3}\right] = 1 - \frac{\pi^3}{18\sqrt{3}}$$ I think this equality likes the Dirichlet Beta function. The numerical value ...
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0answers
79 views

Which one will give one

We know that the odd terms of Dirichelt Beta function are $\frac{\pi }{4}$,$\frac{\pi^3 }{32}$,$\frac{5\pi^5 }{1536}$,... If we use the WolframAlpha to find the limit of the odd terms only divided ...
1
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1answer
192 views

Abscissa of convergence for a Dirichlet series

Let $\alpha \in \mathbb{Z}$ and $f(n) = n^{i \alpha n}$. What is the abscissa of convergence, $\sigma_c$, for the associated Dirichlet series, $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{f(n)}{n^s}$? Since $|f(n)| = 1$...
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48 views

Generalize a trick with Dirichlet series to algebraic number theory

I am not able to generalize the following equality involving Dirichlet series : $$(2\pi)^{-s}\Gamma(s)\left(\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{\frac{c(n)}{n^s}}\right)=\int_{0}^{\infty}{\left(\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{c(n)...
3
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1answer
116 views

Special case of prime number theorem for arithmetic progressions 4k+1

In terms of the proof of prime number theorem for arithmetic progressions, I have seen many proofs involving with the concept of "character". Is there an alternative way (without such a concept) to ...
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0answers
72 views

Abscissa of absolute convergence of a Dirichlet series

I'd like some help to prove the following theorem : Let $\sum_{n \geq 1}\frac{f(n)}{n^s}$ and $\sum_{n \geq 1}\frac{g(n)}{n^s}$ be two Dirichlet series with respective abscissas of absolute ...
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1answer
92 views

express the dirichlet series for the sequence d(n)^2 in terms of riemann zeta.

Prove that $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty d(n)^2n^{-s}=\zeta(s)^4/\zeta(2s)$$ for $\sigma>1$ what i did: I already proved this formally, that is, without considering convergence. I use euler products, ...
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2answers
294 views

Calculating the abscissa of convergence for general Dirichlet Series

I'm currently interested in proving this theorem which I have been thinking for quite a while: Define a Dirichlet Series $$\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}a_k e^{-\lambda_k z}$$ where $\lambda_k$ is a strictly ...
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2answers
145 views

Looking for a closed form for $\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}\left( \zeta(2k)-\beta(2k)\right)$

For some time I've been playing with this kind of sums, for example I was able to find that $$ \frac{\pi}{2}=1+2\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}\left( \zeta(2k+1)-\beta(2k+1)\right) $$ where $$ \beta(x)=\sum_{k=...
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1answer
116 views

Uniform convergence

How would you show that $$f(x)=\sum_{n=2}^\infty \frac{\sin(2\pi n x)}{n\log n}$$ converges uniformly on $x\in[0,1]$. The pointwise convergence can be proved by Drichlet test
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0answers
86 views

Plotting Dirichlet Series $L_{\tau}(s)$ related to Ramanujan tau function in Mathematica

According to wikipedia, Ramanujan tau function $\tau:\mathbb{N}\to\mathbb{Z}$ is defined by equating the coefficients of the power series on both sides of the identity: $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\tau(n)q^...
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2answers
63 views

Why is $\mu \star E =e $ , where $\star$ denotes the Dirichlet Convolution operator?

Let $$ E(n) = 1 \qquad \forall n \in \mathbb{Z} $$ be the constant function, and let $\mu$ be the Möbius function. Based on the following definition of the latter function, where $\mu(n) = 1$ for $n=1$...
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1answer
49 views

A converse theorem for Hecke modular forms?

Let $f$ be a function which can be represented by a Dirichlet serie (for $\Re s$ big enough) $$f(s)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{\frac{a(n)}{n^s}}$$ and which can be meromorphically extend to $\mathbb{C}$ by ...
2
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2answers
121 views

Examples of divergent series summed by means of the analytic continuation of the corresponding

For my Bachelor's thesis, I am investigating divergent series. This is (yet another) question on this topic. Apparently, a divergent series $$ S = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} a_{n} $$ can be summed by means ...
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2answers
182 views

What does “Choose N ~ Poisson(ξ), Choose θ ~ Dir ( α )” mean in the context of Latent Dirichlet Allocation

I'm reading http://machinelearning.wustl.edu/mlpapers/paper_files/BleiNJ03.pdf and trying to understand the notation and concepts behind LDA, in order to implement it myself. I've followed some ...
3
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1answer
163 views

Dirichlet series and Riemann zeta function

Im trying to show, for $\Re(s)>1$, that $\displaystyle\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \frac{d(n^2)}{n^s} = \frac{\zeta^3(s)}{\zeta(2s)}$, where $d(n)= |\{k \mid k|n \}|$, number of positive integers that ...
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0answers
53 views

Growth rate of arithmetical function

I'm interested in how one would estimate the growth rate of $$f(n)=\sum_{k\le n}\mu^2(k)\log(k)$$ I.e. sum of logarithms of square free integers. I can think of some trivial methods in my head (...
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0answers
43 views

A functional equation for a Dirichlet series

I'm looking for a functional equation for the following Dirichlet series $$\varphi(s)=\sum_{n=1}^{+\infty}{\frac{2 \cos(2n \pi q)}{n^s}}$$ where $q$ is a rational number. Any help ?
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19 views

Is $\min \deg$ in a dirichlet subring interesting or is it always $1$?

Let $s \in C$. Let $D = A[[n^{-X}]]$ be a subring of the formal (or absolutely converging on a region; whatever is needed) Dirichlet series with base ring $A$. Define a minimal Dirichlet series for $...
3
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3answers
314 views

Inverse of Dirichlet series equality

I stumbled across a formula in here and tried to prove it for myself: $$\frac{1}{L(s,\chi)}=\sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{\mu(n)\chi(n)}{n^s}$$ However I got stuck. In my attempt I tried to show ...
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1answer
76 views

Product of zeta and its conjugate

Suppose we have the zeta function $\zeta(s)$, and we want to multiply it by its complex conjugate $\zeta(s)^*$. Since $\zeta(s)^* = \zeta(s^*)$, we get $\displaystyle \zeta(s)\cdot\zeta(s)^* = \left[...
4
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1answer
89 views

Motivation for using $L(1,\chi)$ in the proof of Dirichlet's Theorem

Having read the proof of Dirichlet's Theorem on the infinitude of primes in arithmetic progressions, I am left wondering what his motivation for studying $L(1,\chi)$ was and why it is reasonable that ...
14
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1answer
901 views

Derivative of Riemann zeta, is this inequality true?

Is the following inequality true? $$\gamma -\frac{\zeta ''(-2\;n)}{2 \zeta '(-2\;n)} > \log (n)-\gamma$$ This for $n$ a positive integer, $n=1,2,3,4,5,...$, and more precisely when $n$ approaches ...
2
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0answers
42 views

Determing sequence from its Dirichlet series

Suppose I know the Dirchlet series $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{f(n)}{n^s} = \frac{\zeta(s)}{\zeta(3s)},$$ where $\zeta(s)$ is the usual Riemann zeta function. My question is - is there a way to ...
3
votes
3answers
668 views

how to show that this complex series converge?

If $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{a_{n}}{n^{s}}$$ Converges( s is real) and $\operatorname{Re}(z)>s$. Then $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{a_{n}}{n^{z}}$$ also converges. $a_n$ is complex sequence.
0
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2answers
37 views

Define this Function on [0,1]

I need a function, $f$ that is bounded but not integrable on [0,1], but $f^2$. I am thinking I should modify the Dirichlet function and use it to create a function whose square is constant. I am stuck ...