2
votes
2answers
37 views

An arctan problem including a diophantine equation

This is a follow-up question to An equation of the form A + B + C = ABC . I totally messed up with making the equation from the question specification . Actually the question was $$ ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Diophantine like philosophy for computing trigonometric functions with approximation around intervals

I noticed that diophantine expressions are great to approximate constants or simple functions, as far as I know, they are not so great when it comes to approximate and compute transcendental functions ...
0
votes
3answers
142 views

Finding the number of integer solutions, why is this wrong?

The question is to find the number of solutions such that $(x, y)$ are integers: $(x-8)(x-10)=2^y$. Here's what I did: $u(u-2)=2^y$. From the quadratic formula, $u=1+\sqrt{1+2^y}$. This is where I ...
30
votes
2answers
657 views

Finding integer solutions for trigonometric equation $8\sin^2\left(\frac{(k+1)\pi}{n}\right)=n\sin\left(\frac{2\pi}{n}\right)$

I thought up the problem of finding a regular $n$-sided polygon that has a diagonal with lenght $d_k$ such that the area of the polygon equals ${d_k}^2$. By doing some easy trigonometry within the ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Trigonometric equation mistake?

I guess this is a really dumb question, but i've been trying quite a lot and I can't figure out how to determine the solutinons. I need to determine the values of two angles and they don't seem to be ...
1
vote
3answers
103 views

Sine and Cosine equation ( diophantine )

$\cos(\frac{1}{ab} \pi) = \sin(\frac{a}{b} \pi)$ Let $a$ and $b$ be positive integers. What is the full set of solutions? An example is $a = 2$ and $b = 5$. I assume the best method is to take ...
2
votes
2answers
212 views

rational triangles and cosines

I've recently started to try working on exercises from this book on Diophantine equations before I need to return it to the library. This one has me slightly stumped. It asks to show that the cosine ...
4
votes
1answer
389 views

How to find all rational numbers satisfy this equation?

Find all rational number $a,b,c$ satisfy: $$a+b+c=abc$$ I try to change this in different forms like $(ab-1)c = a+b$, $(ac-1)b = a+c$, $(cb-1)a = b+c$ etc but it won't help...
13
votes
2answers
552 views

Machin's formula and cousins

There exists a well-known formula by John Machin: $$\frac{\pi}{4} = 4 \arctan \frac{1}{5} - \arctan \frac{1}{239}.$$ Actually, it belongs to the family of Machin-like formulas of the form ...