1
vote
2answers
34 views

Diophantine solution to a fraction

How can we find solutions to the following equation: $$ y=\dfrac{x^2-1085}{14718-2x}$$ where $x,\ y$ are integers.
3
votes
3answers
76 views

Diophantine equation abc + abd + acd + bcd= 1

Is there a reference which classifies or at least gives an infinite family of integer solutions to the above equation? A solution to the problem would also be great obviously.
0
votes
1answer
22 views

integral point on conics

Suppose we have a conic $ax^2 + bxy + cy^2 + dx + ey + f = 0$ where $a,b,c,d,e,f \in \mathbb{Q}$. Is there a way of computing the integer points on this curve. Since it is affine an not projective we ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Solving a general Diophantine Equation

For "normal" equations in one variable we have several techniques for solving equations, such as $\sin(5x) = 5\pi\cos(5x)$ or $\ln(x + 2) = 4$. However, imagine we have the following equations: ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

How to solve the diophantine equation $x^y = y^x $? [duplicate]

I know this might be an obvious question as we all know that the answers (beside $(x,y)=(1,1)$) are $(x,y)=(2,4)$ but the problem is, how is this exactly solved? Tags might be inaccurate so feel free ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

Integer solutions of the equation: $x^2+y^2+z^2=kxyz$

Given the equation: $$x^2+y^2+z^2=kxyz$$ with: $(k,x,y,z)\in\mathbb{N}$, the only solution for $k=2$ is: $x=0,y=0,z=0$. For what values of $k$ the equations has solutions in which $x,y,z$ are ...
7
votes
2answers
251 views

Is $7^{8}+8^{9}+9^{7}+1$ a prime? (no computer usage allowed)

Prove or disprove that $$7^{8}+8^{9}+9^{7}+1$$ is a prime number, without using a computer. I tried to transform $n^{n+1}+(n+1)^{n+2}+(n+2)^{n}+1$, unsuccessfully, no useful conclusion.
0
votes
2answers
33 views

Finding Solutions to a Diophantine Equation with Factorials

How many ordered pairs of positive integers $(a, b)$ are there such that $a!+\dfrac{b!}{a!}$ is a perfect square? Is the number of solutions finite? Source: Ran into it on Facebook. I have plugged ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Has anyone solved this general Diophantine Equation?

I know that Pythagorean triples have been parameterized, I also know that Andrew Wiles has proved that there are no distinct integer solutions for $ a^n + b^n = c^n$, when $ n \ge 3 $. However we may ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Solutions to a diophantine equation

I tried to find integer solutions to the following diophantine equation $$x^3 - 3y^3 + 5z^3 - 3xy^2 + 3x^2y + 9xz^2 + 7x^2z + 3yz^2 - 3y^2z + xyz = 0$$ but was unable to do so. I suspect that there ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Differential Diophantine Equations?

So this is both a question on its own as well as a request for where I can find information on a given topic. Consider Differential Equations in two variables of the form: $$P(Z,Z', Z'' ... Z^{[n]}, ...
1
vote
3answers
75 views

How to solve $b^2-a^2=d^2-c^2$

I'm looking for how to solve the equation $b^2-a^2=d^2-c^2$ where $a,b,c,d$ are naturals and $d>c>b>a>0$ , an algorithm would be appreciated Regards
-1
votes
0answers
48 views

To find the polynomial.

On adjacent forum hate formula. But the question is interesting and would like to have it clear. Theme there: ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

The sum of the cubes and the amount of combinations.

Quite simply turned out to solve this Diophantine equation, when he made the assumption that the solutions of these equations symmetric. So given this equation: ...
0
votes
2answers
41 views

$A^7 \not\equiv A(\mod 13) \Rightarrow A^{78} + 1 \equiv 0 (\mod 169)$

Let variable $A$ is integer and $A^7 \not\equiv A(\mod 13)$. Prove that $A^{78} + 1 \equiv 0 (\mod 169)$ Could someone explain, how to solve this type of problems? Any help would be greatly ...
1
vote
3answers
63 views

How to show $n^2+m^2 = a^2+b^2 = (n-a)^2+(m-b)^2$ has no nonzero integer solutions?

How do we prove that $$n^2+m^2 = a^2+b^2 = (n-a)^2+(m-b)^2$$ has no nonzero integer solutions? I know two ways to prove this by taking a geometric interpretation but I don't want such a version. How ...
0
votes
3answers
53 views

Solving different types of Diophantine equation [closed]

In each of the following three equations I need help in finding all solutions in positive integers : i) $\dfrac 1x+\dfrac 2y-\dfrac3z=1 $ ii) $\dfrac 1{x^2}+\dfrac 2{y^2}+\dfrac 3{z^2}=\dfrac 23$ ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

motivation for talking about torsion points on an elliptic curve

Let's consider elliptic curves over a fixed field $k$. I understand that viewing the set of $k$-rational as an abelian group is interesting and useful, but I am confused about why the torsion points ...
3
votes
0answers
45 views

Solution of a equation in natural number nvolving reciprocal of prime

Let $p$ be a prime and $n$ a natural number . Solve in $\mathbb{N}$ the equation $$\sum_{k=1}^{n}\frac{1}{x^k_k}=\frac{1}{p}$$
0
votes
1answer
67 views

How prove this diophantine equation $3^x-2^y=k$ have finitely many integral solutions

For any $\forall k\in N^{+}$ show that the diophantine equation $3^x-2^y=k$ have finitely many integral solutions. My try: if $k=2m$,then $$3^x=2^y+k=2^y+2m$$ It is clear there is no integer ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Diophantine equations,is that what I have done right?

I have solved the following diophantine equations: $14x+35y=93$ $56x+72y=40$ That's what I have tried: $gcd(35,14)=7$ , but $7 \nmid 93,$ so the first diophantine equation has no solution. ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Why are these the solutions of the diophantine equation?

According to my notes: $$ \begin{align} & \text{ Let } a,b \text{ not both } 0. \\ & ax+by \text{ has a solution iff } (a,b) \mid c \\ & \text{ If } d:=(a,b) \mid c \text{ and } a=d \cdot ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Polynomial Roots of Bivariates

I've got a few polynomials that I am trying to get some results for (shown below). They come from the characteristic equation of a matrix. I have two variables in the polynomials, $\eta$ (which is ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

Is it true that $f(x,y)=\dfrac{x^2+y^2}{xy-t}$ has only finitely many distinct integer values with $x,y$ positive integers?

Prove or disprove that if $t$ is a positive integer, $$f(x,y)=\dfrac{x^2+y^2}{xy-t},$$ then $f(x,y)$ has only finitely many distinct integer values with $x,y$ positive integers. In other words, ...
-2
votes
1answer
66 views

Project Euler - task №390.

When this task was not clear what the equation to be solved. This equation? $x^2y^2+z^2y^2+x^2z^2=r^2$ in integers. It is not clear, because this equation is quite simple and I do not think that ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

System of quadratic diophantine equations 2

I am looking for a way to simultaneously transform the following four expressions into perfect squares, $1+x_1^2, 1+x_2^2, 1+x_3^2, x_1^2+x_2^2+x_3^2$, i.e. I want to find a rational parametrization ...
1
vote
4answers
154 views

Solutions to the diophantine equation: $2a^2 + 2b^2- c^2- d^2 = 0$

As suggested on Mathoverflow (http://mathoverflow.net/questions/168536/solutions-to-the-diophantine-equation-2a2-2b2-c2-d2-0) I am transfering this question to math-stackexchange: I am looking for ...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

Diophantine equation with cubes.

Interested in the solution in general Diophantine equations of the form: $X^3+Y^3+Z^3=3XYZ+q$ $q$ - what some integer. Solutions similar equations can be written. Since this equation is easy, as ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Integral points on varieties and solutions to Diophantine equations

I am looking for a book (or article, or notes...) explaining details about the link between integral points on varieties defined as complement of certain divisors and integral solutions to the ...
1
vote
3answers
82 views

Curves triangular numbers.

Sometimes you have to deal with this equation: $X^2+aX+Y^2+bY=Z^2+cZ$ $a,b,c$ - integer coefficients. I wrote below - to start a particular solution of Diophantine equations. To do this, use the ...
6
votes
0answers
106 views

Solution of $\large\binom{x}{n}+\binom{y}{n}=\binom{z}{n}$ with $n\geq 3$

I found this question in an old problem set. There's no hint or solution mentioned. For $n \geq 3$, prove or disprove the existence of $(x,y,z) \in \mathbb N^3, ...
5
votes
3answers
198 views

Positive integer solutions of $a^3 + b^3 = c$

Is there any fast way to solve for positive integer solutions of $$a^3 + b^3 = c$$ knowing $c$? My current method is checking if $c - a^3$ is a perfect cube for a range of numbers for $a$, but this ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Diophantine like philosophy for computing trigonometric functions with approximation around intervals

I noticed that diophantine expressions are great to approximate constants or simple functions, as far as I know, they are not so great when it comes to approximate and compute transcendental functions ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

Show that $a^2 - 15b^2 =3$ has no integer solutions.

Show that $$a^2 - 15b^2 =3$$ has no integer solutions. I'm not overly experienced with number theory nor Diophantine equations, but upon looking around a bit I've realised this is a Pell-type ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Solutions of Diophantine equations in general form.

Prior to that solved a similar equation. Solutions like wrote. Then I thought to solve a similar equation. Diophantine equation: $X^2+XY+Y^2=Z^2+1$ Some solutions are unpretentious ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

To solve $1+2^mp^2=q^5$

How do we find all posible solutions of $1+2^mp^2=q^5$ for positive integer $m$ and primes $p,q$ ? $m=1,q=3,p=11$ is a solution , is there any other solution ?
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Cubic diophantine equation in 3 variables $(x+2y)(x-4y+k)(x-4y-k) - 28y^3 = 0$, $x,y,z \neq 0$

From research completely unrelated to Number Theory I stumbled onto the following equation: $$ xyz = \frac{7}{16}\left(\frac{2x - y - z}{3}\right)^3 $$ for $x, y, z$ integers, $x,y,z \neq 0$(I ...
2
votes
2answers
117 views

When is the power of a binomial equal to the sum of like powers of its terms?

Question: Under what circumstances/restrictions on $x$ and $y$ does $(x + y)^n = x^n + y^n$ given the value of $n$? That is, what can we tell about $x$ and $y$ from the value of $n$ and the equation ...
3
votes
1answer
670 views

Fermat's Last Theorem where $n$ is a power of $2$

I have seen the proof that Fermat gives for $$x^4 +y^4 \neq z^2$$ which we know also works for $z^4$. BUT I am wondering if the same basic argument can be used for the power of $2^n$. Thinks 8,16,32 ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

Prove/Dis-Prove that the set of diophantine equation is infinite

Given diophantine equation $4x^3 - 3 = y^2$ ($x > 0$). How many solutions are there ? I don't know where to start, please give me a hint
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Another triple.

Solving the equation. $X^2+Y^2+Z^2=X^3$ got some solutions, but still the question remains. Below are all the decisions or not? $X=5t^2+2t+2$ $Y=11t^3+5t^2+2t$ $Z=2t^3+10t^2+4t+2$ And more. ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Diophantine equation exercise [duplicate]

Prove that the diophantine equation $x^4-2(y^2)=1$ has only 2 solutions. Any hint on how to start and what to do .. I do not have a lot of experience on non linear diophantine equations and do not ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Find all integers n such that n−2014 and n+ 2014 are both triangular numbers.

I came across this problem when searching for triangular numbers questions. I know that I need to use the equation, $$\frac {n(n+1)}{2} $$ but I don't know how to apply it to this problem.
0
votes
3answers
93 views

Problem Heron of Alexandria.

Meaning of the problem is to find two right triangles equal perimeter, but with a predetermined magnification area. That is necessary to solve a simple system of equations. ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Number Theory Question: $x^2-33y^3=10$ no solutions

I've been struggling to get my head around this for a while! Show that: $x^2 - 33y^3 = 10$ has no integral solutions
1
vote
1answer
111 views

How to solve this Diophantus equation$(s^2=4m^2n^2+p^2$,$p^2=m^2+n^2)$?

$$s^{2}=4m^{2}n^{2}+p^{2}; p^{2}=m^{2}+n^{2}; 1<m<n<p<s$$ I think that this equation does not have positive Integer solution, but how to prove?
1
vote
2answers
35 views

Diophantine equation. Three.

Diophantine equation. $X^2+Y^2=qZ^3$ I wonder at what values ​​of the coefficient $q$ equation has a solution. And of course I wonder how she looks like a formula describing their solutions. For ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

An equation demanding solutions in $\mathbb{Q}^3$

Playing around the problem in the book of a library . I deduced a question to finding all $(a,b,c) \in \mathbb{Q}^3$ such that $$\frac{a}{b}+\frac{b}{c}+\frac{c}{a}=0$$ But now I don't know anything ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Any simpler proof of Catalan's conjecture?

visit "http://mathworld.wolfram.com/CatalansConjecture.html" Does there exist any simpler or different proof of Catalans conjecture?
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Find all integer solutions of $x^4 + 2x^3 + 2x^2 + 2x +5 = y^2$

Find all integer solutions to $x^4 + 2x^3 + 2x^2 + 2x +5 = y^2$. I'm in a dead end. I've transformed the expression in the following state: $(x^2+1)(x+1)^2 = y^2 -4$ I couldn't see anyway in ...