In general topology, dimension theory studies various notions of dimension defined for topological spaces, for example Lebesgue covering dimension, small and large inductive dimension or Hausdorff dimension. In commutative algebra, dimension can be defined for commutative rings.

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A short proof for $\dim(R[T])=\dim(R)+1$?

If $R$ is a commutative ring, it is easy to prove $\dim(R[T]) \geq \dim(R)+1$. For noetherian $R$, we have equality. Every proof I'm aware of uses quite a bit of commutative algebra and non-trivial ...
26
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1answer
801 views

Which sets are removable for holomorphic functions?

Let $\Omega$ be a domain in $\mathbb C$, and let $\mathscr X$ be some class of functions from $\Omega$ to $\mathbb C$. A set $E\subset \Omega$ is called removable for holomorphic functions of class ...
19
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4answers
457 views

Can a 2D person walking on a Möbius strip prove that it's on a Möbius strip?

Or other non-orientable surface, can a 2D walker on a non-orientable surface prove that the surface is non-orientable or does it always take an observer from a next dimension to prove that an entity ...
17
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5answers
308 views

Looking for Cover's hubris-busting ${\mathbb R}^{N\gg3}$ counterexamples

In lecture 4 of his Introduction to Dynamical Linear Systems course, right after interpreting the inner product in ${\mathbb R}^N$ in terms of the cosine of the subtended angle, Stanford's Stephen ...
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7answers
654 views

Has the notion of having a complex amount of dimensions ever been described? And what about negative dimensionality?

The notion of having a number $a \in \mathbb{R}_{\geq 0} $ associated to any metric space is described by the definition of a "Hausdorff Dimension". I was wondering if work has been done on spaces ...
13
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654 views

$\operatorname{height} \mathfrak{p} + \dim A / \mathfrak{p} = \dim A$

Let $A$ be an integral domain of finite Krull dimension. Let $\mathfrak{p}$ be a prime ideal. Is it true that $$\operatorname{height} \mathfrak{p} + \dim A / \mathfrak{p} = \dim A$$ where $\dim$ ...
13
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226 views

Topological manifolds (dimension)

I am taking an introductory course to topology and the professor defined a topological manifold of dimension $n$ if it is hausdorff and if for every point $x$ there exists an open set $U$ around $x$ ...
11
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1answer
289 views

Fractional versions of euclidean space?

This is going to be a somewhat vague question, but I'll be happy if you indulge me. Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^n$ is equipped with a lot of nice (algebraic, metric, topological,...) structure and ...
10
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3answers
976 views

Krull dimension of $\mathbb{C}[x_1, x_2, x_3, x_4]/\left< x_1x_3-x_2^2,x_2 x_4-x_3^2,x_1x_4-x_2 x_3\right>$

Krull dimension of a ring $R$ is the supremum of the number of strict inclusions in a chain of prime ideals. Question 1. Considering $R = \mathbb{C}[x_1, x_2, x_3, x_4]/\left< x_1x_3-x_2^2,x_2 ...
8
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249 views

What does it mean to be $0.9-$Dimension?

We can visualize $1\mathrm D$, $2\mathrm D$, $3\mathrm D$ and we can think of a higher $M-\mathrm {Dimension}$ where $M\in \mathbb N^+$as a vector. But I recently learned that there are non integer ...
8
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Dimension of an object?

One simple way to define dimension is "the number of numbers required to describe an object." If we consider the set of circles, we can describe each of them by one number -- radius, or ...
8
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1answer
197 views

Which definition of dimension came first?

In my algebraic geometry class, the dimension of an affine variety $X=V(I)$ was defined as the supremum of the length of chains of prime ideals in the coordinate ring $R=k[x_1,\ldots,x_n]/\sqrt{I}$, ...
8
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1answer
584 views

For an $n$-dimensional object, how many types of holes are possible?

Update 2012-06-06: At some point I'll attempt to answer my own question by using a dual-fluid model that places the dimensionality and connectivity of "solids" and "holes" on an equal footing. With ...
8
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2answers
486 views

Why should Gaussian noise have fractal dimension of 1.5?

In a paper I'm trying to understand, the following time series is generated as "simulated data": $$Y(i)=\sum_{j=1}^{1000+i}Z(j) \:\:\: ; \:\:\: (i=1,2,...,N)$$ where $Z(j)$ is a Gaussian noise with ...
6
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1answer
210 views

Fractals - when the number of seed shapes that can fit into the scaled-up copy is non-integer.

I've heard people say (for eg. here) that the dimension of fractal patterns (particularly, in this question, Lindenmayer fractals) can be formulated as follows: $$D=\frac{\ln N}{\ln S}$$ Where $N$ ...
6
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Distance and Coordinates in fractional dimensions and the creation of functions with non-integral numbers of paramters.

Background: The Euclidean distance between two points in $n$ dimensions, where $n$ is a positive integer, and position can be described by a vector is given by... $$D_E=\left(\sum_{k=1}^n ...
5
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1answer
94 views

Self-similar fractal dimension of unsymmetrial fractal

As far as I know, the following fractal has a self-similar fractal dimension of $D = -\log(3) / \log(1/2) = 1.5850$ But what is the fractal dimension of the following fractal (4 times the fractal ...
5
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1answer
190 views

Dimension of subspace is greater then dimension of space

If $X$ is a topological space then it's (covering) dimension is defined as a minimal number $n$ such that for every finite open cover $\{U\}$ of $X$ there is a finite open cover $\{V\}$ of $X$ that ...
5
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2answers
141 views

Question about “equivalent” definitions for small inductive dimension of topological spaces

$\DeclareMathOperator{\ind}{ind}$I've been reading through this document, trying to get a better handle on the interrelationships between various notions of topological dimension, and I came across ...
5
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1answer
166 views

Is there a dimension which extends to negative or even irrational numbers?

Just elaborating on the question: We all use to natural numbers as dimensions: 1 stands for a length, 2 for area, 3 for volume and so on. Hausdorff–Besicovitch extends dimensions to any positive real ...
5
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36 views

What would a tesseract actually look like?

Say our world is actually 4-dimensional, and I have a tesseract sitting on my table. To a being only capable of perceiving 3 dimensions, what would it actually look like? Would it just look like a ...
4
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1answer
162 views

How can I understand is the picture $2D$ or $3D$

I can not understand is this picture 2D or 3D .what is the rule or condition to be a 2D or 3D picture.How can I understand that?please help me?
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Do negative dimensions make sense? [duplicate]

Some time ago I read in a popular physics book that in M-theory, there are some "things" which can be said to have dimension $-1$. Probably, the author was vastly exaggerating, but this left me ...
4
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1answer
160 views

Equivalence of definitions of Krull dimension of a module

I've seen two definitions of Krull dimension of a module $M$ over a (commutative) ring $R$, and their equivalence does not seem obvious: Matsumura on page 31 of his book Commutative Ring Theory ...
4
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3answers
105 views

Converse of a dimension lemma

Consider the following lemma. It comes from the Stacks Project. Lemma 9.59.11. Suppose that $R$ is a Noetherian local ring and $x\in\mathfrak m$ an element of its maximal ideal. Then $\dim R\le ...
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What is the name for the region enclosed by an $n$ dimensional object?

In a $1$ dimensional object, the name for the region enclosed by it is the length of the object. In a $2$ dimensional object, the name for the region is the area of the object. In a $3$ dimensional ...
4
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3answers
146 views

$T:V\rightarrow W$ such that $N(T)=V'\subset V$ and $R(T)=W'\subset W$

How should one prove that there exists a linear map $T:V\rightarrow W$ such that $N(T)=V'\subset V$ and $R(T)=W'\subset W$ if $\dim(V')+\dim(W')=\dim(V)$, where $V$ and $W$ are finite-dimensional ...
4
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1answer
234 views

Proof details of Theorem 11.1 in Atiyah-Macdonald

I have some trouble filling in the details of this proof from Atiyah-Macdonald. In this result, the authors assume what follows: 1) $A = \oplus_{n=0}^\infty A_n$ is a Noetherian graded ring, and ...
4
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1answer
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algebraic geometry exercise: infinite subset is dense

A hypersurface $C \subset \mathbb{A}^2$ we call a plane curve. Show that any infinite subset of an irreducible plane curve $C \subset \mathbb{A}^2$ is dense in $C.$ Note. We call hypersurface the ...
4
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If the special fiber of a flat morphism is reduced, then any other fiber is reduced?

Suppose $R=\mathbb{C}[x_1,\ldots, x_n]$ is a polynomial ring with $I$ being an ideal of $R$. Let $I'$ be an ideal of $R[t]$. If $R[t]/I'$ is flat as a $\mathbb{C}[t]$-module and over $0$, ...
4
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1answer
214 views

Doubts about Hausdorff measure.

I am studying real analysis and I have some problems in understanding properties of Hausdorff measure. Let $\mathcal{E}_\delta$ be collection of subsets of $\mathbb{R}^N$ whose diameter is less then ...
4
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Can these characterisations of finite dimensionality be proven equivalent without using a basis?

I was wondering about how to define "finite dimensional" without talking about bases. Two possibilities occurred to me: Say $V$ is finite dimensional if the canonical inclusion $V\hookrightarrow ...
4
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208 views

The unit square has dimension two?

Show that the Lebesgue Covering Dimension of the unit square $I^2$ with $I=[0,1]$ is two. I know that a compact subset of Euclidean space $\Bbb R^n$ has Lebesgue dimension at most $n$. So it ...
4
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2answers
370 views

Algorithm to generate an uniform distribution of points in the volume of an hypersphere/on the surface of an hypersphere.

I am searching two simple/efficient/generic algorithms to generate a uniform distribution of random points: in the volume of a n-dimensional hypersphere on the surface of a n-dimensional hypersphere ...
3
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3answers
260 views

Is there a notion in mathematics saying that, in a sense, all finite dimensions are actually infinite dimensional?

So then every ordered pair or triplet and so on would be actually represented by an infinite sequence of numbers, and what we think of as 3 dimensions would mean that the point has an infinite number ...
3
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Hausdorff measure for Lebesgue measurable sets?

As I never had a course which dealt with Hausdorff measures and every time I heard about Hausdorff measure I was only thinking using my intuition what that should be. So I decided to take a look at ...
3
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2answers
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Dimension of the corresponding eigenspace?

I'm studying for my linear exam and would appreciate any help for this practise question: You are given that λ = 1 is an eigenvalue of A. What is the dimension of the corresponding eignspace? A = ...
3
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1answer
171 views

3D - 1D = 2D? Doing arithmetic with dimension

If you consider $\mathbb{R}^3$ and a one-dimensional space curve, by "removing" the curve from $\mathbb{R}^3$ you are left with a space that is still three dimensional, for an appropriate definition ...
3
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1answer
94 views

Prime ideals of height less than the dimension

Let $A$ be a noetherian local ring with maximal ideal $\mathfrak{m}$ of height $d$, and suppose $\mathfrak{p}_1, \ldots, \mathfrak{p}_s$ are prime ideals of height $i - 1 < d$. It's quite clear ...
3
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1answer
56 views

Hausdorff dimension of $\lim_{n\to\infty}\sin(2^nx)$

Calculate the Hausdorff dimension,$\dim_H$ of $$S=\{x\in(0,1):\lim_{n\to \infty}\sin2^nx=0\}$$ By definition We need to find the minimal $\alpha$ s.t $\sum_{i\in I}|U_i|^\alpha$ is minimal where ...
3
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1answer
95 views

Lebesgue covering dimension of $[0,1]$

Say, we define the Lebesgue covering dimension (LCD) like this: A set $S\in \mathbb R^n$ has LCD $d\in \mathbb N$ if and only if $d$ is the smallest natural number such that for any open cover ...
3
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2answers
276 views

Easy visualizations of small countable ordinals

The ordinal number $\omega^2$ can be visualized as $\omega$-many copies of $\omega$. Likewise, the ordinal number $\omega^3$ can be visualized as $\omega^2$-many copies of $\omega$, arranged as ...
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1answer
39 views

If $\dim(X)=\dim(Y)>0$, and $X\to Y$ is onto, does affineness of $X$ imply affineness of $Y$?

Suppose you have a pair of integral varieties $X$ and $Y$ such that $\dim(X)=\dim(Y)>0$, and there exists a surjective morphism $X\to Y$ between them. I was wondering, if $X$ is affine, does this ...
3
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2answers
49 views

Explicit formula for IFS fractal dimesnion

Is there an explicit formula for finding the box counting dimension of an arbitrary IFS fractal, such as the IFS fern or any other random IFS fractal? If not, is there at least a summation, or ...
3
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1answer
200 views

Matrices to model 3D object

I'm toying around with an algorithm to determine placement of 3D objects into a larger 3D space. I immediately thought of using matrices. It's been some years since my Linear Algebra courses. I was ...
3
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1answer
199 views

Krull dimension of the injective hull of residue field

Let $(R,\mathfrak{m})$ be a noetherian local ring, and $E=E_R(R/\mathfrak{m})$ the injective hull of $R/\mathfrak{m}$. What do we know about the Krull dimension of $E$? Thank you.
3
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1answer
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Sufficient condition for integer Hausdorff dimension.

It is pretty much in the title: is there a non-trivial sufficient condition on geometrical shapes that forces the Hausdorff dimension to be an integer ? Most fractals look "complicated" in some way, ...
3
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1answer
43 views

Proof of fractal dimension of Thomae's function

Thomae's function is defined to be $0$ if x is irrational. Its defined to be $1 \over q$ where $x={p \over q}$ in lowest terms and $q \gt 0$. Its measure is $0$ since the set of rational numbers is ...
3
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1answer
89 views

Compute the transcendence degree (transcendence degree and tensor products)

$\DeclareMathOperator{\quot}{Quot}\DeclareMathOperator{\tr}{tr}$ Let $I_1$ and $I_2$ be nontrivial ideals in $\mathbb C[x_1,\ldots,x_k]$ and $\mathbb C[y_1,\ldots,y_m]$, respectively. Define $$ R_1 ...
3
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1answer
68 views

Does interval spacing effect Hausdorff dimension of Cantor set?

Let $C=\bigcap_{j=0}^{2^n}C_j$, $C_0=[0,1]$, and the intervals in the construction of each stage of $C_j$ consists of removing the center 1/3 from the $j-1$ stage intervals. In other words, the ...