# Tagged Questions

Differential topology is the field dealing with differentiable functions on differentiable manifolds. It is closely related to differential geometry and together they make up the geometric theory of differentiable manifolds.

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### smoothness of hopf fibration projection with respect to standard differentiable structure on unit sphere

We know that steographic projection defines a differentiable structure on $S^n$ by sending points on $S^n$ to hyperplane $\{x^{n+1}\}=0$. In fact, stereographic projection $\sigma_P: S^n- P\to R^n$ ...
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### How does Thurston's geometrisation conjecture imply Poincaré's conjecture?

I ran into the geometrisation conjecture a few days ago, and I started wondering how to prove Poincaré's conjecture. Let $M$ be a compact, simply connected, $3$-manifold. Clearly it is irreducible ...
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### Orientation on finite dimensional vector spaces over finite fields.

For finite-dimensional $\mathbb R$-vector spaces, we define an orientation to be an equivalence class of ordered bases, where $B_1 \sim B_2$ iff the change of basis matrix $A$ taking $B_{1}$ to ...
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### Tangent spaces of compact spaces

In a recent discussion of tangent spaces, it was noted that tangent spaces to a manifold are not compact because by definition they are vector spaces. I was curious as to whether tangent spaces to ...
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### orbits are open in Manifold ? group action on manifold.

I need to show: for a differentiable manifold $M$, and $Aut(M)$ acts on $M$, orbit of a point $a\in M$ is open in $M$, please help.
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Let $M$ be a compact manifold (without boundary) and let $f:M\to \mathbb{R}$ be a fixed Morse-function. My goal is to better understand gradient-like vector fields for $f$. Question: Do any two ...
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### Help understanding manifolds and topological spaces

I'm used to think about linear algebra with matrices and vectors, I don't have particular problems with geometry either, I'm having hard times understanding what is the meaning of a manifold and a ...
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### Level Sets are Regular Submanifolds

In Section $9$ of Tu's Introduction to Manifolds, we're asked to find all values $c\in\Bbb R$ for which the level set $f^{-1}(c)$ is a regular submanifold when $$f(x,y)=x^3-6xy+y^2.$$By taking each of ...
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### Proving that the smooth automorphism group of a manifold $M$ acts transitively on $M$

Let $M$ be a differentiable manifold of dimension $n$, let $p,q\in M$ any two points. We need to show there exists an automorphism $f\in \mathrm{Diff}(M)$ with the property that $f(p)=q$. Could ...
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### How much of an $n$-dimensional manifold can we embed into $\mathbb{R}^n$?

I observed some naive examples. Spheres, for example, when we cut out one point, can be embedded into $\mathbb{R}^n$. And if we cut out a measure zero set of a projective space, it can be embedded ...
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### Write down the equation of the tangent plane and compute the Taylor series of the function

Set $f(x,y,z) = x + y + z + x^2 + y^2 + z^2$. Consider the surface $$S = \{f(x,y,z) = 0\} \subset \mathbb{R}^3$$ near the origin $o = (0,0,0) \in S$. Write down the equation of the ...
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### morse function and immersion

I have a question from Pollack and Guillemin's book: let $X$ be a smooth manifold. $f:X\to \mathbb R^n$ an immersion, $f=(f_1,....f_n)$. show that for almost all $a_1,...,a_n$, the function ...
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### Extension of Brouwer's degree to continuous functions.

I am studying the first chapter of this book: Topological Degree Theory and Applications At page 13 of this document, Definition 1.2.5, it is essentially said that to define the degree of a ...
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### A question about orthogonal projections of Smooth Embeddings of the circle.

Question: Let $f$ be a smooth embedding of $S^1\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$. Given an element $v\in S^2$ we have the orthogonal projection $\pi_v:\mathbb{R}^3\rightarrow P_v$ to the plane $P_v$ = the ...
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### Partial derivative of a composite function $\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^n$

I am trying to understand a proof but I am stuck on this technical bit: Apart from the small typo highlighted, I don't really see how to get the big formula for the partial derivative of $v_i$ ...
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### Brouwer's degree: equivalent definitions

I am reading "Topological degree theory and applications" by O'Regan, Cho and Chen. I am stuck on the start: Consider $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ open and bounded and let $f\in C^1(\bar \Omega)$, ...