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4
votes
1answer
150 views

differential operator on manifold

I am currently trying to understand the local expression of a (pseudo)differential operator $$ \int_{R^n} e^{(x - y)\cdot \xi} \sigma(x,\xi) \, d \xi $$ on a manifold $M$ (compact and boundaryless, ...
3
votes
2answers
118 views

How to prove convergent function imply its derivative equals to zero?

Let $f\colon (0,\infty) \to\Bbb R$ be differentiable and let $A$ and $B$ be real numbers. Prove that if $f(t) \to A$ and $f′(t) \to B$ as $t \to \infty$ then $B = 0$.
0
votes
1answer
167 views

Differential operators: elliptic vs strongly elliptic

This morning a collegue of mine came to me with the following question: does there exist any elliptic operator of order $2m$ with real (variable) coefficients that is not strongly elliptic? After ...
1
vote
2answers
81 views

Computing $e^{isD}$ for a differential operator D

I'm trying to understand functional calculus of unbounded operators and everywhere I see proofs of its existence, but it seems that no one ever dares to compute some easy example. Lets take $D = ...
1
vote
2answers
291 views

Transpose of the differential operator

Is the differential operator ${d\over dx}$ antisymmetric? If so, what does it even mean to take it's transpose? Thank you.
5
votes
0answers
56 views

Proving continuity on spaces of distributions?

Let $\mathcal{D}'(\Omega)$ be the space of distributions on an open set $\Omega$, and $\mathcal{E}'(\Omega)$ the compactly supported ones. When you have a linear operator ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

How to prove this equivalence?

Consider the general elliptic operator $$M=\sum_{i,j=1}^na_{ij}(x)\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x_i\partial x_j},$$ where $a_{ij}$ are continous functions. The function $u$ satisfies $$|Mu|\leq A(|\nabla ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Laplace-like operator

Help me please to apply a Laplace-like operator:$ \Delta f:= \frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial r^2} + \frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial z^2} + {1\over r}\,\frac{\partial f}{\partial r} - {f\over r^2} $ on the ...
2
votes
1answer
168 views

Error in proof of self-adjointness of 1D Laplacian

I have successfully checked self-adjointness of simple and classic differential operator - 1D Laplacian $$D = \frac {d^2}{dx^2}: L_2(0,\infty) \rightarrow L_2(0,\infty)$$ defined on $$\{f(x) | f'' ...
1
vote
1answer
235 views

Differentiation operator applying on matrix

I need to apply a differential operator (nabla) on a matrix. Problem is, that I don't know how to calculate that. Do I treat nabla as a column vector and simply multiply vector with the matrix? Or is ...
9
votes
2answers
215 views

Are there n-th roots of differential operators?

In analogy to a Dirac operator, it seems to me that formally, the equation $$\frac{\partial^n}{\partial x^n}f(x,y)=D_yf(x,y)$$ is solved by $$f(x,y)=\exp{(x \sqrt[n]{D_y})}\ g(y).$$ Is there a ...
-1
votes
2answers
91 views

Am I allowed to move around an operator like this?

Can I take this product: $$\frac{dL}{dt}\frac{d L}{d \dot{x}}$$ And factor out one of the $L$'s to get: $$L\frac{d}{dt} \left( \frac{d L}{d \dot{x}}\right)$$ Where the operator $\frac{d}{dt}$ now ...
0
votes
1answer
238 views

Is this second order differential operator Hermitian (2 variables)?

Let $ T= \frac{ \partial^{2}}{\partial _{x} \partial _{y}}+iay\frac{ \partial}{\partial _{y}}+i(1-a)x \frac{ \partial}{\partial _{x}}+ \frac{i}{2}$ be the second order differential operator, where $ ...
2
votes
2answers
546 views

The minus Laplacian operator is positive definite

In a textbook of functional analysis I found this equation derived from Green's first identity $$\int _{ \Omega }^{ }{ u{ \nabla }^{ 2 }ud\tau } =\int _{ \partial \Omega }^{ }{ u\frac { ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Infinite propagation speed for the Schrodinger operator

Question related to: On the propagation of singularities in PDE and Hypoellipticity and singular support. in what sense is to interpret the sentence the schrodinger operator has infinite propagation ...
0
votes
2answers
264 views

Fundamental solution of the wave operator

What is the explicit formula for a fundamental solution of the wave operator, where the space variable is in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with $n>1$? Thanks. The operator I'm talking about is ...
0
votes
1answer
145 views

On the propagation of singularities in PDE

This question might be a little generic, but i wanted to get some idea on the concept of propagation of singularities in PDE. Searching the internet i only found very complicated things about the ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Non-hypoelliptic operator

Consider the following operator $$\partial_t^2-\partial_x^2+\lambda(x,t)$$ where $\lambda$ is a $C^{\infty}$ function on $\mathbb{R}^2$ and the operators above are second partial derivatives. How can ...
8
votes
1answer
172 views

How to prove $(0,1)$ form is not $\overline\partial$-exact

On a complex manifold, if we are dealing with the $d$ operator, there's a pretty easy way of showing some form is not $d$-exact, simply by integrating in a closed loop. If you can find a loop that is ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Cayley Transform (PDE)

I really need your help in solving the following problem: Prove that a unitary operator $U$ acting on a Hilbert space $H$ is the Cayley transform of some self-adjoint operator if and only if $1$ is ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Choosing boundary conditions for $(\frac{-d^2}{dx^2})^m$ on $H^m((0,1))$?

Consider the differential operator $D:$ $$ Du:=\frac{-d^2}{dx^2}u $$ on the function space $$ C=\{u\in C^2([0,1]):u(0)=u(1)=0\}. $$ It's not hard to find the eigenvalues and ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

How do you calculate an exterior derivative on forms in $\mathbb{R}^3$?

If we have a form, say, $\omega = f(x,y,z) \, dx + g(x,y,z) \, dy + h(x,y,z) \, dz$, what is the formula for the exterior derivative $d \omega$?
0
votes
1answer
209 views

what is difference between the square of an operator and the expectation value of that operator

operator $\hat A$ is a mathematical rule that when applied to a ket $\hat A|\phi\rangle$ transforms it into another ket $\hat A|\phi '\rangle $ and too for bra. $\langle \phi| \hat A|\phi\rangle$ ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

Subset of differential operators is a finitely generated module?

I was reading about differential operators, and there is a small claim I don't understand. First, let $A$ be a commutative algebra over $k$, a field. We have the recursive definition for the algebra ...
8
votes
4answers
320 views

Determining the action of the operator $D\left(z, \frac d{dz}\right)$

This question was motivated by a question by Tobias Kienzler and its wonderful answers. I begin as in the linked question... Using the Taylor expansion $$f(z+a) = \sum_{k=0}^\infty ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Transforming the Laplace operator from Polar to Cartesian coordinates

I'm trying to find the error in my logic here. Let's say we are given the Laplace operator in polar coordinates: $$ \frac{\partial^2}{\partial r^2} + \frac{1}{r}\frac{\partial}{\partial r} + ...
7
votes
1answer
406 views

Differential operator and kernel

Let $P$ a polynomial of two variables, say over the field of real numbers. We define $\partial P$ as $P(\partial_x,\partial_y)$. In this question, it has been shown that if $P_0(x,y)=x^2+y^2$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
476 views

Symbol of a (non linear) differential operator

I am interested in knowing whether there is a definition for the symbol of a PDO which is NOT linear. In Wikipedia and in the book I am reading (An Introduction to Partial Differential Equations by ...
5
votes
1answer
696 views

Linear transformations in infinite dimensional vector spaces

If we look at an $n$ - dimensional vector space $V$ and a linear transformation \begin{equation} T : V \to V, \quad x \mapsto Tx \quad \forall \, x \in V \end{equation} then given a choice of basis ...
4
votes
1answer
164 views

What does it mean for the leading symbol of a differential operator to be scalar?

I would like to better understand what it means for the leading symbol of a differential operator to be scalar. Concretely, I am currently looking at the Laplace - Beltrami operator on an ...
1
vote
1answer
749 views

Laplacian Operator Represented as a Matrix - Problem Finding the Hermiticity

I'm trying to discretize the Laplacian operator, and represent it with a matrix, but I'm running into a problem: my result is not hermitian when it should be. Here are my calculations: In one ...
1
vote
2answers
132 views

What does ad$f$ mean, for $f$ a smooth function?

I am currently reading Nicole Berline "Heat Kernels and Dirac Operators". On page 64 Differential Operators are introduced that are generalized from operators acting on scalar functions to vector ...
8
votes
1answer
199 views

When do Harmonic polynomials constitute the kernel of a differential operator?

Let $f$ be a real polynomial of two variables. Let $\partial_f=f\left(\frac{\partial}{\partial x},\frac{\partial}{\partial y}\right)$. Let $H$ denote the space of harmonic polynomials, i.e., ...