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2
votes
0answers
33 views

Closed form for a binomial containing a differential operator

Is there a closed form for $(x + D)^n$ where D is the differential operator with respect to x? Avi's comment in this post helped me understand this expression a bit better, but I'm still curious if ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Distance between differential operators

Given two differential operators say $D_1$ and $D_2$ is there any meaningful way to define distance between them, does there exist some metric $d(D_1,D_2)$ that satisfies all the necessary properties? ...
2
votes
0answers
149 views

Eigenvalues of differential operator

If $L : C^2[a,b] \rightarrow C^0[a,b] $ is s.t. $L y(t) = \ddot y(t) +p \dot y + q y(t) $ and $L$ is invertible then $L^{-1}$ has at most countable eigenvalues and they accumulate in $0$. Why ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

$b$ uniformly elliptic and bounded $x\mapsto (b(x))^{-1}$ uniformly elliptic and bounded?

I am not able to prove or find a counter example for the following statement. Let $b:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow GL(n,\mathbb{R})$ be such that for $C>0$ $\frac{1}{C}\vert \xi\vert^2\leq ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Differential Operators over the space of Analytic Functions

Let $\mathcal{A}(-a,a)$ be the vector space of functions that are analytic on the interval $(-a,a)$ Is there a common topology to place on this space, if yes what is the topology and is it induced ...
5
votes
2answers
106 views

Linear operators on $C^\infty[a,b]$

I do not know too much about linear operators so forgive me if this doesn't make much sense, but what would the space of linear operators on $C^\infty[a,b]$ be defined as? If we denote this space as ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Space of Differential Operators

Is is possible to talk about a "space of differential operators"? If one defined such a space would it be possible to talk about limits? I don't really have much background so I'm really just looking ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Differential Maping in Elementary Analysis

The problem I stuck was : Let $ f = R^{n} \rightarrow R^{m} $ and suppose there is a constant $M$ such that for $ x \in R^{n} $, $ || f(x) || \leq M || x ||^{2} $. Prove that $ f $ is differentable ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Changing variables in a differential operator

Given the following differential operator, i am asked to rewrite it in polar coordinates $\frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial x^2} + \frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial y^2} + 2\frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial ...
1
vote
1answer
245 views

Change of variables in a differential operator.

I would like to know how could I change the coordinates to cilindrical coordinates of the following differential operator. $y\frac{\partial f}{\partial x} + xy^2z^5\frac{\partial f}{\partial y} + ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Divergence of stress tensor in momentum transfer equation

Let suppose that we work in a 2D cartesian coordinates. what will be x and y components of $\nabla.\left[-p I+\mu \left(\nabla \text{u}+(\nabla \text{u})^T\right)-\frac{2}{3} \mu (\nabla.\text{u}) I ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

elliptic operator and wave front set

Let us $f(x) \in C^\infty $ on $\mathbb{R}^n$, and the pseudo-diff. operator $ Q$ is defined by: $(Qu)(x)=(2\pi)^{-n}\int_{\mathbb{R}^{n}}e^{ix\xi }f(x)\left | \xi \right |\hat{u}(\xi) d\xi$ Where ...
5
votes
1answer
65 views

Pseudo-differential operators

What is the meaning of the formula $\sigma (PQ)=\sum \frac{1}{\alpha!}\partial _{\xi }^{\alpha}pD_{x}^{\alpha}q\; ;\;\; \sigma (Q)=q,\;\;\; \sigma (P)=p$ if the series on right side is infinite? ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Poisson's equation under translation and scaling

Let $u\in C^\infty (\Omega,\mathbb R)$ be a solution of $$\begin{array}{cccl} -\Delta u & = & 0 & \mathrm{in}\ \Omega \\ u & = & g & \mathrm{on}\ \partial\Omega\end{array}$$ ...
6
votes
1answer
164 views

How to show that differential operator can be defined in terms of certain commutator operators

Let $U$ be any open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ (or, more general, of some smooth manifold). Define $\mathcal{D}_{-1}(U):=\{0\}$. For any two linear operators $A$ and $B$, the commutator operator $[A,B]$ ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Handling matrix of differential operator when using the Ritz method for an extremum problem

The internal energy (or strain energy) of a typical structural member under a displacement field $\{u\}$ can be represented as: $$ U = \frac{1}{2}\int_{V}[u]^T[B]^T[F]^T[B][u]dV $$ where $V$ is the ...
0
votes
1answer
189 views

Prove that D (the differential operator) maps V (a vector space) into V.

I'm quite confused about what "into" means here and, more importantly, how I am supposed to prove that something maps a vector space into (not onto) another vector space. Here's some of the ...
4
votes
2answers
186 views

Composition of pseudo-differential operators

Denote by $S^m$ the set of functions $p: \mathbb{R}^n \times \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{C}$ such that $p \in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n \times \mathbb{R}^n)$ and $$\left| ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Doubt about the spectrum of an operator

I consider the Laplacian operator $$A=-\Delta$$ in the domain $$H^2(\mathbb{R}^3)$$ where it is selfadjoint. We know that its spectrum is $[0,+\infty)$. Now I want to consider the restriction of $A$ ...
5
votes
1answer
163 views

Complex differential geometric form of the Grothendieck–Hirzebruch–Riemann–Roch theorem

From the wikipedia article, it seems that there should be a differential geometric form of the Grothendieck-Riemann-Roch theorem with schemes replaced by complex manifolds and quasi-coherent sheaves ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Homogenous Polynomial Functions and the Symbol of a Differential Operator

I have a trivial question concerning Lawson/Michelsohn's "Spin Geometry", Chapter III.§1. There, the symbol of a differential operator $P$ is defined to be a section $\sigma(P)$ in the bundle ...
2
votes
1answer
261 views

Justification behind changing coordinates of a differential operator

On many websites focused on physics, (say http://skisickness.com/2009/11/20/ ) they like to represent differential operators in different coordinates. I.e. going from the standard basis to polar ...
1
vote
1answer
200 views

Partial derivative of an integral operator functional

Suppose $f(x) \equiv f_0(x) + \epsilon t(x)$, where $x,\epsilon \in{\mathbb{R}}$. And let $\mathcal{L}[f(x)] \equiv \int_a^b f(x')dx'$. I want to differentiate $\mathcal{L}$ w.r.t. $\epsilon$. So I ...
1
vote
2answers
99 views

What does the symbol $\Delta$ stands for?

While studying Landau-Lifshitz equation following term appears, $-m \times (m \times \Delta m) = \Delta m + |\nabla m|^2 m$ In above equation m is a vector quantity. It will be great if someone can ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

Inverse of a certain differential operator (resolvent)

I am doing a research on a certain type of operator, and in the course of it I need to determine the following: Given the operator $D$ below, and identity operator $I$, $$ D=\begin{pmatrix} ...
19
votes
2answers
870 views

Applications of Pseudodifferential Operators

I am very interested in just about anything that has to do with PDE's, and inevitably pseudodifferential operators comes up. Its obvious that such a novel way of looking at PDE's would be important, ...
5
votes
1answer
210 views

differential operator on manifold

I am currently trying to understand the local expression of a (pseudo)differential operator $$ \int_{R^n} e^{(x - y)\cdot \xi} \sigma(x,\xi) \, d \xi $$ on a manifold $M$ (compact and boundaryless, ...
4
votes
2answers
140 views

How to prove convergent function imply its derivative equals to zero?

Let $f\colon (0,\infty) \to\Bbb R$ be differentiable and let $A$ and $B$ be real numbers. Prove that if $f(t) \to A$ and $f′(t) \to B$ as $t \to \infty$ then $B = 0$.
1
vote
1answer
217 views

Differential operators: elliptic vs strongly elliptic

This morning a collegue of mine came to me with the following question: does there exist any elliptic operator of order $2m$ with real (variable) coefficients that is not strongly elliptic? After ...
1
vote
2answers
83 views

Computing $e^{isD}$ for a differential operator D

I'm trying to understand functional calculus of unbounded operators and everywhere I see proofs of its existence, but it seems that no one ever dares to compute some easy example. Lets take $D = ...
1
vote
2answers
442 views

Transpose of the differential operator

Is the differential operator ${d\over dx}$ antisymmetric? If so, what does it even mean to take it's transpose? Thank you.
5
votes
0answers
65 views

Proving continuity on spaces of distributions?

Let $\mathcal{D}'(\Omega)$ be the space of distributions on an open set $\Omega$, and $\mathcal{E}'(\Omega)$ the compactly supported ones. When you have a linear operator ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

How to prove this equivalence?

Consider the general elliptic operator $$M=\sum_{i,j=1}^na_{ij}(x)\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x_i\partial x_j},$$ where $a_{ij}$ are continous functions. The function $u$ satisfies $$|Mu|\leq A(|\nabla ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Laplace-like operator

Help me please to apply a Laplace-like operator:$ \Delta f:= \frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial r^2} + \frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial z^2} + {1\over r}\,\frac{\partial f}{\partial r} - {f\over r^2} $ on the ...
2
votes
1answer
254 views

Error in proof of self-adjointness of 1D Laplacian

I have successfully checked self-adjointness of simple and classic differential operator - 1D Laplacian $$D = \frac {d^2}{dx^2}: L_2(0,\infty) \rightarrow L_2(0,\infty)$$ defined on $$\{f(x) | f'' ...
1
vote
1answer
335 views

Differentiation operator applying on matrix

I need to apply a differential operator (nabla) on a matrix. Problem is, that I don't know how to calculate that. Do I treat nabla as a column vector and simply multiply vector with the matrix? Or is ...
9
votes
2answers
231 views

Are there n-th roots of differential operators?

In analogy to a Dirac operator, it seems to me that formally, the equation $$\frac{\partial^n}{\partial x^n}f(x,y)=D_yf(x,y)$$ is solved by $$f(x,y)=\exp{(x \sqrt[n]{D_y})}\ g(y).$$ Is there a ...
-1
votes
2answers
95 views

Am I allowed to move around an operator like this?

Can I take this product: $$\frac{dL}{dt}\frac{d L}{d \dot{x}}$$ And factor out one of the $L$'s to get: $$L\frac{d}{dt} \left( \frac{d L}{d \dot{x}}\right)$$ Where the operator $\frac{d}{dt}$ now ...
0
votes
1answer
312 views

Is this second order differential operator Hermitian (2 variables)?

Let $ T= \frac{ \partial^{2}}{\partial _{x} \partial _{y}}+iay\frac{ \partial}{\partial _{y}}+i(1-a)x \frac{ \partial}{\partial _{x}}+ \frac{i}{2}$ be the second order differential operator, where $ ...
2
votes
2answers
730 views

The minus Laplacian operator is positive definite

In a textbook of functional analysis I found this equation derived from Green's first identity $$\int _{ \Omega }^{ }{ u{ \nabla }^{ 2 }ud\tau } =\int _{ \partial \Omega }^{ }{ u\frac { ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Infinite propagation speed for the Schrodinger operator

Question related to: On the propagation of singularities in PDE and Hypoellipticity and singular support. in what sense is to interpret the sentence the schrodinger operator has infinite propagation ...
0
votes
2answers
313 views

Fundamental solution of the wave operator

What is the explicit formula for a fundamental solution of the wave operator, where the space variable is in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with $n>1$? Thanks. The operator I'm talking about is ...
0
votes
1answer
199 views

On the propagation of singularities in PDE

This question might be a little generic, but i wanted to get some idea on the concept of propagation of singularities in PDE. Searching the internet i only found very complicated things about the ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Non-hypoelliptic operator

Consider the following operator $$\partial_t^2-\partial_x^2+\lambda(x,t)$$ where $\lambda$ is a $C^{\infty}$ function on $\mathbb{R}^2$ and the operators above are second partial derivatives. How can ...
8
votes
1answer
195 views

How to prove $(0,1)$ form is not $\overline\partial$-exact

On a complex manifold, if we are dealing with the $d$ operator, there's a pretty easy way of showing some form is not $d$-exact, simply by integrating in a closed loop. If you can find a loop that is ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

Cayley Transform (PDE)

I really need your help in solving the following problem: Prove that a unitary operator $U$ acting on a Hilbert space $H$ is the Cayley transform of some self-adjoint operator if and only if $1$ is ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Choosing boundary conditions for $(\frac{-d^2}{dx^2})^m$ on $H^m((0,1))$?

Consider the differential operator $D:$ $$ Du:=\frac{-d^2}{dx^2}u $$ on the function space $$ C=\{u\in C^2([0,1]):u(0)=u(1)=0\}. $$ It's not hard to find the eigenvalues and ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

How do you calculate an exterior derivative on forms in $\mathbb{R}^3$?

If we have a form, say, $\omega = f(x,y,z) \, dx + g(x,y,z) \, dy + h(x,y,z) \, dz$, what is the formula for the exterior derivative $d \omega$?
0
votes
1answer
320 views

what is difference between the square of an operator and the expectation value of that operator

operator $\hat A$ is a mathematical rule that when applied to a ket $\hat A|\phi\rangle$ transforms it into another ket $\hat A|\phi '\rangle $ and too for bra. $\langle \phi| \hat A|\phi\rangle$ ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Subset of differential operators is a finitely generated module?

I was reading about differential operators, and there is a small claim I don't understand. First, let $A$ be a commutative algebra over $k$, a field. We have the recursive definition for the algebra ...