In mathematics, a differential operator is an operator defined as a function of the differentiation operator. (Def: http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Differential_operator)

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Notation of the differential operator

I see the differential operator both with upright and italic d in different books/articles. So I'm curious about $$ \int x^2 \, dx \quad \text{vs.} \quad \int x^2\, \mathrm{d}x,$$ and ...
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What type of self-adjoint operator does $\hat{P}$ has to be for Green's function to result in a radial exponetial $e^{-\| x-t \|^2}$

I was reading the following paper on hyper basis function (HBF) (similar to radial basis function RBF network) and was trying to understand when is it the case that the network has radial basis ...
4
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2answers
164 views

Find $a_{n,i,j}$ in the expansion $(x + D)^n = \sum\limits_{i,j} a_{n,i,j} x^i D^j.$

This is problem 47c. in Stanley's Enumerative Combinatorics Vol. 1. Background: Let $D$ be the operator $\frac{d}{dx}$. Part (a) asks to prove $$ (xD)^n = \sum\limits_{k = 0}^n S(n,k)x^k D^k $$ ...
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1answer
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Closure of the Hamilton's operator $(Hf)(x)=\frac{1}{2}f''(x)-V(x)f(x)$ with $C_c^\infty(\mathbb{R}, \mathbb{C})$ domain

Let $V \in C_{b}^{1}(\mathbb{R}, \mathbb{R})$ be a differentiable function bounded with its first derivative and $H$ be a Hamilton's operator such that: $$(Hf)(x)=\frac{1}{2}f''(x)-V(x)f(x)$$ The ...
3
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1answer
36 views

What is the significance of the integral of the Hessian determinant?

The integral of a function over some region measures the total value of the function in that region: $$T(u)=\int u\thinspace\mathrm{d}V$$ The integral of the squared norm of the gradient of the ...
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1answer
37 views

Eigenvector and eigenvalue of the differential operator $L(x)=x''+3x'-4x$

This is a follow up question to this one. Just to summarize. I want to find the kernel, eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the differential operator: $$L(x):=x''+3x'-4x$$ In other words I want to find ...
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1answer
38 views

Continuously differentiable operator

I consider an operator $A:H^1_0\to H^1_0$ defined by $$Au(t)=\int_0^1 G(t,s) f(s,u(s))ds$$ where $$ G(t,s)=\begin{cases} t(1-s), &t\leq s\\s(1-t), &s\leq t.\end{cases}$$ I want to know what ...
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Divergence and formal adjoint operators: are they bounded/continuous?

Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold. The divergence operator is the map \begin{align*} \delta_g:\Gamma^k(S^2M)&\rightarrow\Gamma^{k-1}(T^*M)\\ ...
4
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0answers
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Abstract definition of a differential operator

In Kolar, Michor, and Slovak, a differential operator is said to be a rule transforming sections of a fibred manifold $Y \to M$ into sections of another fibred manifold $Y' \to M'$. Is this is a ...
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1answer
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Manifold,affine connection,vector field

An affine connection on $M$ is a differential operator, sending smooth vector fields $X$ and $Y$ to a smooth vector field $∇_X Y$ , which satisfies the some conditions.I would like to know the ...
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1answer
30 views

Proof of positive definiteness

$Lu = -u'' + c u$ where c is some constant The question is when it's positive definite in square integrable on $[0; 1]$ with $u(0)=u(1)=0$ $(Lu, u) = \int^1_0 u Lu dx = -u u''+c u^2 dx = \int^1_0 ...
2
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1answer
19 views

Is this entity with operators correct?

Let define the operators $A = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}(x+\partial_x)$ and $B = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}(x-\partial_x)$. I am suppossed to check the identity $AB-BA=1$ but I cannot proof it. Is the identity ...
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2answers
28 views

How to apply this operator?

Let $A$ be the operator $2(x+\partial_x)$. Suppose we have a function $f$ and that we apply the operator to this function. How this operator is applied? $2xf+\partial_xf$ or $2x+\partial_xf$? I guess ...
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Decomposition of a differential operator

Let $\mathcal{O}$ be the ring of holomorphic functions on the unit disk deprived of the non-negative real numbers. Let $\mathcal{D}$ be the ring of differential operators on the same space, $\alpha$ a ...
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0answers
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Find eigenfunctions of the integral operator with kernel $\sum\limits_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n^2} \sin((n+1)x)\sin(ny)$

Find the eigenvalue and eigenfunctions of the integral operator $Ku=\int_0^\pi k(x,y)u(y)dy$. $k( x,y) = \sum\limits_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n^2} \sin\big((n+1)x\big)\sin(ny)$. This is how I ...
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1answer
13 views

Linear Second order Differential operator proof questions

I have 3 proof questions from my book that I have tried and I would like to see if my solutions are valid and/or there is a simpler way to prove them. Firstly, the notation $ker(L)$ means all $f$ ...
2
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1answer
29 views

Laplacian Smoothing Irregular Initial Data

Apparently for many parabolic and elliptic PDEs the (ir-)regularity of initial data does not have any significant impact on the regularity of (weak) solutions. Very often people when people talk ...
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Linear operator differentiation on a torus

I'm trying to analyze this article about area-preserving diffeomorphisms and don't quite understand a sentence. 4.1. Linear involutions. We start characterizing the linear involutions $R \! : ...
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1answer
43 views

Complex differential operators

Consider the differential operators $\dfrac{\partial}{\partial z}$ and $\dfrac{\partial}{\partial \bar{z} }$ defined by $\frac{\partial}{\partial z} = \frac {1}{2} (\frac{\partial}{\partial x} - ...
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2answers
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Higher Order ODE with Differential Operators

I am trying to solve an ODE problem involving higher order. Let $p(s) = s(s^2-s+1)(s-1)$ and $D = d/dt$. Solve the initial value problem $$p(D)x = t + e^t,$$ $x'''(2) = 1$, $x''(2) = 1$, and ...
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0answers
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Metric tensors and linear (differential) operators defined on a manifold and its osculating sphere

Given a 1D Riemannian manifold $\Gamma$ embedded in 2D Euclidean space (e.g. a parametric curve on a plane $\mathbb{R}^{2}$ ), and point $x_{0}\in \Gamma$, we denote $S^{1}(x_{0})$ the circle ...
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1answer
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Not understanding why equation 2 and equation 3 has to be multiplied with $v(x)$

The discrete differential operator $L_h$ is defined as: $(L_h v)(x_j)=-\frac{v(x_{j+1})-2v(x_j)+v(x_{j-1})}{\Delta x^2}$ (Equation 1). The contineous problem had solution $v(x_j)=sin(\beta x_j)$. It ...
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1answer
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Relation between a function and its norm

While reading up on Sturm-Liouville system theory, I came across something I didn't fully understand. At one point, in the midst of proving the existence of solutions to the Sturm-Liouvill problem, ...
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1answer
53 views

Struggling with Differential Operators?

I'm taking a basic linear algebra/Differential Equations class hybrid (weird right?), and we're currently learning about differential operators. Am I correct in saying that a differential operator is ...
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35 views

How can I obtain these differential operators for this transformation?

I have transformation as the following form \begin{eqnarray} \begin{split} &u \longrightarrow \bar{u}=(ax+by+\eta)^{-3} u,\\ &x \longrightarrow \bar{x}=\frac{\alpha x+\beta ...
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Localization of differential operators

Let $R=k[x_1,...,x_n]$ with $k$ a field of characteristic 0. And let $S$ be some multiplicitive set. Or, even, just powers of a monomial. I'm having trouble seeing how to show that ...
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Elliptic and Fredholm partial differential operators

As I learn from the comments to this question a non elliptic operator on a compact manifold can not be a fredholm operator. On the other hand it seems that the following operator is fredholm(At ...
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1answer
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different between (-(a.b)) and ((-a).b)

One of our teachers said that there is just one example that there is different between $(-(a\cdot b))$ and $((-a)\cdot b)$. He said by using "twice complement," you can find one. I am trying to find ...
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1answer
50 views

Question on a special Derivative

I have this functional defined from a Hilbert space $H$, $J\colon H\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ defined by: $$ J(u)=\frac12 \|u\|^2-\int_0^1(A(su),u) ds $$ where $A\colon H\rightarrow H$ is a potential ...
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Linear algebra references explaining matrix form of linear differential and integral operators

Some years ago I was in a lecture where I met for the first time the matrix representation of some differential and integral operators (once discretized). Back then, someone mentioned me that every ...
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1answer
33 views

Do spectrum and Eigenvalues of $Af=-f''$ concide (under dirichlet boundary conditions)

I am asked to show that for the operator $$ Af = -f'' $$ with $D(A)=\left\{f\in H^2(0,1), f(1)=f(0)=0 \right\} \subset L^2(0,1)$ is self Adjoint in $L^2(0,1)$ (This part is solved). I cannot see ...
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Is it possible to construct a 1-D linear differential operator with given spectrum $0\leq\lambda_0\leq \lambda_1\leq\dots\leq\lambda_n\le\dots$?

Suppose one is given with a sequence $S$ of non-negative real numbers $0\leq\lambda_0\leq \lambda_1\leq\dots\leq \lambda_n\leq\dots$. Under what conditions on $S$, is it possible to construct a Linear ...
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2answers
46 views

Elliptic differential operator

I am given the differential operator $D(f):=-(fg)'+hf$ and $D^* (f) = g \cdot f' + hf$ where $h,g$ are some smooth functions and want to find out under which conditions, these two operators are ...
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1answer
35 views

Linearity of a differential equation

The following is the general form of a linear ODE, where $t$ is the independent variable and $y$ is the dependent one: $a_n(t) \frac{d^ny(t)}{dt^n} + a_{n-1}(t) \frac{d^{n-1}y(t)}{dt^{n-1}} + \dots + ...
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2answers
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Raising and Lowering Through Differentiation

I'm calculating the Christoffel symbols of the second kind which is of course defined as multiplying the symbol of the first kind multiplied by the contravariant metric. I was thinking of how to make ...
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0answers
34 views

The resolvent of a differentation operator on $C[a,b]$

Consider a densely defined operator $A : C[a,b ]\rightarrow C[a,b ]$, $$Au=u^{\prime}$$ with domain $$D(A)= \{ u\in C^1[a,b]: u(b)=ku(a) \}$$ for some $k>0$. I have to find $R_A(\lambda)$ for ...
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0answers
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Resolvent operator

Let's consider the following operator on $L^2(\mathbb{R}^3)$ $$A(t)=\Delta+b(t,x)\cdot\nabla$$ where $\Delta$ is the Laplace operator and $b(\cdot,\cdot)$ a smooth vector field. How to compute the ...
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1answer
33 views

Determine adjoint operator

Let $K\in D\{(x,\xi)\in \mathbb {R}^2 : x > 0, \xi > 0\} $ and $L (\phi)(x)=\int_0^x K (x,\xi)\phi (\xi)d\xi $ for $\phi \in D (\mathbb {R})$ $D $ is the space of testfunctions I know that ...
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1answer
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Inverse of a particular operator

I need help finding the inverse of the following operator. I am not sure about how to start. Any help would be hugely appreciated. Operator: $( I + \frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2})$ Edit: I ...
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References for Second order differential operator

I'd like to study the operator $-\partial_{xx}+\partial_{yy}$ in ${\bf R}^2$. In particular I'm interested in finding a characterization of its domain of (essential) self-adjointness. Does this ...
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1answer
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Del Dot Expansion

I have an expansion question using the $\nabla$. If I have this equation: $\nabla \dot\ (V \dot \ \nabla V)$. Where $V = x$ and $y$ components of velocity. How does this expand to $(\frac{du}{dx})^2 ...
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2answers
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Relationship between divergence operators defined with respect to two different volume forms.

Let us assume that you have a volume form $\mu$ defined on a manifold $\mathcal{M}$. Then you can define the divergence operator with respect to this metric, such that the following relationship holds ...
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Selfadjointness of the differential operator in a singular potential

The free Dirac operator is the differential operator of the following form $$ T_0 = i \alpha \nabla + \beta,$$ where $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are Hermitian $4 \times 4$ matrices, and $T_0$ is selfadjoint ...
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Is $L^{*}L$ a real operator?

let $(M,h)$ be a compact complex manifold with a hermitian metric $h$. Let $L$ be a $\mathbb{C}$-linear differential operator with smooth coefficients \begin{equation} ...
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0answers
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Derivative of a function which is treated as a variable

I have got a function $f=f(x)$. The derivative is $\partial_xf$. There are applications in which it is reasonable to treat $f$ as another variable in a larger context. In my application I now need an ...
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put $-\frac{d^2 u}{d x^2} +\frac{d u}{d x}=\exp (x)$ on $[0,1]$ and BC $B_0u = u(0) = 5$, $B_1u=u_x(1)+u(1)=2$ in bilinear form $a(w,u) = F(w)$

Consider the elliptic problem $Lu=\exp (x)$ on $[0,1]$ with $Lu = -\frac{d^2 u}{d x^2} +\frac{d u}{d x} $ and boundary contidions $B_0u = u(0) = 5$ and $B_1u= \frac{du}{dx}(1)+u(1)=2$. Show that the ...
6
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1answer
219 views

What is the mathematical truth behind the Leibniz notation in differentiating twice or more?

So $f: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ is $n>1$ (or more) times differentiable. The notation of the first derivative makes perfect "sense" with regard to what's going on: $$\lim_{h \to 0} ...
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Meaning of (generalized?) differential operator

I am currently reading this paper which makes use of generalized differential operators. As I understood it, the operator $D_x$ works like this: If $F$ is a continuous function on $[a,b]$ and $G$ an ...
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Besov–Zygmund spaces and the Inverse Function Theorem, is the Inverse Zygmund?

Preliminary Definitions Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open. We define the Zygmund spaces $C^r_{*}(\Omega)$ with $r>0$, $r \in \mathbb{R}$ in the following way: (all the functions are ...
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1answer
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Is there any difference between formally symmetric and formally self-adjoint differential operators?

I work with the well known book of Dunford/Schwartz "Linear Operators (Part II)". At first I should mention that the general difference between self-adjoint and symmetric operators is obvious to me. ...