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Localization of differential operators

Let $R=k[x_1,...,x_n]$ with $k$ a field of characteristic 0. And let $S$ be some multiplicitive set. Or, even, just powers of a monomial. I'm having trouble seeing how to show that ...
5
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46 views

Elliptic and Fredholm partial differential operators

As I learn from the comments to this question a non elliptic operator on a compact manifold can not be a fredholm operator. On the other hand it seems that the following operator is fredholm(At ...
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1answer
20 views

different between (-(a.b)) and ((-a).b)

One of our teachers said that there is just one example that there is different between $(-(a\cdot b))$ and $((-a)\cdot b)$. He said by using "twice complement," you can find one. I am trying to find ...
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1answer
48 views

Question on a special Derivative

I have this functional defined from a Hilbert space $H$, $J\colon H\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ defined by: $$ J(u)=\frac12 \|u\|^2-\int_0^1(A(su),u) ds $$ where $A\colon H\rightarrow H$ is a potential ...
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0answers
34 views

Linear algebra references explaining matrix form of linear differential and integral operators

Some years ago I was in a lecture where I met for the first time the matrix representation of some differential and integral operators (once discretized). Back then, someone mentioned me that every ...
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1answer
25 views

Do spectrum and Eigenvalues of $Af=-f''$ concide (under dirichlet boundary conditions)

I am asked to show that for the operator $$ Af = -f'' $$ with $D(A)=\left\{f\in H^2(0,1), f(1)=f(0)=0 \right\} \subset L^2(0,1)$ is self Adjoint in $L^2(0,1)$ (This part is solved). I cannot see ...
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36 views

Is it possible to construct a 1-D linear differential operator with given spectrum $0\leq\lambda_0\leq \lambda_1\leq\dots\leq\lambda_n\le\dots$?

Suppose one is given with a sequence $S$ of non-negative real numbers $0\leq\lambda_0\leq \lambda_1\leq\dots\leq \lambda_n\leq\dots$. Under what conditions on $S$, is it possible to construct a Linear ...
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2answers
26 views

Elliptic differential operator

I am given the differential operator $D(f):=-(fg)'+hf$ and $D^* (f) = g \cdot f' + hf$ where $h,g$ are some smooth functions and want to find out under which conditions, these two operators are ...
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1answer
34 views

Linearity of a differential equation

The following is the general form of a linear ODE, where $t$ is the independent variable and $y$ is the dependent one: $a_n(t) \frac{d^ny(t)}{dt^n} + a_{n-1}(t) \frac{d^{n-1}y(t)}{dt^{n-1}} + \dots + ...
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2answers
60 views

Raising and Lowering Through Differentiation

I'm calculating the Christoffel symbols of the second kind which is of course defined as multiplying the symbol of the first kind multiplied by the contravariant metric. I was thinking of how to make ...
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32 views

The resolvent of a differentation operator on $C[a,b]$

Consider a densely defined operator $A : C[a,b ]\rightarrow C[a,b ]$, $$Au=u^{\prime}$$ with domain $$D(A)= \{ u\in C^1[a,b]: u(b)=ku(a) \}$$ for some $k>0$. I have to find $R_A(\lambda)$ for ...
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0answers
38 views

Resolvent operator

Let's consider the following operator on $L^2(\mathbb{R}^3)$ $$A(t)=\Delta+b(t,x)\cdot\nabla$$ where $\Delta$ is the Laplace operator and $b(\cdot,\cdot)$ a smooth vector field. How to compute the ...
1
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1answer
33 views

Determine adjoint operator

Let $K\in D\{(x,\xi)\in \mathbb {R}^2 : x > 0, \xi > 0\} $ and $L (\phi)(x)=\int_0^x K (x,\xi)\phi (\xi)d\xi $ for $\phi \in D (\mathbb {R})$ $D $ is the space of testfunctions I know that ...
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1answer
27 views

Inverse of a particular operator

I need help finding the inverse of the following operator. I am not sure about how to start. Any help would be hugely appreciated. Operator: $( I + \frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2})$ Edit: I ...
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0answers
12 views

References for Second order differential operator

I'd like to study the operator $-\partial_{xx}+\partial_{yy}$ in ${\bf R}^2$. In particular I'm interested in finding a characterization of its domain of (essential) self-adjointness. Does this ...
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1answer
87 views

Del Dot Expansion

I have an expansion question using the $\nabla$. If I have this equation: $\nabla \dot\ (V \dot \ \nabla V)$. Where $V = x$ and $y$ components of velocity. How does this expand to $(\frac{du}{dx})^2 ...
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2answers
68 views

Relationship between divergence operators defined with respect to two different volume forms.

Let us assume that you have a volume form $\mu$ defined on a manifold $\mathcal{M}$. Then you can define the divergence operator with respect to this metric, such that the following relationship holds ...
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57 views

Selfadjointness of the differential operator in a singular potential

The free Dirac operator is the differential operator of the following form $$ T_0 = i \alpha \nabla + \beta,$$ where $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are Hermitian $4 \times 4$ matrices, and $T_0$ is selfadjoint ...
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0answers
14 views

Show two quantum differential operators are the same $\hat{A} \psi(x)$ = $\psi(x+b)$

Consider an operator $\hat{A}$ = $e^{b*d/dx}$, where b is a constant. Show that $\hat{A}$$\psi(x)$ = $\psi(x+b)$ I'm guessing taylor exp
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25 views

Is $L^{*}L$ a real operator?

let $(M,h)$ be a compact complex manifold with a hermitian metric $h$. Let $L$ be a $\mathbb{C}$-linear differential operator with smooth coefficients \begin{equation} ...
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0answers
28 views

Derivative of a function which is treated as a variable

I have got a function $f=f(x)$. The derivative is $\partial_xf$. There are applications in which it is reasonable to treat $f$ as another variable in a larger context. In my application I now need an ...
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0answers
12 views

put $-\frac{d^2 u}{d x^2} +\frac{d u}{d x}=\exp (x)$ on $[0,1]$ and BC $B_0u = u(0) = 5$, $B_1u=u_x(1)+u(1)=2$ in bilinear form $a(w,u) = F(w)$

Consider the elliptic problem $Lu=\exp (x)$ on $[0,1]$ with $Lu = -\frac{d^2 u}{d x^2} +\frac{d u}{d x} $ and boundary contidions $B_0u = u(0) = 5$ and $B_1u= \frac{du}{dx}(1)+u(1)=2$. Show that the ...
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1answer
147 views

What is the mathematical truth behind the Leibniz notation in differentiating twice or more?

So $f: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ is $n>1$ (or more) times differentiable. The notation of the first derivative makes perfect "sense" with regard to what's going on: $$\lim_{h \to 0} ...
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0answers
32 views

Meaning of (generalized?) differential operator

I am currently reading this paper which makes use of generalized differential operators. As I understood it, the operator $D_x$ works like this: If $F$ is a continuous function on $[a,b]$ and $G$ an ...
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0answers
59 views

Besov–Zygmund spaces and the Inverse Function Theorem, is the Inverse Zygmund?

Preliminary Definitions Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open. We define the Zygmund spaces $C^r_{*}(\Omega)$ with $r>0$, $r \in \mathbb{R}$ in the following way: (all the functions are ...
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1answer
29 views

Is there any difference between formally symmetric and formally self-adjoint differential operators?

I work with the well known book of Dunford/Schwartz "Linear Operators (Part II)". At first I should mention that the general difference between self-adjoint and symmetric operators is obvious to me. ...
0
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0answers
49 views

Formal definition of “node” with respect to eigenvalues and functional analysis.

I'm concerned with a special problem of spectral analysis for a certain Sturm-Liouville-differential-operator, that is to say $L:=\frac{d^2}{dx^2}-q(x)$ and the spectrum $\sigma(L)$. While reading an ...
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1answer
220 views

Write out the operator (A)^2 for A = (d/dx + x)

I am having difficulties understanding how this operator is multiplied out. I have the answer, but do not know why (see below) it is what it is. Imagine there is a carat (^) above the "A" for correct ...
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68 views

Decomposition of Laplacian into tangental and normal components w.r.t. submanifold

If I have the covariant Laplacian operator acting on a tensor e.g. $\nabla^2 h_{\mu\nu}$ on a (pseudo-Riemannian) manifold, and I have (say a codimension-2) submanifold, how can I "decompose" the ...
2
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0answers
85 views

self-adjoint differential operator on $C^{0}([a,b])$?

I've got problems in understanding the way a special (self-adjoint) differential operator is acting on the domain and the range. So, I try to explain my difficulties: The differential operator is ...
1
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0answers
33 views

Is there any significance to this matrix/operator?

I am working on a problem involving the the polarized Hessian covariant in Cartesian coordinates on $\mathbb{R}^2$ $[a,b] = \frac{1}{2} \frac{\partial ^2 a}{\partial x ^2} \frac{\partial ^2 ...
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0answers
77 views

Show that the Hilbert transform is a pseudo-differential operator of order 0

I have tried to solve the following exercise but I don't know if I have missed anything. Show that the Hilbert Transform $Hf = \mathcal{F}^{-1}(\operatorname{sgn}(\xi)\hat{f}(\xi))$ is a ...
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0answers
25 views

Matrix representation of quadratic partial differential equations

For a particular problem, I have two following quadratic differential equations: $f_{uu}g_{u} - g_{uu}f_{u}$ = 0 $(f_{uu}g_{v} - g_{uu}f_{v}) + 2(f_{uv}g_{u} - g_{uv}f_{v})$ = 0 here, $f$ and $g$ ...
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1answer
94 views

right definition of correct space of domain and range for a self-adjoint Operator

at first, I'm quite sure it's not necessary to pay too much attention to the way the Operator is defined, it's rather important which spaces to choose to obtain a self-adjoint operator I've got a ...
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0answers
34 views

example of Pseudo-differential operators?

I am a beginner in the area of Pseudo-differential operators. Please provide some examples of Pseudo-differential operators and possible applications in science & engineering. What is the need of ...
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1answer
29 views

Question about differential operators

Say $N = ab$. How can I express $\frac{d}{dN}$ in terms of $\frac{d}{da}$ and $\frac{d}{db}$?
0
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1answer
44 views

del operator question regarding commutativity with a scalar

Is the following true if $f$ is a scalar? $f\,(\nabla\circ\textbf{B})=f\frac{\partial B}{\partial x}+f\frac{\partial B}{\partial y}+f\frac{\partial B}{\partial z}=\frac{\partial B}{\partial ...
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1answer
218 views

Squaring an operator

There is an excercise of squaring an operator in my book of quantun mechanics. The operator is $$\hat{A}=\frac{\mathrm{d}}{\mathrm{d}x}+x$$ And I should compute $\hat{A}^2$. He gives me a result ...
2
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1answer
194 views

Lie algebra (su(1,1)) from legendre polynomials; question regarding http://arxiv.org/abs/1205.6353

Apologies if this question is a duplicate. OK, so my question heavily involves the paper http://arxiv.org/abs/1205.6353 which nicely details the Lie algebra su(1,1) coming from the Laguerre $L_n$, ...
3
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1answer
209 views

Simple proof of Chain Rule through $\frac{\Delta y}{\Delta x} = \frac{dy}{dx}\biggr|_{x=x_1} + k$

In an online lecture (link to Youtube), the professor proves the Chain Rule using the following statement: $$\frac{\Delta y}{\Delta x} = \frac{dy}{dx}\biggr|_{x=x_1} + k$$ $$\Delta y = ...
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0answers
21 views

partial differential operators

As we know, there exists a semigroup for partial differential operators $A = \sum_{i,j=1}^N D_i(a_{ij}(\cdot)D_j)$, see (Klaus-Jochen Engel, Rainer Nagel, one-parameter semigroups). My question is ...
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0answers
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Continuity domain for momentum operator

The momentum operator in one dimension in quantum mechanics is $P=-i\frac{d}{dx}$ (with $\hbar=1$). Consider it as an operator on $L_2(0,2\pi)$, the space of square-integrable functions on $(0,2\pi)$. ...
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1answer
101 views

Questions concerning the differential operator

Consider the differential equation:- $a \phi + (bD^3 - cD)w =0$, where $a, b$ and $c$ are constants, $D$ denotes the differential operator $\dfrac{d}{dx}$, and $w$ is a function of $x$. I'm ...
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2answers
100 views

Selfadjointness of Coulomb Hamiltonian in d>=3 dimensions

I know that the Coulomb-Hamiltonian $H=-\Delta - |\cdot|^{-1}$ is self-adjoint with $dom(H)=H^2(\mathbb R^3)$. This follows by the Kato-Rellich-Theorem. Has the corresponding quadratic form a form ...
1
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1answer
87 views

Differential operator on a manifold in Geometric Calculus

In the context of Geometric Calculus, as stated in book Clifford Algebra to Geometric Calculus (pag. 142), let $M$ be a differentiable vector manifold, $F$ be a field on $M$ and $a$ be a tangent ...
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2answers
114 views

Function of a differential operator.

Friends of mine who study Quantum Field Theory asked me about the following problem. The task is to simplify the expression $$ f_1(\frac{d}{dx})f_2(x) $$ so that it doesn't contain derivatives, but ...
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99 views

Change of variables for linear differential operators

I am trying to find an expression for a change of variables (invertible and $C^{\infty}$) of a linear differential operator in $\mathbb R ^d \newcommand{\t}{\tilde} \newcommand{\p}{\partial}$. i) ...
5
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77 views

Question about a (relatively simple looking) differential operator and its eigenvalues

A colleague and I are interested in a specific differential operator on the reals. The differential operator L is of the form $L=-(1+x^{2})\frac{d^{2}}{dx^{2}}+c_{1}x\frac{d}{dx}+c_{2}x^{2}$ for ...
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0answers
48 views

Convert an eigenvalue equation to ODE/s

For example define: $K=-i\frac{d}{dx}$ (non-discrete spectrum), so: $$Kf(x)=-i\frac{df}{dx}=kf(x)$$ Define $g(x,k)=kf(x)$, so: $$\frac{-i}{k}\frac{\partial{g}}{\partial{x}}=g(x,k)$$ ...
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282 views

Definition of the principal symbol of a differential operator on a real vector bundle.

I'm trying to understand the construction of the dirac operator on a manifold, but actually I guess that doesn't really matter for the question at stake. I'm interested in understanding a definition ...