Differential geometry is the application of differential calculus in the setting of smooth manifolds (curves, surfaces and higher dimensional examples). Modern differential geometry focuses "geometric structures" on such manifolds, such as bundles and connections; for questions not concerning such ...
Suppose $X_r^s:M\to T_r^s(M)$ is a section. Let $P$ be an open set and $X_1,\ldots,X_s\in\mathcal T(P)$ and $X^1,\ldots,X^r\in\mathcal T^*(P)$ where $\mathcal T(P)$ and $\mathcal T^*(P)$ are the sets ...
Picture below is from 231 page . For to prove $Q\ge 0$ on $M \times (0,T)$, $(\partial_t -\Delta)Q \ge 0$ and $Q\ge 0$ are needed to prove.But I can't see $Q\ge 0$ when $t=0$. Besides, how to ...