Differential geometry is the application of differential calculus in the setting of smooth manifolds (curves, surfaces and higher dimensional examples). Modern differential geometry focuses "geometric structures" on such manifolds, such as bundles and connections; for questions not concerning such ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

6
votes
0answers
107 views

Identification of integration on smooth chains with ordinary integration

Let $M$ be a smooth oriented $n$-dimensional manifold and denote by $A \in H_n(M;\mathbb{Z})$ the fundamental class of $M$ (a generator of singular homology consistent with the orientation of $M$). ...
6
votes
0answers
332 views

understanding this differential operator on a tensor product

I am currently trying to read the T. Kotake's paper "An Analytical Proof of the Classical Riemann Roch Theorem", in which he defines a differential operator which acts on smooth sections of a tensored ...
6
votes
0answers
358 views

Orientability of the total space of a vector bundle over an oriented manifold

Let $M$ be a (smooth) manifold of dimension $n$, and let $\pi : E \to M$ be a (smooth) vector bundle of rank $r$. If I choose a connection on $E$, then I obtain a decomposition of $T E$ as $V E ...
6
votes
0answers
405 views

Lie group action from infinitesimal action

I would like to ask, how to deduce a Lie group action, from infinitesimal action of its Lie algebra (the so called Lie-Palais theorem). More precisely, given a differential manifold $M$ and a Lie ...
5
votes
0answers
29 views

When a given family of curves are geodesics of some affine connection?

Let $M$ be a two-dimensional manifold and let $\mathcal C$ be a family of smooth paths on $M$. How to understand whether this family is actually a family of (possibly reparametrized) geodesics of some ...
5
votes
0answers
66 views

Intuitive interpretation of Ricci Flow

What is the best way to interpret, explain or somehow visualize the basic idea behind formal definition of Ricci Flow? I am familiar with the hackneyed expressions like "Ricci Flow is a ...
5
votes
0answers
99 views

Lie derivative and simultaneous diagonalizability

I just arrived at this theorem: Let $M$ be an $n$-manifold and let $\{X_j\}_{j\le k}$ be a collecion of $k$ vector fields and $p \in V \subset M$ satisfying: 1) $\{X_j(p)\}_{j\le k}$ is ...
5
votes
0answers
83 views

What's wrong with my osculating paraboloid?

I'm trying to learn about the Second Fundamental Form and I thought it would be fun to set up a surface in Geogebra and try to calculate the osculating paraboloid as I moved a point around on it, for ...
5
votes
0answers
42 views

Upper bound on the distance of orthogonal matrices

Dear math stackexchange users, I have a question on orthogonal matrices: suppose I have a matrix $X\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ and I consider the orbit of the orthogonal group $O(n)$ acting from the ...
5
votes
0answers
66 views

Could you explain the failure of the Hodge decomposition to exist for non-compact manifolds?

I'm a physicist and the mathematics around the Hodge Decomposition is way formal than I can currently follow (I'm trying to better myself but it'll take a while). Specifically what I'm ...
5
votes
0answers
72 views

Introduction to differential equations for pure mathematicians

Is there a good reference for learning about differential equations for people who are mainly interested in the theoretical tools (especially in differential geometry/topology) that use them? I ...
5
votes
0answers
50 views

Geodesics on Homogeneous Spaces

Consider a homogeneous space $G/\text{Stab}_p \cong M$ where $G$ is a compact Lie group active transitively on $M$ (a compact manifold). If $F$ is a Finsler Metric on $G$ which pushes forward ...
5
votes
0answers
65 views

Compact surfaces with boundary of constant negative curvature

Consider a surface (with boundary) diffeomorphic to $S^1 \times [0, 1]$ and with constant negative curvature, sitting inside $\mathbb{R}^3$. All the examples I know of such surfaces are "part of" (or ...
5
votes
0answers
27 views

Is the spectrum of a first order PDO always unbounded from both sides?

Let $E \to X$ be a smooth vector bundle over a compact Riemannian manifold $X$ and assume that $P:\Gamma(E) \to \Gamma(E)$ is a self-adjoint partial differential operator of order $1$. We think of ...
5
votes
0answers
72 views

General form of a connection with zero curvature

I am looking for proofs of the following two theorems: Theorem 1. On a connected and simply-connected open set $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^3$, functions $L^p_{ij}\in C^1(\Omega)$ are given that satisfy ...
5
votes
0answers
64 views

Basic question: Condition for a map associated to a linear series to be an immersion

I am reading this set of lectures of a class by Prof. Harris. There is a theorem. Let $X$ be a Riemann surface and $\phi:X\rightarrow\mathbb{P^r}$ be the map defined by a linear series without ...
5
votes
0answers
72 views

$K = 0$ and $K = \text{const}$ surfaces produce $k_g = \text{constant}$ intersections?

Generally speaking, when do constant K (Gauss curvature) and zero K surfaces intersect to produce lines of constant geodesic curvature $ k_g $ ? Small circles on a sphere are examples. Or more ...
5
votes
0answers
72 views

Determining an explicit line bundle over surface

The following is a explicitly defined complex line bundle $E\to\Sigma$ over a closed surface: View $\Sigma$ as a subset of $\mathbb{R}^3$ and consider its Gauss map $n:\Sigma\to S^2$ given by ...
5
votes
0answers
71 views

Exponential of a polynomial of the differential operator

Given that $$\exp(aD)f(x)=f(x+a)$$ where $\exp(D)$ is the exponential of the differential operator $D$, is there a similar closed-form, general expression for $\exp(g(D))f(x)$, where $g(D)$ is a ...
5
votes
0answers
141 views

Why is $a_{n}(x,y)=a_{n}(y)$?

This particular question is connected (with a slight variation in the definition of $g$) to an earlier question. The link is here. The specifics are: Given that $u(x,y)$ is the solution of a PDE ($x$ ...
5
votes
0answers
70 views

Decomposition of Laplacian into tangental and normal components w.r.t. submanifold

If I have the covariant Laplacian operator acting on a tensor e.g. $\nabla^2 h_{\mu\nu}$ on a (pseudo-Riemannian) manifold, and I have (say a codimension-2) submanifold, how can I "decompose" the ...
5
votes
0answers
166 views

Geodesic equation from Christoffel symbols

Let $\mathcal{P}:=\mathcal{P}(\mathcal{X})$ be the $n$-dimensional manifold of all (strictly positive) probability vectors (distributions) on $\mathcal{X}=\{x_0,\dots,x_n\}$, i.e., each ...
5
votes
0answers
106 views

Universal Property for Tangent Space

As far as I know there are basically three different approaches to the tangent space -all of them coming with advantages and disadvantages: Though the oldest one precisely represents the derivative ...
5
votes
0answers
90 views

Does there exist a vector field s.t. all orbits are dense on $\mathbb{R}^2$

Is there a complete vector field such that the all orbits are dense on a contractible manifold? For example, $\mathbb{R}^2$,the interior of a $n$-unit ball.
5
votes
0answers
161 views

Difficulty of exercises in several books

Since I am teaching myself, I have no idea of the difficulties of exercises in many books. I want to know whether I am not understanding the content of these books if I cannot easily solve the ...
5
votes
0answers
162 views

Fundamental solution to Laplace equation on arbitrary Riemann surfaces

So, I've seen in a few places this method of calculating the heat kernel on a manifold given the kernel of its universal cover, through a so-called 'tiling method' as in section five of this paper ...
5
votes
0answers
201 views

General geodesics

How to solve the following: Let $f : (M,\nabla)\rightarrow (\overline{M},\overline{\nabla})$ be a diffeomorphism of manifolds with torsion-free connections. a) For reparametrisation $\alpha$ of ...
5
votes
0answers
157 views

An imcomprehensible proof on Arnold's Lectures on PDE, contact diffeomorphism

In Lectures on Partial Differential Equations, Arnold gives a theorem in the chapter Huygens' Principle in the Theory of Wave Propagation: Theorem 1 (the theory of support functions). The manifold ...
5
votes
0answers
90 views

Example of charts on $\mathbb{R}$ that are $\mathcal{C}^r$ compatible but not $\mathcal{C}^{r+1}$ compatible.

Is there a simple example of two charts where this is the case? I'm struggling to think up one.
5
votes
0answers
218 views

Is $G$ a lie group if left multiplication is smooth and multiplication is smooth near $e$?

Suppose $G$ is a smooth manifold and also a topological group. Also suppose that left multiplication $L_g : G \rightarrow G$ is smooth for any $g \in G$. Finally suppose that the multiplication map is ...
5
votes
0answers
100 views

A good reference for learning about super-differentiation & super-integration?

I've looked at a couple of books for basic information for super-differentiation & super-integration - Rogers Supermanifolds, and Khrennikovs Superanalysis. Unfortunately both books lack a clear ...
5
votes
0answers
84 views

approximating a variety locally by a vector space

Suppose we have $m$ homogeneous equations with integer coefficients in $n$ variables and that $m >> n$. Let $x_0 \in \mathbb{C}^n$. Question 1: is there a way to approximate the variety ...
5
votes
0answers
353 views

Second derivative of a metric in terms of the Riemann curvature tensor.

I can't see how to get the following result. Help would be appreciated! This question has to do with the Riemann curvature tensor in inertial coordinates. Such that, if I'm not wrong, (in inertial ...
5
votes
0answers
118 views

What is visualization of gradient flow of a functional?

I don't work on functional analysis but during my study, I faced gradient of a functional. I read its definition, but I can not understand why it is a useful tool? Why if a flow can be written as a ...
5
votes
0answers
133 views

Clarification in a paper

This is regarding a clarification in page 384 of a paper published in Annals of Statistics by Amari. In page no. 384, he defines $$R_i(t)=\frac{\partial}{\partial \theta_i} ...
5
votes
0answers
340 views

Differentiable Manifold Hausdorff, second countable

Why do we generally require that a differentiable manifold be Hausdorff and second countable? Is this universally accepted in the definition? My Professor only required the Hausdorff condition for ...
5
votes
0answers
84 views

how to cover a manifold almost everywhere?

I pose the following question: Given a connected (maybe we need compactness) manifold or regular surface, can we find a single parametrization $\chi:B\to M$ from the open ball to the manifold, such ...
5
votes
0answers
74 views

How to use the Prontrjagin-Thom construction to obtain the Gysin map?

I need help to understand the diagram in Miller's script Vector Fields on Spheres, etc. Chapter 23, p.82 on the bottom of the page. Before, Miller introduces the Prontrjagin-Thom construction: It is ...
5
votes
0answers
196 views

Does every non-compact manifold admit an incomplete vector field?

I know that every vector field on a compact manifold is complete. The question of whether every non-compact manifold admits an incomplete vector field seems to follow naturally. I'd hazard a guess ...
5
votes
0answers
162 views

Complex vector bundles with real transition functions

After doing a bit of playing around (I think) I was able to show that the map $\operatorname{id}\otimes\ \psi : \Omega^{p,q}(X, E) \to \Omega^{p,q}(X, \bar{E})$, where $\psi $ is the conjugation map ...
5
votes
0answers
92 views

How difficult is it to impose a differential structure on a fractal?

Assuming we have a 4-dimensional smooth manifold $M$ embedded in $\mathbb{R}^{m}$ that is difficult to understand its differential structure. For convenience's sake we can assume it is compact, simply ...
5
votes
0answers
285 views

Self Intersection and Euler characteristic

Reading the "Differential Topology" of V.Guillemin and A.Pollack, i found a definition of the Euler Characteristic different from the other one using the simplicial complex and betti number (ex. for ...
5
votes
0answers
372 views

Definition of Coadjoint representation for Lie algebras

I have trouble understanding the definition of the coadjoint representation of a Lie algebra. Typically you first define a natural pairing between the Lie algebra and Lie coalgebra: \begin{equation} ...
5
votes
0answers
247 views

How to prove the holonomy group is preserved under Ricci flow?

I've heard that on a Kähler manifold $(M,g_0)$, if you evolve the metric $g$ by Ricci flow $\partial g_{ij}(t)/\partial t=-2R_{ij}$, and $g(0)=g_0$, then you always have $g(t)$ is a Kähler metric on ...
5
votes
0answers
183 views

Interpreting the scalar curvature in a semi-Riemannian manifold

Background: Let $M$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$ and scalar curvature $R$ (with respect to the Levi-Civita connection). Let $m \in M$ and let $B$ be the geodesic ball of radius ...
5
votes
0answers
516 views

De Rham cohomology for non-compact manifolds

Let $M$ be a non-compact differential manifold. It is true that in general $H^q_c(M) \neq H^q(M)$, where $H^q_c$ is the de Rham's cohomolgy with compact support group and $H^q$ is the usual de Rham's ...
5
votes
0answers
193 views

Differential geometry text with categorial flavor

I am blown away by exposition of analytic manifolds in Serre's Lie algebras and Lie groups, I want more! Is there a text that treats classic topics of differential geometry like connections, ...
5
votes
0answers
186 views

How does one determine $n$-spheres of curvature?

I am aware of circles of curvature and I am simply wondering to what extent does this generalize to $n$-dimensions. Specifically, if some surface in $n$-dimensional space is represented ...
5
votes
0answers
163 views

What is the Gauss part of Gauss-Manin connection?

The definition of Gauss-Manin connection involves de Rham cohomology. Surely, Gauss didn't work with de Rham cohomology as we know it. So, what was the context in which Gauss came up with this idea?
4
votes
0answers
30 views

Cartan geometry on manifolds with boundary

I was reading Sharpe's text on Cartan geometry, and I started to wonder: Does the theory change in any significant way if the base manifold for the Cartan principal bundle is allowed to be a smooth ...