3
votes
0answers
68 views

Complex structures on Riemann surfaces

Let $M$ be a Riemann surface and $[\alpha] \in H^{0,1}(M; T^{1,0} M) \simeq H^0(M;K^2)$. Considering $\alpha$ as a map $T^{0,1} M \to T^{1,0} M$, the bundle $$ \{v + \alpha(v) \mid v \in T^{0,1} M\} ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Computing geodesic distances from structural data

I am attempting to compute geodesic distances on manifolds where structural data have been sparsely sampled. First, off I am not well versed in the mathematics of differential geometry but I do have ...
4
votes
0answers
73 views

universal covering of punctured plane and Poincaré metric

I want to prove the following result: Let $\Omega$ be the domain $\mathbb{C}\backslash \{a_1,a_2,a_3,a_4\}$. Its universal covering is the unit disk, and the standard Poincaré metric is pulled back to ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Metric Tensors and its Taylor Expansion in Normal Coordinates

With metric tensors of the unit sphere in normal coordinates, their Taylor series for $p\in S$ near the north pole $N$ can be written as follows. $$g_{rr}(p) \equiv 1; g_{r\theta}(p) = g_{\theta ...
4
votes
2answers
60 views

Orientation on Riemann surfaces

$\mathcal{X}$ is a Riemann surface and $\mathcal{E}^{(2)}(\mathcal{X})$ is the $\mathbb{C}$-Vector space of all differentiable $2$-forms on $\mathcal{X}$. I want to define the orientation of ...
4
votes
1answer
49 views

“Bundle of metrics” on a principal bundle?

I've come across the term "bundle of metrics" on a principal bundle. In particular, my setting is that for $N\longrightarrow M$ a universal cover of a compact Riemann surface, $P\longrightarrow M$ a ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Diffeomorphism between a regular surface and the plane

Do Carmo states that (example 2, page 74) if $\mathbf x: U\subset\mathbb R^2\rightarrow S$ is a parameterization, then $\mathbf x^{-1}: \mathbf x(U)\rightarrow \mathbb R^2$ is differentiable. Why is ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

The relation between principal curvature and curvature tensor?

To me, there are two systems of curvature of a surface, one is consist of 'principal curvature, mean curvature, Guass curvature, normal curvature' while the other is consist of 'curvature tensor'. I ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Metric and Curvature on a Riemann Surface

We are given a smooth conformal metric $\rho=\rho(z)\left|dz\right|$ on a Riemann surface $X$. I have a few questions relating to this: (a) The local formula $R(\rho)=\Delta \mathrm{log}\rho dx\,dy$ ...
5
votes
0answers
108 views

Fundamental solution to Laplace equation on arbitrary Riemann surfaces

So, I've seen in a few places this method of calculating the heat kernel on a manifold given the kernel of its universal cover, through a so-called 'tiling method' as in section five of this paper ...
1
vote
2answers
76 views

Elliptic Curve and Conjugation

If I consider an elliptic curve $C$ as a Riemann surface cut out in $\mathbb{C}P^2$ by a homogenous cubic, and if that cubic is defined over $\mathbb{R}$, then I think we have a conjugation map ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Differential forms as functionals on curves

Please give me a reference to a book or lecture notes where the following stuff is studied. Let $M$ be a Riemann surface with boundary $\partial M$ (but not necessarily, any smooth $n$-dimensional ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

If $dX_1 = dX_2$ then curvatures of $\nabla^{X_1}$ and $\nabla^{X_2}$ agree

Let $E \simeq M \times \mathbb C$ be a trivial smooth complex line bundle over the Riemann surface $M$ and let $S \colon M \to E$ be its smooth nowhere vanishing section. Let $\nabla^1$ and $\nabla^2$ ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

How to find a dual frame at the sphere

Let $U=\{ (\theta,\phi,r):\theta \in \mathbb{R}, \phi \in ]0,\pi[,r\gt 0\}$, how I can find the moving frame. I thougt: Consider the parametization for $U$ $$(\theta,\phi,r)\mapsto ...
3
votes
0answers
95 views

Reference about Moduli Spaces of Riemann surfaces

I'm looking for some (introductory, and in any case not too technical) reference (book, lecture notes, papers) regarding moduli spaces $\mathcal{M}_g$ and $\mathcal{M}_{g,n}$ of (punctured) Riemann ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

complete metric on a Riemann Surface

I'm reading a book and found a sentence I don't understand: Every Riemann surface $S$ supports an essentially unique complete metric of constant curvature $1$, $0$ or $-1$. Every point of ...
3
votes
0answers
78 views

Explicitly realizing Riemann surfaces as a quotient of the upper-half plane

Let $\Sigma_g$ be a Riemann surface of genus $g \ge 2$. Then it is known that $\Sigma_g$ is (holomorphically) a quotient of the upper-half-plane (or unit disk) by a group $\Gamma$ of hyperbolic ...
3
votes
0answers
92 views

The monodromy and cut planes.

I am trying to understand the following example from the book Riemann surface by Donaldson (p.48). This was given after introducing the notion of monodromy of the covering. Consider the Riemann ...
4
votes
1answer
105 views

A complex structure on the tangent space

I am reading the book Riemann surface by Donaldson. I want to understand the following Lemma (p.74). Lemma. Let $X$ be a Riemann surface. There is a unique way to define a complex structure on ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

What is complex conjugation in Hyperbolic Geometry

Suppose we are working in the hyperbolic plane, that is the set $$ \mathbb{H}^2 = \{ u + iv \colon v > 0\} \quad \text{with metric} \quad \frac{du^2 + dv^2}{v^2}\,. $$ Now, formally, I can rewrite ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

Tangent Vectors in a Surface

As of recent, I've been studying Differential Geometry per the Dover Publication on the subject, and I've ran into a bit of an issue with tangent vectors to a parametric surface $ \mathbf{x}(u^1,u^2) ...
5
votes
2answers
160 views

Hopf's theorem on CMC surfaces

I got stuck reading the proof of the following theorem: Theorem (Heinz Hopf) Let $X: S^2\to \mathbb R^3$ be a constant mean curvature immersion. Then $X(S^2)$ is a round sphere. Proof: Let ...
3
votes
1answer
155 views

A question on the uniformization theorem

Wikipedia reads, on the uniformization theorem: In mathematics, the uniformization theorem says that every simply connected Riemann surface is conformally equivalent to one of the three domains: ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Finding a closed curve $\gamma$ on a Torus such that $\gamma$ is not pseudo-Anosov

Let g denote genus and n denote number of punctures. According to Kra's construction in Pseudo-Anosov theory for surfaces, if S is an orientable surface such that $3g+n>3$ and $\gamma \in ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

elementary questions about differential forms

QUESTION 1: So I know that if $\omega$ is an alternating $p$-form for odd $p$ on some vector space $V$, then $\omega\wedge\omega = 0$. But...isn't the same true for any $p$? Ie, take for example $p ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Independence of coordinate charts in the definition of the order of a pole of a meromorphic 1-form on a Riemann surface

I am currently reading Forster. Let $X$ be a Riemann suface, and $Y$ an open subset of $X$. Assume we have a meromorphic 1-form $\omega \in \Omega(Y \setminus \{a\})$ with a pole at $a \in Y$. One ...
6
votes
1answer
277 views

Uniformization Theorem for compact surface

Why in proof of proposition 6 of http://arxiv.org/abs/0909.1665, they claim that if a embedded surfaces $\Sigma^2 \subset (M^3,g)$ is homeomorphic to $\mathbb{RP}^2$, where $M$ is compact manifold, ...
7
votes
1answer
299 views

About Gauss-Bonnet Theorem

The Gauss–Bonnet theorem say that: If $\Sigma \subset M =\mathbb{R}^3$ is a compact 2-dimensional Riemannian manifold without boundary, then $$ \int_{\Sigma} K = 2\pi\chi_{\Sigma}$$ where $K$ is the ...
4
votes
2answers
354 views

orthonormal vector fields

In a Riemannian manifold $(M^n,g)$, is it true that given a point $p$ we can find $n$ vector fields $X_i$ on a neighborhood $U$ of $p$ such that $g(X_i,X_j)(x)=\delta_{ij}$ with $x \in U$? It seems ...
6
votes
1answer
419 views

how to understand the tensor product canonical line bundle $\otimes$ dual bundle

Suppose we have a Riemann surface $M$ together with a holomorphic vector bundle $E \to M$ of rank n. let $K$ denote the canonical line bundle and let $E^*$ denote the dual bundle I am trying to ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Left and Right Vector bundles

I am reading a paper that starts talking about 'left vector bundles' and I'm having trouble figuring out what they mean. The specific setup is as follows: A quarternionic line bundle $L$ over ...
6
votes
2answers
306 views

Explicit computation of the Hodge codifferential

Question I'm given a Laplacian $\Delta_n=-4y^2 \cdot \frac{\partial^2}{\partial\bar{z} \partial z} + 4 iny \cdot \frac{\partial}{\partial\bar{z}}$, and I want it to be the Laplace operator associated ...
0
votes
1answer
389 views

The conditions of a metric to be geodesically complete

On $\{\vec{x}\in \mathbb{R^n}:x_1^2+x_2^2+\cdots+x_n^2<1\}$ in $\mathbb {R^n},$ what $\alpha$ can make the metric $$g=(1-x_1^2-x_2^2-\cdots-x_n^2)^{-\alpha}(dx_1\otimes dx_1+dx_2\otimes ...
5
votes
2answers
402 views

Riemann-Roch for vector bundles

The Riemann-Roch theorem is one of the most essential theorems on Riemann Surfaces, or so I am told. I have encountered two formulations for vector bundles (and clearly there are many more), and I am ...
2
votes
1answer
175 views

Self-intersection of parametric surface using Gauss-Bonnet theorem

I am trying to detect when a closed parametric surface intersect itself. My surface is described as a triplet of parametric functions $x(u,v)$, $y(u,v)$ and $z(u,v)$ where $u,v\in[0,1]$. For that ...
5
votes
1answer
395 views

The Canonical Bundle over a Riemann Surface

I am trying to understand an example of a line bundle over a Riemann surface; as it is very terse and short, I have lots of trouble. It is written in block-quotes below, and I ask questions as I go. ...
0
votes
1answer
150 views

Statement of the $d d^c$-Lemma

I'm looking at the definition of Green's function $g_\mu$ for the Laplacian $\Delta_\mu$ associated to a positive $(1,1)$-form $\mu$ on a Riemann Surface $X$. In specific the main request that the ...
3
votes
0answers
171 views

Constructing normalizations of algebraic curves vs constructing Riemann surfaces of functions

This question is sort of a further extension to this question I have been asking, Relation between n-tuple points on an algebaric curve and its pre-image in the normalizing Riemann surface It seems ...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

Relation between n-tuple points on an algebaric curve and its pre-image in the normalizing Riemann surface

This question is sort of an extension to this previous question of mine, Hyperellipticity (or not!) of a Riemann surface and the singularities of the curve If one knows the multiplicity of a ...
1
vote
1answer
151 views

Hyperellipticity (or not!) of a Riemann surface and the singularities of the curve

Largely I want to know as to how does one say anything about the hyperellipticity or the genus of the Riemann surface by looking at the algebraic curve and its singularities. To give a specific ...
2
votes
1answer
331 views

Some questions on hyperelliptic compact Riemann surfaces

For genus > 1 hyperelliptic Riemann surface the definition guarantees that there is a degree 2 map from that to $\mathbb{P}^1$. Under this map the inverse image of the "point at infinity" has to be ...
0
votes
0answers
90 views

The lambda invariant

Consider the strip $\{x+iy: -1\leq x < 1 , y>1/2\}$ in the complex upper half plane and let $\lambda$ be the usual $\Gamma(2)$-invariant modular function on the complex upper-half plane. ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

How to bound the derivative of a function if the function is bounded

Let $\mathbf{D}$ be the open unit disc in $\mathbf{C}$ and let $f,g:\mathbf{D}\to \mathbf{C}$ be holomorphic functions such that the real valued function $\vert f\vert^2+\vert g\vert^2$ is bounded ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

derivatives of coordinates on a riemann surface

Let $X$ be a compact connected Riemann surface of genus $g>0$. Let $(\omega_1,\ldots,\omega_g)$ be a basis for $H^0(X,\Omega^1)$. Let $x$ be a point in $X$ and let $z:U\longrightarrow B(0,1)$ be a ...
3
votes
2answers
95 views

How does one move a point in $B(0,1)$ to the origin with a Möbius transformation

Let $z_0$ be in the open unit disc $B(0,1)\subset \mathbf{C}$. Is there a general formula for an automorphism of $B(0,1)$ which sends $z_0$ to the origin? I find it easier to think about the complex ...
1
vote
1answer
223 views

The chain rule for a function to $\mathbf{C}$

Let $f:U\longrightarrow \mathbf{C}$ be a holomorphic function, where $U$ is a Riemann surface, e.g., $U=\mathbf{C}$, $U=B(0,1)$ or $U$ is the complex upper half plane, etc. For $a$ in $\mathbf{C}$, ...
2
votes
1answer
262 views

Differential forms and a chain rule

Let $U$ be a Riemann surface and let $z:U\longrightarrow B(0,1)$ be a diffeomorphism, where $B(0,1)$ is the open unit disc in $\mathbf{C}$. So $z$ is a coordinate around $P=z^{-1}(0)$. Let $Q\in U$ ...
3
votes
0answers
100 views

Translating coordinates on a Riemann surface

Let $U\subset X$ be an open subset of a connected Riemann surface $X$. Let $z:U\longrightarrow B(0,1)$ be a diffeomorphism, where $B(0,1)$ is the open unit disc in $\mathbf{C}$. Let $P\in U$ be the ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

Conformally immersed Riemann surfaces and foliations

I want to show that conformally immersed Riemann surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^4$ are leaves of a 2-foliation $\mathcal{F}$. I start with the generalized Weierstrass representation of the surfaces: take 4 ...
2
votes
1answer
328 views

Laplace-Beltrami Operator on Surfaces

I would like to know what is known about the spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on 2-dimensional negatively curved surfaces of constant curvature. For instance, What is the spectrum of the ...