For questions about differential forms which commonly arise in differential geometry, and sometimes in multivariable calculus.

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1answer
126 views

What is the one form given its value for a vector field?

I read an article on vector fields. the author defined a 1-form on a manifold $M$ as $u(X)=\rho$ when $X$ is a given vector field and $\rho$ is a given real valued function defined on $M$. can we ...
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3answers
66 views

Differential closed form

Im trying to go alone through Fultons, Introduction to algebraic topology. He asks whether there is a function $g$ on a region such that $dg$ is the form: $$\omega =\dfrac{-ydx+xdy}{x^2+y^2}$$ in some ...
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1answer
58 views

Visualizing Non-Zero Closed-Loop Line Integrals Via Sheets?

How do I visualize $\dfrac{xdy-ydx}{x^2+y^2}$? In other words, if I visualize a differential forms in terms of sheets: and am aware of the subtleties of this geometric interpretation as regards ...
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1answer
87 views

A (not so?) simple question about differential forms

Let $M^n$ be a compact orientable manifold and let $\omega$ be a $(n-1)$-form in $M^n$. I want to show that there is $p\in M$ such that $(d\omega)_p=0$. Can somebody help me, please ? Thanks :)
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1answer
49 views

Is $\omega = dU = sin(x+y)dx+cos(x+y)dy$ an exact form?

In my thermodynamics homework I should prove that $dU = sin(x+y)dx+cos(x+y)dy$ is a function of state. Which means it's integration over any path be constant or in other word $dU$ should be an exact ...
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1answer
62 views

How to show $[\omega]=0$ implies $[\omega^n]=0$?

I'm trying to prove the following: If $(M, \omega)$ is a symplectic manifold and $[\omega]=0$ then $[\omega^n]=0$, where $[\omega]$ is the De Rham cohomology class of $\omega$. Well what I've done ...
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1answer
108 views

Relation between de Rham cohomology and integration

This question is a follow-up to When does a null integral implies that a form is exact? . As mentionned in the selected answer, given certain conditions it is possible to find an isomorphism between ...
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1answer
100 views

symplectic strucutre

Suppose $\omega$ is symplectic structure on $\mathbb R^n$. Let $\omega_0:=\omega|_{x=0}$. Let $\overline{\omega}= \omega_0-\omega$ and for $t\in[0,1]; \omega_t:= \omega+ t\overline{\omega}$. How ...
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1answer
61 views

$k$-forms on $\mathbb{R}^n$

Given an expression like $$ dx_1\wedge dx_2 \wedge dx_4 \left( \begin{bmatrix} 1\\2\\3\ \end{bmatrix} \ , \ \begin{bmatrix} 4\\5\\6 \end{bmatrix} \ , \ \begin{bmatrix} 7\\8\\9 \end{bmatrix} \right) \ ...
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1answer
158 views

How general formulation of Stoke's theorem relate to Kelvin-Stokes theorem

I asked a similar question, but I realized the question is too vague and it's better to start a new one: We know that there are two usually used formulations of Stoke's theorem. One is vector ...
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1answer
198 views

Example of differential form usage of Stoke's theorem

There are many examples that show how Kelvin-Stokes theorem is used. But I would like to see an example that uses differential form usage of Stoke's theorem and is hard or impossible to solve by ...
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1answer
49 views

Question about Interior product computation

I need to evaluate $\omega=i_X(dx\wedge dy)$ where $X$ is a vector field in $\mathbb{C}^2$ (which means $p=2)$. If I write $X(x,y)=(X_1(x,y),X_2(x,y))$, or simply $X=(X_1, X_2)$, then the interior ...
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1answer
53 views

Basis for the space of $p$-forms

According to the book I read, a general $p$-form can be written as: $$\omega=\omega_{a_1\ldots a_p} dx^{a_1}\wedge\ldots\wedge dx^{a_p},\hspace{0.5cm} a_1>a_2>\ldots>a_p$$ where I have used ...
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1answer
79 views

Use Fund Thm to evaluate the integral of $ ze^{x^2} dydz + 3ys dydz + (2-yz^7)dxdy $ over surface of the unit cube, except bottom face.

Use the Fundamental Theorem to evaluate the integral of $ ze^{x^2} dydz + 3ys dydz + (2-yz^7)dxdy $ over the surface of the unit cube, except the bottom face.
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1answer
84 views

Find a $1$-form whose exterior derivative is $2x^2y^2dydz +3xz^2dzdx - 4xy^2dxdy$

Find a $1$-form whose exterior derivative is $$2x^2y^2dydz +3xz^2dzdx - 4xy^2dxdy$$ An exterior calculus question. I am trying to learn some algebraic topology, and have hit a bump with some (I ...
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1answer
94 views

Why is this integral zero? (Inner product between two 1-forms on a Riemann surface)

I have a quick question regarding the proof of Proposition II.3.2 in Farkas & Kra (pg. 40). The proposition is that if $\alpha$ is a square-integrable, $C^1$ 1-form, then $\alpha$ lives in a ...
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1answer
157 views

elementary questions about differential forms

QUESTION 1: So I know that if $\omega$ is an alternating $p$-form for odd $p$ on some vector space $V$, then $\omega\wedge\omega = 0$. But...isn't the same true for any $p$? Ie, take for example $p ...
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1answer
317 views

Existence of orthonormal frame

Let $M$ be a surface with Riemannian metric $g$. Recall that an orthonormal framing of $M$ is an ordered pair of vector fields $(E_1,E_2)$ such that $g(E_i,E_j)=\delta_{ij}$. Prove that an orthonormal ...
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1answer
195 views

Proving Fréchet differentiability

Am learning about Fréchet differentials and was wondering if for a real matrix $X$ and positive semidefinite real matrices $A,B$ the function $f(X)=TrX^TAX-X^TBX$ is twice Fréchet differentiable or ...
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1answer
144 views

What exactly are the definitions of $\varphi^*dz$ and $\varphi^*d\bar{z}$?

Suppose $\varphi$ is a smooth map on $\mathbb{C}$. For a function $f$, we define a $0$-form $\varphi^*f$ as $\varphi^*f=f\circ\varphi$. Also, $$ \varphi^*\,dx=\frac{\partial\varphi_1}{\partial ...
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1answer
117 views

Prove that $f^*\omega=0$

I'd like some help to prove the following: $f\colon U \subset \mathbb{R}^m \to \mathbb{R}^n$, differentiable; $m<n$ ; $\omega$ is a $k$-form in $\mathbb{R}^n$, $k>m$. Show that $f^*\omega = 0$ ...
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1answer
208 views

Elementary symmetric polynomials and matrices of 1-forms

Let $A$ be a $n \times n$ matrix of 1-forms (for example, a connection form). Note that $A \wedge A$ is not $0$, but by using the anti-symmetry of the wedge product applied to the entries of $A$ we ...
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1answer
222 views

The chain rule for a function to $\mathbf{C}$

Let $f:U\longrightarrow \mathbf{C}$ be a holomorphic function, where $U$ is a Riemann surface, e.g., $U=\mathbf{C}$, $U=B(0,1)$ or $U$ is the complex upper half plane, etc. For $a$ in $\mathbf{C}$, ...
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1answer
204 views

If $S^{2n+1}$ is covering space of $X$, then $X$ is orientable.

Is there any direct way to prove that $n$-manifold is orientable? In AT we can just calculate $n$'th homology group and check whether it's $\mathbb Z$ or $0$. But I want a geometric method, using ...
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2answers
105 views

Is a 1-form locally expressible as $dx$?

Given a 1-form $\alpha$ which is non-zero at every point of a manifold $M^n$, is it true that locally I can express the form as $dx$? (that is around each point there is a coordinate neighborhood such ...
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0answers
52 views

A 1-form on a smooth manifold is exact if and only if it integrates to zero on every closed curve

I am stuck on the following problem, which comes from a old qualifying exam. Prove that a 1-form $\phi$ on $M$ is exact if and only if for every closed curve c, $\int_{c} \phi =0$. One way is an ...
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31 views

Confused about why $dd=0$ in de rham cohomology?

In Bredon's proof that $dd=0$, he lets $\omega=fdx_1\wedge\cdots\wedge dx_p$, and calculates $$ dd\omega=\sum_{j=1}^n\sum_{i=1}^n\frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial x_i\partial x_j}dx_j\wedge dx_i\wedge ...
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31 views

Two isomorphisms of the space of vector fields/forms

Suppose you have a diffeomorphism $$ \phi: M \to N. $$ As far as I understand, this gives rise to two distinct isomorphisms $$ a : \mathcal A^1(M) \cong \mathcal A^1(N) :b $$ between the space of ...
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0answers
14 views

Global n-form on Calabi-Yau

I am now reading these lectures by Stefan Vandoren on complex geometry. Everything is fine in general, hiwever I am confused with how he defines 1-form on a Calabi-Yau 1-fold (or 2-form on CY$_2$). ...
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1answer
18 views

linear form $\phi : \mathbb{R^3} \times \mathbb{R^3} \to \mathbb{R}$ is alternate if and only if $\phi(v,v)=0$,for all $v \in \mathbb{R^3}$

Prove that a bilinear form $\phi : \mathbb{R^3} \times \mathbb{R^3} \to \mathbb{R}$ is alternate if and only if $\phi(v,v)=0$,for all $v \in \mathbb{R^3}$. My thought:- If $\phi : \mathbb{R^3} ...
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32 views

Stoke's theorem explanation

Firstly, Wikipedia informs me that Stoke's theorem might mean two different things so I'm pretty sure I'm talking about the general one. I'll just state what I understand from it and I'd like someone ...
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30 views

Wedge product of Lie algebra valued differential forms [duplicate]

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be the Lie algebra of a matrix Lie group. Furthermore, let us consider the following $\mathfrak{g}$-valued $p$-form and $\mathfrak{g}$-valued $q$-form: \begin{equation} ...
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69 views

differential forms and orientation in Bott and Tu

I am reading Bott and Tu book on my own. If you have the text you can answer my question perhaps, if not it would be too long to explain it. I have gotten to page 29. I am confused about proposition ...
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26 views

prove that ''pullback'' maps forms to forms

Suppose we have $A: V_{1}\to V_{2}$ where $V_{1},V_{2}$ are real vector spaces. Then $A^{\star}:\mathcal{J}^{k}(V_{2})\to \mathcal{J}^{k}(V_{1})$ where $\mathcal{J}(V):=\{\text{space of all ...
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0answers
36 views

integral of a 2-form over an oriented manifold

An old exam question: Let $M$ be oriented submanifold of $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ of dimension $k$, let $\omega$ be a $k$-form on $M$. 1) Define $\displaystyle\int_{M}\omega$ 2) let ...
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45 views

Commutative differential graded algebra

The situation is the following: Let $V$ be a Lie algebra of finite dimension, say n, and let be the graded commutative algebra $(\bigwedge^{\bullet}V)^*:=(\bigoplus_{k=0}^n\bigwedge^kV)^*$ and define ...
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83 views

Line integral - should I parametrize the square?

I have the following $1-\text{form}$ defined: $$\omega = \displaystyle\frac{2xy}{(1-x^2)^2+y^2}\mathrm{dx}+\displaystyle\frac{1-x^2}{(1-x^2)^2+y^2}\mathrm{dy}$$ I'd like to find ...
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55 views

How to show the differential form $\nu$ satisfies $\nu(v_1, \ldots, v_n)=\det(a_{ij})$?

In $\mathbb R^n$ consider the differential form $\nu$ satisfying $\nu(e_1, \ldots, e_n)=1$. For every $i=1, \ldots, n$ consider the vector $\displaystyle v_i=\sum_{j=1}^n a_{ij} e_j$. How to show ...
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48 views

Does this Condition Force this Differential 2-form to be 0?

Let $dw$ be a 2-form; $\alpha$ be a 1-form, $g$ a function (i.e., a 0-form), $X$ be a fixed vector field , all living in a 3-manifold, so that $$dw(X,.)=g\alpha .$$ Does this condition force $dw$ to ...
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54 views

differential form and cylindrical coordinate

Problem. If $r, \theta, z$ are the cylindrical coordinate functions on $\mathbb > R^3$ , then $x = r\cos\theta, y = r\sin\theta, z = z$. Compute the volume element dx dy dz of $\mathbb R^3$ ...
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0answers
31 views

pullback of differential form over a lie group.

Im given that $\omega \in \Omega^3(SL(2,R))$ satisfies $\omega (I) = -2 dx_1 \wedge dx_2 \wedge dx_3$. Consider the left multiplication $L_A(B) = AB$ as a difeormphism over $SL(2,R)$. I want to ...
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1answer
29 views

Verifying that for w a Contact Form , dw is not zero on Contact Planes.

I'm relatively new to contact forms, and to differential forms in generals; please forgive if this is too simple: I want to show that if $w$ is a contact form (say for a 3-manifold $M^3$), then $dw$ ...
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24 views

Litterature: Convex Geometry using differential forms

I've been looking for papers or books that discuss/use differential forms in convex geometry. I have been very unsuccessful in my search and was wondering if anybody here had come across such ...
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56 views

Structure equations on the 3-sphere

On the 3-sphere I have found the vector fields $X_1=(-x_2,x_1,-x_4,x_3)$, $X_2=(-x_3,x_4,x_1,-x_2)$, $X_3=(-x_4,-x_3,x_2,x_1)$, in the basis $\left\{\frac{\partial}{\partial ...
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1answer
72 views

A question about differential forms

I have checked Rudin's proof about Poincaré Lemma (Principles of Mathematical Analysis) and it seems to have a mistake. Through Google, I found another guy who has noted such error. More details here: ...
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1answer
39 views

Residues of a meromorphic differential on some particular points

Let $X$ be a compact Riemann surface, $\omega$ a meromorphic differential on $X$ and $f$ a meromorphic function on $X$ with poles only over the points $P_1,\dots,P_d$. The product $\;f\cdot\omega\;$ ...
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41 views

invariance of 2-form under $SO(3)$

I'm trying to understand how to derive forms that invariant under action of some group. For example 2-form on $S^2$ and on $\mathbb{R}^3$ is very interesting for me (because I have troubles with it). ...
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51 views

What exactly does it mean to say that “functions cannot be integrated on Riemann surfaces”?

I've seen statements of this sort used to motivate the introduction of differential forms, and I'm not sure exactly what's meant. Obviously if you start by defining differentiation as an operation ...
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80 views

Is Cartan's magic formula applicable to time dependent vector fields?

Cartan's magic formula states: $$\mathcal{L}_v\omega = i_v\mathrm{d}\omega + \mathrm{d}i_v\omega$$ Is this also true for time dependent vector fields? If so: How can I prove it? If not: Is there a ...
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47 views

A $k$-form is thought of as measuring the flux through an infinitesimal k-parallelepiped

On the wikipedia has written "A $k$-form is thought of as measuring the flux through an infinitesimal k-parallelepiped." How does a $k$-form do this? if this sentence is right, then the flux of which ...