For questions about differential forms which commonly arise in differential geometry, and sometimes in multivariable calculus.

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3
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2answers
524 views

Chain rule and differential forms

It is easy to show that the differential forms of order $1$ obeys a form of chain rule. To be precise, $d(f(g(x)) = f^\prime(x) d(g(x))$. This can be for example proved by fixing a co-ordinate basis ...
2
votes
2answers
145 views

How is differential form different from ordinary calculus objects?

I am going to learn differential form soon, but after reading some introductory parts of my texts, I couldn't get why differential form is needed and how it is different from ordinary mathematics ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Find a $1$-form whose exterior derivative is $2x^2y^2dydz +3xz^2dzdx - 4xy^2dxdy$

Find a $1$-form whose exterior derivative is $$2x^2y^2dydz +3xz^2dzdx - 4xy^2dxdy$$ An exterior calculus question. I am trying to learn some algebraic topology, and have hit a bump with some (I ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Dimension of intersection of two manifold

For any $f\in C^\infty(X)$, $X$ smooth manifold. Define $$X_{df}:=\{(x,df_x): x\in X, df_x= T^*_x X\}$$ $$X_0:=\{(x,\zeta): \zeta=0 \text{ in } T_x^*X\}$$ In the exercise we are asked for proof: If ...
7
votes
1answer
637 views

Are Clifford algebras and differential forms equivalent frameworks for differential geometry?

I recently discovered Clifford's geometric algebra and its application to differential geometry. Some claim that this conceptual framework subsumes and generalizes the more traditional approach based ...
4
votes
1answer
223 views

Are these two definitions of exterior derivative equivalent?

I saw two definition of the exterior derivative of a $k$-form $\omega$. First definition: $$(d\omega)_p(v_0,\ldots,v_k)= \sum_{i=0}^k(-1)^id(\omega(v_0,\ldots,\hat{v_i},\ldots,v_k))_p(v_i)$$ Second ...
6
votes
1answer
253 views

Reference for Lie-algebra valued differential forms

I am learning about vector-valued differential forms, including forms taking values in a Lie algebra. On Wikipedia there is some explanation about these Lie algebra-valued forms, including the ...
12
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2answers
334 views

The algebraic de Rham complex

Let $A$ be a commutative $R$-algebra (or more generally a morphism of ringed spaces). Then there is an "algebraic de Rham complex" of $R$-linear maps $A=\Omega^0_{A/R} \xrightarrow{d^0} \Omega^1_{A/R} ...
3
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1answer
272 views

baby rudin, chapter 10, (differential forms) theorem 10.27

I'm having difficulties with the reasoning in the proof of theorem 10.27 (regarding integration over oriented simplexes). say ...
7
votes
2answers
261 views

Deriving BAC-CAB from differential forms

I've recently begun reading up on differential forms in a physics context, and my resources said that one can often derive vector identities from differential forms. For instance, $\nabla \cdot ...
2
votes
2answers
134 views

Coordinate free definition of orientable manifold

Analysis and Algebra on Differentiable Manifolds, first edition, chapter 7.3.1, defines orientation on a vector space and orientable manifolds. There is a part of the definition that I do not ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

Questions on a sub-bundle of $\mathbb R^3\setminus \{0\}$

Let us consider spherical coordinates $(r,\theta,\phi)$ on $\mathbb R^3$ and the manifold $M:=\mathbb R^3 \setminus \{0\}$. Let us consider the 1-form on $M$ $$ \omega = zdz ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Why is this integral zero? (Inner product between two 1-forms on a Riemann surface)

I have a quick question regarding the proof of Proposition II.3.2 in Farkas & Kra (pg. 40). The proposition is that if $\alpha$ is a square-integrable, $C^1$ 1-form, then $\alpha$ lives in a ...
4
votes
1answer
116 views

Integration over a surface

Let $S$ be given by $$S= \left[(x,y,z) \in \Bbb{R}\;|\; x^2+y^2+z^2+xy+xz+yz=\frac12 \right]$$ and $$\omega = xdy \wedge dz\, -\, \frac {2z}{y^3} \, dx\wedge dy \,+\, \frac1{y^2}dz\wedge dx $$ ...
1
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0answers
93 views

Prove $\left.{\partial X\over \partial Y}\right|_Z=-\frac{\left.{\partial Z\over \partial Y}\right|_X}{ \left.{\partial Z\over \partial X}\right|_Y}$

$$\left.{\partial X\over \partial Y}\right|_Z=-\frac{\left.{\partial Z\over \partial Y}\right|_X}{ \left.{\partial Z\over \partial X}\right|_Y}$$ The above is an identity frequently used in ...
4
votes
1answer
134 views

Period Homomorphisms and closed 1-forms

This is from Otto Forster's "lectures on Riemann Surfaces", on integration of forms. Let $\Gamma = \alpha_1 \mathbb{Z} + \alpha_2 \mathbb{Z}$ be a lattice in $\mathbb{C}$ (i.e. $\alpha_i \in ...
9
votes
3answers
414 views

Where can I learn about complex differential forms?

So I'm a 3rd year grad student in number theory/modular forms/algebraic geometry, and I've worked with differential forms from an algebraic point of view without ever knowing what they really are. I'd ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

elementary questions about differential forms

QUESTION 1: So I know that if $\omega$ is an alternating $p$-form for odd $p$ on some vector space $V$, then $\omega\wedge\omega = 0$. But...isn't the same true for any $p$? Ie, take for example $p ...
5
votes
1answer
186 views

Restriction of a differential form to an isotropic submanifold

From Analysis and Algebra on Differentiable Manifolds, first edition, exercise 2.6.4., question 1 (slightly edited for this post): Let $\vartheta$ be the canonical 1-form on the cotangent bundle $T^* ...
4
votes
1answer
202 views

What is meant by the kernel of a 2-form?

I'm given a 1-form $\alpha$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$, and asked to compute the kernel of $d\alpha$. Since $d\alpha$ is a 2-form on $\mathbb{R}^n$, it would eat a vector field to give a 1-form, or it would ...
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0answers
64 views

Integration equivariant form

We consider the action of $S^{1}$ on $S^{2}$ by rotation respect the vertical axes. We want to integrate the $2-$ equivariant form $$\alpha(X)= -X\cos(\phi) +\sin(\phi)\,d\phi\,d\theta.$$ We have ...
5
votes
1answer
133 views

Diffeomorphic riemannian manifolds and volume forms

Maybe the question will be stupid, but I'm a beginner in riemannian geometry... We have two riemannian manifolds $(M,g)$, $(\overline M,\overline g)$ and a diffeomorphism $F:M\rightarrow\overline M$ ...
9
votes
1answer
527 views

Hodge Star Operator

I'm trying to understand the Hodge star operation, but have come across an impasse almost immediately. I have the definition $$(\star \omega)_{a_1\dots a_{n-p}}=\frac{1}{p!}\epsilon_{a_1\dots ...
4
votes
2answers
142 views

Function on $\mathbb{R}^{2}-\{0\}$.

Does there exist any compactly supported function $f= (f_1,f_2): \mathbb R^2-\{0\}\to \mathbb R^2$ such that $$\frac{\partial}{\partial x_2}f_1=\frac{\partial}{\partial x_1}f_2.$$ Also there does not ...
8
votes
1answer
386 views

Closed not exact form on $\mathbb{R}^n\setminus\{0\}$

I'd like to construct a closed but not exact $n-1$-form $\omega$ on $\mathbb{R}^n\setminus\{0\}$ in analogy to the winding form: $$\frac{x~dy-y~dx}{x^2+y^2}$$ I think something like ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Independence of coordinate charts in the definition of the order of a pole of a meromorphic 1-form on a Riemann surface

I am currently reading Forster. Let $X$ be a Riemann suface, and $Y$ an open subset of $X$. Assume we have a meromorphic 1-form $\omega \in \Omega(Y \setminus \{a\})$ with a pole at $a \in Y$. One ...
0
votes
0answers
96 views

Existence of Spin Group

"In mathematics the spin group Spin(n) 1[2] is the double cover of the special orthogonal group SO(n), such that there exists a short exact sequence of Lie groups As a Lie group Spin(n) therefore ...
3
votes
2answers
131 views

A vanishing theorem for differential forms.

I am trying to prove that for an algebraic surface $X$ (under some extra assumptions that are probably not important) there the space $H^0(X,\Omega_X^1)$ is trivial, i.e. that there exist no globally ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

Holomorphic 1-forms in $y^2-(z-a_1)\ldots(z-a_n)$

I know that the surface $y^2-(z-a_1)\ldots(z-a_n)$ is a Riemann Surface (that is the Riemann surface of $\sqrt{P(z)}$ with $P(z)=(z-a_1)\ldots(z-a_n)$) of genus $g$ and that ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

Hodge decomposition on a manifold with a nontrivial connection

I am familiar with the notion of Hodge decomposition of an arbitrary differential form into an exact form, a co-exact form, and a harmonic form. Given a curved space with a connection, could you ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Can exterior calculus be used to solve differential equations?

I know one can formulate partial differential equations in terms of exterior derivatives, etc but I have been wondering for a while now how one might be able to use that formalism to extrapolate ...
4
votes
2answers
155 views

Can calculus of varations be formalised with exterior calculus?

I noticed that a calculus of variations problem is just an integral over a differential form. Therefore, I would think it would be possible to formulate the Euler-Lagrange equations using exterior ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Proof of the naturality of integration

I have a bit of a problem with the following identity: Suppose that $U, V \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, are two open sets. Let $x^1,...,x^n$ be a system of coordinates of $U$ and $y^1,...,y^n$ one on $V$. ...
3
votes
2answers
575 views

Pullback of differential form of degree 1

Good evening, In differential forms (in the proof of the naturality of the exterior derivative), I don't get why if $h\in \Lambda^0(U)$ and $f^*$ is the pullback then, $f^*dh=d(f^*h)$. I wrote ...
8
votes
3answers
169 views

Interesting question in differential geometry

Let $ \alpha $ be a closed $ 3 $-form on $ \mathbb{R}^{4} \setminus \{ 0 \} $. Let $ i: S^{3} \hookrightarrow \mathbb{R}^{4} $ be the canonical embedding of $ S^{3} $, and suppose that $ \Omega := ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Integrals of Differential Forms

I am working out of Munkres Analysis on Manifolds and I see that he claims for $\eta = f dx_1 \wedge \ldots \wedge dx_k$. $$ \int_A\eta = \int_{x \in A} \eta(x)\big((x;a_1) ,\ldots, (x;a_k) \big)$$ ...
5
votes
2answers
187 views

$\alpha\wedge\beta = 0$ for all $\beta$ implies $\alpha = 0$ without using the Hodge dual

Let $\alpha$ be a differential $k$-form on an orientable smooth $n$-dimensional manifold. If $\alpha\wedge\beta = 0$ for every differential $(n - k)$-form $\beta$, then $\alpha = 0$ because we can ...
2
votes
1answer
384 views

non-vanishing k-form on a k-manifold in $\mathbb{R}^n$ implies orientability

I want to know how to prove the theorem: If M is a k-manifold in $\mathbb{R}^n$, then it is orientable if and only if there is a volume form defined globally on M. I'm currently stuck at this step: ...
6
votes
1answer
393 views

Differential Forms in Spivak vs Rudin

Can anyone give me the gist of the difference of the treatment of Stokes' Theorem in Spivak versus baby Rudin (chapter 4 in spivak, chapter 10 in rudin)? I need to do some problems from Rudin but ...
3
votes
2answers
282 views

Differential Forms Help

I have a background in Analysis, specifically with Baby Rudin. However, as many people note, Rudin does not do a very good job discussing differential forms. Could someone please refer me to an ...
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vote
1answer
43 views

Expressing a differential form in terms of a scalar function

We can express every k-form in the form $ \omega(x) = \sum_Id_Idx_I $ where $ I$ is k-tuple and $ d_I$ is just some scalar function of x. That's entirely understandable for me. But while reading ...
5
votes
1answer
306 views

Line integral and integration of differential forms

The definition of integral of a $k$-form $\omega$ over a parametrized manifold $ Y_\alpha $ is $ \int_{Y_\alpha}\omega = \int_A\alpha^*\omega$ where $ \alpha\colon A \to R^n $. Let $ \gamma:(a, b) ...
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vote
1answer
68 views

Compute the differential of a form

From Munkres "Analysis on Manifolds" Consider the form $ \omega = xydx + 3dy -yzdz $. Check by direct computation that $ d(d\omega) = 0 $. Can someone show me how to do it, because I don't seem to be ...
4
votes
2answers
228 views

algebraic manipulation of differential form

Suppose $\phi_1, \phi_2, \dots, \phi_k \in (\mathbb{R}^n)^*$, and $\mathbf{v}_1, \dots, \mathbf{v}_k \in \mathbb{R}^n$ $(\mathbb{R}^n)^*$ stands for the space of all linear transformations that goes ...
15
votes
3answers
3k views

What is a covector and what is it used for?

From what I understand, a covector is an object that takes a vector and returns a number. So given a vector $v \in V$ and a covector $\phi \in V^*$, you can act on $v$ with $\phi$ to get a real number ...
2
votes
1answer
186 views

Wedge product with a non-degenerate form

Let $\alpha$ be a non-degenerate form in $\Lambda^k(V)$ for some vector space $V$, $\dim V = n$. (Here non-degenerate means that if $x\in V$ is nonzero, then $(y_1 , ... , y_{k-1}) \mapsto \alpha(x , ...
5
votes
0answers
472 views

How to prove this formula for Lie Derivative for differential forms

The professor gave this formula without providing a proof. I would like to know how this can be derived. Let $X$ be a vector field, $w$ be a $p$-form. Then, $$L_X ...
2
votes
0answers
389 views

Top deRham cohomology group of a compact orientable manifold is 1-dimensional

Let $M$ be a compact smooth orientable manifold of dimension $n$. I am looking for a simple proof that $H_{dR}^n(M) \cong \mathbb R$. Equivalently, an $n$-form which integrates to 0 is exact. I can ...
5
votes
1answer
326 views

Integrating a 3-form over the 3-sphere

Consider the 1-form $\alpha = xdz + ydw -(x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + w^2)dt$ on $\mathbb{R}^5$. I'm trying to find $\int_S d\alpha \wedge d\alpha$, where $S \subset \mathbb{R}^5$ is given by $x^2 + y^2 + z^2 ...
2
votes
2answers
336 views

Hodge dual on orthonormal basis: two inconsistent answers

I'm trying to learn differential geometry using Göckeler & Schücker's book and I have some problems with the hodge star. As an example, say we have two orthonormal bases $e^i$ and ...