For questions about differential forms which commonly arise in differential geometry, and sometimes in multivariable calculus.

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1answer
58 views

How to prove matrix differential rules using differential forms rules

I am learning differential forms on my own through lectures on youtube and one of the things that I am attempting to do is to check if I can derive matrix differential rules using the rules for ...
4
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2answers
152 views

Why do all solutions to this equation have the same form?

In this paper on page 45, the authors state that Let's assume we know that $$ w \times dw = d\varphi + \sum_{j=1}^3\alpha_jdx_j, \tag{1}$$ where $\varphi \in H^1(\mathbb{R}^3, \mathbb{R})$, ...
2
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1answer
45 views

Proof and counter-example that a chain $c_{R, n} \ne \partial c$. Where is the error?

If $R > 0$ and $n \in \mathbb{Z}$ we can define the singular 1-cube $c_{R, n}\colon [0, 1] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ by $$c_{R, n}(t) = (R\cos(2\pi n t), R\sin(2\pi n t))$$ We know that $c_{R, n} ...
5
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1answer
101 views

A form problem between $S^3$ and $S^2$.

Let $\phi: S^3 \rightarrow S^2$ be an smooth map. a) Suppose that $\omega$ is a 2-form on $S^2$ with $\int_{S^2} \omega =1$. Show that there exists a 1-form $\alpha$ on $S^3$ with ...
4
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1answer
143 views

The homology of the torus.

I am reading "Riemann surface" by Donaldson. On page 68, the calculation of the first homology of the torus $T$ is given but there are several steps that I don't understand. Here is the calculation. ...
1
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1answer
56 views

How to show $[\omega]=0$ implies $[\omega^n]=0$?

I'm trying to prove the following: If $(M, \omega)$ is a symplectic manifold and $[\omega]=0$ then $[\omega^n]=0$, where $[\omega]$ is the De Rham cohomology class of $\omega$. Well what I've done ...
5
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1answer
128 views

1- forms on a torus

I think this is a very simple question but I'm not really confident in mathematics (even if I like it very much) Let's fix a cube $[0,1]^3$ in $R^3$ and identify opposite sides, so as to construct a ...
8
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1answer
163 views

Homework: closed 1-forms on $S^2$ are exact.

From the 2008 UCLA Geometry-Topology qualifying exam: let $\theta$ be a $1$-form on $S^2$ with $d \theta = 0$. Construct a function $f$ on $S^2$ with $d f = \theta$. I'm not very confident in my ...
2
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1answer
189 views

A $2$-form on $S^2$ is exact if it integrates to zero.

I'm trying to show that a $2$-form on $S^2$ is exact if and only if it integrates to zero, without appealing to de Rham's theorem (basically only using the Poincaré lemma [that every closed form on a ...
4
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1answer
71 views

Integrating 2-form

In $\mathbb{R}^3$ I consider the compact 2-dimensional manifold $$ M=\left\{(x,y,z)\in\mathbb{R}^2: z=xy\right\} $$ which is orientated by the (global) map ...
5
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2answers
230 views

Why is arc length not a differential form?

I read that the arc length is not a differential form. But I don't understand why it isn't. I understand that differential forms are integrands and arc length is an expression which is integrable. ...
0
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0answers
58 views

Show that $\int_Md\omega=0$.

Let $\omega$ be a continiously differentiable $(k-1)$-form in the open set $U\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ and $M\subseteq U$ an orientated compact k-dimensional manifold. Show that $$ ...
1
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1answer
100 views

Relation between de Rham cohomology and integration

This question is a follow-up to When does a null integral implies that a form is exact? . As mentionned in the selected answer, given certain conditions it is possible to find an isomorphism between ...
10
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3answers
353 views

What is the motivation for differential forms?

I am that point in my mathematical career where I am learning differential forms. I am reading from M.Spivak's Calculus on Manifolds. So far I have gone over the tensor and wedge products and their ...
3
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3answers
95 views

Inner product of De Rham cohomology classes

Is there a well-defined inner product between cohomology classes? In particular, is it possible to extend the Hodge inner product? If I try, I obtain this: $$\int *(\omega + d\lambda)\wedge (\sigma + ...
3
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1answer
93 views

What do we mean when we say a differential form “descends to the quotient”?

Let $S$ be a surface and let $f:S\rightarrow S$ be a diffeomorphism. We define the mapping torus $M_f$ of the pair $(S,f)$ to be the quotient $$(S\times I) /\sim \quad \text{ where } \ (1,x) \sim ...
2
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3answers
305 views

When does a null integral implies that a form is exact?

It is trivial to prove that the integration of a $(n-1)$ exact form on the boundary of a $n$-manifold is 0. What about the contraposative ? If the integration of a $(n-1)$-form on the boundary of a ...
0
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2answers
101 views

“Ordinary” and “polar” vector fields in Euclidean $3$-space

In his book Differential Forms with Applications to the Physical Sciences, on pages 19--20, Harley Flanders writes: "a one-form $$ \omega = P\,dx+Q\,dy+R\,dz$$ may be identified with an ...
1
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1answer
99 views

symplectic strucutre

Suppose $\omega$ is symplectic structure on $\mathbb R^n$. Let $\omega_0:=\omega|_{x=0}$. Let $\overline{\omega}= \omega_0-\omega$ and for $t\in[0,1]; \omega_t:= \omega+ t\overline{\omega}$. How ...
3
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0answers
129 views

Intuitive meaning of $L_X\omega$

Suppose $\alpha$ is a one form and $\omega$ is two form such that $$\alpha= \omega(X,.)\text{ for some } X$$ Then what does intutive meaning of the following expression $$L_X\omega= \omega$$
2
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1answer
152 views

Lie derivative along time-dependent vector fields

In "Lectures on Symplectic Geometry" by A. C. da Silva (http://www.math.ist.utl.pt/~acannas/Books/lsg.pdf) the author gives the following definition: $$ \mathcal{L}_{v_t} := \frac{\mathrm d }{\mathrm ...
10
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3answers
463 views

Geometric understanding of differential forms.

I would like to understand differential forms more intuitively. I have yet to find a book which explains how the use of the exterior product in differential forms ties into the geometrical ...
3
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1answer
112 views

De Rham cohomology notation

According to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/De_Rham_cohomology, one defines the $k$-th de Rham cohomology group $H^{k}_{\mathrm{dR}}(M)$ to be the set of equivalence classes, that is, the set ...
10
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1answer
322 views

Writing Integrals using Differential Forms

Consider some smooth curve $C \subset \mathbb{R^n}$ and $\gamma:[a,b] \subset\mathbb{R}\rightarrow C$ a parametrisation of $C$ and a continuous vector field $K:\mathbb{R^n} \rightarrow \mathbb{R^n}$. ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Question on Differential forms

Let $\Omega\subseteq \mathbb{R}^2$ be an open set and $\omega=\omega^1dx_1+\omega^2dx_2$ an $1$-form on $\Omega$ and $$L=\omega^2\frac{\partial}{\partial x_1}-\omega_1\frac{\partial}{\partial ...
0
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1answer
28 views

Question on 2-chain on $\mathbb{R}^3$

Let $\gamma:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}^3\setminus\{0\}$ be a simplex, with $\gamma(0)=\gamma(1)$. How can I show that exists a $2$-chain $\sigma$ on $\mathbb{R}^3\setminus\{0\}$ such that ...
1
vote
1answer
162 views

Locally exact differential in a disk is exact

I'm reading through Ahlfors' Complex Analysis text for self study, and I found difficulty with a proof. In chapter 4 he defines a locally exact differential as a differential who is exact in some ...
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0answers
50 views

What exactly does it mean to say that “functions cannot be integrated on Riemann surfaces”?

I've seen statements of this sort used to motivate the introduction of differential forms, and I'm not sure exactly what's meant. Obviously if you start by defining differentiation as an operation ...
2
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0answers
139 views

Exact and Closed forms on Manifolds with Boundary

Let $\bar{M}$ be a manifold with boundary and let $M$ be its interior. Is this statement correct? A smooth k-form $\alpha$ on $\bar{M}$ is closed (exact) if and only if its restriction to $M$, i.e. ...
2
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2answers
113 views

Prove that $\frac{1}{2\pi}\frac{xdy-ydx}{x^2+y^2}$ is closed

I would like to prove that $\alpha = \frac{1}{2\pi} \frac{xdy-ydx}{x^2+y^2}$ is a closed differential form on $\mathbb{R}^2-\{0\}$ . However when I apply the external derivative to this expression ...
0
votes
1answer
152 views

Clarification about differential forms in polar coordinates

In my course about differential forms, we define 1-forms as follows: If $(e_1,..,e_m)$ is the standard basis of $\mathbb{R}^m$ and $\sigma$ a chart around $p\in M$ on the m-dimensional manifold $M$, ...
1
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1answer
74 views

A differential form to compute the k-volume of a k-parallelogram in n dimensions

Computing the k-volume of a k-parallelogram (i.e. a parallelogram spanned by k n-dimensional vectors) in n dimensions is straightforward: Let $P=[\overrightarrow{v_1},...,\overrightarrow{v_k}]$, then ...
10
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2answers
166 views

Integral of wedge product of two one forms on a Riemann surface

I'm having trouble verifying an elementary assertion made in this answer on MathOverflow. It seems more like a math.stackexchange question, so I'm asking it here. Anyway, the assertion is as follows ...
-3
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1answer
117 views

Existence of a left-invariant $n$-form on a Lie group of dimension $n$

This Do Carmo, Riemannian Geometry, Chapter 1, Exercise 7: Show that there exists a left invariant differential $n$-form $\omega$ on $G$ ($G$ is a compact connected lie group and $\dim G=n$). ...
3
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1answer
83 views

Algorithm/Procedure for finding $\sigma$ such that $\omega=d\sigma$

I know that the Poincare's lemma asserts that under certain conditions a differential form $\omega$ is exact, i.e. it possesses an antiderivative $\sigma$, such that $\omega=d\sigma$. But as ...
0
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2answers
62 views

Equality involving exterior product..

suppose you have a differential form $\omega$ writting in local coordinates as $$\omega=\sum_{i=1}^ndx_i\wedge dy_i.$$ Can anyone help me showing the following equality: $$\omega^n=n!(dx_1\wedge ...
4
votes
1answer
37 views

Smooth homotopic maps and closed forms..

does anyone have any idea for showing the following: Let $f_0, f_1:M\rightarrow N$ smooth homotopic maps between the manifolds $M$ and $N$. Suppose $M$ is compact with no boundary. Show that for every ...
8
votes
1answer
182 views

Maurer-Cartan 1-form

Can anyone help me with the following? Let $\rho$ be the right-invariant Maurer-Cartan 1-form $$\rho = dg\ g^{-1}$$ I want to show that the MC equation $$d\rho - \rho \wedge\rho = 0$$ holds. So ...
3
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1answer
181 views

Curvature tensor of 2-sphere using exterior differential forms (tetrads)

$ds^2= r^2 (d\theta^2 + \sin^2{\theta}d\phi^2)$ The following is the tetrad basis $e^{\theta}=r d{\theta} \,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\, e^{\phi}=r \sin{\theta} d{\phi}$ Hence, $de^{\theta}=0 ...
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4answers
281 views

Classic example of a non exact form

Let $\dfrac{xdy-ydx}{x^2+y^2}$ be a 1-form defined in $\mathbb{R}^2\backslash\{0\}$. Where can I find a detailed proof that it is not exact? I would prefer a proof that doesn't use results about ...
3
votes
2answers
108 views

Symplectic Form Preserved by Orthogonal Transformation

I'm trying to prove that the symplectic form $$\omega = d(\cos\theta) \wedge d\phi$$ is preserved by the action of $SO(3)$ on $S^2$ where $\phi$ and $\theta$ are spherical polars. Now $SO(3)$ simply ...
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0answers
77 views

Is Cartan's magic formula applicable to time dependent vector fields?

Cartan's magic formula states: $$\mathcal{L}_v\omega = i_v\mathrm{d}\omega + \mathrm{d}i_v\omega$$ Is this also true for time dependent vector fields? If so: How can I prove it? If not: Is there a ...
4
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2answers
153 views

Orientations on Manifold

This is a very basic definition of orientable and very basic example 20.5 however ı could not understand definition in an good way so ı want you to explain my green writing please :) and my example ...
0
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1answer
105 views

integral of closed differential form

This is my first course in differential forms so it might be a trivial question. If $\mu$ is a $n-1$-form on $n$-dim manifold $X$ the book uses that $$\int_X{d\mu}=0.$$ Is this expression valid for ...
3
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2answers
49 views

Constructing a 2 form that does not vanish on a space from a one form that does

This may be a silly question... Given a nonzero one-form $\omega$ that vanishes on a subspace $W$ (with dimension larger than $2$), is it possible to find another one form $\phi$ such that ...
0
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2answers
47 views

Solve the i.v.p DE

Solve the i.v.p $y^{(4)}-y'''=0 , y(0)=0, y'(0)=0, y"(0)=0, y"'(0)=0$ Would I use the formula $a^{(1/n)}=R^{(1/n)}e^{(e^{i(alpha+2k(\pi))/n})}$
2
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2answers
67 views

Why is $\theta \not \in C^{\infty}(S^1)$?

Why is $\theta \not \in C^{\infty}(S^1)$? I know that since $\int_{S^1} d\theta = 2\pi$ then $d\theta$ is not exact. Thus since $d(\theta)=d\theta$, $\theta$ must not be $C^{\infty}$ but it seems ...
1
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1answer
61 views

$k$-forms on $\mathbb{R}^n$

Given an expression like $$ dx_1\wedge dx_2 \wedge dx_4 \left( \begin{bmatrix} 1\\2\\3\ \end{bmatrix} \ , \ \begin{bmatrix} 4\\5\\6 \end{bmatrix} \ , \ \begin{bmatrix} 7\\8\\9 \end{bmatrix} \right) \ ...
0
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1answer
60 views

What is a de Rham k-form?

I generally know what a differential k-form is. But what does it mean for a k-form to be a "de Rham" k-form? Thanks in advance!
2
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3answers
73 views

Whats the connection between formss and vector fields?

I heard someone talking about how vector fields are the kernels of forms. Can someone give me a detailed explanation about how this works? Thanks.