Tagged Questions

For questions about differential forms which commonly arise in differential geometry, and sometimes in multivariable calculus.

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0
votes
1answer
29 views

Relationship between divergence operators defined with respect to two different volume forms.

Let us assume that you have a volume form $\mu$ defined on a manifold $\mathcal{M}$. Then you can define the divergence operator with respect to this metric, such that the following relationship holds ...
1
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0answers
15 views

closed and bounded form

I have this problem, Let $\omega$ a closed $1$ form in $\mathbb{R^{2}}\setminus {0} $ such that $\omega$ restricted to the set $D$ is bounded with $D=\left \{ x\in\mathbb{R} \text{ such that }\left | ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Wedge product = set intersection?

In a research article [1] I found the following formulation: The wedge product may be considered as set intersection. For example, surfaces of constant $f(x,y,z)$ and surface of constant ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

differentiable curve

I´m a little stuck with this problem, I think is false but I can´t find a counter example, here is the problem Let $\omega$ a 1-form defined in $U\subset \mathbb{R^{2}}$(it can be $\mathbb{R^{n}}$, ...
1
vote
3answers
42 views

For a differentiable map $f: \mathbb{R^n}\to \mathbb{R^n}$, Show that $f^*({dy_1 \wedge\cdots \wedge dy_n})=\det(df)dx_1\wedge \cdots\wedge dx_n$

Let $f: \mathbb{R^n}\to \mathbb{R^n}$ be a differentiable map given by $f(x_1,\cdots, x_n) = (y_1,\cdots,y_n)$. Show that $f^*({dy_1 \wedge\cdots \wedge dy_n})=\det(df)dx_1\wedge \cdots\wedge dx_n$ ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

A question on wedge product of differential forms

Let $\omega$ be a $k$-form, is it true that $$\omega\wedge\omega=0?$$ is it true that $$d\omega\wedge d\omega=0?$$
0
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0answers
29 views

Is there a way to use this interpretation of differential forms on manifolds?

I read Rudin's "Principles of Mathematical Analysis". In the part of Differential Forms, he defined them formally. I particularly enjoyed the formal viewpoint, since everywhere else it seems that the ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

What exactly does “differential forms are coordinate free” mean?

Most introductory texts on differential forms praise their property of allowing for a "coordinate free formulation". What exactly does this mean? What would be a concrete example for which a ...
0
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0answers
17 views

differential forms and index

The other question i can´t solve is this, If $\varphi$ a differential transformation such that $\varphi (x,y)=(f(x,y),g(x,y))$ and define $i(\varphi ,D)=\frac{1}{2\pi }\int _{\gamma }\theta _{0}$. ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

1-forms and zero simple

Let $\varphi$ a differential transformation such that $\varphi (x,y)=(f(x,y),g(x,y))$ and $D\subset U$ such that $\varphi$ restricted to $\partial D=\gamma$ be distinct zero and we define $i(\varphi ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

Pullback of area form of manifold by local chart map

Let $M$ be an orientable $2$-manifold in $\mathbb{R}^n$, with area form $dA$. Let $\phi: U \to M$ be a local coordinate system for $M$, with $U \subseteq \mathbb{R}_{uv}^2$. It is stated that ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

A question on self-dual differential 2-forms

This question is from Lemma 2 in Derdzinski's paper. Let $$\omega=e_1\wedge e_2+e_3\wedge e_4, \eta=e_1\wedge e_3+e_4\wedge e_2, \theta=e_1\wedge e_4+e_2\wedge e_3$$ be a basis for self-dual ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Is there a Poincare lemma for codifferential?

Is every co-closed form also locally co-exact? That is for each $k$-form $\omega$ such that $\delta \omega = 0$ there exists $(k-1)$-form $\eta$ for which locally $\omega = \delta \eta$. My current ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Definition of Lie Derivative of a Differential Form

I'm self-studying The Geometry of Physics, Third Edition, by Frankel, and the book's two equations defining the Lie derivative of a form, equations 4.16 on page 132, don't seem like they're consistent ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Integral of differential of $C^1$ $(k-1)-$form in $\mathbb{R}^n$ over orientable $k$-manifold without boundary is zero

I don't get it. Is this really true? I thought compactness of the manifold would be necessary... It is asserted that $\int_M dw =0$, under the hypothesis that $w$ is of class $C^1$ and is a ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Frobenius theorem for singular foliations , what are hypotheses impose over an endomorphism $P:TM\to TM$ that it span a singular foliation in M?

Let $M$ a smooth manifold. Given a morphism $P:TM\to TM$, i.e, $\pi\circ P\equiv Id$ and is linear over the fibers. If we suppose that $P^2=P$, then for each $x\in M$, $P_{x}:T_xM\to T_xM$ is a ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Differential form calculation

Below is a problem from Arnold's Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics. I'm not seeing how the calculation for $\omega_3$ is performed. Any help would be appreciated.
2
votes
1answer
26 views

How to derive the standard symplectic form on a 2-sphere in cylindrical polar coordinates?

I have already know that at a point $p\in S^2$ with $u,v$ the tangent vectors at $p$. Then the standard symplectic form is $\omega_p(u,v) :=\langle p,\,u\times v\rangle$ where $u\times v$ is the outer ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Identities for differential forms and vectorfields (reference request)

Recently I found the slides of a talk of J. E. Marsden, (Differential Forms and Stokes' Theorem). These slides introduce the required objects and summarize the basics of the corresponding theory. In ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

n-form associated with a vector field with general metric

With the euclidean metric I use the musical isomorphisms to obtain $1$-form associated with a vector field, so for a vector field $\vec{F}=(f_1,f_2,f_3)$ we have $ \vec{F}^{\flat}=f_1dx+f_2dy+f_3dz$ ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Evaluating a simple differential form

Given the vector field $\partial_x$ and the one form $\,dx$, how would I evaluate $\,dx(\partial_x)$ and show that $\,dx(\partial_x)=1$.
0
votes
3answers
58 views

What exactly is a 0-form?

From what I understand, a k-form in the real numbers is essentially a mapping $\mathbb{R^k} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, but I can't seem to find a corresponding definition for a "0-form". Wikipedia seems ...
1
vote
2answers
122 views

Question about integrating differential forms

Maybe it's stupid question, by why: $$\int_S Fdx\wedge dy=\int_S Fdxdy$$ And is calculating a surface integral $$\int_S Fdx\wedge dy+Gdy \wedge dz+H dz\wedge dx=\int_S Fdxdy+\int_SGdydz + ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

wedge product with and without a second pair of vectors

I am starting to study wedge products, and am stuck on notation. The Bachman book on differential forms says $$ \omega \wedge \nu ( v_1, v_2 ) $$ "gives the area of the parallelogram spanned by ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Pullback of a form under the retraction $r\colon \mathbb{R}^n\setminus\{0\}\to S^{n-1}$.

The following is from Spivak's DG Lemma 7 in Chapter 8, but I'm muddled in a computation. Define two $(n-1)$-forms on $\mathbb{R}^n\setminus\{0\}$ by $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Shape operator of the sphere.

I want to compute the Weingarten operator (shape) for the sphere $\{(x,y,z) \in \mathbb{R}^3 \ : \ x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = 1\}$. I am given the adapted frame: $$\left\{\begin{array}{l} E_1 = \cos \varphi ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Covariant differential on p forms

On Peter Li's book Geometric Analysis on page 19 (http://www.im.ufrj.br/andrew/GR14-2/Lecture%20Notes%20on%20Geometric%20Analysis.pdf) I can't understand the following line $\begin{array}{l} ...
4
votes
0answers
36 views

Non-vanishing differential forms and flatness

Let $M$ be a differentiable manifold of dimension $n$. If the tangent bundle is trivial, then the cotangent bundle is trivial, and so are its exterior powers. In other words, on a parallelizable ...
5
votes
0answers
60 views

Characterization of the exterior derivative $d$

In the paper Natural Operations on Differential Forms, the author R. Palais shows that the exterior derivative $d$ is characterized as the unique "natural" linear map from $\Phi^p$ to $\Phi^{p+1}$ ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Evaluate line integral without parameterizarion

It's been brought to my attention that line/surface integrals and integrals of differential forms in general can be evaluated without introducing a parameterization, however I haven't been able to ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Integrating differential forms over a box

I've only ever seen examples of integrating a differential form over a curve C involving defining a parameterization. I have seen people integrate 1 forms over a box without defining a ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

How “far” a differential form is from an exterior product

Consider two differential manifolds $X$ and $Y$. Consider now a differential form (of any order) $\omega$ on $X\times Y$. The easiest example is taking $\omega=\xi\wedge\eta$, where $\xi$ is a ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

differential form identity and permutations

If $t^1,...,t^k$ are the coordinates of a k-cube. Then apparently $$dt^{\sigma(1)} \wedge \ldots \wedge dt^{\sigma(k)}= (\operatorname{sgn} (\sigma)) dt^1 \wedge dt^k $$ I cannot see how this ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

contraction identity on $k$-forms

$i_\mathbb{X} \omega $ is the contraction of $\omega$ with respect to $\mathbb{X}$. In my notes it is stated that $i_\hat{\mathbb{X}} dx = dx(\hat{\mathbb{X_t}})$. I cannot see how this fits the ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Start of the proof of the Poincaré Lemma

Let $\hat{\Phi}:U \rightarrow U$ be a one-parameter family of diffeomorphisms defined for $\ 0 < t \leq 1$. Let $\beta \in \Omega^k(U) $ be a closed k-form. Suppose that $\hat{\Phi}^{*}_1 \beta = ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Equivalence relation of differential forms

My notes claim that $\displaystyle d\omega (x) = \frac{1}{k!} d\omega_{i_1\cdots i_k} \wedge f^{(i_1)}\wedge\cdots\wedge f^{(i_k)}$ is equivalent to $\displaystyle d\omega(x) = \frac{1}{k!} ...
12
votes
0answers
357 views

Symmetric and wedge product in algebra and differential geometry

I have been struggling with this issue for a while (and asked a similar question here), but still not found a satisfying answer. The question boils down to: which is the correct identity? $dx \, dy ...
2
votes
2answers
48 views

Exercise on left invariant 2-forms

I'm trying to solve a problem about the Lie group of transformation over $\mathbb{R}$: \begin{equation} x\mapsto ax+b, \end{equation} where $a,b\in\mathbb{R}, a\neq 0.$ I'm asked to find the space of ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

Given an $(n-1)$-form $\varphi$ on a smooth orientable $n$-manifold, there is a vector field $v$ such that $i_v\varphi = 0$.

I am working on the following problem. Let $M$ be a smooth orientable $n$-manifold, $n \geq 2$, and let $\varphi$ be a smooth $(n-1)$-form on $M$. Show that there is a vector field $v$ on $M$ such ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Bogus proof that the Liouville Form on the cotangent bundle is nondegenerate.

Suppose we have a manifold $M$ of dimension $n$ and its cotangent bundle $T^*M$. The Liouville form $\lambda$ on $T^*M$ is defined as $\lambda_{\omega_p} = \pi^*(\omega_p)$ where $\pi$ is the standard ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

2-form corresponding to a contravariant vector and pseudo-forms

In Frankel's book he writes that in $R^{3}$ with cartesian coordinates, you can always associate to a vector $\vec{v}$ a 1-form $v^{1}dx^{1}+v^{2}dx^{2}+v^{3}dx^{3}$ and a two form $v^{1}dx^{2}\wedge ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Reference Request for differential ideals of Pfaffian forms on jet bundles

My setting is the following: Given two families of differential forms $\omega^i$ (with $i=1,...,m$) and $\mathrm d F^j$ (with $j=1...n-m$), define $$\eta^i := \sum_{j=1}^m a^i_j\omega^j + ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

Homotopy, Stokes Theorem and Orientation

I have a problem in which the theory and the computation disagree about a minus sign. My question requires a little setting up. I have a complex valued 2-form $$ \omega = \alpha(\xi_1,\xi_2)\, ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Differential Form Over $S^2$

I was checking problems on differential forms and I found the following one. Consider the sphere $S^2 \subseteq R^3$ and the map $\omega_p : T_pS^2 \times T_pS^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ given by ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Why is the derivative Df(p) defined to $ \in \Lambda^1 (\mathbb{R}^n) $, or how is it a 1-form?

I know that obviously the differential operator D would be a differential form through the word differential. But in Spivak Calculus on Manifolds he defines a k-form w $ \in \Lambda^k ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

$(1,0)$-forms on a complex manifold

I'm reading in a paper: "Let $\theta$ be a $(1,0)$-form with respect to $I$ ($I \theta = -i \theta$)". Here $I$ is the almost complex structure. Any idea why it says $I \theta = -i \theta$ and not $I ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Equality in de Rham cohomology

Let $U_1,U_2,...,U_r$ be open sets in $\mathbb{R}^n$ such that $U_i\cap U_j =\emptyset$ for all $i \neq j$. Then prove, $H^k_{dR}(\bigcup_{i=1}^{r} U_i)=\bigoplus_{i=1}^{r} H^k_{dR} (U_i)$
1
vote
1answer
35 views

De Rham cohomology group

We know $m$-th de Rham cohomology group on $U$ is defined to be, $H^{m}_{dR}(U)=ker(d^m)/im(d^{m-1})$ where $d^m:\Omega^m(U)\to \Omega^{m+1}(U)$'s are usual exterior derivative maps. Now its saying ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Calculating the pullback of a $2$-form

I have a $2$-form given by $\omega = dx \wedge dp + dy \wedge dq$ and a map $i : (u,v) \mapsto (u,v,f_u,-f_v)$ for a general smooth map $f : (u,v) \mapsto f(u,v)$. I want to calculate the pullback of ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

differential form: a question in Novikov's book

I met a problem when reading the book of Novikov et al. "Modern geometry, vol 1". In page 200 of the book (GTM 93, English version), they say for 2-form $F$, $$ (F\wedge F)_{0123}=-{1\over ...