For questions about differential forms which commonly arise in differential geometry, and sometimes in multivariable calculus.

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rudin's principles of mathematical analysis 10.31

I'm working on rudin's principles of mathematical analysis(3rd edition). There is problem too complex for me to solve.Please help me. The problem is on p270-271 of text. "Let T be 1-1 mapping of ...
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1answer
22 views

Evaluating a simple differential form

Given the vector field $\partial_x$ and the one form $\,dx$, how would I evaluate $\,dx(\partial_x)$ and show that $\,dx(\partial_x)=1$.
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3answers
54 views

What exactly is a 0-form?

From what I understand, a k-form in the real numbers is essentially a mapping $\mathbb{R^k} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, but I can't seem to find a corresponding definition for a "0-form". Wikipedia seems ...
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67 views

Question about integrating differential forms

Maybe it's stupid question, by why: $$\int_S Fdx\wedge dy=\int_S Fdxdy$$ And is calculating a surface integral $$\int_S Fdx\wedge dy+Gdy \wedge dz+H dz\wedge dx=\int_S Fdxdy+\int_SGdydz + ...
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1answer
17 views

wedge product with and without a second pair of vectors

I am starting to study wedge products, and am stuck on notation. The Bachman book on differential forms says $$ \omega \wedge \nu ( v_1, v_2 ) $$ "gives the area of the parallelogram spanned by ...
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1answer
50 views

Pullback of a form under the retraction $r\colon \mathbb{R}^n\setminus\{0\}\to S^{n-1}$.

The following is from Spivak's DG Lemma 7 in Chapter 8, but I'm muddled in a computation. Define two $(n-1)$-forms on $\mathbb{R}^n\setminus\{0\}$ by $$ ...
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1answer
89 views

Shape operator of the sphere.

I want to compute the Weingarten operator (shape) for the sphere $\{(x,y,z) \in \mathbb{R}^3 \ : \ x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = 1\}$. I am given the adapted frame: $$\left\{\begin{array}{l} E_1 = \cos \varphi ...
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1answer
71 views

Covariant differential on p forms

On Peter Li's book Geometric Analysis on page 19 (http://www.im.ufrj.br/andrew/GR14-2/Lecture%20Notes%20on%20Geometric%20Analysis.pdf) I can't understand the following line $\begin{array}{l} ...
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34 views

Non-vanishing differential forms and flatness

Let $M$ be a differentiable manifold of dimension $n$. If the tangent bundle is trivial, then the cotangent bundle is trivial, and so are its exterior powers. In other words, on a parallelizable ...
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50 views

Characterization of the exterior derivative $d$

In the paper Natural Operations on Differential Forms, the author R. Palais shows that the exterior derivative $d$ is characterized as the unique "natural" linear map from $\Phi^p$ to $\Phi^{p+1}$ ...
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1answer
59 views

Evaluate line integral without parameterizarion

It's been brought to my attention that line/surface integrals and integrals of differential forms in general can be evaluated without introducing a parameterization, however I haven't been able to ...
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24 views

Integrating differential forms over a box

I've only ever seen examples of integrating a differential form over a curve C involving defining a parameterization. I have seen people integrate 1 forms over a box without defining a ...
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36 views

How “far” a differential form is from an exterior product

Consider two differential manifolds $X$ and $Y$. Consider now a differential form (of any order) $\omega$ on $X\times Y$. The easiest example is taking $\omega=\xi\wedge\eta$, where $\xi$ is a ...
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1answer
35 views

differential form identity and permutations

If $t^1,...,t^k$ are the coordinates of a k-cube. Then apparently $$dt^{\sigma(1)} \wedge \ldots \wedge dt^{\sigma(k)}= (\operatorname{sgn} (\sigma)) dt^1 \wedge dt^k $$ I cannot see how this ...
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1answer
14 views

contraction identity on $k$-forms

$i_\mathbb{X} \omega $ is the contraction of $\omega$ with respect to $\mathbb{X}$. In my notes it is stated that $i_\hat{\mathbb{X}} dx = dx(\hat{\mathbb{X_t}})$. I cannot see how this fits the ...
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1answer
30 views

Start of the proof of the Poincaré Lemma

Let $\hat{\Phi}:U \rightarrow U$ be a one-parameter family of diffeomorphisms defined for $\ 0 < t \leq 1$. Let $\beta \in \Omega^k(U) $ be a closed k-form. Suppose that $\hat{\Phi}^{*}_1 \beta = ...
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1answer
14 views

Equivalence relation of differential forms

My notes claim that $\displaystyle d\omega (x) = \frac{1}{k!} d\omega_{i_1\cdots i_k} \wedge f^{(i_1)}\wedge\cdots\wedge f^{(i_k)}$ is equivalent to $\displaystyle d\omega(x) = \frac{1}{k!} ...
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246 views

Symmetric and wedge product in algebra and differential geometry

I have been struggling with this issue for a while (and asked a similar question here), but still not found a satisfying answer. The question boils down to: which is the correct identity? $dx \, dy ...
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2answers
46 views

Exercise on left invariant 2-forms

I'm trying to solve a problem about the Lie group of transformation over $\mathbb{R}$: \begin{equation} x\mapsto ax+b, \end{equation} where $a,b\in\mathbb{R}, a\neq 0.$ I'm asked to find the space of ...
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2answers
38 views

Given an $(n-1)$-form $\varphi$ on a smooth orientable $n$-manifold, there is a vector field $v$ such that $i_v\varphi = 0$.

I am working on the following problem. Let $M$ be a smooth orientable $n$-manifold, $n \geq 2$, and let $\varphi$ be a smooth $(n-1)$-form on $M$. Show that there is a vector field $v$ on $M$ such ...
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1answer
39 views

Bogus proof that the Liouville Form on the cotangent bundle is nondegenerate.

Suppose we have a manifold $M$ of dimension $n$ and its cotangent bundle $T^*M$. The Liouville form $\lambda$ on $T^*M$ is defined as $\lambda_{\omega_p} = \pi^*(\omega_p)$ where $\pi$ is the standard ...
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1answer
23 views

2-form corresponding to a contravariant vector and pseudo-forms

In Frankel's book he writes that in $R^{3}$ with cartesian coordinates, you can always associate to a vector $\vec{v}$ a 1-form $v^{1}dx^{1}+v^{2}dx^{2}+v^{3}dx^{3}$ and a two form $v^{1}dx^{2}\wedge ...
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31 views

Reference Request for differential ideals of Pfaffian forms on jet bundles

My setting is the following: Given two families of differential forms $\omega^i$ (with $i=1,...,m$) and $\mathrm d F^j$ (with $j=1...n-m$), define $$\eta^i := \sum_{j=1}^m a^i_j\omega^j + ...
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45 views

Homotopy, Stokes Theorem and Orientation

I have a problem in which the theory and the computation disagree about a minus sign. My question requires a little setting up. I have a complex valued 2-form $$ \omega = \alpha(\xi_1,\xi_2)\, ...
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1answer
42 views

Differential Form Over $S^2$

I was checking problems on differential forms and I found the following one. Consider the sphere $S^2 \subseteq R^3$ and the map $\omega_p : T_pS^2 \times T_pS^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ given by ...
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1answer
26 views

Why is the derivative Df(p) defined to $ \in \Lambda^1 (\mathbb{R}^n) $, or how is it a 1-form?

I know that obviously the differential operator D would be a differential form through the word differential. But in Spivak Calculus on Manifolds he defines a k-form w $ \in \Lambda^k ...
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1answer
51 views

$(1,0)$-forms on a complex manifold

I'm reading in a paper: "Let $\theta$ be a $(1,0)$-form with respect to $I$ ($I \theta = -i \theta$)". Here $I$ is the almost complex structure. Any idea why it says $I \theta = -i \theta$ and not $I ...
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1answer
39 views

Equality in de Rham cohomology

Let $U_1,U_2,...,U_r$ be open sets in $\mathbb{R}^n$ such that $U_i\cap U_j =\emptyset$ for all $i \neq j$. Then prove, $H^k_{dR}(\bigcup_{i=1}^{r} U_i)=\bigoplus_{i=1}^{r} H^k_{dR} (U_i)$
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31 views

De Rham cohomology group

We know $m$-th de Rham cohomology group on $U$ is defined to be, $H^{m}_{dR}(U)=ker(d^m)/im(d^{m-1})$ where $d^m:\Omega^m(U)\to \Omega^{m+1}(U)$'s are usual exterior derivative maps. Now its saying ...
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36 views

Calculating the pullback of a $2$-form

I have a $2$-form given by $\omega = dx \wedge dp + dy \wedge dq$ and a map $i : (u,v) \mapsto (u,v,f_u,-f_v)$ for a general smooth map $f : (u,v) \mapsto f(u,v)$. I want to calculate the pullback of ...
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differential form: a question in Novikov's book

I met a problem when reading the book of Novikov et al. "Modern geometry, vol 1". In page 200 of the book (GTM 93, English version), they say for 2-form $F$, $$ (F\wedge F)_{0123}=-{1\over ...
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23 views

On the existence of integrating factor for 1-form

Question: Is there any holistic approach to determining the existence/finding the integrating factor for 1-forms? I never took any course in differential equations...I guess this is something ...
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3answers
101 views

Interior product between differential forms and vector fields

I don't understand what is meant when someone writes that forms (or form fields) "eat" vectors (or vector fields). For example when I have a one form field ω=3dx+5dy+3xdz and a vector field ...
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61 views

Integrability of 1-forms and Stokes' Theorem

Let $\alpha$ be a $1$-form defined on a manifold $M$ and $\Delta = ker (\alpha)$. The classical theorem of Frobenius says that $\Delta$ is integrable if $\alpha \wedge d\alpha =0$ i.e if $d\alpha$ is ...
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1answer
61 views

If $M$ is a compact manifold what does $\partial M$ mean?

In the generalized form of stokes theorem it states that the integral of the $k+1$ differential form of an operator over a compact manifold $M$ is equivalent to the integral of the $k$ differential ...
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47 views

Differential forms and minor expansion, question about notation.

There are lectures by Theodore Shifrin on differential forms, and sadly one video ends suddendly where he explains some notation. I try to formulate it in my own words: When k=n, we have ...
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62 views

Differential forms and determinants

2-forms are defined as $du^{j} \wedge du^{k}(v,w) = v^{j}w^{k}-v^{k}w^{j} = \begin{vmatrix} du^{j}(v) & du^{j}(w) \\ du^{k}(v) & du^{k}(w) \end{vmatrix}$ But what if I have two concret ...
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Second fundamental form of a graph of a function using frame fields

I am trying to recover the second fundamental form $II$ for the graph $\Gamma(f)$ of a smooth real function $f$ in the Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^3$ using first order frame fields. I have worked with ...
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2answers
137 views

Is a 1-form locally expressible as $dx$?

Given a 1-form $\alpha$ which is non-zero at every point of a manifold $M^n$, is it true that locally I can express the form as $dx$? (that is around each point there is a coordinate neighborhood such ...
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1answer
65 views

Differential Forms on submanifolds

Say I take an embedded submanifold of $\Bbb R^n$, like the sphere. Any differential form on $\Bbb R^n$ can be restricted to the sphere. My question is this: is any differential form on the sphere (or ...
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1answer
49 views

Conceptual Question on different representations of Hyperplanes, Higher Standpoint, Coordinate-free

In a vector space $V$ over some field $F$ a hyperplane is the kernel of some linear transformation $T : V \to F$, i.e. the kernel of an element of the dual space (this could be taken as the definition ...
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1answer
66 views

Integration on $\mathbb{R}^n$ in terms of differential forms

One defines integration on a smooth manifold as follows: First define $\int_M \omega$ when $\omega$ is supported on a single coordinate chart by pulling back to $\mathbb{R}^n$ an integrating there, ...
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A 1-form on a smooth manifold is exact if and only if it integrates to zero on every closed curve

I am stuck on the following problem, which comes from a old qualifying exam. Prove that a 1-form $\phi$ on $M$ is exact if and only if for every closed curve c, $\int_{c} \phi =0$. One way is an ...
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Confused about why $dd=0$ in de rham cohomology?

In Bredon's proof that $dd=0$, he lets $\omega=fdx_1\wedge\cdots\wedge dx_p$, and calculates $$ dd\omega=\sum_{j=1}^n\sum_{i=1}^n\frac{\partial^2 f}{\partial x_i\partial x_j}dx_j\wedge dx_i\wedge ...
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36 views

Two isomorphisms of the space of vector fields/forms

Suppose you have a diffeomorphism $$ \phi: M \to N. $$ As far as I understand, this gives rise to two distinct isomorphisms $$ a : \mathcal A^1(M) \cong \mathcal A^1(N) :b $$ between the space of ...
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1answer
27 views

Global n-form on Calabi-Yau

I am now reading these lectures by Stefan Vandoren on complex geometry. Everything is fine in general, hiwever I am confused with how he defines 1-form on a Calabi-Yau 1-fold (or 2-form on CY$_2$). ...
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1answer
41 views

Harmonic functions and polar differential forms

Given a harmonic function $u$, its differential and conjugate differential are $$du = \frac{\partial u}{\partial x}dx + \frac{\partial u}{\partial y}dy,\qquad ^{*}du = -\frac{\partial u}{\partial y}dx ...
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1answer
30 views

How to make an ideal generated by differential forms into a differential ideal?

Let $M=\mathbb{R}^4$ with standard coordinates $x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4$. Let $\alpha=x_2dx_1+x_3dx_3+dx_4$ and $\beta=2dx_2+x_1^2dx_3+x_1dx_4$ How to find a 1-form $\gamma$ such that the ideal generated ...
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1answer
73 views

How to define integration over the boundary of a curve?

When learning about Stokes' theorem ($\int_{\partial \Omega} \omega=\int_{\Omega} \mathrm d \omega$), we are told that it is just a generalization of the 2nd Fundamental Theorem of Calculus $(\int_a^b ...
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1answer
75 views

Evaluating differential forms.

Can someone please check my work? It's an exercise from Barret O'Neill's Elementary Differential Geometry. I want to be really sure that my understanding of this is right. I see that the forms ...