Questions on (ordinary) differential equations. For questions specifically concerning partial differential equations, use the (pde) tag.

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0
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2answers
130 views

Construct the Green s function for the equation

Construct the Green s function for the equation y^''+ 2y^'+2y=0 Which boundary conditions y(0)=0 , y(π/2)=0 Is this Green s function symmetric? What is the Green s function, if the ...
0
votes
2answers
973 views

differential equations in SIR epidemic model and obtain Ro

I need to know why the differential equation system that expresses epidemic's model SIR in some texts appears: $$\frac{dS}{dt} =-\beta\frac{S}{N}I$$ $$\frac{dI}{dt}= \beta \frac{S}{N}I - \gamma I$$ ...
0
votes
2answers
591 views

Substitution $x=\sinh(\theta)$ and $y=\cosh(\theta)$ to $(1+x^{2})y'-2xy=(1+x^{2})^{2}$?

After this substitution I got to the point $$\cosh^6 (\theta)y'-\sinh(2\theta)-\cosh^4 (\theta)=0$$ and now let $$z=\cosh^2 (\theta)$$ so $$z^3 y'-z^2-\sinh(2\theta)=0$$ but then I ...
0
votes
1answer
4k views

System of differential equations in Maple

I have problems entering a system of differential equations to Maple 13. Equations are: $x' = -4x + 2y$ $y' = 5x - 4y$ Solve for $x = 0, y = 0$ Thank you in advance
10
votes
1answer
297 views

Riccati differential equation $y'=x^2+y^2$

$$y'=x^2+y^2$$ I know, that this is a kind of Riccati equation, but is it possible to solve it with only simple methods? Thank you
7
votes
1answer
189 views

Nonlinear 1st order ODE involving a rational function

$$y'=\frac{-6x+y-3}{2x-y-1}$$ Is there a foolproof method for tackling equations of the form $y'=\dfrac{ax+by+c}{dx+ey+f}$ ? I've tried a few substitutions (like $y=vx$ and $v=2x-y-1$, neither of ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Why does the absolute value disappear when taking $e^{\ln|x|}$

I have noticed that if you have an equation (after integrating) such as $$\ln|y| = \ln|x| + c,$$ and you further simplify it using the law of exponents, you get $$e^{\ln|y|} = e^{\ln|x|+с},$$ which is ...
5
votes
2answers
246 views

“Constrained” numerical solutions of ODEs with conservation laws?

I know little about numerical methods and I was considering the following problem that possibly has standard solution in the literature. Suppose you have an ODE for wich we already know that it must ...
4
votes
1answer
56 views

what can I say about the solution $y(x)$ of the ODE?

Let $y:\mathbb R\to \mathbb R$ be differentiable and satisfy the ODE: $$\frac{dy}{dx} =f(y),x\in\mathbb R$$ $$y(0)=y(1)=0$$ where $f:\mathbb R\to \mathbb R$ is a Lipschitz continuous function. Then ...
4
votes
2answers
160 views

A calculus problem with functions such that $f''(x) = g(x)$ and $g''(x) = f(x)$

Let: $f(x)$ and $g(x)$ be twice differentiable, non-decreasing functions. $f''(x) = g(x)$ and $g''(x) = f(x)$. $f(x) \cdot g(x)$ is a linear function. Then we have to show that $f(x) = g(x) = ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

Series solution to $y''-xy'-y=0$

So I'm learning to solve ODE's with series on my own using Boyce and DiPrima and exercise #3 is irking me...just looking for power series solutions around the ordinary point... $$y''-xy'-y=0$$ So I ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Relation between Heaviside step function to Dirac Delta function

I understand that "delta function" is a distribution, not a function, as in it acts on another integrand, picking out the value of that integrand at a specific point. The discontinuous function is ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

How can I solve this Initial Value Problem using the Euler method?

My Problem is this given Initial Value Problem: $$y^{\prime}=\frac{3x-2y}{x}\quad y(1)=0$$ I am looking for a way to solve this problem using the Euler method. I have a given Interval of $[1,2]$ and a ...
4
votes
1answer
185 views

Nonlinear equation (oscillon) comparison

Lagrangian for a spherically-symmetric, real scalar field in d spatial dimensions, $$L=c_d \int r^{d-1}dr\left[ \frac{1}{2} \dot\phi^2 - \frac{1}{2} \left(\frac{\partial \phi}{\partial r} \right)^2 ...
4
votes
1answer
576 views

Second-order nonlinear ODE with Dirac Delta

Can anyone help me with the following differential equation? $$ 2x(t)x''(t) - x'(t)^2 + kx(t)^2\delta(t - a) =0, $$ where $\delta$ represents the Dirac Delta. I tried Mathematica but with no luck. ...
4
votes
3answers
357 views

Closed form solutions of $\ddot x(t)-x(t)^n=0$

Given the ODE: $$\ddot x(t)-x(t)=0$$ the solution is: $$x(t)=C_1\exp(-t)+C_2\exp(t)$$ If we square the $x(t)$ we have: $$\ddot x(t)-x(t)^2=0$$ and the solution is given by: $$x(t)=6\wp(t+C_1;0,C_2)$$ ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

An existence of global solution of differential equation of first order

Let $f: (a,b) \times \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be of class $C^1$ in $D:=(a,b) \times \mathbb{R}$ and satisfies condition $$| f(t,x)| \leq A+B|x| \textrm{ for } (t,x) \in D,$$ where $A,B$ ...
4
votes
2answers
307 views

Formula for integration bounds of recursively defined polynomial sequence

We can recursively define a sequence of polynomials by $$P_0(x) := 1$$ and then with the definite integral $$P_n(x) := \int_{c_n}^x P_{n-1}(t) ~\mathrm dt$$ where the $c_n$ are to be chosen so ...
4
votes
3answers
661 views

What is an example of a second order differential equation for which it is known that there are no smooth solutions?

I would really appreciate if someone could just write down for me one example of a second order, or higher, differential equation for which it is known that there are no smooth solutions; and it's ...
3
votes
2answers
107 views

Solve $(x^2 + 1)y'' - 6xy' + 10y =0$ using series method

Use series methods to solve: $(x^2 + 1)y'' - 6xy' + 10y =0$ a) Give the recursion formula b) Give the first two non-zero terms of the solution corresponding to $a_0 = 1$ and $a_1 = 0$ ...
3
votes
3answers
126 views

Ordinary differential equation $y'(t)=\sin(f(t,y))$

One whose solution never makes me happy is the following: $$y'(t)=\sin(y+t)\text{.}$$ I would start by substituting $z(t)=y(t)+t$ to get an ODE in $z(t)$, but then I'm not sure about how to substitute ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Finding the derivatives of inverse functions at given point of c

Hoping someone can help me the understand the steps to solve a problem like this. I'm guessing it involves the formula: $\frac{d}{dx}f^{-1}(f(x))=1/f'(x)$. Am I right in this assumption? I would post ...
3
votes
2answers
145 views

Solve the pde $u_t(x,t)=u_{xx}(x,t)-bu(x,t)+q(t)$ for $u(x,t)$

I have the example pde $u_t(x,t)=u_{xx}(x,t)-b(t)u(x,t)+q_0$, where $b(t)$ is a function of only $t$ and $q_0$ is a constant, $0<x<\pi$, $t>0$. The subscripts denote derivatives. I also have ...
3
votes
1answer
175 views

Initial value problem $t\frac{dx}{dt}=x+\sqrt{t^2+x^2}$

Another question on ODEs, this time just wondering how I should start with this one. $$t\frac{dx}{dt}=x+\sqrt{t^2+x^2}, \qquad x(1)=0.$$ It looks like a linear ODE and so after playing around with it ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Frobenius Method to solve $x(1 - x)y'' - 3xy' - y = 0$

So, Im trying to self-learn method of frobenius, and I would like to ask if someone can explain to me how can we solve the following DE about $ x = 0$ using this method. $$ x(1 - x)y'' - 3xy' - y = 0 ...
3
votes
2answers
246 views

Solving ODE with substitution

I have this as homework: $$(xy^2+y)dx+(x^2y-x)dy=0$$ I tried to solve it by substituting $z=xy+1$, but got the answer like $y=Cxe^{xy}$, which, I guess, is wrong. I tried to solve it couple of ...
3
votes
1answer
531 views

Two-Point boundary value problem

To solve ${d^2y \over dx^2} =f(x)$, $0<x<1$ with $y(0)=\alpha, y(1) = \beta$. We can get a finite difference approximation by taking $$\frac{y_{j+1}-2y_j+y_{j-1}}{h^2} =f_j \\\Rightarrow ...
3
votes
1answer
683 views

Why does acceleration = $v\frac{dv}{dx}$

If we define $x$ = displacement, $v$ = velocity and $a$ = acceleration then I am used to the ideas that $a= \frac{dv}{dt} = \frac{d^2x}{dt^2}$ However I also understand $a=v \frac{dv}{dx}$. Can ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Specific system of differential equations

I have the following system of equations: \begin{eqnarray}\frac{dx}{dt} = x(1 - x^2 - y^2) \\ \frac{dy}{dt} = y(4 - x^2 - y^2) \end{eqnarray} I want to prove that if a solutions starts (at time $t = ...
2
votes
2answers
50 views

How to define order of differential equation?

I know how to check order of differential equation but I need to know how to define order of differential equation in words. Please help me.
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Proving that a differential equation has unique solution.

Let $P,Q,f:[-1,1]\to\mathbb{R}$ continuous and $a,b\in\mathbb{R}$. Then I want to prove that the IVP $$\begin{cases} u''(x)+P(x)u'(x)+Q(x)u(x)=f(x)\\u(0)=a,\qquad u'(0)=b\end{cases}$$ has a unique ...
2
votes
3answers
153 views

Numerical estimates for the convergence order of trapezoidal-like Runge-Kutta methods

I have to calculate approximations of the solution with the method $$ y^{n+1}=y^n+h \cdot [\rho \cdot f(t^n,y^n)+(1-\rho) \cdot f(t^{n+1},y^{n+1})] ,\quad n=0,\ldots,N-1 \\ y^0=y_0 $$ for various ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Compute $\int_cd\omega$ and $\int_{\partial c}\omega$

Question: Let $c:I^2\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^3$ be the singular $2$-cube given by $$c(s,t)=\left(\frac{1}{2}s^2,st,\frac{1}{2}t^2\right)$$Let $x=(x,y,z)$ denote the cartesian coordinates on ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Repairing solutions in ODE

Recently I encounter something interesting that I hope to hear from your opinions: Suppose we are given a ODE $\frac{dy}{dx}=y$, with no initial condition. Naively, we divide both sides by $y$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Is the continuity of a vector field enough for the existence of the solution of a differential equation?

I've recently seen the existence-uniqueness theorem for ordinary differential equations from Arnold's book. I understand that the theorem as stated guarantees both existence and uniqueness if the ...
2
votes
2answers
177 views

How can I solve these pde's?

Three different problem I got: 1.. $xu_x+2x^2u_y-u=x^2e^x$ and $u(x,x^2+x)=xe^x+x^2$ 2.. $yu_{xx}+(x+y)u_{xy}+xu_{yy}=0, \quad x\neq y$ 3.. $(y+xu)u_x+(x+yu)u_y=u^2-1$ Couldnt even start. Could ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Laplace Trouble to find solution

Trying to figure out how to use Laplace Transform to find $y(t)$: The problem is $$y''+4y'+4y=f(t)$$ where $f(t) = \cos(\omega t)$ if $0 < t < \pi$ and $f(t)=0$ if $t > \pi$? Initial ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Procedure for 3 by 3 Non homogenous Linear systems (Differential Equations)

Here is the problem I have. $$x^{'}(t)=Ax(t)+f(t)$$ where $A=\begin{pmatrix} 5&-3&-2\\8&-5&-4\\-4&3&3 \end{pmatrix} f(t)=\begin{pmatrix} -\sin (t)\\ 0 \\ 2 \end{pmatrix}$ I am ...
2
votes
1answer
193 views

Finding a value a for topologically conjugacy between two flows

Let A be a hyperbolic matrix such that all solutions of $\overrightarrow x' = A \overrightarrow x $ tend to the origin at t goes to infinity, and suppose B = $\begin{bmatrix}a-3 & 5 \\ -2 & ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Solving a partial differential equation using method of characteristics

I keep getting stuck and have a hard time understanding my professor, so I'm hoping to get some help here. The question is: Solve the partial diff/eq: ${\partial u}\over{\partial t}$ + $c {{\partial ...
2
votes
1answer
272 views

Eigenvectors Trajectories

I got stuck with a problem while studying for a control systems exam. It goes as following: "Look at the picture of trajectories of a linear, time-invariant system with the form: ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

second order DE using reduction of order

Any Hints / details on how to find a second solution for $$x^2y'' + xy' -4y=0?$$ $$y_1 = x^2 y_2$$ I need to use reduction of order thanks
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Choice of the First Term in Legendre Polynomials

The two solutions of the Legendre's Differential Equation obtained by series solution method are : and Now according to my textbook, for the useful polynomial for n equal to a positive integer, ...
2
votes
2answers
125 views

Differential operators confussion

I want to solve this PDE: $$u_t-6uu_x+u_{xxx} = 0\,(1)$$ with the Inverse Scattering Method. This method is based on showing that the above equation can be expressed as $$L_t=LB-BL,\,(2)$$ where $L$ ...
2
votes
1answer
282 views

Legendre Equation Properties

Is there a nice way to derive, starting from the Legendre differential equation, the generating function, the recurrence relation, the Rodrigues differential form & the Schlafli integral form ...
2
votes
0answers
898 views

Hard Differential Equation. Please help.

first of all I'm not a mathematician, so I apologize if any of my understanding and terminology isn't up to par. Also, I've never used this website (or any of these kind of question/answer) websites ...
2
votes
0answers
156 views

Calculate half life of esters

I'm trying to calculate the level of testosterone released from different testosterone esters. Here are some graphs of testosterone levels after single injections of 250mg of each ester. Testo U ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

How can I use the Heun's method to solve this first order Initial Value Problem?

My Problem is this given Initial Value Problem: $$y^{\prime}=\frac{3x-2y}{x}\quad y(1)=0$$ I am looking for a way to solve this problem using Heun's method. I have a given Interval of $[1,2]$ and a ...
2
votes
3answers
896 views

Express differential equations as system of first order equations

Express the differential equation $$y'''-6y''-y'+6y=0$$ as a system of first order equations i.e. a matrix equation of the form $$A(\vec x)'=0$$ where $$\vec x\text{ is the vector }\left[ ...
2
votes
2answers
637 views

Considering the linear system $Y'=AY$

What would be an equation that I can use when I compute the eigenpairs for the coefficient matrix $A.$