Questions on (ordinary) differential equations. For questions specifically concerning partial differential equations, use the (pde) tag.

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Which functions solve autonomous ODEs?

Fix an open set $U \subseteq \mathbb{R}$. What can be said about the set $a_n(U)$ of functions $f \in C^n(U, \mathbb{R})$ for which there exists a (sufficiently nice) nonzero function $g : \mathbb{R} ...
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Differential Equations which involve Infinite Series

The problem statement is as follows: Find the general solution for the following equation for $x(t)$. $$x''+ 9x = 2 + \sum_{n=1}^\infty \cos(nt)/n^3$$ I can't find anything about this in my ...
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Uniqueness of Rectifying Coordinates: Question for Arnold's ODE Book

In section 7 of his book Ordinary Differential Equations, VI Arnold explains the `rectification theorem', that, given an ordinary differential equation $$\dot{\mathbb{x}} = \mathbb{v(x)}$$ where ...
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Solve $x(x-1)y''+6x^2y'+3y=0$ using Frobenius's Method

Solve $x(x-1)y''+6x^2y'+3y=0$ using Frobenius's Method I can't solve this ODE. How can I get first two term? and indicial equation is also very confusing. I can solve two term recurrence ...
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73 views

What type of equation is this?

Is this equation an ODE or PDE $$ \frac{d^3u}{dx^3}−αxu=0, x∈R $$ The only thing given is $\int_R u(x) =\pi $ and $α>0$ is some constant. I have to find the solution using fourier ...
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solution uniqueness of an algebraic system

$A(v),B(v),C(v)$ are positive, convexly decreasing functions on $\mathbb{R_+}$; $x$ is a random variable that obeys distribution F; Function $v(a,b,x)$ is implicitly defined as ...
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42 views

Is there an analytic solution for this Fokker-Planck equation?

The Fokker-Planck equation for a probability distribution $P(\theta,t)$: \begin{align} \frac{\partial P(\theta,t)}{\partial ...
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If $y'=\frac{1}{x+1}$ and $y(0)=0$, find the value of $y(-2) $

If $y'=\dfrac{1}{x+1}$ and $y(0)=0$, find the value of $y(-2) = ?$ By integrating I am getting $$y = \ln (x+1)+C$$ I am stuck somewhat as it looks tricky from here. Any help ? Thanks!
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How can one prove the existence and uniqueness of solutions to linear differential equations?

It is a theorem (I think) that the equation: $$\mathbf{x}'(t) = A(t)\mathbf{x}(t) + \mathbf{b}(t); \qquad \qquad \mathbf{x}(t_0) = \mathbf{x}_0$$ Has a unique global solution for any matrix ...
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Solving a differential equation with a square root

I am trying to solve the differential equation $ A(x)\frac{d^{2}f(x)}{dx^{2}}+B(x)\frac{df(x)}{dx}=\frac{1}{3}\frac{1}{\sqrt{f(x)}}, $ where $ A(x)=\frac{x}{x+1} $ and $ B(x)=\frac{2x+1}{(x+1)^{2}} ...
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Wave equation for a string nonuniform (PDE)

I have tried to solve this exercise from Applied Partial Differential Equations-Richard Haberman , but I have been impossible these paragraphs. The displacement $u$ of a nonuniform string ...
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Existence and uniqueness of strong solution of stochastic differential equation.

I am currently going through the proof of the existence of a solution of the SDE \begin{align} dX_t = bdt + \sigma dB_t \end{align} where $B_t$ is a Brownian motion with respect to a filtration ...
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84 views

Applied differential equation regarding water clocks

We have a water clock, the shape defined by $r=f(h)$, and the time marks on this water clock are equally spaced. We have to find f(h), and graph $h$ as a function of $r$, assuming the hole through ...
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Writing ODE system with a complex variable

I'm looking at the system of ODEs: $$\begin{cases}\dot{x} = -y + kx + xy^2\\ \dot{y} = x + ky - x^2\end{cases}$$ I'm trying to introduce a complex variable $z = x+iy$ to write this as a single first ...
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Solution for an ODE given only at discrete points

The problem I have: For each $n \in \mathbb N$ I have $$\begin{align} x_0^n & \in \mathbb R \\ h_n & \in \mathbb R \\ x_k^n & = x_0^n + k \cdot h_n \text{ for } k \in \{0,1,\ldots n\} \\ ...
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Voltera equation

Consider the Voltera integral equation: $$ψ(x)=e^{-x}\cos(x)-\int_{0}^{x}e^{-(x-t)}\cos(x)ψ(t)dt$$ How can I solve this equation by converting it to a differential equation? The solution is ...
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A question about solving the nonlinear differential equation $\dot{x} = x(1-x)$

I am aware of the standard solution that makes use of partial fractions. However, I made the following manipulations, in order to be more rigorous with splitting up the differentials before ...
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Arnold ODE Problem

Problem 1 of Section 1.2.4 of Arnold's ODE book asks, "Can the integral curves of a smooth (continuously differentiable) equation $\frac{dx}{dt} = v(x)$ approach each other faster than exponentially ...
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54 views

Sources on Jacobi Elliptic Functions

I'm interested in learning more about the Jacobi Elliptic Functions and the associated theta functions. For instance, what was the initial motivation for defining them? What are some applications? Is ...
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Solution of inhomogenous ODE (4th order)

Hello stackexchangers, I have an inhomogenous ODE in 4th order. This ODE is the constitutive law to describe a material by using the "Wiechert model" (p. 15) which is given by $p_0\sigma + ...
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Kinematics of gravity in a non uniform field

I am a first year physics student. I am trying to figure out how to compute position in terms of time for an object falling through non uniform gravity towards the earth, and by extension towards any ...
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the exact graph of the general solution for $x'=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 1\\ 4& 1 \end{bmatrix}x$

i need someone to give me exact graph of the general solution for $$x'=\begin{bmatrix} 1 & 1\\ 4& 1 \end{bmatrix}x$$ i solved it manually , the general solution is like this ...
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Existence of Periodic Solution

I'm working with the system of equations below that represents a Pendulum with constant forcing. \begin{align*} \theta'&=v\\ v'&=-bv-\sin(\theta)+k \end{align*} Where $\theta$ gives the ...
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How to adapt the discrete-time to continuous, $(A) \Rightarrow (B)$?

in class was proved oseledets theorem for discrete time, following guidelines Ricardo Mañe book. Theorem discrete Oseledets (A) : Let $ M ^ n $ be a Riemannian manifold, $ f: M \rightarrow M $ be ...
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How can one derive Stokes lines of the Stokes phenomenon of asymptotics from a differential equation?

Is there a standard technique to calculate Stokes lines and anti-Stokes lines of the Stokes phenomenon of asymptotics for a function defined as the general solution to a differential equation without ...
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What allows us to break up $dy/dx$ in solving a separable differential equation?

Suppose you had a separable first order differential equation that can be written as $$ \frac{dy}{dx}=f(x,y)=g(x)h(y) $$ Rigourously, what allows us to rearrange this as $$ \frac{1}{h(y)}dy=g(x)dx? ...
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Second order DE question

I am looking for tips for this equation: $ 4xy''+y'+xy'+\frac{3}{2}y=0 $. I am solving with the substitution y=a(x)b(x), but it is getting messy..
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Finding the general solution to system of linear equations: $y' = 2y,y''=4y-y'$

Question: I want to find the general solution to the following system: $\begin{pmatrix} \dot{y}_1 \\ \dot{y}_2 \end{pmatrix} = \begin{pmatrix} 2&0\\4&-1 ...
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General Solution of DE?

I've got the following ODE, and I'm just having trouble coming up with the form of the general solution. I'm really trying to find the particular solution, but in order to do that, I need to know the ...
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Find a series solution to $(x^2-2)y''+6xy'+4y=0$.

Find a series solution to $(x^2-2)y''+6xy'+4y=0$. A. Find the recurrence relation to $a_n$: My answer is $a_{n+2}=a_n\cdot \frac{n+4}{2(n+2)}$ which is correct. B. Using A, write two independent ...
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Differential Equations: Say whether the equation has bounded solutions at $x = 0$

Its been forever since I've done Diff EQ and I can't remember how to go about solving this problem: Say whether the equation has bounded solutions at $x = 0$ and whether all solutions are bounded: $$ ...
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Existence theorem on weak solutions of ordinary differential equations

Consider an ordinary vector-valued differential equation of the form $$ \begin{align*} \dot y(t) &= f(t,y(t)), \\ y(0) &= y_0 \in \mathbb{R}^n. \end{align*} $$ It is well known that if $f$ is ...
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Exponential of a power of the differential operator

In relation to this question: Exponential of a polynomial of the differential operator Is there an expression for $\exp(aD^n)f(x)$ similar to $\exp(aD)f(x)=f(x+a)$?
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Solving a system of first order differential equations

So, I have (another) problem with differential equations (from an optimal control problem). I am trying to solve the following system of DEs (is this even a system?): $$ \lambda'(t) = r \lambda(t) + ...
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Let $\eta (x)=\int_0^\infty e^{at}\xi(\phi_t(x)) dt$ then $\eta$ is a $C^1$ function

Consider the following problem. Suppose that $a>0, r >0$ and $\xi:\mathbb R \to [o,\infty)$ is a $C^2$ which vanishes in the complement of the interval $(-r,r)$. Also suppose that ...
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What is the solution to the system $\frac{df_n}{dt} = kf_{n-1}-(k+l)f_n+lf_{n+1}$?

I'm trying to solve the system $$ \begin{matrix} & \frac{df_1}{dt} = kf_1+lf_2 \\ & \vdots \\ & \frac{df_n}{dt} = kf_{n-1}-(k+l)f_n+lf_{n+1} \\ & \vdots \\ & \frac{df_N}{dt} = ...
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Ordinary differential equation­

$$\dfrac{dy}{dx}-\dfrac{\tan y}{1+x}=(1+x)e^x\sin y$$ I tried $\sin y=t$ but failed. It seems to immune to methods I know of or I am just unable to make the right substitution... Wolfram alpha ...
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Non-Linear Ordinary Differential Equation in Fluid Dynamics

So while trying to model the physics of a rocket shot from the ground through the atmosphere, I came up with a second-order Non-Linear ODE of the form: $$ \ddot y + \dot y^2 e^y = f(t) $$ This is ...
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Solving 1D telegrapher's equation by reduction to two-dimensional wave equation

The solution $w : \mathbb R \times \mathbb R_{+} \to \mathbb R$ of the Cauchy problem for the telegrapher's equation $$ w_{tt} - c^2 w_{xx} + c^2 \lambda^2 w = 0 $$ with $$ w(x,0) = 0, \qquad ...
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Finding the exact solution of a differential equation

Let $y=f(x)$. Is it possible to find an exact solution of the following differential equation?: \begin{equation} \ddot y+2\dot y-5xy=e^{-2x}\nonumber \end{equation} Many thanks in advance, -- Cesar ...
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Let $Z=Z(x,y)$ be a solution of $\frac{\partial z}{\partial x}\frac{\partial z}{\partial y}$ = 1

Let $Z=Z(x,y)$ be a solution of $$\frac{\partial z}{∂x}\frac{\partial z}{\partial y} = 1$$ passing through $(0,0,0)$. Then $Z(0,1)$ is 0 1 2 4 By Charpit Method I get the ...
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Green's function the way George Green defined it

This is a curious question about the way George Green could have defined his Green's function. All the definitions I see have only Dirac-delta $\delta(x-x')$ function as their source on the RHS. But ...
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Door mechanism differential equation

I have been wondering about a door mechanism I have seen. It has a wire attached to the upper corner of the door and from there to the corresponding corner in the door frame, where a weight hangs from ...
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How do I solve this differential equation?

$y^{(7)}+4y^{(6)}+8y^{(5)}+9y^{(4)}+8y^{(3)}+8y^{(2)}+8y^{(1)}+4y=e^{-x} (5sinx-cosx) $ The characteristic equation $ \lambda ^7 +4\lambda ^6+8\lambda ^5+ 9\lambda ^4 +8\lambda ^3+8\lambda ...
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Lipschitz function in ODE

Let $f:\mathbb{R} \times \mathbb{R^n} \rightarrow \mathbb{R^n}$ lipschitz function. Show given that $(t_0,x_0)\in \mathbb{R} \times \mathbb{R^n} $ there exists a unique solution: $$x' = f(t,x)$$ ...
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Fundamental Solution of a Nonlinear ODE (using Riccati Transformation & Wronskian)

I am given the differential equation: \begin{equation*} y^{\prime}(t) = y(t)^{2} + 2\sin(t)\cos(t) - \sin^{4}(t) \end{equation*} and one solution $y_{1}(t) = \sin^{2}(t)$. I wish to find a second ...
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Cauchy-Euler Equation of order $n$

What I wish to prove is that for a Cauchy-Euler equation of order $n$, the substitution $x=e^{t}$ transforms it into a linear differential equation with constant coefficients. To put it as a theorem: ...
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Differential Equation has a unique solution periodic

Let $A(t)$ continuous and periodic of period $S$ in $\mathbb{R}$. Suppose $x' = Ax$ has $\varphi \equiv 0$ as the only periodic solution of period $S$. Show that there exists $\delta> 0$ such that ...
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Invertible e converges series.

If T is a linear transformation on $R^n$ with $||T - I||<1$, prove that $T$ is invertible and that the series $\sum_{k=0}^\infty(I-T)^k$ converges absolutely to $T^{-1}.$ (Use the geometric series) ...
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118 views

WKB and asymptotic behavior of second order differential equation

I want to study the large $x$ solution to a Riccati equation. After listening to the lectures on Mathematical Physics by Carl Bender, I have fallen in love with asymptotic analysis. But, by no means ...