1
vote
0answers
18 views

Laplace transform of Differential Equation with a piecewise function

Hi I have this question and I am horribly stuck at one part and I cant seem to figure out if i did something wrong so any advice or help would be greatly apprecaited. Here is the question: ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

Dirac Delta Function, Initial Value Problem

Hi I finished this IVP but I cant seem to get the right answer can someone give me some advice as to where I went wrong and point me in the right direction as to how to fix it. Here is the problem and ...
-1
votes
0answers
20 views

Laplace Transform and differential equation

Question is d^2y/dt^2+3dy/dt+2y=u(t-1), where y(0)=0 and y'(0)=1 This is my working, is it correct? (For my 1st part of the answer)
5
votes
1answer
52 views

Laplace transformation $y''+2y'+2y=3\sin x+\cos x$

Given$$y''+2y'+2y=3\sin x+\cos x$$ Transform to image region $$Y(s)(s^2+2s+2)=\frac{3}{s^2+1}+\frac{s}{s^2+1}-s-2$$ $$Y(s)((s^2+2s+1)+1)=\frac{3}{s^2+1}+\frac{s}{s^2+1}-s-2$$ ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Laplace transform of a differential equation

Given the Laplace transform \begin{align} \mathcal{L}\{g(r)\} = f(t) = \int_{0}^{\infty} e^{-tr} g(r) \ dr \end{align} can it be shown that the transform of the differential equation \begin{align} ...
1
vote
3answers
59 views

Solving an ODE using Laplace Transforms

$$y′′′′ + 2y′′ + y = \sin x$$ $$y(0) = y′(0) = y′′(0) = y′′′(0)= 0$$ After solving I got $y(s)=\dfrac1{(s^2 + 1)^3}$ for which I am unable to find the inverse Laplace transform. Please let me know ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

How to compute transfer function from Laplace Transform

My system of interest has the following EOM (V is my input variable): $\ddot{x} = g - k_{1}V(t) + \dot{x}k_2$ Taking the Laplace with initial conditions of zero, I get: $s^2X(s) = \frac{g}{s} - ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Laplace transform of $\sin(x)$

I am confused with Laplace transform of $\sin(\theta)$. For example, what is the LT of $A \sin(x(t))=Bx''(t)$ ($x$ is second order), $A,B$ are constants.
0
votes
0answers
45 views

solving differential equations with function coefficients using Laplace Transform

Does there exits a method to solve an $n$-th order liner differential equation with "function coefficients" using Laplace transform. It is well known that the identity $$L\left\{ {{t^n}f\left( t ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Solving and graphing an IVP involing unit step function

Im trying to solve this ODE and find a simplified expression for $x(t)$. $$\ddot x+4x=-2\sum_{n=1}^{4} e^{in\pi}u(t-n\pi);\space x(0)=0=\dot x(0),i=\sqrt{-1}$$ First i found the the laplace ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

deriving second order transfer function from spring mass damper system..

I am having a hard time understanding how a differential equation based on a spring mass damper system $$ m\ddot{x} + b\dot{x} + kx = 0$$ can be described as an second order transfer function for an ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Unit Step Function

Question: What is $\mathcal{L}\{u(t-1)u(t-2)\}$? My calculations $e^{-2}s \mathcal{L}\{u(t+2)-1\}$ $e^{-2}s \mathcal{L}\{t+1\}$ $e^{-2}s (s^{-2}+\frac{1}{2})$ I'm confused, I gotten the wrong ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Laplace transform of unit step function

Im given a graph of $f(t)$ and i need to find the Laplace transform of $f(t)$. From looking at the graph i have $$f(t) = \begin{cases} t, & \text{$0 \le t \le 1 $} \\ 0, & \text{$1 \lt t \lt ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Laplace Trouble to find solution

Trying to figure out how to use Laplace Transform to find $y(t)$: The problem is $$y''+4y'+4y=f(t)$$ where $f(t) = \cos(\omega t)$ if $0 < t < \pi$ and $f(t)=0$ if $t > \pi$? Initial ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Laplace transform of initial value problem, stuck on partial fractions.

The problem im given is: Use Laplace transforms to solve the initial value problem. $$\ddot x +x=\sin(2t)$$ $$x(0)=0=\dot x(0)$$ I first do the following Laplace transforms: $$\mathcal{L}\{\ ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Using Laplace Transform to solve a 3 by 3 system of differential equations

I have been trying to solve this system of equations using Laplace transforms for a while. It is very easy to solve it using eigenvalues and eigenvectors, but when I tried to do it using Laplace I ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Differential Question about Laplace/Delta/Convolution

I need help understanding a part of this question. Let $a.) y''+4y = \delta (x)$, $y(0)=y'(0)=0$. and $b.) y'' + 4y = f(x)$, $y(0)=y'(0)=0$ where $f(x)$ is some continuous function of finite ...
1
vote
2answers
60 views

Solving a differential equation using the laplace transform involving convolution

The problem is the following The thing that puzzles me here is the integral on the right hand side, so: How to take the laplace transform on the right hand side? Any help to get me going would be ...
1
vote
2answers
35 views

integro-differential equation with application in quantum mechanics

I am trying to solve for the time dynamics for a simple quantum system (two-site system with sinusoidal coupling and a decay parameter on one site) and the math is looking not so simple. Here is the ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Solving a differential equation using Laplace transform

The problem has two parts: 1. Solve the initial value problem: $$ y''+y=\sum_{j=0}^\infty \delta_{2j\pi}(t) $$ with the initial conditions: $y(0)=y'(0)=0$ 2.Show that if $2n\pi<t<2(n+1)\pi$ ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Laplace Transform Piecewise Function

I've never seen these types of bounds on a piecewise function of a Laplace transform before, can someone help explain how to solve this problem, particularly the Laplace transform of g(t)? Thanks in ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

What Laplace transformation is used for this?

I cannot see the transition here. I was unable to find what Laplace transformation was used here.
1
vote
1answer
47 views

laplace transform of a sine function

I'm a little confused about how to find Laplace transforms of a sine function when it is a function of time. As in, suppose the function is $x(t)=\sin(at)$ , then I can proceed to get ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

Laplace transform with initial value problem $y''+4y=12\sin(2t)$.

Using Laplace transforms solve the initial value problem. $$y''+4y = 12\text{sin}(2t); \qquad\qquad y(\pi)=-3, \quad y'(\pi)=-3$$ I have begun with writing: $\mathcal{L} (y'') = s^2y(s) -s y(\pi) ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Laplace transform of piecewise continuous function

$$f(t) =\begin{cases}t^2 & 0 \le t < 3,\\ 9& t \ge 3\end{cases}$$ Show that $f$ is of exponential order. Express $f$ in terms of the unit step function. Find Laplace transform of ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Laplace transform of convolution with no function of t

Instructions: Evaluate the given Laplace transform. Do not evaluate the integral before transforming. Problem Given: $\mathscr{L}\{\int_0^t e^{-\tau} cos\tau d\tau \}$ My Problem: To treat this as ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Proof that laplace's equation is rotationally invariant using chain rule

Suppose $(x, y)$ and $(p, q)$ are coordinates in the plane related by rotation around a fixed point $(a, b)$, as follows: $$\begin{bmatrix} p\\ q\end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} \cos(t) & -\sin(t) ...
3
votes
2answers
137 views

$y''+2y'+5y=0$, initial value problem with Laplace transform?

here is the question: $$ {\rm y}''\left(t\right) + 2\,{\rm y}'\left(t\right) + 5\,{\rm y}\left(t\right) = 0; \qquad\qquad {\rm y}\left(0\right) = 2\,,\quad {\rm y}'\left(0\right) = -1. $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Find Laplace Transform of the following function

How do I find the Laplace transform for the function: $f(t)=t, 0 \leq t \leq 1$ and $2-t, t \geq 1$ I tried looking up the process online, but it remains unclear to me. Thanks in advance!
0
votes
0answers
35 views

s-plane and fourier transform, together in 3d space.

I dont understand how can varying the real part in the s-plane make the amplitude in the fourier plane go to infinity. Lets say the pole is at -3 + -j for example.. Then the laplace transform is the ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

Laplace Transform of tsin(at) using only the definition

Hello I' am stuck on how to get the final result of the laplace transform of $f(t)=tsin(at)$using (a is a constant) only the definition of $$\int_0^{\infty}f(t)e^{-st}dt$$, I know $sin(at)= {1 \over ...
1
vote
2answers
130 views

Solve second order differential equation with Heaviside function using Laplace transform

The equation is: $$y'' + 3y = u_4(t)\cos(5(t-4)), \quad y(0) = 0, \quad y'(0) = -2$$ Here $u_4$ is the Heaviside function with activation switch at $t=4$. I can get all the way to the partial ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Take the Laplace Transform

Take the Laplace transform of $$ \int_{0}^{t}x^2(x-t)^4 \cos(x)dx .$$ I'm not quite sure where to start...
1
vote
2answers
25 views

Laplace transform using the definition

Find the Laplace of the given function using the definition $$f(t)=tsin(t)$$ I know what the answer is according to a sheet that I have of common transforms but I am not 100% on how to get there ...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

Laplace Transform of an integral

Find the Laplace transform of $$f(t)=t\int_0^{t} \tau e^{-\tau}$$ $L(f)(s)$= ?? My thought is that I can change the $\tau$ to $t$ by Transforming the integral to get $$t/s*L[t*e^{-t}]$$ But ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Laplace transform of integral equation

Use Laplace transforms to solve the integral equation $$y(t)-\frac{1}{2}\int_0^ty(t-v)~dv=1$$ First find the Laplace transform $Y(s)$ of $y(t)$
1
vote
2answers
31 views

Find the solution of the IVP using Laplace transforms

The equation is as such: $y''+y=t\sin t$; $y(0)=1, y'(0)=2$ I took the Laplace transform of both sides to yield $F(S)(s^{2}+1)-(s+2)=\frac{-2s}{(s^{2}+1)^{2}}$, and then ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Help with basic Laplace Transform - unsure of procedure!!!

I am working on this Laplace Transform, and I've tried looking for a similar example off which to base my own work, but haven't been very successful. I'm confused by the formatting and don't know how ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

properties of laplace transform

Obtain the transfer function for the following differential equation and check whether the input free solution is stable or not, $$\frac{dx}{dt} + 3x = f(t)$$ Please help, I don't even know where to ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Solving $y'-y=2\cos 5t$ using the Laplace Transform

Find the solution to the differential equation, using the Laplace Transform. $y'-y=2\cos 5t$, with initial condition $y(0)=0$. My attempt: First I take the Laplace Transform of each term. ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

How can we take the LaPlace of a function raised to the power?

For example: $\mathcal{L}$((t-1)^1) Following simple linearity, we achieve the answer. However, following the power of theorem: (I'm not proficient enough in LaTex to write this...) I get the wrong ...
2
votes
2answers
32 views

How can we take the LaPlace transform of a piecewise function?

How can we take the LaPlace transform of a function, given piece-wise function notation? For example, $f(t)=\begin{cases} 0 &\mbox{for } 0<t<2\\ t&\mbox{ for } 2<t \end{cases}$ ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

How to find the transfer function from the given differential equation

Question: find transfer function from differential eqn $y''(t)+2y'(t)+5=4x(t)$ I am confused about what happens to constant $5$ . will it be zero when we take laplace of whole eqn or not? Can ...
0
votes
2answers
121 views

Unit impulse / step response of a 1st order differential equation

You are given the equation $10v'(t) + 0.6 v(t) = f(t)$ $v(t)$ is the velocity of the object Determine the unit impulse response AND the unit step response. How would i approach this question? do i ...
3
votes
0answers
75 views

Zeros/poles at Laplace and at Fourier Transform

I recently started "relearning" the Laplace transform, and I noticed something. It seems to me that the intuitive idea of poles and zeros is different between these two transforms! For example, in ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Coupled mass spring system with damping and initial values

After researching through the web, I can't figure out how to express into a differential equation a coupled mass spring system with damping and initial values. Two masses and two springs, no external ...
0
votes
3answers
88 views

Coupled mass spring system with damping, I need help with the equation

I know that the equation $mx''+cx'+kx=f(t)$ is used for a normal mass spring system, but I don't know how to express the differential equation for a coupled mass spring system with damping. These are ...
2
votes
0answers
97 views

Laplace Transform of the Wave Equation

I am given a damped wave equation $u_{tt}(t,x)+2u_t(t,x)=u_{xx}(t,x); \forall t>0$ Now I know the laplace transform of this given the initial conditions, $u(0,x)=\sin x, u_t(0,x)=0;$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Figuring out impulse response

I need a little help with figuring out this problem. I understand most of it but the main part I don't understand is: The signal $h''(t)+2*h'(t)+2*h(t)$ is of finite duration. In the problem we are ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

What is the solution of this differential equation? / How to solve it?

I have the following problem : $$m\ddot{x} + c\dot{x} + kx = f_f\delta(t-t_0) + f_c \sin(\omega t) + f_h \theta (2t_0-t)$$ where $x(t)$ is a function of time, $t>0$ and $t_0>0$ and where ...