0
votes
1answer
17 views

About a Property of maximal solutions of separable ODE's $y'=g(x)h(y)$ for locally Lipschitz $h : U\to\mathbb R$, $U$ open

Theorem: Let $\varphi : (a,b) \to \mathbb R$ be a maximal solution of the IVP $$ y'(x) = g(x) \cdot h(y(x)), \quad y(x_0) = y_0 \quad (1) $$ with continuous functions $g : I \to \mathbb R$ and $h : U ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Question on a derivation regarding the non-linear ODE $x'' = -U'(x)$, $U$ potential

Let $U$ be a potential function, and consider the IVP $$ (*) \quad x'' = -U'(x), \qquad x(t_0) = x_0, \quad x'(t_0) = v_0. $$ We suppose the following: (V) Let $x_0, v_0$ be initial values and let ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Green's function to operator

I would like to understand how one can show that the Green's function in this table is a Green's function to the D'Alembert operator? I refer to the wikipedia page about Green's function
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Function satisfies differential equation.

Given the D'Alembert operator D'Alembertian $\Box$, I want to show that $$ G(x,t,x_0,t_0):= \frac{\delta \left(t_0 + \frac{||x-x_0||}{c} -t \right)}{||x-x_0||} $$ satisfies $$ \Box G(x,t,x_0,t_0) = ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Constant solutions of separable ODE

Consider the IWP $$ y'(x) = g(x) \cdot h(y(x)), \quad y(x_0) = y_0 $$ for continuous functions $g : I \to \mathbb R$ and $h : U \to \mathbb R$ on open intervals $I, U$ with $(x_0, y_0) \in I\times ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Linearizing systems about critical points.

$$\def\q{\begin{pmatrix}}\def\p{\end{pmatrix}}\def\l{\lambda}\def\f{\frac{\sqrt{11}}{2}}$$ Find all the critical points of the following systems and derive the linearised system about each ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Transforming ODEs into exact equations.

I want some examples of ODEs that can only be solved by transforming them into exact equations. They shouldn't be solvable with; Direct integration, separation of variables, manipulating a reverse ...
0
votes
5answers
88 views

Assumptions in Word Problems (Calculus)

I just had a small question about assumptions in mathematical word problems. Suppose you are given a calculus problem (related-rates), "A spherical balloon is inflated with gas at the rate of 800 ...
3
votes
1answer
27 views

Solution of differential equations with discontinuity

Suppose that we have scalar differential equation \begin{equation} \dot{x}(t)=u(t) \end{equation} Here $u(t)$ is a piecewise constant function with discontinuity. If the points of discontinuity is ...
4
votes
3answers
116 views

Solution of $\frac{d^2y}{dx^2} - \frac{H(x) y}{b} = H(-x)$

Does the equation $$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2} - \frac{H(x)}{b} y = c H(x)$$ have a solution where $H(x)$ is the Heaviside step function and $b$ and $c$ are constant? Update: What about the second step ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

ODE $d^2y/dx^2 + y/a^2 = u(x)$

Does the following ODE: $$d^2y/dx^2 + y/a^2 = u(x)$$ have a solution? where $u(x)$ is the step function and a is constant.
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Integration of nonlinear and linear ODEs

\begin{equation} \frac{dc_1}{d\tau}= \alpha I(1-c_{0}) + c_{1} (-K_{F} - K_{D}-K_{N} s_{0}-K_{P}(1-q_{0}))+ c_{0}(-K_{N} s_{1}+K_{P}q_{1}), \nonumber \end{equation} \begin{equation} ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

ODE Initial value problem formualtion

If I have the following ODE initial value problem, $$\begin{align} y'(t) &= f(t), \quad t>0, \\ y(0) &= y_0. \end{align}$$ Then I was taught that a solution to the problem is given by ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Existence of solution of ordinary differential equation

I am reading a proof of the existence of solutions for ordinary differential equations and I have some basic doubt. I'll copy the statement, the part of the proof I don't understand and my question: ...
4
votes
2answers
137 views

Solve nonlinear differential equation

Could you help me solve or give me some advice about following differential equation $$ 2(y')^2 + 3xy'y'' + 3yy'' = 0 $$
0
votes
2answers
41 views

Show Uniqueness of Solution for Boundary Value Problem

Let $G \subseteq R^n$ be a simple, connected and bounded region with smooth boundary and let $f : \overline G \to \mathbb R$, $g : \partial G \to \mathbb R$ be continuous. Show that the following ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Show that Fourier series arising in solution of differential eqn. converges uniformly

Let $f \in L_2(0,\pi)$ have the Fourier expansion $f(x) = \sum_{n=2}^{\infty} f_n\sin(nx)$. Compute (formally) the boundardy value problem $$ u''(x) + u(x) = f(x) \qquad \mbox{ for } 0 < x < ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Prove two solutions of differential equation are the same

In a recent work I had to solve the following differential equation: $$ r x''(r)+r x'(r)^2+x'(r)-\frac{4}{r}=0~~. $$ To do so I used two methods and I got, using each, two solutions with different ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

existence and uniqueness of volterra integral equation of the first kind

$$ \int_0^t k(s,t)f(s)ds=g(t) $$ To know the existence and uniquness of solution of volterra integral equation(VIE) of the first kind, we differentiate it and convert to the VIE of the second kind. ...
9
votes
4answers
163 views

Solution to $y(x) + y'(x) + y''(x) + y'''(x) + \cdots = 0$

Is there a non-trivial solution to the following differential equation? $$y(x) + y'(x) + y''(x) + y'''(x) + \cdots= 0$$ That is, is there a smooth function $y : \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ such that ...
2
votes
3answers
119 views

How to reduce this to Sturm-Liouville form?

I have the ODE $$-(1-x^2) \frac{d^2 f(x)}{dx^2} + x \frac{df(x)}{dx}+g(x)f(x)=\lambda f(x)$$ and I want to reduce it to Sturm-liouville form. The problem is that we don't have $2x$ but just $x$. ...
9
votes
3answers
513 views

Eigenvalue problem for ODE with singular coefficients, $-(1-x^2) y'' + py'+qy=\lambda y$

(I did not change anything, I just rewrote the ODE in a simpler form): I started with an ODE (first ODE) : $-(1-x^2)y''(x) +x y'(x) - \left( \alpha x + \gamma x^2 \right) y(x) = \lambda y(x),$ ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Question related to vector space of solutions of a differential equations system.

I have some doubts regarding the proof of the statement: The set of solutions of the system $$X'=A(t)X$$ where $A(t):I \subset \mathbb R \to \mathbb R^{n \times n}$ is continuous, forms an ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Show solvability of ODE without explicitly calculating solution

Show that $$ u + u^{(4)} - u^{(2)} = f $$ has a solution $u \in H^4(\mathbb R)$ (without explicitly calculuting it) for every $f \in L^2(\mathbb R)$! What criteria for solvability for such ODE's ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Initial value problem with intermediate value

The Picard Lindelöf theorem I know always assumes that we specify the value at the left end of the time-interval Picard Lindelöf. Is it true that $x'(t) = f(x(t))$ has a unique solution, in an open ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Lienard Theorem

I have a problem with asking me to prove that equation $x''-(x')^2-(1-x^2)=0$ has periodic solution by Lienard theorem but, I can think of no change variables to take the form of an equation Lienard. ...
0
votes
3answers
164 views

Is speed a function of position?

Let $x$ be a smooth function from $[0,\infty)$ to $\mathbb{R}^n$ satisfying the following differential equation $x''(t) = f(x(t))$, where $f$ is a smooth function from $\mathbb{R}^n$ to itself. Then ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Explicit solution of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation

Consider the linear Schrödinger equation, $$ (LS) \begin{cases} \partial_{t}u= i\Delta u, t\in \mathbb R,\\ u(x,0)=u_{0}(x), \end{cases} $$ $x\in \mathbb R^{n}.$ Taking the Fourier transform with ...
2
votes
2answers
29 views

mean value property of derivatives in high dimensions

Let $E$ be a path-connected subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $f$ a differentiable function on $E$. Prove or disprove: for any $x,y\in E$, there exists $z\in E$ such that $f(x)-f(y)=\nabla f(z)\cdot ...
3
votes
0answers
81 views

Solving 1D telegrapher's equation by reduction to two-dimensional wave equation

The solution $w : \mathbb R \times \mathbb R_{+} \to \mathbb R$ of the Cauchy problem for the telegrapher's equation $$ w_{tt} - c^2 w_{xx} + c^2 \lambda^2 w = 0 $$ with $$ w(x,0) = 0, \qquad ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

Solving the ODE $[(1-x^2)\frac{\partial}{\partial x} - \lambda]f = [\frac{\partial}{\partial x} - \frac{\lambda}{a}]g$

I want to solve $f(x)$ in terms of $g(x)$ in the following ODE $$\left[(1-x^2)\frac{\partial}{\partial x} - \lambda\right]f(x) = \left[\frac{\partial}{\partial x} - \frac{\lambda}{a}\right]g(x),$$ ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Green function of Sturm liouville problem

How to find the Green function of the following problem: $$\begin{cases}-(p(t)u')'+q(t)u=f(t,u), t>0\\u(0)=u(+\infty)=0\end{cases}$$ where $\displaystyle\frac{1}{p},\frac{1}{q}\in ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

General solution of ODE

please what is the general solution of $$-(p(t)u')'+q(t)u=0$$ where $\displaystyle\frac{1}{p},\frac{1}{q}\in L^1((0,+\infty))$ Thank you
5
votes
0answers
95 views

Solve PDE by getting two ODEs

My goal is to solve this PDE for $f:[-1,1] \times \mathbb{R}_{\ge 0}\rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ $$ \partial_t f(x,t) = -\partial_x^2 f(x,t) + g(t)V(x)f(x,t).$$ I would consider this PDE to be solved if ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

$\gamma(t)$ is not asymptotically stable unless $\int_0^T \nabla \cdot f(\gamma(t))dt \leq 0$

Let $f \in C^1(E)$ where E is an open subset of $\mathbb{R^n}$ containing a periodic orbit $\gamma(t)$ of $x'=f(x)$ of period $T$. Then $\gamma(t)$ is not asymptotically stable unless $$\int_0^T ...
2
votes
3answers
60 views

2D Heat Equation with special initial condition

I want to solve the 2 dimensional heat equation on a square $\Omega = \{ (x,y) : 0 < x < \pi, 0 < y < 2\pi \}$ with the Fourier Method \begin{align*} \partial_t u - \Delta u & = 0 ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Solving $u_{\xi\eta} = 0$ and differentiability conditions on solutions

After transformation someone often encounters the PDE $$ u_{\xi\eta} = 0 $$ but I am quite confused about the differentiability conditions of its solution (for example in this post I read different ...
2
votes
3answers
135 views

Computing the spherical mean and showing it satisfies PDE

Compute the spherical mean of the function $h : \mathbb R^3 \to \mathbb R$ with $$ h(x,y,z) = x $$ and show that it satisfies the differential equation $$ u_{rr} + \frac{2}{r} u_r = u_{xx} + u_{yy} ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

Uniqueness of solutions to ODEs for functions of complex domain

Given the ivp $$ \tag{1} \frac{df}{dz}=F(z,f), \hspace{1cm} f(z_0)=f_0 \hspace{1.5cm} f:\Bbb{C}\rightarrow\Bbb{C} $$ where $f$ and $F$ are complex valued and analytic, then does it folow that $(1)$ ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Linear homogeneous ODE system of first order

Good afternoon. I recently encountered the following problem to which I couldn't find a solution anywhere so far: Given $A:D\to\mathbb C^{2\times 2}$, $D\subset\mathbb C$ open, with holomorphic ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

What is the difference between 1-dim.harmonic oscillator and 2-dim. harmonic oscillator?

I ask myself what exactly is meant with "2-dimensional harmonic oscillator". I only know the situation of a bob hanging on a bar... is that 1-dimensional or 2-dimensional?
1
vote
0answers
72 views

ODE with constraints

Given the ODE system $$\dot{x} = y \\ \dot{y} = \frac{1}{\alpha} (z - y)$$ where $\alpha > 0$ is a constant. How can I find a bound for $z$ depending on $x$ such that $\forall t ~x(t) \geq 0$ under ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

differential inequality of continuous functions

Let $u:[0,+\infty)\to (0,+\infty)$ be a continuous function such that $\int_0^\infty u(x)dx<\infty$. Suppose there exist $a,b>0$ such that $\frac{du}{dx}\leq u(a+bu)$. Prove that ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Euler's Numerical Method

Let $\eta(x;h)$ be the approximate solution furnished by Euler's method for the initial-value problem $y'=y, y(0)=1$. I proved that: $i) \eta(x;h)=(1+h)^{x/h}$; $ii) \eta(x;h)$ has the expansion ...
3
votes
2answers
84 views

Solving the differential equation $x^3y''+2x^2y-6xy = 0$

First question on here, so I hope I'm doing this right. I've been reading up on differential equations lately and have now stumbled upon one that I have no idea how to solve. $x^3y''+2x^2y-6xy = 0$ ...
5
votes
1answer
317 views

Generalized Legendre differential equation

In an application I encountered the ODE $$ \left( x^2-1 \right) \frac {{\rm d}^{2}}{{\rm d} x^2} f ( x ) +x \left( \frac {\rm d}{{\rm d}x} f (x) \right) ( 8x^2-7 ) -4 (C+1) f( x ) =0. $$ which is ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Motivation and Derivation of the Riccati Equation Transformation

Given a Riccati Equation which is differential equation of the form: $$ \frac{dy}{dx} = a_0 (x) + a_1 (x)y + a_2 (x)y^2 $$ It is well known that the transformation: $$ y = -\frac{1}{a_2(x)} ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Is $ \gamma(t) = \left( A \cos(\sqrt{a} t),B \cos \! \left( \sqrt{b} t \right) \right) $ dense in the rectangle $ [- A,A] \times [- B,B] $?

What conditions must $ a $ and $ b $ satisfy in order for the curve $$ \gamma(t) = \left( A \cos(\sqrt{a} t),B \cos \! \left( \sqrt{b} t \right) \right) $$ to be dense in the rectangle $ [- A,A] ...
7
votes
3answers
113 views

Integral formulation for the solution of $xy'' + y' = y$

Let's say that $y$ satisfies the following ODE: $$xy'' + y' = y$$ I want to formulate $y$ as a contour integral. I know that the final result I should get is: $$y(x)=\frac{1}{2i\pi} ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

A question about extending solutions of an ODE

Suppose I have two functions $f_1(x)$ and $f_2(x)$, which are related by the differential equation: $$\cos(x)f_1'(x)=−\sin(x)f_2'(x)$$ I would like to find a solution over $x\in[\frac\pi6,\pi]$ such ...