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8
votes
1answer
213 views

Prerequisites for Differential Galois theory

I would like to know the prerequisites for Differential Galois theory. I have taken Rings, Fields, Groups, Galois theory, and Algebraic Geometry + Commutative Algebra. Looking at the wikipedia page, ...
7
votes
0answers
163 views

Why differential Galois theory is not widely used?

E.R.Kolchin has developed the differential Galois theory in 1950s. And it seems powerful a tool which can decide the solvability and the form of solutions to a given differential equation. My ...
4
votes
0answers
216 views

chain rule for derivations

Off we go. So let $b:X\rightarrow Y$ be a function from $X$ to $Y$ endowed with as much structure as it needs to make sense of the question :) and $a:Y\rightarrow \mathbb R$ a function into the reals. ...
4
votes
0answers
43 views

If $D:A\to A$ is a derivation, what can be said about the range of $D$?

What can be said about the relation between the domain and range of a derivation as a function? If $A$ is the domain, any space of functions, what does $D(A)$ look like, where $D$ is a derivation? ...
3
votes
0answers
27 views

The spectral transfinite open spaces with quintic characteristics of second kind

Context: Beginning with the formal definition of transfinite spaces together with the Picker-Hansel theorem, we obviously get a relation $$ \bigcap\xi_{|\sigma|\mapsto \theta^*} \oplus_\psi ...
2
votes
0answers
154 views

What are all types of elementary second order ordinary differential equation that can not be expressed in closed form?

Can we define all types of elementary second order ordinary differential equation that can not be expressed in closed form as opposed to the one that we can solve? In differential algebra, ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Differentiating both sides of a DE

In general if you have a differential equation with two variables such that: $$L(x,y)=h_1[f(x),f'(x),f^{(2)}(x),...,f^{(n)}(x),g(y),g'(y),g^{(2)}(y),...,g^{(n)}(y)]\\ ...
1
vote
0answers
90 views

May the integral $\int\root 3 \of{\cos(x)^2}\,dx$ be expressible by elementary functions?

I would like to decide by methods of differential algebra whether the integral $\int\root 3 \of{\cos(x)^2}\,dx$ might be contrary to the output of CAS Mathematica Online Integrator expressible by ...
1
vote
0answers
75 views

Algebras vs. rings in algebraic differential calculus

Vector fields (and differential operators of higher order) on a real manifold are often defined in terms of $\mathbb{R}$-algebra $C^\infty(M)$. However, it is not clear to me why is the ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Finite extension of a closed differential field is closed.

Let G be the differential Galois group of a differential field extension M of K. Then any finite dimensional extension of a closed intermediate differential field is closed. I can not realise this ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Do these “algebraically well behaved” Function Spaces, exist?

Do there exist any Sets of Functions which are some combination of: Algebraically Closed: In the sense of Algebraic Functions. Differentially Closed: In the sense of Differentially Closed Fields. ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

How we transform our differential algebraic equations (DAEs) to ordinary differential equations (ODEs)?

Higher index DAEs are difficult, we need to transform it to ODEs to make it easier to solve. My question is how do we transform DAEs to ODEs? I hope somebody can help me, thanks in advance and have a ...