For questions on dice, a small throwable object with multiple resting positions, used for generating random numbers. This makes dice suitable as gambling devices for games like craps, or for use in non-gambling tabletop games.

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Probability of winning blackjack dice game?

I know a little bit about probability but I am not sure how to calculate this: In a dice game of blackjack, there are two parties. The player and the dealer. The aim of this game is to get as ...
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2answers
262 views

Probability In Multi-Throw Dice Game

I am having some trouble coming up with a probability table for a game that I wrote. The game uses 6 dice. The player can throw the dice multiple times, but must retain at least 1 on each throw. In ...
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2answers
252 views

dice roll of 20

what formula would be correct to find the odds of rolling 2 dice "X" number of times without a seven showing. There are 36 combinations when rolling 2 dice with six sides. Im wondering how often one ...
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2answers
97 views

Expected value problem on dice reroll

The question is here: Roll N* 3-sided dice(0,0,1), roll them twice and choose a better result, what is the expected value? If possible I would also like an answer for dice {0,1,2} or {1,2,3} if ...
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2answers
81 views

Probabilities of Dice Pools

Given 5 fair, 6-sided dice, calculate the probability of an equal or greater number of dice showing 1 appearing than the number of dice showing 4,5, and 6 combined. For example: if 5 dice are rolled ...
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2answers
89 views

A tough dice probability conundrum

There are 2 fair die. You randomly roll them at the same time. To win is to have the sum of the die or some combination of the sum or the value of each die cover the numbers 1-9 inclusive. You can ...
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2answers
74 views

Chevalier de Méré's Problem Type Question

Is the following argument correct: A double six in a single turn in game B is 1/6 as likely as rolling a six in one turn in game A. But there are 6 times as many turns in game B as game A. Thus the ...
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2answers
119 views

Expected value and variance of max{x, y}

I've run into this problem while playing a game called Europa Universalis 4. I've done similar maths before in my studies so I'm pretty sure this should have an easy answer but I can't for the life of ...
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2answers
29 views

clarify basic probability question

You have a loaded die. $A =$ even numbers $B =$ odd numbers $P(A)=3/4$ $P(B)=1/4$ $P(\{1\})=1/12$ $P(\{2\})=1/4$ How was $P(\{1\})$ and $P(\{2\})$ calculated? Is it beacuse there are 3 odds ...
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42 views

Probability of 3 dices

Been looking through past exam papers and came across this question: Three fair dices are rolled. The probability that all three dices show 5 is 1/216. Is this true?
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37 views

When the game is fair

One player throws dice twice. If he has 2 x 6 on the dice he is receving 8*a. If he has one 6 he will collect 4*a. Otherwise (when he has no 6 at all) he is paying a. For which value of a game is ...
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224 views

Dice sum probability range

If you roll one 6 sided die 1000 times, what is probability that sum of fallen numbers will be between 3400 and 3550 ?
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1answer
49 views

Rolling a certain total with a dice

Suppose you roll a $k$-sided die repeatedly, totaling your scores as you go, until you reach or surpass $n$. (For a real-world usage ... if you have a non-looping game board and only move forward, ...
4
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1answer
95 views

Expected outcome for repeated dice rolls with dice fixing

Here is another dice roll question. The rules You start with n dice, and roll all of them. You select one or more dice and fix them, i.e. their value will not ...
4
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1answer
175 views

What is the probability of rolling a 1 on the Catenative Doomsday Dice Cascader?

As seen here. Assume that each cascader bubble begins with a d6, as opposed to being determined by the prime bubble along with the number of cascader bubbles; the scene makes it ambiguous. ...
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1answer
224 views

Best strategy for rolling 20-sided and 10-sided dices

There are a 20-sided (face value of 1-20) dice and a 10-sided (face value of 1-10) dice. A and B respectively roll the 20 and 10-sided dices. Both of them can roll the dice twice. They may choose ...
3
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1answer
121 views

Dice probability of a winning more than $X\%$ of the time over $Y$ Throws

I have a die with three possible outcomes. The three outcomes are win (+1), draw (0) and lose (-1). $P(w) + P(d) + P(l) = 1$. (1) If I throw the die Y times, what is the probability I will win $X$ ...
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1answer
2k views

Roll 5 dice and find the probability that at least 3 dice are 4

My approach is find P that exactly 3 dice are 4 + exactly 4 dice are 4 + exactly 5 dice are 4. $(5C_3 * (1/6)^3 * (5/6)^2) + (5C_4 * (1/6)^4 * (5/6)^1) + (5C_5 * (1/6)^5)$ = 276/6^5 Is my ...
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1answer
25 views

Approximation of distributions with dice

I want to know what dice to roll to get a given probability distribution(mainly normal distributions but exponential distribution would also be helpful). I want a function $f$ so that ...
1
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1answer
32 views

Optimal strategy in the following game:

In this game, 12 hidden D6s are rolled and summed. The player is given the total of the rolled dice. The player will then guess a number from 1 to 6. If there is a unrevealed dice with that number, ...
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1answer
26 views

Finding an $f(x,y,n)$ such that $round[f(x,y,n)] = \lfloor\frac xn \rfloor + \lfloor\frac yn \rfloor$

Problem: I have an equation: $$\left\lfloor\frac xn\right\rfloor + \left\lfloor\frac yn\right\rfloor$$ I need to find an equation that does NOT use the floor function, but will take those same two ...
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1answer
37 views

Probability of hitting a certain sum with dices

Using $5$ $6$-faced dices, what's the probability of hitting a cumulative sum $S$, on a particular roll (each roll incorporates all $5$ dices ), if $15 \leq S\leq 20$? I reckon this particular ...
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1answer
39 views

Conditional Expectation of Two Dice Roll?

A is the first roll of the dice, B is the second. The question is to find the expected value of A given A + B = 7; E(A|A+B = 7) Since A can be any number between 1 and 6, is this as simple as ...
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1answer
76 views

$95$ percent confidence interval for roll of two dice

Given a roll of two fair six-sided dice, we know the expectation for a specific result (e.g. a $4$ and another $4$) is $\frac{1}{36}$. But with what certainty could you expect that result in $N$ ...
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1answer
156 views

Calculate Probability that X amount of N die are equal to Y?

Update --- I think I see my problem... in the example at Stack Exchange Question it shows 5C3 5C4 and 5C5... if I have researched this out, this means 5 combinations choose X. If so, what is that ...
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1answer
41 views

The name for predicting future rolls of dice based on the past

My friends and I were playing a game where you roll dice and you bet money on what picture it's going to land on and I began reasoning with myself that if I tallied up what pictures the dice landed on ...
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1answer
44 views

Dice Game - Probability Theory

There are many dice problems on here so there could be duplicate. If there is I apologize. Here is the question. The game is given as follows: you are given 5 dice, and the goal of the game is to get ...
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1answer
63 views

Formula for X “successes” with X 10 sided die.

I am trying to create a formula for the % chance of having Y number of dice hit a number 8, 9 or 10 out of X possible. For example the chance of having 7 dice out of 10 dice be one of the 3 numbers. ...
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1answer
76 views

Binomial Probability (Dice)

The throwing of a one or two is called a success. The six dice are thrown together 64 times and the frequencies of the throws with 0, 1, 2,..., 6 successes are summed over all six pairs are as ...
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1answer
100 views

Calculate the Entropy Change if 5 Previously Tossed Dice Are Turned to All “1”

Relevant Equations: S = Boltzmann*ln(W) where S is entropy and W is the number of microstates. I have thought about this two ways. 1 way. Look at each die separately. Let macrostate 1 = number of ...
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1answer
394 views

Probability of dice roll (board games)

Assume that we have n * 6side dice. We will roll all n dice. I ask what is a probability of getting at least r * 1(number 1 on a die), s * 2, t * 3, u * 4? Number 6 can be used instead of any of other ...
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1answer
64 views

Conditional Probability in Dice

Please forgive me if this is an easy question, because I have never had a class in probability. Lets say two people are each going to roll a D6 to determine who is going to go first in a board game. ...
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1answer
176 views

A fair dice is tossed 6 times. What is the probability that there is at least one pair of identical consecutive face values?

For example, 231146 is a valid sample point but 131213 is not. This is a question on past exam that i have no idea to solve. Please help me!
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1answer
31 views

Question refering to dice probability from a test.

There are 4 dice in the following colors: blue, yellow, black and red. They're rolled at the same time. Consider $X_1$ to be the quantity of dice in which the face value scored was one. Let $X_2, ... ...
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1answer
151 views

The number of rolls of $6$ dice with exactly $4$ distinct values.

I know the answer is $${6 \choose 4}{5 \choose 3}$$ However, I don't understand why this is true?
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1answer
119 views

Rolling 5, 6 sided dice where top 3 equal 15. How many rolls? How in Recursion?

Let's say that I have 5 (n), 6-sided (d) normal dice. How would I figure out how many possible rolls there are, where the top 3 (k) numbers rolled, equal 15 (t)? How would I do this using recursion ...
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1answer
45 views

Normal distribution with dice

I'm wondering how to control the normal distribution that comes from summing dice rolls only using different numbers of dice, different combination of types of dice (d4, d6, d8, d10, d12, d20) and ...
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0answers
113 views

The math behind generating Dungeons & Dragons ability scores: roll 4d6, toss lowest

D&D 5th ed. gives the following instructions for determining your “ability scores.” Roll four 6-sided dice and record the total of the highest three dice If I repeat the ...
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0answers
96 views

Dice: Expected highest value with a tricky condition

I know how to calculate the expected value "E" of a roll of n k-sided dice if we are supposed to keep the highest number rolled. If I am not wrong, the formula is: E = k − (1^n + 2^n + ... + ...
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0answers
85 views

Simulating dice by coins

Suppose you have a fair n-sided die $D_n$ - or rather suppose you don't have a $D_n$ but want to simulate one by repeatedly (but finitely many times) throwing a single (possibly biased) coin $C_p$ ...
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24 views

How good of an approximation is a normal probability distribution for sum of dice rolls?

I want to know how well the normal distribution explains the sum of rolls with n dice with s sides. The mean value and the variance of the dice rolls are $$\mu=n\frac{s+1}{2}$$ and ...
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0answers
83 views

Probability of rolling n dice to match another set of dice, d, given r rolls (like yahtzee)

(Note: I will eventually code this, but i'm primarily interested in the math behind it) I'm trying to create a function in Java to calculate the probability of getting a desired outcome from n rolled ...
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0answers
187 views

Two dice are rolled. If the sum is greater than 8, what is the probability that it is 11?

Two dice are rolled. If the sum is greater than 8, what is the probability that it is 11? I'm not sure if this question is asking for conditional probability or just 2/10...
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0answers
41 views

Can a biased physical random source be post-processed to control the bias?

Let $X_i$ with $i\in\mathbb N$ be a sequence of independent 6-ary random variables with distribution $\operatorname{Pr}(X_i=e)=p^e_i$ where $e\in\{1,2,3,4,5,6\}$ and $\sum_{e=1}^6p^e_i=1$. Let's ...
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0answers
43 views

If you roll a dice twice, and substract result of

If you roll a dice twice, and subtract $ Result_1 $ from $ Result_2 $, in what interval with 97% probability will lie number of all zeros, if we will do this experiment 1200 times. I assume, I ...
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98 views

probability of consecutive row of at least m by n<=2m events. Is there a shorter route?

Inspired by this I started to generalize it. Go out from independent events $E_{1},E_{2},\cdots$ that succeed or fail. This with $p$ as probability of succes, and $p+q=1$. Event $A_{m,n}$ occurs if ...
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0answers
44 views

Probability of succesful rolls of different sided dies

This seems so simple, but I'm not sure how to calculate it. I have one six-sided die and one 12-sided die. What is the probability that, on a roll of both dice, that the six-sided die will win? ...
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0answers
29 views

Multiple Dice Roll Probability (With Forumla)

I'm having the trouble of determining probability over multiple die rolls. I'm working with this formula. $$\frac{d20+d(\textrm{skill}) - \textrm{difficulty}}{d20+d(\textrm{skill})}$$ Basically, you ...
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0answers
89 views

A game of dice for you guys

You throw n number of dice of D sides for each dice (i.e.: D6, D10, etc...), all dice of the same D (you can suppose that the distribution of values over D is homogeneous, just multiplicity of 1 as in ...
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67 views

On an average How many times must I throw $r $ die with $N$ faces, such that I see all $N$ faces?

For an $n$-sided die, the number of rolls needed, on average $n\log n$ for large n. For one die the question is here: "A Collection of Dice Problems" by Matthew M. Conroy. What about $r$ dice?