For questions on dice, a small throwable object with multiple resting positions, used for generating random numbers. This makes dice suitable as gambling devices for games like craps, or for use in non-gambling tabletop games.

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Permutation/Combination question on dice

Question: Three dice (six faces: each face -> number 1 to 6) are rolled. What is the number of possible outcomes such that at least one die shows number 2? My attempt: One die has to show two. ...
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5answers
76 views

Jamie rolls a die multiple times. find the probability that she rolls her first 5 before she rolls her second even number

Jamie rolls her fair 6-sided die multiple times. Find the probability that she rolls her first 5 before she rolls her second (not necessarily distinct) even number? This is what I have so far... ...
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2answers
34 views

Expected value of a die when decision to role again depends on previous outcome

(Introduction to Probability, Blitzstein and Nwang) A fair die is rolled some number of times. You can choose whether to stop after 1, 2, or 3 rolls, and your decision can be based on the ...
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2answers
16k views

Expected time to roll all 1 through 6 on a die

What is the average number of times it would it take to roll a fair 6-sided die and get all numbers on the die? The order in which the numbers appear does not matter. I had this questions explained ...
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1answer
47 views

Getting a simultaneous first $6$ with two dice

What's the probability that two players that each throw a normal dice get their first six at the same time ? Let $X_k,Y_k$ denote the numbers obtained with the first ($X$) and second ($Y$) dice at ...
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1answer
53 views

Uniform distribution of the sum of two dice

Is it possible to build two dice such that the sum of the two dice follows an uniform distribution on $\{2,\dots,12\}$ ? EDIT : Both dice must have sides 1-6, but the probability that the dice falls ...
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2answers
2k views

Solve for numbers to appear on two six-sided dice

I have a small wooden calendar that uses two six-sided dice to display day of month. One die carries numbers 0, 1, 2, 6, 7, 8 and the other carries 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. The six of course doubles as the ...
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1answer
47 views

What's the probability of rolling 10 dice each with 10 sides and each will have to same number?

I think the probability is $1\cdot{1\over 10}\cdot{1\over 10}\cdot{1\over 10}\cdot{1\over 10}\cdot{1\over 10}\cdot{1\over 10}\cdot{1\over 10}\cdot{1\over 10}\cdot{1\over 10}={1\over 10^9}={1\over ...
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3answers
143 views

Roll a fair die until a 6 appears for the third time. What is the chance that all six values have occurred?

The question in the title is a homework question that I have been stumped on for some time. My approach thus far was to treat it as an occupancy problem. From class we derived the following formula ...
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9answers
17k views

Given a die, what is the probability that the second roll of a die will be less than the first roll?

If you are given a die and asked to roll it twice. What is the probability that the value of the second roll will be less than the value of the first roll?
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1answer
134 views

Dice roll game fair price

You and I each roll 1 die each at the same time. I win if I roll a six on one roll, and then a five on the next. You win if you roll two sixes in a row. Who would you bet your money on? Note that You: ...
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1answer
37 views

What is the probability of not rolling any given number on 10 rolls of a die?

In other words, ALL combinations which don't contain at least one of the number from 1-6 would count. So for example... 5, 2, 3, 3, 4, 1, 5, 5, 3, 1 would be counted because there is no 6 Also 5, ...
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3answers
71 views

Calculating the probability that throwing two dice will yield a higher number than throwing one die

How do I work out the probability that Andy, rolling two dice, will roll a number higher than Candy, rolling one die? The highest number you can roll with one die is six. The probability of rolling ...
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1answer
42 views

what is a formula for working out dice chance percentages?

I am not a student or a maths type person. Instead I play a lot of board games and one in particular. Arkham Horror / Eldritch Horror. It uses a dice system to calculate successful rolls and I would ...
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1answer
54 views

What is the chance of this dice appearing twice in a row? [closed]

3 friends roll a 6-sided dice. What is the probability that at least two of them roll the same number?
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2answers
60 views

Probability number comes up before another

In craps, say I roll a 5 for the place bet. What is the probability that I roll another 5 before rolling a 7? Is this correct?: $P(5 \text{ before 7}) = P(5) + P(\neg 7 \neg 5, 5) + P(\neg 7 \neg 5, ...
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1answer
73 views

Probability of rolling two dice

Consider two dice, each one having one face showing the letter a, two faces showing the letter b, and the remaining three faces showing the letter c. You roll each >die once, independently of the ...
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1answer
30 views

Probability that at least two $9$'s appear as sum in four tosses of a Pair of fair Dice.

I can calculate in the following way : $P(9 \text{ in one toss}) = 1/9$ sum the following : $P(9 \text{ in two toss})$, $P(9 \text{ in three toss})$, $P(9 \text{ in 4 toss})$ And the answer I get ...
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2answers
74 views

Trick dice Probability

I was given this exercise: We have 2 dice, the first is normal $\Omega = \left\{1,2,...,6 \right\}$ and the other is a trick dice, with sample space $\Omega = \left\{2,3,4,5,6,6 \right\}$. If there ...
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2answers
26 views

Probability of dice rolls

Two regular cubic dice are rolled. One is red and the other blue. What s the probability that the red die roll is greater that or equal to the blue die?
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1answer
31 views

Probability of getting n amount of each number from 1-6 after 6n rolls of a dice

I managed to figure this out for n = 1. $ \frac{6}{6} \times \frac{5}{6} \times \frac{4}{6} \times \frac{3}{6} \times \frac{2}{6} \times \frac{1}{6} $ I thought it would work by putting this to the ...
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3answers
1k views

What is the average of rolling two dice and only taking the value of the higher dice roll?

What is the average result of rolling two dice, and only taking the value of the higher dice roll? To make sure the situation I am asking about is clear, here is an example: I roll two dice and one ...
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2answers
66 views

Probability in dice rolls

$A$ rolls a standard $6$ sided die $20$ times while $B$ rolls it $21$ times. Find the probability that $A$'s outcome is more than $B$'s. Here, outcome means the sum of the numbers appearing on all ...
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2answers
22 views

Probability of selecting a biased coin?

Me and a few classmates were working through a probability & statistics past paper: We have two coins denoted H1 and H2. Coin H1 is fair, i.e. $P(h) = P(t)$ $= 1/2$, $h$ being head and $t$ ...
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2answers
71 views

A tough dice probability conundrum

There are 2 fair die. You randomly roll them at the same time. To win is to have the sum of the die or some combination of the sum or the value of each die cover the numbers 1-9 inclusive. You can ...
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3answers
2k views

Six throws, only two distinct numbers: coincidence?

My daughter threw a die (D6) six times and got: 6,2,2,6,2,6. This got us wondering whether having only two distinct numbers come up in six throws was very unlikely or would happen fairly often. How ...
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6answers
72 views

Expectation of two dice game

The game plays like this: You roll two dices at the same time. If you get same number on both dices, you have to roll again, until you get different numbers. If you get different numbers, you stop. ...
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6answers
3k views

What are the odds of hitting exactly 100 rolling a fair die

I roll a fair die and sequentially sum the numbers the die shows. What are the odds the summation will hit exactly 100? More generally, what are the odds of hitting an exact target number t while ...
3
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1answer
25 views

Have face-transitive polyhedra been completely classified?

I've been researching polyhedral dice, and everywhere I look it states that face-transitive (and therefore fair) dice include polyhedra of various families, like the platonic solids, catalan solids, ...
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2answers
54 views

Dice: Probability of rolling a number between two other dice throws

I was pretty suprised about this problem when I encountered it in one of my excercise sheets and would like to ask for an approach here because I have no idea how I'm supposed to get started here: ...
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1answer
41 views

Binomial Probability (Dice)

The throwing of a one or two is called a success. The six dice are thrown together 64 times and the frequencies of the throws with 0, 1, 2,..., 6 successes are summed over all six pairs are as ...
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2answers
252 views

The Probability of Rolling the Same Number with 10 Dice That Have 19 Sides

I like dice and I want to know what the probability is for rolling the same number with 10 dice that have 19 sides. Also, do these dice exist or not?
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1answer
63 views

Conditional Entropy in rolling a dice

A 6-sided die is tossed once. Two events X and Y are defined. X is the event in which an even number comes up and Y is the event in which the number is a multiple of 3. The value of H(X|Y) needs to be ...
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2answers
87 views

Finding the coefficient of a generating function

Given $f(x) = x^4\left(\frac{1-x^6}{1-x}\right)^4 = (x+x^2+x^3+x^4+x^5+x^6)^4$. This is the generating function $f(x)$ of $a_n$, which is the number of ways to get $n$ as the sum of the upper faces of ...
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3answers
729 views

Dice probability over multiple rolls.

What is the probability of rolling one or more 6's using 3 six sided dice (1...6) that are rolled three times? How does multiple rolls influence the probability, is it simply 3 times the probability ...
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2answers
56 views

Independent dice throw

I need help on this question regarding dice and probability. The question is, that a dice throws three times independently of each other. The random variable $X$ denotes the number of sides on the ...
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2answers
130 views

Sum of 3 dice rolls

If we roll a fair dice 3 times, what is the probability that the sum of values of the three rolls is greater than 9? I approached it like this: Let X be the result of a single dice roll. Let Sn = X1 ...
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4answers
82 views

Rephrasing die question

Seems I asked my last questions poorly and it got a bad response. Okay so basically here's the problem and I will explain how I am trying to do it. You roll 1 fair die repeatedly until you either ...
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1answer
65 views

Throw X dice, sum face $1,2,3,4$ minus Y, then add $ 5,6$ formula

I am trying to program something to find out the probability of all sum possible when I throw $X$ dice, sum all the face showing $1,2,3,4$ then I minus $Y$ from that sum (with a minimum of $0$, no ...
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3answers
110 views

What's the probability of rolling the same number twice with a pair of dice?

There are a number of questions similar to this, but I'm asking about rolling two dice twice, not one die two times. Or I guess you could think of it as 4 dice total, with each pair distinguishable. ...
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2answers
73 views

Reroll 2 dice sum probability

My statistics are very far in my memory and I am not a math guru so I do not understand half of fuzy symbols used in most post that could have the answer I am looking for. So I would ask for a very ...
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2answers
55 views

Chevalier de Méré's Problem Type Question

Is the following argument correct: A double six in a single turn in game B is 1/6 as likely as rolling a six in one turn in game A. But there are 6 times as many turns in game B as game A. Thus the ...
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3answers
459 views

Probably of 2 six in 5 dice rolls

What is the probability of obtaining exatcly 2 six when rolling a dice 5 times? In order to obtain this probability, I will need to devide the number of favorable events by the number of possible ...
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1answer
66 views

Probability Rolling a dice until you get 1/2 or 2/2 [closed]

You roll $1$ die repeatedly until you get a $1$ immediately followed by a $2$ or a $2$ immediately followed by a $2$. What is the probability that a $1$ then a $2$ is rolled before a $2$ then a $2$? ...
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1answer
53 views

Calculate the Entropy Change if 5 Previously Tossed Dice Are Turned to All “1”

Relevant Equations: S = Boltzmann*ln(W) where S is entropy and W is the number of microstates. I have thought about this two ways. 1 way. Look at each die separately. Let macrostate 1 = number of ...
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1answer
67 views

Three dice rolled

Three indistinguishable (fair) dice are thrown simultaneously at random. Find the probability that the sum of the three dice is less than six and that no two dice show the same face (the same number). ...
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1answer
32 views

Probability of Fair Die

Hi everyone I have a question about probability: Fair die thrown two times, final score is calculated as follows. If the number on the second throw is a 5 he multiplies the two numbers together, and ...
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3answers
2k views

How can I (algorithmically) count the number of ways n m-sided dice can add up to a given number?

I am trying to identify the general case algorithm for counting the different ways dice can add to a given number. For instance, there are six ways to roll a seven with two 6-dice. I've spent quite ...