Tagged Questions

For questions on dice, a small throwable object with multiple resting positions, used for generating random numbers. This makes dice suitable as gambling devices for games like craps, or for use in non-gambling tabletop games.

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What is wrong with this logic based on a geometric distribution?

Problem #10 from A Collection of Dice Problems by Matthew M. Conroy, is: Suppose we can roll a $6$-sided die up to $n$ times. At any point we can stop and that roll becomes our score. The goal is ...
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How many different dice exist? That is, how many ways can you make distinct dice that cannot be rotated to show they are the same?

Dice are cubes with pips (small dots) on their sides, representing numbers 1 through 6. Two dice are considered the same if they can be rotated and placed in such a way that they present matching ...
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Difficult probability with dice

I am completely stuck on this probability question involving dice. Any hints or help in the right direction would be great. You are given $6$ numbers: $2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 5: n_1, n_2,\dots , n_6$. ...
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Simulate sum of N dice throws

For starters let me apologise if it isn't proper forum or if it was asked, I'm not very good at probability and what more I'm not familiar with proper english terms, so I could miss something. I'm ...
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Probability rolling two different sided die and sum being a number

I'm building an app (for those curious, for DnD) and I came across an issue with some math I did. I need to know the probability of rolling a certain number when there are two or more different sided ...
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How do I go about solving this probability question?

I was playing around with dice this morning and flipping them, when a problem suddenly hit me. If I roll $n$ normal six-sided dice, and flip every single dice, what is the probability that the ...
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100-sided dice was rolled 98 times, how do you choose next numbes to bet, based on current outcomes.

100-sided dice was rolled 98 times, Numbers form 1 to 50 were rolled exactly once, except number 25, which wasn't rolled yet. Number 75 was rolled 49 times You can only bet if the next roll result ...
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How can I convert [number of expected success per try] into [probability of succeeding N times without failing]?

There's a push-your-luck dice game called Can't Stop where you roll four six-sided dice, group the dice into pairs of your choice, then advance tokens along paths corresponding to the sums of your ...
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conditional probability of coming up 3 at least in one dice

Sorry for the simple problem, but I wanted to make sure that my idea is right (this is is the problem 1.8.50 from Rice's book) Two dices are rolled and the sum of the face values is six. What is the ...
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Probability Dice and Expected Value

You are rolling a fair 30-sided die. (a) What is the expected number of rolls required to get a 27? (b) What is the expected number of rolls required to get a 27, followed later by a 28? For example, ...
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Probability of Sequential events on a die roll

If a person were to roll two dice and have to get a 9 or below for success. But if you fail the first time, you have the opportunity to roll it one more time for success, what is the probability of ...
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Having a value, calculating the probability of the number of times a die has been rolled

If I enter a friend's house and he has rolled a dice (d6) on a table which has a value $1$, he asks me the following, "Do you think I rolled this dice once and got $1$ or do you think I rolled it ...
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Can we simulate a biased coin with fair die? [closed]

Given a fair 6-sided die, how can we simulate a biased coin with P(H)= 1/$\pi$ and P(T) = 1 - 1/$\pi$ ?
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Monopoly dice probabilities, including doubles

According to Monopoly, when you roll a set of doubles, you get to roll again. So if we get 6;6, 5;5, 4;4, 3;3, 2;2, 1;1, we will roll again. However, Monopoly has the "speeding" rule, this means that ...
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Dice Probability (increasing numbers)

If I have 6 regular dice, (each numbered 1-6): What is the probability that when rolled that each will be a different number.(each individual di is a different number from 1-6, but a random order) ...
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Given Nd6, what is the probability that the two highest are minimum 4?

So, my statistics knowledge is rather poor, so I would welcome a formula explanation to the question: given Nd6 (6-sided dice) what is the probability that the two highest numbers are at least a 4? ...
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Probability of a rolling a dice $n$ times with $k$ faces

I need help calculating the probability of rolling $n$ dice with $k$ faces. So you have multiple dice, all with $k$ faces (number of sides on a dice) and you want to calculate the probability of a ...
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Uniform distribution on $\{1,\dots,7\}$ from rolling a die [duplicate]

This was a job interview question someone asked about on Reddit. (Link) How can you generate a uniform distribution on $\{1,\dots,7\}$ using a fair die? Presumably, you are to do this by combining ...
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probablity question related to 2 die and the classic monopoly game.

While playing monopoly I accidentally figured out that probability for landing on Illionis Avenue is most in the whole game and for landing on orange colored group ...
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Dice Game: Probability of rolling three 6's before my opponent

Let's say I'm playing a dice game with a friend. We each get two dice, and we roll all of our dice at the same time. You get one point for each 6 you have. First to score at least three points wins. ...
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Roll a dice, probability that game goes beyond one round

There are two people $A$ and $B$. Person $A$ has $8$ chips, and person $B$ has $6$ chips. Each round, both people roll a die then take that number of chips from the other person. The game ends when ...
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The average outcome of the sum of a pair of dice and the higher sum of two pairs

I'm helping my son to design a game using dice. He wants to figure out the expected outcome of the sum of a pair of $6$-sided dice, if $2$ pairs of dice are thrown and the higher pair is kept. I get ...
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Expected number of rolls to roll every number [duplicate]

If I am rolling I die until I roll every number at least once, what is the expected value of times that I will need to roll the die? After a brief computer simulation, I got 15. But why is this the ...
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Two identical dice are thrown simultaneously. Find probability of getting a $3$ and a $2$.

Two identical dice are thrown simultaneously. Find the probability of getting a $3$ on one of the dice while a $2$ on the other. I'm pretty sure the answer is $\frac{2}{36}$ but my friend says the ...
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Probability of multiple dice rolls with decreasing amounts of dice

Calculating probabilities over multiple dice rolls is easy, but what do you do if the amount of dice decreases (dependently) from roll to roll? This is a common feature of many games, including Risk, ...
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Probability of dice with a cumulative successes

Needing some Math help! I'm working out part of a system for a game I'm working on, and I need to know if I need to tweak some things, so I'm checking to see if it all adds up (no pun intended). ...
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What is the probability that dice are rigged?

Scenario We are given a single six-sided die. We produce a sequence of $n$ dice rolls, all of them rolling six. We do not know whether the die is fair or not. How can we calculate the probability ...
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Is it possible to create a completely random integer between 1 and 13 using standard dice in a D&D dice kit?

I am asking if it is possible to choose a random integer using a certain set of dice. Assume for these calculations that the dice are perfectly randomly distributed. There are 7 dice in a set, with ...
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A probability question - Dice Throw

Sum of three dice (six faced) throws is $15$. What is the probability that first throw was $4$? The way I thought of solving this was... - Given - sum of second and third throw is $11$ - Probability ...
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Probability of getting a sum of 14 when rolling 11 dice

So, this is a probability and combinatorics problem... I'm not sure how to solve this. I assume that in P(A) = m/n, n is 6^11, but I don't know how to calculate the number of ways to get a sum of 14 ...
I am currently working on conditional probability and I am somewhat confused about how exactly to complete this problem. I know that to find conditional probability that you utilize: P(A|B) = \frac{...