Question about determinants, computation or theory. If $E$ is a vector space of dimension $d$, then we can compute the determinant of a $d$-uple $(v_1,\ldots,v_d)$ with respect to a basis.

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193
votes
11answers
19k views

What's an intuitive way to think about the determinant?

In my linear algebra class, we just talked about determinants. So far I’ve been understanding the material okay, but now I’m very confused. I get that when the determinant is zero, the matrix doesn’t ...
4
votes
8answers
907 views

How to calculate the following determinants (all ones, minus $I$)

How do I calculate the determinant of the following $n\times n$ matrices $ \left[ \begin {matrix} 0 & 1 & \ldots & 1 \\ 1 & 0 & \ldots & 1 \\ \vdots & \vdots & ...
8
votes
7answers
603 views

Determinant of a specially structured matrix

I have the following $n\times n$ matrix: $$A=\begin{bmatrix}a&b&\cdots&b\\b&a&\cdots&b\\\vdots& &\ddots&\vdots\\b&\cdots&b&a\end{bmatrix}$$ where $0 ...
21
votes
10answers
12k views

How to show $\det(AB) =\det(A)\det(B)$

Given two square matrices $A$ and $B$. How do you show $\det(AB) = \det(A)\det(B)$ where $\det(\cdot)$ is determinant of the matrix
2
votes
2answers
213 views

Computing determinant of a specific matrix.

How to calculate the determinant of $$ A=(a_{i,j})_{n \times n}=\left( \begin{array}{ccccc} a&b&b& \cdots & b\\ b& a& b& \cdots& b\\ \vdots& \vdots& \vdots& ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Determinant of a block lower triangular matrix

I'm trying to prove the following: Let $A$ be a $k\times k$ matrix, let $D$ have size $n\times n$, and $C$ have size $n\times k$. Then, $$\det\left(\begin{array}{cc} A&0\\ C&D ...
14
votes
2answers
985 views

Slick proof the determinant is an irreducible polynomial

A polynomial $p$ over a field $k$ is called irreducible if $p=fg$ for polynomials $f,g$ implies $f$ or $g$ are constant. One can consider the determinant of an $n\times n$ matrix to be a polynomial in ...
21
votes
4answers
764 views

Prove that the set of $n$-by-$n$ real matrices with positive determinant is connected

Math people: In the fourth edition of Strang's "Linear Algebra and its Applications", page 230, he poses the following problem (I have changed his wording): show that if $A \in \mathbf{R}^{n \times ...
18
votes
3answers
718 views

Determinant of transpose?

$$\det(A^T) = \det(A)$$ Using the geometric definition of the determinant as the area spanned by the columns could someone give a geometric interpretation of the property? Thanks!
26
votes
2answers
1k views

Development of the Idea of the Determinant

While I basically understand what a determinant is, I wonder how this idea was developed? What was the principal idea behind its origination? I would like to know this so that I can have a better ...
8
votes
2answers
441 views

Elementary proof that if $A$ is a matrix map from $\mathbb{Z}^m$ to $\mathbb Z^n$, then the map is surjective iff the gcd of maximal minors is $1$

I am trying to find an elementary proof that if $\phi$ is a linear map from $\mathbb{Z}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{Z}^m$ represented by an $m \times n$ matrix $A$, then the map is surjective iff the gcd ...
17
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it always true that $\det(A^2+B^2)\geq0$?

Let $A$ and $B$ be real square matrices of the same size. Is it true that $$\det(A^2+B^2)\geq0\,?$$ If $AB=BA$ then the answer is positive: ...
5
votes
7answers
601 views

Proving the relation $\det(I + xy^T ) = 1 + x^Ty$

Let $x$ and $y$ denote two $n$ - length column vectors. Prove that $$\det(I + xy^T ) = 1 + x^Ty$$ Is Sylvester's determinant theorem an extension of the problem? Is the approach same?
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Differentiating the determinant of the Jacobian of a diffeomorphism (don't understand a proof)

For each $t$, let $A_t:\Omega_0 \to \Omega_t$ be a bi-Lipschitz map between open sets in $\mathbb{R}^n$. The map is also invertible. It satisfies $$\frac{d}{dt}A_t(y) = w(A_t(y),t)$$ where $w$ is a ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Vandermonde determinant by induction

The determinant at the top-left of the page can be done by induction, it says show that. I have done this before, if I submit this will I get marks? MORE IMPORTANTLY how do I do it by induction? The ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the origin of the determinant in linear algebra?

We often learn in a standard linear algebra course that a determinant is a number associated with a square matrix. We can define the determinant also by saying that it is the sum of all the possible ...
9
votes
2answers
260 views

determinant inequality $ \det(A^2+B^2+(A-B)^2)\ge 3\det(AB-BA) $

A and B are two $2\times2$ reals matrices. then $$ \det \Big(A^2+B^2+(A-B)^2\Big)\ge 3\det(AB-BA) $$ well, it is seems interesting, but it is really hard to get started Thank you very much!
7
votes
4answers
579 views

Computing the trace and determinant of $A+B$, given eigenvalues of $A$ and an expression for $B$

Let $A$ be $4\times 4$ matrix with real entries such that $-1$, $1$, $2$, and $-2$ are its eigenvalues. If $B = A^4 - 5A^2+5I$, where $I$ denotes $4\times 4$ identity matrix, then what would be ...
10
votes
2answers
511 views

Do determinants of binary matrices form a set of consecutive numbers?

While pondering a solution for the problem of generating random 0-1 matrices with small absolute determinants, I once again realise how little I know about 0-1 matrices. My initial idea was to pick a ...
9
votes
6answers
692 views

Determinant of a special skew-symmetric matrix

Simple calculation show that: $$ \begin{align} \det(A_2)=\begin{vmatrix} 0& 1 \\ -1& 0 \end{vmatrix}&=1\\ \det(A_4)=\begin{vmatrix} 0& 1 &1 &1 \\ ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Use of determinants

I have been teaching myself maths (primarily calculus) throughout this and last year, and was stumped with the use of determinants. In the math textbooks I have, they simply show how to compute a ...
5
votes
4answers
308 views

Why is it true that $\mathrm{adj}(A)A = \det(A) \cdot I$?

This is a statement in linear algebra that I can't seem to understand the proof behind. For a square matrix $A$, why is: $$\mathrm{adj}(A)A = \det(A) \cdot I$$ Any explanation would be greatly ...
10
votes
2answers
133 views

Prove or disprove : $\det(A^k + B^k) \geq 0$

This question came from here. As the OP hasn't edited his question and I really want the answer, I'm adding my thoughts. Let $A, B$ be two real $n\times n$ matrices that commute and $\det(A + ...
8
votes
3answers
557 views

The determinant function is the only one satisfying the conditions

How can I prove that the determinant function satisfying the following properties is unique: $\det(I)=1$ where $I$ is identity matrix, the function $\det(A)$ is linear in the rows of the matrix and ...
7
votes
5answers
202 views

Calculate the determinant of the $2n \times 2n$ matrix with entries equal to zero on the main diagonal, $1$ below and $-1$ above [duplicate]

Calculate the determinant of the $2n \times 2n$ matrix with entries equal to zero on the main diagonal, equal to $1$ below and equal to $-1$ above. I'll denote this matrix $A_{2n}$. So for example ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

How to prove $\det(e^A) = e^{\operatorname{tr}(A)}$?

Prove $$\det(e^A) = e^{\operatorname{tr}(A)}$$ for all matrices $A \in \mathbb{C}_{n×n}$.
3
votes
4answers
168 views

Value of Vandermonde type determinant

Let $x_1,...,x_n $ are distinct real numbers. Is it a formula for the Vandermonde type determinant $V(x_1, \cdots,x_n)$ whose last column is $x_1^k,\ \cdots,\ x_n^k$, where $k \geq n$, instead of ...
10
votes
3answers
800 views

Determinant of a specific circulant matrix, $A_n$

Let $$A_2 = \left[ \begin{array}{cc} 0 & 1\\ 1 & 0 \end{array}\right]$$ $$A_3 = \left[ \begin{array}{ccc} 0 & 1 & 1\\ 1 & 0 & 1 \\ 1 & 1 & 0 \end{array}\right]$$ ...
4
votes
1answer
114 views

Prove that $\det A = 1$ with $A^T M A = M$ and $M = \begin{bmatrix} 0 & I \\ -I &0 \end{bmatrix}$. [duplicate]

Prove that $\det A = 1$ with $A^T M A = M$ and $M = \begin{bmatrix} 0 & I \\ -I &0 \end{bmatrix}$ ($I$ is the identity matrix of order n).
2
votes
1answer
153 views

Determinant of matrix?

How can we calculate the determinant of this $\,pn\times pn\,$ matrix. I have tried at my best level, and still am not able to come up with a solution. The matrix $a_{ij}$ entry is defined as $$ ...
2
votes
4answers
266 views

Special determinant formula for a specific matrix

How to show that the determinant of the following $(n\times n)$ matrix $$ \begin{pmatrix} 5 & 2 & 0 &0&0&\cdots & 0\\ 2 & 5 & 2 & ...
1
vote
7answers
352 views

positive definite quadratic form

Is $\sum_{i=1}^n x_i^2 + \sum_{1\leq i < j \leq n} x_{i}x_j$ positive definite? Approach: The matrix of this quadratic form can be derived to be the following $$M := \begin{pmatrix} 1 & ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

A determinant inequality

Let $A,B$ be two $m\times n$ real matrices. Then $$|AA'|\cdot |BB'|\geq |AB'|^2.$$ For square matrices, it is the equality. How to prove this inequality then?
3
votes
1answer
248 views

block matrices problem

Let $A,B,C$ and $D$ be n by n matrics such that $AC=CA$. Prove that $\det \begin{pmatrix} A & B\\ C & D \end{pmatrix}=\det(AD-CB)$. The solution is to first assume that $A$ is invertible and ...
3
votes
5answers
2k views

For $det(A)=0$, how do we know if A has no solution or infinitely many solutions?

If the determinant det(A) of the matrix A of a non-homogeneous system of equations is 0, then how do we know if it has no solutions or infinitely many solutions? And while we are at it, kindly answer ...
2
votes
2answers
234 views

Circular determinant problem

I'm stuck in this question: How calculate this determinant ? $$\Delta=\left|\begin{array}{cccccc} 1&2&3&\cdots&\cdots&n\\ n&1&2&\cdots&\cdots& n-1\\ ...
2
votes
1answer
615 views

Volume of a pyramid as a determinant?

I have three given points, A, B and C, each of them is a corner of a pyramid. Another corner is located in origo. The task is to set up a determinant to describe the pyramids volume. ...
1
vote
3answers
89 views

Prove determinant of $n \times n$ matrix is $(a+(n-1)b)(a-b)^{n-1}$? [duplicate]

Prove $\det(A)$ is $(a+(n-1)b)(a-b)^{n-1}$ where $A$ is $n \times n$ matrix with $a$'s on diagonal and all other elements $b$, off diagonal.
1
vote
3answers
140 views

If A is invertible, prove that $\lambda \neq 0$, and $\vec{v}$ is also an eigenvector for $A^{-1}$, what is the corresponding eigenvalue?

If A is invertible, prove that $\lambda \neq 0$, and $\vec{v}$ is also an eigenvector for $A^{-1}$, what is the corresponding eigenvalue? I don't really know where to start with this one. I know that ...
0
votes
2answers
110 views

Basis of matrices with a variable

So I have these bunch of matrices I want to find the value of a to find the basis $$ \begin{pmatrix} 2 & 2 \\ 1 & -2 \\ \end{pmatrix} $$ $$ ...
23
votes
1answer
548 views

How prove this matrix $\det (A)=\left(\frac{1}{\ln{(a_{i}+a_{j})}}\right)_{n\times n}\neq 0$

Question: let $a_{i}>1,i=1,2,3,\cdots,n$,and such $a_{i}\neq a_{j}$,for any $i\neq j$ define the matrix $$A=\left(\dfrac{1}{\ln{(a_{i}+a_{j})}}\right)_{n\times n}$$ show that: ...
15
votes
4answers
614 views

Determinant of a generalized Pascal matrix

Let $M$ denote the infinite matrix defined recursively by $$ M_{ij} = \begin{cases} 1, & \text{if } i=1 \text{ and } j=1; \\ aM_{i-1,j}+bM_{i,j-1}+cM_{i-1,j-1}, & ...
19
votes
2answers
306 views

How find this determinant $\det(\cos^4{(i-j)})_{n\times n}$

Question: Define the matrix $A_{k}=(a^k_{ij})_{n\times n}\quad$where $a_{ij}=\cos{(i-j)},\quad n\ge 6$ Find the value $$\det(A_{4})=\:?$$ My try: since $$\det(A_{4})=\begin{vmatrix} ...
9
votes
2answers
346 views

Origin and use of an identity of formal power series: $\det(1 - \psi T) = \exp \left(-\sum_{s=1}^{\infty} \text{Tr}(\psi^{s})T^{s}/s\right)$

The following is a historical question, but first some background: Let $\psi$ be a linear operator from a vector space to itself. The following two expressions, viewed as formal power series, can be ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Coefficients of characteristic polynomial of a matrix

For a given matrix $A$, and $J\subseteq\{1,...,n\}$ let us denote by $A[J]$ its principal minor formed from the columns and rows with indices from $J$. If the characteristic polynomial of A is ...
7
votes
1answer
13k views

Using the Determinant to verify Linear Independence, Span and Basis

Can the determinant (assuming it's non-zero) be used to determine that the vectors given are linearly independent, span the subspace and are a basis of that subspace? (In other words assuming I have a ...
7
votes
2answers
271 views

Circulant determinants

Suppose that $a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n$ are $n$ distinct real numbers; is the following statement true? There is a permutation of $a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n$, namely $b_1,b_2,\ldots,b_n$, such that the ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Determinant of an $n\times n$ complex matrix as an $2n\times 2n$ real determinant

If $A$ is an $n\times n$ complex matrix. Is it possible to write $\vert \det A\vert^2$ as a $2n\times 2n$ matrix with blocks containing the real and imaginary parts of $A$? I remember seeing such a ...
6
votes
2answers
269 views

Determinant called Grammian

Famously, if functions $f_1,f_2,…,f_n$, each of which possesses a derivative of order $n-1$, are linearly independent on the interval $I$, if $$ \det\left( \begin{array}{ccccc} f_1 & f_2 & ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Possible determinant relation for PSD matrices.

Is $$\det(I+ABC)=\det(I+ACB),$$ when $A,B,C$ are symmetric positive semi/definite and $I$ is the identity matrix. I am mostly interested in the case when the matrices are in complex field. I know ...