Question about determinants, computation or theory. If $E$ is a vector space of dimension $d$, then we can compute the determinant of a $d$-uple $(v_1,\ldots,v_d)$ with respect to a basis.

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176
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11answers
16k views

What's an intuitive way to think about the determinant?

In my linear algebra class, we just talked about determinants. So far I’ve been understanding the material okay, but now I’m very confused. I get that when the determinant is zero, the matrix doesn’t ...
8
votes
7answers
575 views

Determinant of a specially structured matrix

I have the following $n\times n$ matrix: $$A=\begin{bmatrix}a&b&\cdots&b\\b&a&\cdots&b\\\vdots& &\ddots&\vdots\\b&\cdots&b&a\end{bmatrix}$$ where $0 ...
18
votes
10answers
10k views

How to show $\det(AB) =\det(A)\det(B)$

Given two square matrices $A$ and $B$. How do you show $\det(AB) = \det(A)\det(B)$ where $\det(\cdot)$ is determinant of the matrix
4
votes
7answers
832 views

How to calculate the following determinants (all ones, minus $I$)

How do I calculate the determinant of the following $n\times n$ matrices $ \left[ \begin {matrix} 0 & 1 & \ldots & 1 \\ 1 & 0 & \ldots & 1 \\ \vdots & \vdots & ...
2
votes
2answers
208 views

Computing determinant of a specific matrix.

How to calculate the determinant of $$ A=(a_{i,j})_{n \times n}=\left( \begin{array}{ccccc} a&b&b& \cdots & b\\ b& a& b& \cdots& b\\ \vdots& \vdots& \vdots& ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Determinant of a block lower triangular matrix

I'm trying to prove the following: Let $A$ be a $k\times k$ matrix, let $D$ have size $n\times n$, and $C$ have size $n\times k$. Then, $$\det\left(\begin{array}{cc} A&0\\ C&D ...
14
votes
2answers
917 views

Slick proof the determinant is an irreducible polynomial

A polynomial $p$ over a field $k$ is called irreducible if $p=fg$ for polynomials $f,g$ implies $f$ or $g$ are constant. One can consider the determinant of an $n\times n$ matrix to be a polynomial in ...
21
votes
4answers
693 views

Prove that the set of $n$-by-$n$ real matrices with positive determinant is connected

Math people: In the fourth edition of Strang's "Linear Algebra and its Applications", page 230, he poses the following problem (I have changed his wording): show that if $A \in \mathbf{R}^{n \times ...
18
votes
3answers
614 views

Determinant of transpose?

$$\det(A^T) = \det(A)$$ Using the geometric definition of the determinant as the area spanned by the columns could someone give a geometric interpretation of the property? Thanks!
8
votes
2answers
396 views

Elementary proof that if $A$ is a matrix map from $\mathbb{Z}^m$ to $\mathbb Z^n$, then the map is surjective iff the gcd of maximal minors is $1$

I am trying to find an elementary proof that if $\phi$ is a linear map from $\mathbb{Z}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{Z}^m$ represented by an $m \times n$ matrix $A$, then the map is surjective iff the gcd ...
17
votes
2answers
965 views

Is it always true that $\det(A^2+B^2)\geq0$?

Let $A$ and $B$ be real square matrices of the same size. Is it true that $$\det(A^2+B^2)\geq0\,?$$ If $AB=BA$ then the answer is positive: ...
5
votes
7answers
495 views

Proving the relation $\det(I + xy^T ) = 1 + x^Ty$

Let $x$ and $y$ denote two $n$ - length column vectors. Prove that $$\det(I + xy^T ) = 1 + x^Ty$$ Is Sylvester's determinant theorem an extension of the problem? Is the approach same?
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Vandermonde determinant by induction

The determinant at the top-left of the page can be done by induction, it says show that. I have done this before, if I submit this will I get marks? MORE IMPORTANTLY how do I do it by induction? The ...
26
votes
2answers
1k views

Development of the Idea of the Determinant

While I basically understand what a determinant is, I wonder how this idea was developed? What was the principal idea behind its origination? I would like to know this so that I can have a better ...
6
votes
4answers
539 views

Computing the trace and determinant of $A+B$, given eigenvalues of $A$ and an expression for $B$

Let $A$ be $4\times 4$ matrix with real entries such that $-1$, $1$, $2$, and $-2$ are its eigenvalues. If $B = A^4 - 5A^2+5I$, where $I$ denotes $4\times 4$ identity matrix, then what would be ...
10
votes
2answers
436 views

Do determinants of binary matrices form a set of consecutive numbers?

While pondering a solution for the problem of generating random 0-1 matrices with small absolute determinants, I once again realise how little I know about 0-1 matrices. My initial idea was to pick a ...
9
votes
6answers
660 views

Determinant of a special skew-symmetric matrix

Simple calculation show that: $$ \begin{align} \det(A_2)=\begin{vmatrix} 0& 1 \\ -1& 0 \end{vmatrix}&=1\\ \det(A_4)=\begin{vmatrix} 0& 1 &1 &1 \\ ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Use of determinants

I have been teaching myself maths (primarily calculus) throughout this and last year, and was stumped with the use of determinants. In the math textbooks I have, they simply show how to compute a ...
5
votes
4answers
265 views

Why is it true that $\mathrm{adj}(A)A = \det(A) \cdot I$?

This is a statement in linear algebra that I can't seem to understand the proof behind. For a square matrix $A$, why is: $$\mathrm{adj}(A)A = \det(A) \cdot I$$ Any explanation would be greatly ...
8
votes
3answers
517 views

The determinant function is the only one satisfying the conditions

How can I prove that the determinant function satisfying the following properties is unique: $\det(I)=1$ where $I$ is identity matrix, the function $\det(A)$ is linear in the rows of the matrix and ...
7
votes
5answers
176 views

Calculate the determinant of the $2n \times 2n$ matrix with entries equal to zero on the main diagonal, $1$ below and $-1$ above [duplicate]

Calculate the determinant of the $2n \times 2n$ matrix with entries equal to zero on the main diagonal, equal to $1$ below and equal to $-1$ above. I'll denote this matrix $A_{2n}$. So for example ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

How to prove $\det(e^A) = e^{\operatorname{tr}(A)}$?

Prove $$\det(e^A) = e^{\operatorname{tr}(A)}$$ for all matrices $A \in \mathbb{C}_{n×n}$.
9
votes
3answers
776 views

Determinant of a specific circulant matrix, $A_n$

Let $$A_2 = \left[ \begin{array}{cc} 0 & 1\\ 1 & 0 \end{array}\right]$$ $$A_3 = \left[ \begin{array}{ccc} 0 & 1 & 1\\ 1 & 0 & 1 \\ 1 & 1 & 0 \end{array}\right]$$ ...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

Prove that $\det A = 1$ with $A^T M A = M$ and $M = \begin{bmatrix} 0 & I \\ -I &0 \end{bmatrix}$. [duplicate]

Prove that $\det A = 1$ with $A^T M A = M$ and $M = \begin{bmatrix} 0 & I \\ -I &0 \end{bmatrix}$ ($I$ is the identity matrix of order n).
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Differentiating the determinant of the Jacobian of a diffeomorphism (don't understand a proof)

For each $t$, let $A_t:\Omega_0 \to \Omega_t$ be a bi-Lipschitz map between open sets in $\mathbb{R}^n$. The map is also invertible. It satisfies $$\frac{d}{dt}A_t(y) = w(A_t(y),t)$$ where $w$ is a ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

Determinant of matrix?

How can we calculate the determinant of this $\,pn\times pn\,$ matrix. I have tried at my best level, and still am not able to come up with a solution. The matrix $a_{ij}$ entry is defined as $$ ...
2
votes
4answers
252 views

Special determinant formula for a specific matrix

How to show that the determinant of the following $(n\times n)$ matrix $$ \begin{pmatrix} 5 & 2 & 0 &0&0&\cdots & 0\\ 2 & 5 & 2 & ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

A determinant inequality

Let $A,B$ be two $m\times n$ real matrices. Then $$|AA'|\cdot |BB'|\geq |AB'|^2.$$ For square matrices, it is the equality. How to prove this inequality then?
3
votes
5answers
2k views

For $det(A)=0$, how do we know if A has no solution or infinitely many solutions?

If the determinant det(A) of the matrix A of a non-homogeneous system of equations is 0, then how do we know if it has no solutions or infinitely many solutions? And while we are at it, kindly answer ...
2
votes
2answers
218 views

Circular determinant problem

I'm stuck in this question: How calculate this determinant ? $$\Delta=\left|\begin{array}{cccccc} 1&2&3&\cdots&\cdots&n\\ n&1&2&\cdots&\cdots& n-1\\ ...
2
votes
1answer
559 views

Volume of a pyramid as a determinant?

I have three given points, A, B and C, each of them is a corner of a pyramid. Another corner is located in origo. The task is to set up a determinant to describe the pyramids volume. ...
1
vote
3answers
74 views

Prove determinant of $n \times n$ matrix is $(a+(n-1)b)(a-b)^{n-1}$? [duplicate]

Prove $\det(A)$ is $(a+(n-1)b)(a-b)^{n-1}$ where $A$ is $n \times n$ matrix with $a$'s on diagonal and all other elements $b$, off diagonal.
1
vote
3answers
122 views

If A is invertible, prove that $\lambda \neq 0$, and $\vec{v}$ is also an eigenvector for $A^{-1}$, what is the corresponding eigenvalue?

If A is invertible, prove that $\lambda \neq 0$, and $\vec{v}$ is also an eigenvector for $A^{-1}$, what is the corresponding eigenvalue? I don't really know where to start with this one. I know that ...
0
votes
2answers
102 views

Basis of matrices with a variable

So I have these bunch of matrices I want to find the value of a to find the basis $$ \begin{pmatrix} 2 & 2 \\ 1 & -2 \\ \end{pmatrix} $$ $$ ...
21
votes
1answer
513 views

How prove this matrix $\det (A)=\left(\frac{1}{\ln{(a_{i}+a_{j})}}\right)_{n\times n}\neq 0$

Question: let $a_{i}>1,i=1,2,3,\cdots,n$,and such $a_{i}\neq a_{j}$,for any $i\neq j$ define the matrix $$A=\left(\dfrac{1}{\ln{(a_{i}+a_{j})}}\right)_{n\times n}$$ show that: ...
15
votes
4answers
595 views

Determinant of a generalized Pascal matrix

Let $M$ denote the infinite matrix defined recursively by $$ M_{ij} = \begin{cases} 1, & \text{if } i=1 \text{ and } j=1; \\ aM_{i-1,j}+bM_{i,j-1}+cM_{i-1,j-1}, & ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the origin of the determinant in linear algebra?

We often learn in a standard linear algebra course that a determinant is a number associated with a square matrix. We can define the determinant also by saying that it is the sum of all the possible ...
19
votes
2answers
289 views

How find this determinant $\det(\cos^4{(i-j)})_{n\times n}$

Question: Define the matrix $A_{k}=(a^k_{ij})_{n\times n}\quad$where $a_{ij}=\cos{(i-j)},\quad n\ge 6$ Find the value $$\det(A_{4})=\:?$$ My try: since $$\det(A_{4})=\begin{vmatrix} ...
5
votes
1answer
142 views

determinant inequality $ \det(A^2+B^2+(A-B)^2)\ge 3\det(AB-BA) $

A and B are two $2\times2$ reals matrices. then $$ \det \Big(A^2+B^2+(A-B)^2\Big)\ge 3\det(AB-BA) $$ well, it is seems interesting, but it is really hard to get started Thank you very much!
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Coefficients of characteristic polynomial of a matrix

For a given matrix $A$, and $J\subseteq\{1,...,n\}$ let us denote by $A[J]$ its principal minor formed from the columns and rows with indices from $J$. If the characteristic polynomial of A is ...
6
votes
1answer
252 views

Origin and use of an identity of formal power series: $\det(1 - \psi T) = \exp \left(-\sum_{s=1}^{\infty} \text{Tr}(\psi^{s})T^{s}/s\right)$

The following is a historical question, but first some background: Let $\psi$ be a linear operator from a vector space to itself. The following two expressions, viewed as formal power series, can be ...
6
votes
1answer
11k views

Using the Determinant to verify Linear Independence, Span and Basis

Can the determinant (assuming it's non-zero) be used to determine that the vectors given are linearly independent, span the subspace and are a basis of that subspace? (In other words assuming I have a ...
6
votes
2answers
251 views

Determinant called Grammian

Famously, if functions $f_1,f_2,…,f_n$, each of which possesses a derivative of order $n-1$, are linearly independent on the interval $I$, if $$ \det\left( \begin{array}{ccccc} f_1 & f_2 & ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Possible determinant relation for PSD matrices.

Is $$\det(I+ABC)=\det(I+ACB),$$ when $A,B,C$ are symmetric positive semi/definite and $I$ is the identity matrix. I am mostly interested in the case when the matrices are in complex field. I know ...
17
votes
4answers
806 views

A problem on Condition $\det(A+B)=\det(A)+\det(B)$

Let $A$ be a matrix $n\times n$ matrix that for any matrix $B$ we have $\det(A+B)=\det(A)+\det(B)$. If this imply that $A=0$? or $\det(A)=0$?
11
votes
5answers
434 views

Show determinant of matrix is non-zero

I have $a,b,c\in\mathbb{Q}$ not all zero. ($a^2+b^2+c^2\ne 0$), I want to show that the following determinant is then non-zero. I failed to arrive at an appropriate form of the polynomial. Help ...
6
votes
2answers
856 views

where did determinant come from? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What's an intuitive way to think about the determinant? I just learned the basics of matrices. Then I came across the magical formula $$\det(AB)=\det(A)\det(B)$$ I ...
5
votes
0answers
210 views

Symmetric functions of the eigenvalues of A+B, A, B, ABA, BAB, et.c.

(this is an improved version of What about other symmetric functions of the eigenvalues? ) Let $A$ be a matrix with eigenvalues $\lambda_1, \dots, \lambda_n$. Then $\det(A) = \lambda_1 \dots ...
4
votes
4answers
273 views

Determinant of a special $0$-$1$ matrix

I have a matrix which is of odd order and has exactly two ones in each row and column. The rest of the entries in each row/column are all zero. What will be the determinant of this matrix? I believe ...
3
votes
4answers
153 views

Value of Vandermonde type determinant

Let $x_1,...,x_n $ are distinct real numbers. Is it a formula for the Vandermonde type determinant $V(x_1, \cdots,x_n)$ whose last column is $x_1^k,\ \cdots,\ x_n^k$, where $k \geq n$, instead of ...