Question about determinants, computation or theory. If $E$ is a vector space of dimension $d$, then we can compute the determinant of a $d$-uple $(v_1,\ldots,v_d)$ with respect to a basis.

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7answers
975 views

Proving the relation $\det(I + xy^T ) = 1 + x^Ty$

Let $x$ and $y$ denote two $n$ - length column vectors. Prove that $$\det(I + xy^T ) = 1 + x^Ty$$ Is Sylvester's determinant theorem an extension of the problem? Is the approach same?
5
votes
3answers
100 views

How to show that $\det(A+I)\ne 0$

How to show that for any skew symmetric real matrix $A$, we have $\det(A+I)\ne 0?$ Where to begin? I'm looking for some clue only.
5
votes
1answer
486 views

Why is the determinant invariant under row and column operations?

I know that we may add any row to any other in a determinant and its value remains the same. This is clear enough since elementary matrices corresponding to row and column operations have determinant ...
5
votes
4answers
529 views

Linear Algebra - four “true or false” questions about matrices and linear systems

I'm reviewing for my linear algebra course, and have four "true or false" questions that I'm struggling to prove. I've included my approach to the solutions in brackets below them: 1) If $A^2 = B^2$, ...
5
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5answers
419 views

How to prove that $\det(M) = (-1)^k \det(A) \det(B)?$

Let $\mathbf{A}$ and $\mathbf{B}$ be $k \times k$ matrices and $\mathbf{M}$ is the block matrix $$\mathbf{M} = \begin{pmatrix}0 & \mathbf{B} \\ \mathbf{A} & 0\end{pmatrix}.$$ How to prove that ...
5
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1answer
729 views

Invertible matrices over a commutative ring and their determinants

Why is it true that a matrix $A \in \operatorname{Mat}_n(R)$, where $R$ is a commutative ring, is invertible iff its determinant is invertible? Since $\det(A)I_n = A\operatorname{adj}(A)$ then I ...
5
votes
3answers
275 views

computing determinant of a matrix

let $A$ be an $n\times n$ matrix with entries $a_{ij}$ such that $a_{ij}=2$ if $i=j$. $a_{ij}=1$ if $|i-j|=2$ and $a_{ij}=0$ otherwise. compute the determinant of $A$. using the famous formula ...
5
votes
3answers
623 views

Determinants of block matrices

Let $A,B \in \mathbb{R}^{n,n}$. Now $C = \begin{pmatrix} A & iB \\ -iB & A \end{pmatrix}$ and $D = \begin{pmatrix} A & B \\ -B & A \end{pmatrix}$. Show that $\det(C) \in \mathbb{R}$ ...
5
votes
2answers
249 views

Finding the determinant of a matrix

I am given $A = \begin{pmatrix} a & b\\ c & d \end{pmatrix} $ and B = $ \begin{pmatrix} e & f\\ g & h \end{pmatrix}$ whose elements are non-zero reals. If $BA = I$, where ...
5
votes
2answers
108 views

Determinant of $2\times 2$ Block Matrix

I would like to know the proof for: The determinant of the block matrix\begin{pmatrix} A & B\\ C& D\end{pmatrix} equals $(D-1) \det(A) + \det(A-BC) = (D+1) \det(A) - \det(A+BC),$ when $A$ is a ...
5
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2answers
656 views

Is the determinant of a zero divisor zero?

Suppose that $A$ is a zero divisor in the ring of $(n\times n)$-matrices over the ring $R$. Is $\det(A) =0$ if $R$ is a field? Is $\det(A) =0$ if $R$ is an integral domain? It's not necessarily ...
5
votes
1answer
115 views

Does the identity $\det(I+g^{-1})\det(I+g)=|\det(g-I)|^2$ hold for $g \in U(n)$?

In a paper (corollary 1, p.14) the following identity is used: Let g be a unitary matrix. Then: $$\det(I+g^{-1})\det(I+g)=|\det(g-I)|^2 \text{ for }g \in U(n)$$ Now my question is why this ...
5
votes
1answer
210 views

What is $\frac{\det(A+tI)}{\det(B+tI)}$ as $t\to0$?

If $A$ and $B$ are two real $2\times 2$ matrices with $\det A = 0 $ and $\det B = 0 $ and $\mathrm{tr}(B)$ is non zero. then what will be limit of $$\lim_{t\to0}\frac{\det(A+tI)}{\det(B+tI)}$$ I used ...
5
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1answer
58 views

Determinant of a matrice $a_{ij}=e^{a_ib_j}$

1) Let $a_1<\dots<a_n$ real numbers and $\lambda_1,\dots,\lambda_n\in\mathbb{R}\backslash\{0\}$ Let $f(x)=\lambda_1e^{a_1x}+\dots+\lambda_ne^{a_nx}$ Show that $f$ has at most $n-1$ zeroes 2) ...
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1answer
104 views

Determinant identity: $\det M \det N = \det M_{ii} \det M_{jj} - \det M_{ij}\det M_{ji}$

Let $M$ be a (real) $n \times n$ matrix. For $1 \leq i, j \leq n$ we denote by $M_{ij}$ the $(n-1) \times (n-1)$ matrix that we get when the $i$th row and $j$th column of $M$ are removed. Now, ...
5
votes
1answer
88 views

Properties of determinants.

Is this property of a determinant true? $$|A^3| = |A|^3.$$ I haven't studied about this but while working out on a sum, wondered if this could be true, I'll check out on other sums too if this ...
5
votes
1answer
156 views

Multiplication of determinants

Show that for any vectors $\bf{a}$,$\bf{b}$,$\bf{c}$,$\bf{u}$,$\bf{v}$,$\bf{w}$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$, ...
5
votes
1answer
174 views

Use row reduction to prove that $\det(\mathbf{A})=\det(\mathbf{A}^{T})$

I need to prove that the determinant of a matrix is equal to the determinant of its transpose. This fact is obviously easy to prove using the definition of the determinant, but the question stipulates ...
5
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1answer
86 views

Most elementary proof that a determinant is divisible by $m$

So a challenge problem states that you have an $n \times n$ matrix, where each entry is an integer between $0$ and $9$, and when each row is read as a base-10 number the number is divisible by a ...
5
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2answers
295 views

Determinant (and invertibility) of generalized Vandermonde matrix

I have stumbled upon the following generalization of Vandermonde matrix when solving some problem in linear algebra related to Jordan normal form. Let us consider some number $\lambda$ and we assign ...
5
votes
1answer
99 views

prove: $A+E$ is not invertible.

Suppose square matrix $A$ with order-n, and $A^TA=E,|A|=-1$, prove: $A+E$ is not invertible. Here, $A^T$ is transpose, $|A|$ is determinant, $E$ is identity matrix. Prove: we will show $|A+E|=0$. ...
5
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1answer
58 views

possible determinants of permutations

this is taken from Gilbert Strang's Linear Algebra book: What are all the possible $4\times4$ determinants of $I + P_{even}$? (P - permutation matrix) I seem to be stuck on this question except for ...
5
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1answer
320 views

How to prove this inequality for determinant of Hermitian block matrix?

I am given an Hermitian positive definite matrix $$D=\left(\begin{matrix}A&\overline{C}^T\\C&B\end{matrix}\right)$$ $A$ and $B$ are square matrices. The task is to prove the following ...
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1answer
221 views

A particular (functional) determinant calculation

One wants to calculate the quantity, $\det'(\frac{\partial}{\partial t} - i [\alpha, ])$ where the prime on the "det" means that one wants to do a product over only non-zero eigenvalues of the ...
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votes
1answer
150 views

Derivative of determinant of symmetric matrix wrt a scalar

For a given square symmetric invertible matrix $\mathbf{X}$ and scalar $\alpha$ (such that the entries of $\mathbf{X}$ depend on $\alpha$), I would like to use the following well-known expression for ...
5
votes
3answers
87 views

Generating a $n$-th dimensional vector orthogonal to $n-1$ linearly-independent vectors

Let us have $n-1$ linearly independent vectors $\vec{v}_{1},\dots,\vec{v}_{n-1}\in\mathbb{R}^{n}$, define the vector $\vec{w}$ as follows: ...
5
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1answer
91 views

How to prove $\det(e^{\lambda_ix_j})\not=0$ where $\lambda_i\not=\lambda_j$ and $x_i\not=x_j$ if $i\not=j$

In try to figure out the exercise: Let $$f(x)=\sum_{k=1}^{n}c_ke^{\lambda_kx}$$where $\lambda_i \not=\lambda_j,i\not=j$,and $c_1^2+c_2^2+\dots+c_n^2\not=0$, then the number of $f(x)$'s roots is ...
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0answers
164 views

Minimum and maximum determinant of a sudoku-matrix

Let $A$ be a sudoku-matrix. Assume that its determinant is positive. What is the lowest, what the highest possible value for the determinant of $A$ ? $A$ must have the dominant eigenvalue $45$, but ...
5
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1answer
118 views

A challenge question in determinant of real matrices!

Suppose that $n\in \mathbb N -\{1\}$ and $a_{11},a_{12},\ldots,a_{nn}$ are $n^2$ distinct real numbers, prove that there is some enumeration of $a_{ij}$'s like $b_{ij}\ (i,j=1,2,\ldots,n)$ such ...
5
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0answers
386 views

Linearity of the determinant

I'd like to prove the following properties of the determinant map. $\det I = 1$ $\det$ is linear in the rows of the input matrix The determinant map is defined on $n\times n$ matrices $A$ by: ...
5
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0answers
289 views

Symmetric functions of the eigenvalues of A+B, A, B, ABA, BAB, et.c.

(this is an improved version of What about other symmetric functions of the eigenvalues? ) Let $A$ be a matrix with eigenvalues $\lambda_1, \dots, \lambda_n$. Then $\det(A) = \lambda_1 \dots ...
5
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0answers
61 views

What about other symmetric functions of the eigenvalues? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Identities for other coefficients of the characteristic polynomial Let $A$ be a matrix with eigenvalues $\lambda_1, \dots, \lambda_n$. Then $\det(A) = \lambda_1 \dots ...
5
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0answers
128 views

Determinant expression for the power sum

Let $S_{n,r} := \sum_{k=1}^{n} k^r$ be the power sum. On the homepage by W. Hecht (link) I have found the following determinant expression: $$S_{n,r} = (-1)^{r-1} \frac{n(n+1)}{(r+1)!} \det ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Factorise the determinant $\det\Bigl(\begin{smallmatrix} a^3+a^2 & a & 1 \\ b^3+b^2 & b & 1 \\ c^3+c^2 & c &1\end{smallmatrix}\Bigr)$

Factorise the determinant $\det\begin{pmatrix} a^3+a^2 & a & 1 \\ b^3+b^2 & b & 1 \\ c^3+c^2 & c &1\end{pmatrix}$. My textbook only provides two simple examples. Really have ...
4
votes
2answers
160 views

Is the determinant of a matrix lower when all its elements are lower?

Problem Consider a generic matrix $A$, we are going to think of a simple case by taking into consideration a $3 \times 3$ matrix: $$ A = \begin{pmatrix} a_{1,1} & a_{1,2} & a_{1,3}\\ a_{2,1} ...
4
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3answers
2k views

why determinant is volume of parallelepiped in any dimensions

for $n = 2,$ I can visualize that the determinant $n \times n$ matrix is the area of the parallelograms by actually calculate the area by coordinates. But how can one easily realize that it is true ...
4
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2answers
224 views

A determinant problem

If $f(n)=\alpha^n+\beta^n$ and $$A=\left| \begin{array}{ccc} 3 & 1+f(1) & 1+f(2) \\ 1+f(1) & 1+f(2) & 1+f(3) \\ 1+f(2) & 1+f(3) & 1+f(4) \end{array} \right|$$ ...
4
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2answers
222 views

Another way to look at determinants

Let $A$ be an $n\times n$ non-singular matrix with real entries. How can I prove the following equation? Any references would be helpful. $$ \det(A) = \frac 1{n!} \left| ...
4
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4answers
286 views

Determinant of a special $0$-$1$ matrix

I have a matrix which is of odd order and has exactly two ones in each row and column. The rest of the entries in each row/column are all zero. What will be the determinant of this matrix? I believe ...
4
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1answer
3k views

Determinant of a block lower triangular matrix

I'm trying to prove the following: Let $A$ be a $k\times k$ matrix, let $D$ have size $n\times n$, and $C$ have size $n\times k$. Then, $$\det\left(\begin{array}{cc} A&0\\ C&D ...
4
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3answers
2k views

Determinant of the sum of matrices: $\det (A + B^T) = \det(A^T + B)$

How can you show that $$ \det(A + B^T) = \det(A^T + B)$$ for any $n\times n$ matrices $A$ and $B.$
4
votes
2answers
103 views

$A$ and $B$ are different matrices satisfying $A^3=B^3$ and $A^2B=B^2A$

I found the following problem interesting but do not know how to tackle it. If $A$ and $B$ are different matrices satisfying $A^3=B^3$ and $A^2B=B^2A$.Then find $\det (A^2+B^2)=?.$ Can ...
4
votes
2answers
254 views

Why and When is a determinant of a larger matrix equal to a determinant of a smaller matrix?

The following is written in the solution of my textbook. $$|A|= \left| \begin{array} {cccc} 1 & 2& -1& 4 \\ 0& 5& -1& 6 \\ 0& -3& 3& -6 \\ 0& 2& 2& ...
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5answers
2k views

Show that the area of a triangle is given by this determinant

This is part of my homework. I'm not sure how to start for this question. Can you guys provide some input/hints? Thank you! Let $A=(x_1,y_2)$, $B=(x_2,y_2)$ and $C=(x_3,y_3)$ be three points in ...
4
votes
3answers
481 views

Does $\det(A) \neq 0$ (where A is the coefficient matrix) $\rightarrow$ a basis in vector spaces other than $R^{n}$?

I know that for a set of vectors $\{ v_{1}, v_{2}, \ldots , v_{n} \} \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$ we can show that the vectors form a basis in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ if we show that the coefficient matrix $A$ has ...
4
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1answer
358 views

Cramer's Rule Question

Use Cramer's rule to solve this system for z: $$2x+y+z=1$$ $$3x+z=4$$ $$x-y-z=2$$ so my work is: $$\frac{\left|\begin{matrix} 2 & 1 & 1\\ 3 & 0 & 4\\ 1 & -1 & 2 ...
4
votes
2answers
114 views

How prove this $|A||M|=A_{11}A_{nn}-A_{1n}A_{n1}$ [duplicate]

Question: let the matrix $A=(a_{ij})_{n\times n},i=1,2,\cdots,n,j=1,2,\cdots,n$, and the matrix $M=(a_{ij})_{(n-2)\times (n-2)},$ mean that $$A=\begin{bmatrix} a_{11}&\cdots&a_{1n}\\ ...
4
votes
1answer
220 views

determinant inequality, $AB=BA$, then $ \det(A^2+B^2)\ge \det(2AB) $

$A$ and $B$ are two $n\times n $ real matrices, $AB=BA$. Can we conclude that $$ \det \Big(A^2+B^2\Big)\ge \det(2AB) $$ is right? Well, the inequality is interesting. if $A,B$ are upper ...
4
votes
2answers
104 views

How to show that there is no $3\times3$ real matrix $A$ such that $A^2+I=0$?

Question: show that there is no $3\times3$ real matrix $A$ such that $A^2+I=0$? Is it because: $$\det(A^2)=\det(-I)\\ \implies \det(A)\det(A)=-1\\ \implies \det(A)=-i$$ How to continue?
4
votes
4answers
308 views

Question about Axler's proof that every linear operator has an eigenvalue

I am puzzled by Sheldon Axler's proof that every linear operator on a finite dimensional complex vector space has an eigenvalue (theorem 5.10 in "Linear Algebra Done Right"). In particular, it's his ...