Question about determinants, computation or theory. If $E$ is a vector space of dimension $d$, then we can compute the determinant of a $d$-uple $(v_1,\ldots,v_d)$ with respect to a basis.

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11
votes
3answers
677 views

Integral of determinant

Good evening. I need help with this task $$ \int\limits_{-\pi}^\pi\int\limits_{-\pi}^\pi\int\limits_{-\pi}^\pi{\det}^2\begin{Vmatrix}\sin \alpha x&\sin \alpha y&\sin \alpha z\\\sin \beta ...
11
votes
2answers
486 views

Determinant of a finite-dimensional matrix in terms of trace

I have noticed that for the case of 1x1, 2x2 and 3x3 matrices $A$, $B$, I can write the determinant of their commutator $C=[A,B]$ in terms of traces: 1x1 matrices $A$, $B$: $$\det(C)=\text{tr}(C)$$ ...
11
votes
4answers
243 views

Is there an easy way to find the sign of the determinant of an orthogonal matrix?

I just learned that if a matrix is orthogonal, its determinant can only be valued 1 or -1. Now, if I were presented with a large matrix where it would take a lot of effort to calculate its ...
11
votes
1answer
716 views

Determinant of a symmetric matrix

Given an $n\times n$ matrix $C= [c_{ij}]$ which is symmetric (i.e. $c_{ij}=c_{ji}\ \forall i,j$) calculate the determinant of the following matrix (assume $c_{ij} \neq 0\ \forall i,j$): ...
10
votes
7answers
933 views

Check if $\det(I + S) = 1 + \operatorname{trace}(S)$ holds ?

I saw the following statement in my homework and we are asked to make use of the statement: If $S$ is a symmetric matrix then $$\det(I + S ) = 1 + \operatorname{trace}(S).$$ However, I am not ...
10
votes
2answers
341 views

determinant inequality $ \det(A^2+B^2+(A-B)^2)\ge 3\det(AB-BA) $

A and B are two $2\times2$ reals matrices. then $$ \det \Big(A^2+B^2+(A-B)^2\Big)\ge 3\det(AB-BA) $$ well, it is seems interesting, but it is really hard to get started Thank you very much!
10
votes
2answers
340 views

The “second derivative test” for $f(x,y)$

I'm currently taking multivariable calculus, and I'm familiar with the second partial derivative test. That is, the formula $D(a, b) = f_{xx}(a,b)f_{yy}(a, b) - (f_{xy}(a, b))^2$ to determine the ...
10
votes
2answers
271 views

Let the matrix $A=[a_{ij}]_{n×n}$ be defined by $a_{ij}=\gcd(i,j )$. How prove that $A$ is invertible, and compute $\det(A)$?

Let $A=[a_{ij}]_{n×n}$ be the matrix defined by letting $a_{ij}$ be the rational number such that $$a_{ij}=\gcd(i,j ).$$ How prove that $A$ is invertible, and compute $\det(A)$? thanks in advance
10
votes
1answer
444 views

Probability of a random $n \times n$ matrix over $\mathbb F_2$ being nonsingular

Given a random square matrix of size $n\times n$ in the field $\mathbb F_2$, what is the probability that its determinant is $1$? (This is also the probability that the matrix is non-singular, since ...
10
votes
3answers
159 views

Determinant of $a_{i,j}=(x_i+y_j)^k$

How can I find the determinant of the matrix $A\in\mathcal{M}_n(\mathbb{R})$ with coefficients $a_{i,j}=(x_i+y_j)^k,k<n$ ? All the $x_u,y_u$ are real numbers. Derivating won't help, and I didn't ...
10
votes
2answers
121 views

Can you prove My conjecture about Invertiblity of the Derivative Matrix ?! (to use Inverse function Theorem)

In the Analysis2 midterm exam, we had the following problem: Let the equation $a_nx^n+\cdots+a_1x+a_0=0$ has $n$ simple real roots (distinct) $\{\alpha_1,\cdots,\alpha_n\}$. Prove that the above ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

Is the determinant differentiable?

I was wondering, given an $n\times n$ square matrix with $n^2$ many entries, the function $\det:\left(a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_{n^2}\right)\to \textbf{R}$ which gives the determinant where $a_{k}$'s are the ...
9
votes
6answers
893 views

Determinant of a special skew-symmetric matrix

Simple calculation show that: $$ \begin{align} \det(A_2)=\begin{vmatrix} 0& 1 \\ -1& 0 \end{vmatrix}&=1\\ \det(A_4)=\begin{vmatrix} 0& 1 &1 &1 \\ ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Determinant of an $n\times n$ complex matrix as an $2n\times 2n$ real determinant

If $A$ is an $n\times n$ complex matrix. Is it possible to write $\vert \det A\vert^2$ as a $2n\times 2n$ matrix with blocks containing the real and imaginary parts of $A$? I remember seeing such a ...
9
votes
1answer
23k views

Using the Determinant to verify Linear Independence, Span and Basis

Can the determinant (assuming it's non-zero) be used to determine that the vectors given are linearly independent, span the subspace and are a basis of that subspace? (In other words assuming I have a ...
9
votes
3answers
325 views

Calculate a determinant.

Let $a_{1}, \cdots, a_{n}$ and $b$ be real numbers. I like to know the determinant of the matrix $$\det\begin{pmatrix} a_{1}+b & b & \cdots & b \\ b & a_{2}+b & \cdots & b ...
9
votes
1answer
148 views

Is there a name referring to this result?

For any real $m \times n$ matrix $A$, it seems that $$\det(I_n + A^{T}A) = \det(I_m + AA^{T}) $$ always holds, where $I_n$ is the identity matrix of size $n$. Though I have not tried to prove this ...
9
votes
2answers
621 views

Elementary proof that if $A$ is a matrix map from $\mathbb{Z}^m$ to $\mathbb Z^n$, then the map is surjective iff the gcd of maximal minors is $1$

I am trying to find an elementary proof that if $\phi$ is a linear map from $\mathbb{Z}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{Z}^m$ represented by an $m \times n$ matrix $A$, then the map is surjective iff the gcd ...
9
votes
2answers
134 views

Is there a deeper meaning behind the “determinant” formula for the cross product?

We all know that for all vectors $\mathbf{a}, \mathbf{b} \in \mathbb{R^3}$, if $(a_x,a_y,a_z)^\top$ is the component form of $\mathbf{a}$ and similarly $(b_x, b_y, b_z)^\top$ is the component form of ...
9
votes
2answers
384 views

Origin and use of an identity of formal power series: $\det(1 - \psi T) = \exp \left(-\sum_{s=1}^{\infty} \text{Tr}(\psi^{s})T^{s}/s\right)$

The following is a historical question, but first some background: Let $\psi$ be a linear operator from a vector space to itself. The following two expressions, viewed as formal power series, can be ...
9
votes
1answer
96 views

How to find this determinant of the binomial coefficient $\det{(A)}$

Let matrix $$A=\begin{bmatrix} \binom{m}{k}&\binom{m}{k+1}&\cdots&\binom{m}{k+n-1}\\ \binom{m+1}{k}&\binom{m+1}{k+1}&\cdots&\binom{m+1}{k+n-1}\\ ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Determinant of a 5 × 5 matrix

I have a little problem with a determinant. Let $A = (a_{ij}) \in \mathbb{R}^{(n, n)}, n \ge 4$ with $$a_{ij} = \begin{cases} x \quad \mbox{for } \,i = 2, \,\, j \ge 4,\\ d \quad \mbox{for } ...
8
votes
4answers
4k views

Determinant of a block lower triangular matrix

I'm trying to prove the following: Let $A$ be a $k\times k$ matrix, let $D$ have size $n\times n$, and $C$ have size $n\times k$. Then, $$\det\left(\begin{array}{cc} A&0\\ C&D ...
8
votes
7answers
738 views

Determinant of a specially structured matrix

I have the following $n\times n$ matrix: $$A=\begin{bmatrix}a&b&\cdots&b\\b&a&\cdots&b\\\vdots& &\ddots&\vdots\\b&\cdots&b&a\end{bmatrix}$$ where $0 ...
8
votes
3answers
289 views

Is $\;\det(A^n) =\left(\det (A)\right)^n\;$?

How can the value of $\;\det\left(A^{11}\right)\;$ be calculated from $\;\det(A)$? Generally how can $\;\det\left(A^n\right)\;$ be obtained from $\;\det(A)$?
8
votes
3answers
761 views

The determinant function is the only one satisfying the conditions

How can I prove that the determinant function satisfying the following properties is unique: $\det(I)=1$ where $I$ is identity matrix, the function $\det(A)$ is linear in the rows of the matrix and ...
8
votes
3answers
121 views

Find the expansion for $\det(I+\epsilon A)$ where $\epsilon$ is small without using eigenvalue.

I'm taking a linear algebra course and the professor included the problem that prove $$ \rm{det}(I+\epsilon A) = 1 + \epsilon\,\rm{tr}\,A + o(\epsilon) $$ Since the professor hasn't covered the ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Use of determinants

I have been teaching myself maths (primarily calculus) throughout this and last year, and was stumped with the use of determinants. In the math textbooks I have, they simply show how to compute a ...
8
votes
1answer
166 views

How to show that $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb Z) = \langle A, B\rangle$?

Show, that if $\mathbf{A}= \left( \begin{array}{cc} 1&1\\ 0&1 \end{array} \right)$, $\mathbf{B}= \left( \begin{array}{cc} 0&1\\ -1&0 \end{array} \right)$ and $\mathrm{SL}(2, ...
8
votes
4answers
379 views

What does it mean if $\det(A)$ equals $1$?

What does it mean if $\det(A)$ equals $1$? Does it mean that the identity matrix can be obtained from $A$ by only adding multiples of rows onto others?
8
votes
2answers
270 views

Determinant of the linear map given by conjugation.

Let $S$ denote the space of skew-symmetric $n\times n$ real matrices, where every element $A\in S$ satisfies $A^T+A = 0$. Let $M$ denote an orthogonal $n\times n$ matrix, and $L_M$ denotes the ...
8
votes
3answers
196 views

Positivity of a determinant

I'm stuck to prove the following exercise : Given real numbers $x_1,\ldots,x_n$ and $y_1,\ldots,y_n$, show that $$ \det(e^{\large{x_iy_j}})_{i,j=1}^n>0 $$ provided that $x_1<\cdots<x_n$ and ...
8
votes
2answers
253 views

Probability of determinants being coprime

I have a question that is not of particular significance, but I would love to understand the underlying principles. Suppose we have two square 3x3 matrices, $M_1$ and $M_2$ with $$M_1 = ...
8
votes
3answers
354 views

Without choosing bases, how to show that the determinant is multiplicative in this sense?

I was recently considering this statement: Let $V$ be a finite-dimensional $k$-vector space, and let $\phi:V\to V$ be an endomorphism. Suppose that $W\subseteq V$ is a subspace that is stable ...
8
votes
2answers
177 views

How to prove this $A$ is an invertible matrix

let Symmetric matrix $A=(a_{ij})_{n\times n},n\ge 2$,and $$\begin{cases} a_{jk}=j+k\cdot i&j< k\\ a_{jj}=2j\cdot(i+1) \end{cases}$$ where $i^2=-1$ show that :$A$ is Invertible matrix My ...
8
votes
2answers
113 views

How to show a Determinantal inequality

If $A, B$ and $C$ are $n\times n$ positive semidefinite matrices. How to show that $$\det(A + B) + \det(A + C)\le \det A + \det(A + B + C)?$$
8
votes
2answers
134 views

Matrix with determinant 0

If $A \in M_3(\mathbb{R})$ is a $3 \times 3$ matrix with $\det(A)=0$ and the square of each element equals its cofactor, do we necessarily have $A=0_3$? $a_{ij}^2=A_{ij}$, where ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Showing determinants using trace in a 2x2 matrix

I am confused about this homework question. It says "Show that : $\det(A) = \frac 12 \begin{vmatrix}\operatorname{tr}(A)&1\\\operatorname{tr}(A^2)& \operatorname{tr}(A)\end{vmatrix}$ for ...
7
votes
5answers
618 views

Determine the value of a second determinant based on the first

I know the theory of determinants, but I have no idea how to apply it to this problem. Suppose $$\det\begin{bmatrix}a&b&c\\ d&e&f\\ g&h&i \end{bmatrix} = 6$$ What is the value ...
7
votes
4answers
3k views

How to prove $\det(e^A) = e^{\operatorname{tr}(A)}$?

Prove $$\det(e^A) = e^{\operatorname{tr}(A)}$$ for all matrices $A \in \mathbb{C}_{n×n}$.
7
votes
4answers
324 views

Determinant of a Special Symmetric Matrix

If $A$ is a symmatric matrix of odd order with integer entries and the diagonal entries $0$ then $A$ has determinant value even. I can prove the result if I can show that the eigenvalues of $A$ are ...
7
votes
4answers
719 views

A faster way of calculating this determinant?

I'm doing a problem involving Cramer's rule, and one of the determinants I have to work with is as follows: \begin{vmatrix} 1&1&1\\ a&b&c\\ a^3&b^3&c^3 \end{vmatrix} So I ...
7
votes
2answers
308 views

Circulant determinants

Suppose that $a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n$ are $n$ distinct real numbers; is the following statement true? There is a permutation of $a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n$, namely $b_1,b_2,\ldots,b_n$, such that the ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

why determinant is volume of parallelepiped in any dimensions

for $n = 2,$ I can visualize that the determinant $n \times n$ matrix is the area of the parallelograms by actually calculate the area by coordinates. But how can one easily realize that it is true ...
7
votes
4answers
631 views

$\det(I+A) = 1 + tr(A) + \det(A)$ for $n=2$ and for $n>2$?

Let $I$ the identity matrix and $A$ another general square matrix. In the case $n=2$ one can easily verifies that \begin{equation} \det(I+A) = 1 + tr(A) + \det(A) \end{equation} or \begin{equation} ...
7
votes
5answers
433 views

Find the determinant of the following;

Find the determinant of the following matrix, and for which value of $x$ is it invertible; $$\begin{pmatrix} x & 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & \ldots & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & x & ...
7
votes
2answers
135 views

$\det\left(I + A^TA^{-1}\right) = 2\left(1 + \operatorname{tr}\left(A^TA^{-1}\right)\right)$

Let $A$ be an invertible $3\times3$ matrix with complex values. Prove that: $$\det\left(I + A^TA^{-1}\right) = 2\left(1 + \operatorname{tr}\left(A^TA^{-1}\right)\right)$$ I've tried to solve this ...
7
votes
3answers
142 views

Prove that $\det(A^2 + A + xI) = x$

Let $x$ be a positive real number and $A$ a $2\times2$ matrix with real values satisfying the following property $\det(A^2 + xI) = 0$. Prove that $\det(A^2 + A + xI) = x$ I have tried something with ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

where did determinant come from? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What's an intuitive way to think about the determinant? I just learned the basics of matrices. Then I came across the magical formula $$\det(AB)=\det(A)\det(B)$$ I ...
7
votes
5answers
311 views

Calculate the determinant of the $2n \times 2n$ matrix with entries equal to zero on the main diagonal, $1$ below and $-1$ above [duplicate]

Calculate the determinant of the $2n \times 2n$ matrix with entries equal to zero on the main diagonal, equal to $1$ below and equal to $-1$ above. I'll denote this matrix $A_{2n}$. So for example ...