Question about determinants, computation or theory. If $E$ is a vector space of dimension $d$, then we can compute the determinant of a $d$-uple $(v_1,\ldots,v_d)$ with respect to a basis.

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11
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392 views

The “second derivative test” for $f(x,y)$

I'm currently taking multivariable calculus, and I'm familiar with the second partial derivative test. That is, the formula $D(a, b) = f_{xx}(a,b)f_{yy}(a, b) - (f_{xy}(a, b))^2$ to determine the ...
11
votes
1answer
485 views

Probability of a random $n \times n$ matrix over $\mathbb F_2$ being nonsingular

Given a random square matrix of size $n\times n$ in the field $\mathbb F_2$, what is the probability that its determinant is $1$? (This is also the probability that the matrix is non-singular, since ...
11
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3answers
4k views

How do I prove that $\det A= \det A^t$?

I found this exercise in Artin. It asks me to prove that $\det A= \det A^t$ where $A^t$ is the transpose of the matrix $A$. Can anyone please comment whether my proof is correct or not? Attempted ...
11
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2answers
748 views

Do determinants of binary matrices form a set of consecutive numbers?

While pondering a solution for the problem of generating random 0-1 matrices with small absolute determinants, I once again realise how little I know about 0-1 matrices. My initial idea was to pick a ...
11
votes
1answer
142 views

Largest determinant of a real $3\times 3$-matrix

What is the largest determinant of a real $3\times 3$-matrix with entries from the interval $[-1,1]$ ? A result of John Williamson says that the largest value is equal to $4$, if the entries are just ...
11
votes
2answers
189 views

Prove or disprove : $\det(A^k + B^k) \geq 0$

This question came from here. As the OP hasn't edited his question and I really want the answer, I'm adding my thoughts. Let $A, B$ be two real $n\times n$ matrices that commute and $\det(A + ...
11
votes
2answers
271 views

Show that there is always a way to achieve det(A) > 0

a) Assume that $(a_1, ..., a_9)$ are different positive numbers. Let us make a $3 \times 3$ matrix $A_s$ by placing them arbitrarily into $9$ positions available. Show that there is always a way to ...
11
votes
3answers
805 views

Integral of determinant

Good evening. I need help with this task $$ \int\limits_{-\pi}^\pi\int\limits_{-\pi}^\pi\int\limits_{-\pi}^\pi{\det}^2\begin{Vmatrix}\sin \alpha x&\sin \alpha y&\sin \alpha z\\\sin \beta ...
11
votes
2answers
593 views

Determinant of a finite-dimensional matrix in terms of trace

I have noticed that for the case of 1x1, 2x2 and 3x3 matrices $A$, $B$, I can write the determinant of their commutator $C=[A,B]$ in terms of traces: 1x1 matrices $A$, $B$: $$\det(C)=\text{tr}(C)$$ ...
11
votes
4answers
322 views

Is there an easy way to find the sign of the determinant of an orthogonal matrix?

I just learned that if a matrix is orthogonal, its determinant can only be valued 1 or -1. Now, if I were presented with a large matrix where it would take a lot of effort to calculate its ...
11
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1answer
273 views

Limit of a sequence of determinants.

Let $\beta>0$ be given. For each $n\geq 2$, let $\Delta_n=\det M_n$ denote the determinant of the following matrix: \begin{align} M_n = \begin{pmatrix} 2+\epsilon^2 & -1 & 0 & 0 ...
11
votes
1answer
777 views

Determinant of a symmetric matrix

Given an $n\times n$ matrix $C= [c_{ij}]$ which is symmetric (i.e. $c_{ij}=c_{ji}\ \forall i,j$) calculate the determinant of the following matrix (assume $c_{ij} \neq 0\ \forall i,j$): ...
10
votes
7answers
1k views

Check if $\det(I + S) = 1 + \operatorname{trace}(S)$ holds ?

I saw the following statement in my homework and we are asked to make use of the statement: If $S$ is a symmetric matrix then $$\det(I + S ) = 1 + \operatorname{trace}(S).$$ However, I am not ...
10
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3answers
4k views

why determinant is volume of parallelepiped in any dimensions

for $n = 2,$ I can visualize that the determinant $n \times n$ matrix is the area of the parallelograms by actually calculate the area by coordinates. But how can one easily realize that it is true ...
10
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2answers
394 views

determinant inequality $ \det(A^2+B^2+(A-B)^2)\ge 3\det(AB-BA) $

A and B are two $2\times2$ reals matrices. then $$ \det \Big(A^2+B^2+(A-B)^2\Big)\ge 3\det(AB-BA) $$ well, it is seems interesting, but it is really hard to get started Thank you very much!
10
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2answers
2k views

Determinant of an $n\times n$ complex matrix as an $2n\times 2n$ real determinant

If $A$ is an $n\times n$ complex matrix. Is it possible to write $\vert \det A\vert^2$ as a $2n\times 2n$ matrix with blocks containing the real and imaginary parts of $A$? I remember seeing such a ...
10
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1answer
26k views

Using the Determinant to verify Linear Independence, Span and Basis

Can the determinant (assuming it's non-zero) be used to determine that the vectors given are linearly independent, span the subspace and are a basis of that subspace? (In other words assuming I have a ...
10
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2answers
289 views

Let the matrix $A=[a_{ij}]_{n×n}$ be defined by $a_{ij}=\gcd(i,j )$. How prove that $A$ is invertible, and compute $\det(A)$?

Let $A=[a_{ij}]_{n×n}$ be the matrix defined by letting $a_{ij}$ be the rational number such that $$a_{ij}=\gcd(i,j ).$$ How prove that $A$ is invertible, and compute $\det(A)$? thanks in advance
10
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2answers
5k views

The determinant of block triangular matrix as product of determinants of diagonal blocks

I am given the following partitioned - upper-triangular matrix: $$ \begin{bmatrix} A_1 &* &* &* &* &* \\ 0& A_2 &* &* &* &* \\ .& 0& ...
10
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3answers
198 views

Find this Determinant

I have to find this determinant, call it $D$ \begin{vmatrix} \frac12 & \frac1{3}& \frac1{4} & \dots & \frac1{n+1} \\ \frac1{3} & \frac14 & \frac15 & \dots & ...
10
votes
3answers
163 views

Determinant of $a_{i,j}=(x_i+y_j)^k$

How can I find the determinant of the matrix $A\in\mathcal{M}_n(\mathbb{R})$ with coefficients $a_{i,j}=(x_i+y_j)^k,k<n$ ? All the $x_u,y_u$ are real numbers. Derivating won't help, and I didn't ...
10
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2answers
132 views

Can you prove My conjecture about Invertiblity of the Derivative Matrix ?! (to use Inverse function Theorem)

In the Analysis2 midterm exam, we had the following problem: Let the equation $a_nx^n+\cdots+a_1x+a_0=0$ has $n$ simple real roots (distinct) $\{\alpha_1,\cdots,\alpha_n\}$. Prove that the above ...
10
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1answer
126 views

Determinant of a special $4\times 4$ matrix

Let $f(x)=\sum_{k=1}^{4}a_{k}x^{k},\varepsilon =\cos\frac{\pi}{2}+i\sin\frac{\pi}{2}.$ $\qquad\qquad 4\times 4$ matrix $$T=\begin{bmatrix} 1& a_{2}& a_{3}& a_{4}\\ 1& ...
10
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1answer
158 views

Show that a matrix has positive determinant

For a natural number $i>0$, let $p_i$ be the $i$th prime number, that is, $p_1=2, p_2=3, p_3=5,...$. Show that for all $n$, the following matrix has positive determinant $$ \begin{pmatrix} ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

Is the determinant differentiable?

I was wondering, given an $n\times n$ square matrix with $n^2$ many entries, the function $\det:\left(a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_{n^2}\right)\to \textbf{R}$ which gives the determinant where $a_{k}$'s are the ...
9
votes
7answers
838 views

Determinant of a specially structured matrix

I have the following $n\times n$ matrix: $$A=\begin{bmatrix}a&b&\cdots&b\\b&a&\cdots&b\\\vdots& &\ddots&\vdots\\b&\cdots&b&a\end{bmatrix}$$ where $0 ...
9
votes
4answers
4k views

Determinant of a block lower triangular matrix

I'm trying to prove the following: Let $A$ be a $k\times k$ matrix, let $D$ have size $n\times n$, and $C$ have size $n\times k$. Then, $$\det\left(\begin{array}{cc} A&0\\ C&D ...
9
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6answers
1k views

Determinant of a special skew-symmetric matrix

Simple calculation show that: $$ \begin{align} \det(A_2)=\begin{vmatrix} 0& 1 \\ -1& 0 \end{vmatrix}&=1\\ \det(A_4)=\begin{vmatrix} 0& 1 &1 &1 \\ ...
9
votes
3answers
348 views

Calculate a determinant.

Let $a_{1}, \cdots, a_{n}$ and $b$ be real numbers. I like to know the determinant of the matrix $$\det\begin{pmatrix} a_{1}+b & b & \cdots & b \\ b & a_{2}+b & \cdots & b ...
9
votes
2answers
687 views

Elementary proof that if $A$ is a matrix map from $\mathbb{Z}^m$ to $\mathbb Z^n$, then the map is surjective iff the gcd of maximal minors is $1$

I am trying to find an elementary proof that if $\phi$ is a linear map from $\mathbb{Z}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{Z}^m$ represented by an $m \times n$ matrix $A$, then the map is surjective iff the gcd ...
9
votes
1answer
153 views

Is there a name referring to this result?

For any real $m \times n$ matrix $A$, it seems that $$\det(I_n + A^{T}A) = \det(I_m + AA^{T}) $$ always holds, where $I_n$ is the identity matrix of size $n$. Though I have not tried to prove this ...
9
votes
2answers
154 views

Is there a deeper meaning behind the “determinant” formula for the cross product?

We all know that for all vectors $\mathbf{a}, \mathbf{b} \in \mathbb{R^3}$, if $(a_x,a_y,a_z)^\top$ is the component form of $\mathbf{a}$ and similarly $(b_x, b_y, b_z)^\top$ is the component form of ...
9
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2answers
397 views

Origin and use of an identity of formal power series: $\det(1 - \psi T) = \exp \left(-\sum_{s=1}^{\infty} \text{Tr}(\psi^{s})T^{s}/s\right)$

The following is a historical question, but first some background: Let $\psi$ be a linear operator from a vector space to itself. The following two expressions, viewed as formal power series, can be ...
9
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1answer
106 views

How to find this determinant of the binomial coefficient $\det{(A)}$

Let matrix $$A=\begin{bmatrix} \binom{m}{k}&\binom{m}{k+1}&\cdots&\binom{m}{k+n-1}\\ \binom{m+1}{k}&\binom{m+1}{k+1}&\cdots&\binom{m+1}{k+n-1}\\ ...
9
votes
2answers
157 views

Matrix with determinant 0

If $A \in M_3(\mathbb{R})$ is a $3 \times 3$ matrix with $\det(A)=0$ and the square of each element equals its cofactor, do we necessarily have $A=0_3$? $a_{ij}^2=A_{ij}$, where ...
9
votes
1answer
59 views

Induced group homomorphism $\text{SL}_n(\mathbb{Z}) \twoheadrightarrow \text{SL}_n(\mathbb{Z}/m\mathbb{Z})$ surjective?

Let $n, m > 1$. The map $\mathbb{Z} \twoheadrightarrow \mathbb{Z}/m\mathbb{Z}$, of reduction mod $m$, induces a group homomorphism $F: \text{SL}_n(\mathbb{Z}) \to ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Determinant of a 5 × 5 matrix

I have a little problem with a determinant. Let $A = (a_{ij}) \in \mathbb{R}^{(n, n)}, n \ge 4$ with $$a_{ij} = \begin{cases} x \quad \mbox{for } \,i = 2, \,\, j \ge 4,\\ d \quad \mbox{for } ...
8
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4answers
739 views

A faster way of calculating this determinant?

I'm doing a problem involving Cramer's rule, and one of the determinants I have to work with is as follows: \begin{vmatrix} 1&1&1\\ a&b&c\\ a^3&b^3&c^3 \end{vmatrix} So I ...
8
votes
3answers
291 views

Is $\;\det(A^n) =\left(\det (A)\right)^n\;$?

How can the value of $\;\det\left(A^{11}\right)\;$ be calculated from $\;\det(A)$? Generally how can $\;\det\left(A^n\right)\;$ be obtained from $\;\det(A)$?
8
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3answers
813 views

The determinant function is the only one satisfying the conditions

How can I prove that the determinant function satisfying the following properties is unique: $\det(I)=1$ where $I$ is identity matrix, the function $\det(A)$ is linear in the rows of the matrix and ...
8
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3answers
129 views

Find the expansion for $\det(I+\epsilon A)$ where $\epsilon$ is small without using eigenvalue.

I'm taking a linear algebra course and the professor included the problem that prove $$ \rm{det}(I+\epsilon A) = 1 + \epsilon\,\rm{tr}\,A + o(\epsilon) $$ Since the professor hasn't covered the ...
8
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2answers
4k views

Use of determinants

I have been teaching myself maths (primarily calculus) throughout this and last year, and was stumped with the use of determinants. In the math textbooks I have, they simply show how to compute a ...
8
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4answers
2k views

Determinant of rank-one perturbations of (invertible) matrices

I read something that suggests that if $I$ is the $n$-by-$n$ identity matrix, $v$ is an $n$-dimensional real column vector with $\|v\| = 1$ (standard Euclidean norm), and $t > 0$, then ...
8
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1answer
169 views

How to show that $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb Z) = \langle A, B\rangle$?

Show, that if $\mathbf{A}= \left( \begin{array}{cc} 1&1\\ 0&1 \end{array} \right)$, $\mathbf{B}= \left( \begin{array}{cc} 0&1\\ -1&0 \end{array} \right)$ and $\mathrm{SL}(2, ...
8
votes
4answers
404 views

What does it mean if $\det(A)$ equals $1$?

What does it mean if $\det(A)$ equals $1$? Does it mean that the identity matrix can be obtained from $A$ by only adding multiples of rows onto others?
8
votes
2answers
275 views

Determinant of the linear map given by conjugation.

Let $S$ denote the space of skew-symmetric $n\times n$ real matrices, where every element $A\in S$ satisfies $A^T+A = 0$. Let $M$ denote an orthogonal $n\times n$ matrix, and $L_M$ denotes the ...
8
votes
3answers
198 views

Positivity of a determinant

I'm stuck to prove the following exercise : Given real numbers $x_1,\ldots,x_n$ and $y_1,\ldots,y_n$, show that $$ \det(e^{\large{x_iy_j}})_{i,j=1}^n>0 $$ provided that $x_1<\cdots<x_n$ and ...
8
votes
2answers
264 views

Probability of determinants being coprime

I have a question that is not of particular significance, but I would love to understand the underlying principles. Suppose we have two square 3x3 matrices, $M_1$ and $M_2$ with $$M_1 = ...
8
votes
3answers
367 views

Without choosing bases, how to show that the determinant is multiplicative in this sense?

I was recently considering this statement: Let $V$ be a finite-dimensional $k$-vector space, and let $\phi:V\to V$ be an endomorphism. Suppose that $W\subseteq V$ is a subspace that is stable ...
8
votes
2answers
194 views

How to prove this $A$ is an invertible matrix

let Symmetric matrix $A=(a_{ij})_{n\times n},n\ge 2$,and $$\begin{cases} a_{jk}=j+k\cdot i&j< k\\ a_{jj}=2j\cdot(i+1) \end{cases}$$ where $i^2=-1$ show that :$A$ is Invertible matrix My ...