Questions on the evaluation of derivatives or problems involving derivatives (for example, use of the mean value theorem).

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11
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112 views

Definition of the nth derivative? [First post]

If the definition of the derivative is $$ f^\prime(x) = \lim_{\Delta x \to 0} \dfrac{f(x+\Delta x) - f(x)}{\Delta x} $$ Would it make sense that the nth derivative would be (I know that the 'n' in ...
11
votes
0answers
290 views

Divergence of the Derivative of the Prime Counting Function

On the one hand, the Prime Counting Function $\pi_0(x)$ maybe be written $$ \pi_0(x) = \operatorname{R}(x^1) - \sum_{\rho}\operatorname{R}(x^{\rho}) \tag{1} $$ with $ \operatorname{R}(z) = ...
8
votes
0answers
75 views

Derivatives of the Struve functions $H_\nu(x)$, $L_\nu(x)$ and other related functions w.r.t. their index $\nu$

There are some known formulae for derivatives of the Bessel functions $J_\nu(x),\,$$Y_\nu(x),\,$$K_\nu(x),\,$$I_\nu(x)\,$with respect to their index $\nu$ for certain values of $\nu$, e.g. ...
7
votes
0answers
727 views

Functions whose derivative is the inverse of that function

Everyone knows that there are at least three functions whose derivative is the function itself, namely $e^x, \ 0$ and $-e^{x}$. ( are there more?) I was drawing some polynomials and their ...
5
votes
0answers
50 views

Leibniz integral rule implementation

Can someone please explain to me why the following expression is true? I really tried to figure out how Leibniz integral rule works, but everytime I think I managed to figure out how to implement it, ...
5
votes
0answers
73 views

Inverse of a differentiable function equal to its derivative then f is analytic

I've found a nice problem concerning analytic functions. Here it is: Let $f: (0, \infty) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a function differentiable on $(0, \infty)$ and such that $f^{-1} = f'$. Prove that ...
5
votes
0answers
209 views

Partial derivative of a composite function $\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^n$

I am trying to understand a proof but I am stuck on this technical bit: Apart from the small typo highlighted, I don't really see how to get the big formula for the partial derivative of $v_i$ ...
5
votes
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216 views

Closed form expression for constants

We have the constants $c_{k,n}$ defined by : $$c_{k,n}=\frac{d^{k}}{ds^{k}}\left(\frac{e^{\frac{1}{n(ns-1)}}e^{\psi\left(\frac{s-1}{s} \right )}}{s} \right )$$ Where $\psi(s)\;$ is the Digamma ...
5
votes
0answers
331 views

“Simple” proof of Lebesgue's Differentiation Theorem for dimension 1?

Lebesgue Differentiation Theorem for $\mathbb{R}$: Let $f:[a,b]\to \mathbb{R}$ be intergable and $F(x)=\int_a^xf$. Then $F$ is differentiable almost everywhere in $[a,b]$ and $F'=f$ a.e. Is there a ...
4
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0answers
24 views

Intuition on second order partial derivatives

Inspired by smooth submanifolds of $\mathbb{R}^n$, I am looking for a good geometric way to think of second order partial derivatives of a locally smooth function $f:\mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow ...
4
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74 views

A tough one: show that this is not differentiable at any point in R

Here's the question: Define $\phi: \ \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ by $$ \phi(x) = \begin{cases}x & 0\leq x\leq\frac{1}{2}\\ 1-x & \frac{1}{2}\leq x\leq 1\end{cases}. $$ And then ...
4
votes
0answers
27 views

Generalisation of kth derivative to real values of k

The answer to this question is most likely no, but I'm asking anyway: Assume that $f\in C^n(\mathbb {R,R})$. Is their any natural generalisation of the map $$\{1,2,\ldots,n\}\to C(\mathbb{R, ...
4
votes
0answers
60 views

Differentiating $y=x^x$ with the formal definition of a derivative

A friend and I were messing around with derivatives, and while we both know the procedure for finding the derivative of $y=x^x$ with logarithmic differentiation, i.e. $$y=x^x\\ ln(y)=x*ln(x)\\ ...
4
votes
0answers
205 views

Uniform Differentiability

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ be differentiable and such that $\nabla f$ is uniformly continuous. Show that $f$ is uniformly differentiable; that is, for any $\epsilon >0$, there is a $\delta ...
4
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0answers
38 views

If $D:A\to A$ is a derivation, what can be said about the range of $D$?

What can be said about the relation between the domain and range of a derivation as a function? If $A$ is the domain, any space of functions, what does $D(A)$ look like, where $D$ is a derivation? ...
4
votes
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648 views

Chain rule for matrix - i'm confused

I googled around and searched inside the forum but I'm still confused about a problem. I have 2 matrix functions $f,g : \mathbb{R}^{n \times n} \times \mathbb{R}^{a \times b} \rightarrow ...
4
votes
0answers
38 views

Is $H^{\alpha}_{ij,k}=H^{\alpha}_{ik,j}$ for submanifolds in $R^n$?

Consider $\Sigma^n\subset {\bf R}^{n+p}$ a submanifold and $\{e_i, e_\alpha\}$ an orthonormal frame where the Greek indexes stand for the normal vectors. Then define $H^{\alpha}_{ij,k}=e_k\langle ...
3
votes
0answers
47 views

Equivalence of definitions of $C^k(\overline U)$

let $U$ be an open set of $\mathbb{R}^n$, that contains at least some open set. In Evans book we find the definition $$C^k(\overline U)=\{f \in C^k(U): D^\alpha f \text{ is uniformly continuous on ...
3
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0answers
47 views

Related Rates - Differentiation

An airplane is flying at an altitude of 8 miles and passes over a radar station. When the airplane is 12 miles from the base of the station, the radar detects that its horizontal distance is ...
3
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49 views

Wanted: simple invertible function with specified derivative properties

I'm looking for a positive function $F(x)$, defined for positive real numbers, with the following properties. $F(x)$ is expressible with the standard computer math library routines; $F(x)$ is ...
3
votes
0answers
38 views

Second derivative

I have this functional on $H^1_0$ defined by $J(u)=\frac12||u||^2-\int_0^1 F(t,u(t)) dt $ where $F(t,u(t))=\int_0^u f(t,s) ds $ and i have $J'(u)h= \int_0^1u'(t)h'(t) dt - \int_0^1f(t,u(t)) h(t) ...
3
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0answers
79 views

Is my calculation of $\frac{\partial}{\partial x}\frac{x+y}{\sqrt{y^2-x^2}}$ correct?

Is my calculation of the partial derivative (with respect to $x$) of the function $$f(x,y)=\frac{x+y}{\sqrt{y^2-x^2}}$$ correct? ...
3
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0answers
151 views

Text with alternative definition of “derivative”?

Instantaneous rates of change are conventionally defined as limits of difference quotients. Rates of things moving at constant speed are definable without delicate issues. If I pass someone moving ...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

Is this answer sufficient to prove? The question is related to second partial derivatives.

Is this answer sufficient to prove ? Does there exist a notation mistake or else? Problem Suppose that the functions $\varphi: \mathbb R \rightarrow \mathbb R$ and $\psi: \mathbb R \rightarrow ...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

Question on derivative

I have this : And i don't understand (3.5) . i.e : why $\displaystyle\frac{d}{dt} G_t(\eta(t)u)=(G'_t(\eta),\eta ')+\partial_tG_t(\eta))$ Please Thank you .
3
votes
0answers
46 views

Derivative of this formula?

I'm studying Solid State Electronics and at one point my book says: $$\dfrac{\text{d}x_n}{\text{d}V_a}= \dfrac{1}{N_d} \left(\dfrac{\varepsilon_s}{2q(\frac{1}{N_a}+\frac{1}{N_d})(\phi_i ...
3
votes
0answers
73 views

The derivative of a family of flows

If one has a family of flows, can one describe the derivative in the "family" direction? Specifically, let $M$ be a smooth manifold and let $X_{s,t}$ be a 2-parameter family of fields on $M$. That ...
3
votes
0answers
139 views

Green's function for third order boundary value problems

How to find the Green's function $G(t,x)$ for the BVP consisting of the equation : $$u'''(t)=0 , \quad t\in (0,1)$$ and BC : $$u(0)=u'(p)=\int_q^1 w(s)u''(s) ds =0 $$ where $\frac12 < ...
3
votes
0answers
52 views

Trying to find the lyapunov function

I have the system that I want to show the global asymptotic stability of the origin $$\dot{x_1} = x_2 \\ \dot{x_2} = -g(k_1 x_1 + k_2 x _2) $$ where k1 and k2 are positive numbers. Also, $$g(y)y ...
3
votes
0answers
135 views

Partial derivatives using variables after a transformation

I have a transformation $$(x'_1,x'_2)=(f(x_1,x_2), g(x_1,x_2))$$ and I wish to find $$\partial x'_1\over \partial x'_2$$ how might I evaluate this? If it is difficult to find a general expression for ...
3
votes
0answers
219 views

Sign of derivative of a complicated function

EDIT (for bounty): Consider the differential equation $G(p;x,\lambda)p \left[1-\lambda-x(1+\lambda)\right] + x(1+\lambda)p + (1-x)(1-\lambda) \int_{p}^{1} z G'(z;x,\lambda) dz - (1-\lambda) = 0$, ...
3
votes
0answers
240 views

Taking derivative below an integral

I am trying to solve the following question: If $t>0$, then \begin{align*} \int_{0}^{+\infty} e^{-tx} \; dx = \frac{1}{t} \end{align*} Moreover, if $t \geq a > 0$, then $e^{-tx} \leq ...
2
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0answers
22 views

Total derivative

What is the significance and meaning of the total derivative? Why is it introduced in the definition of differentiability of scalar and vector fields?
2
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40 views

(newbie) spectral derivative

I have data that form a scalar field on a 2D grid, evenly spaced. The grid has a finite size. There is no particular periodicity patern in my data. I want to calculate the value of the gradient at ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

Lie Group - derivatives

This is really a simple question. Let $A$ be an associative, nilpotent real algebra, and set $[a,b]=ab-ba$, define the exponential map as usual, that is $exp(a)=1+a+\frac{a^2}{2}+...$. Let ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

A vector analysis question requiring multivariable calculus

The question is taken from a Vector-Analysis worksheet as an extension exercise, here is the first part: Let $\underline{v}$ be a vector field $\mathbb{R}^{2} \backslash (0,0)$ of the form ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Implicit differentiation and rules

I'm supposed to write the rules used for some differentiable functions. I got all of them correct except for the last one which is $d(x^c)$. I put in $cx^{c-1}$ because I thought it was the power ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

About derivatives

Let $f \in C^1(\mathbb{R})$ a monotonic function such that $$\lim_{x \to \infty} f(x) = m \in \mathbb{R}$$ Does this imply $\displaystyle\lim_{x \to \infty} f'(x) = 0$? If so, can the hypothesis be ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

show that $(x^b+y^b)^{1/b} < (x^a+y^a)^{1/a}$ if $x>0$, $y>0$, and $0<a<b$

Show that $(x^b+y^b)^{1/b} < (x^a+y^a)^{1/a}$ if $x>0$, $y>0$,and $0<a<b$ by examining the sign of the derivative of an appropriate function. This is an exercise in middle part of ...
2
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0answers
34 views

Differentiablilty of composition functions

Two questions I suppose. One comes from a test I recently took that I didn't quite get/understand the method I should be using (or even how I should proceed) Let $f:R^2 \rightarrow R$ s.t $f$ is an ...
2
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0answers
37 views

Showing that the n first derivatives of (x²-1)^n have at least r roots (for the r-th derivative)?

I have f(x) = (x²-1)^n. I want to show that, for r = 0,1,2,...,n, the r-th derivative is a polynomial (that's easy to show) that has no fewer than r distinct roots in (-1,1). I guess I need to use ...
2
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0answers
84 views

Is it possible to switch limit from inside to outside of integral in this case?

Let $C$ be an open connected subset of $\mathbb{C}$. Let $f:[a,b]\times C \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ be a function. Assume $f(-,z):[a,b]\rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ is continuous and $f(t,-):C\rightarrow ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

Can differentiation be done in other fields besides $\mathbb R$ or $\mathbb C$

I was reading some completely unrelated materials where some differentiation was used, but I realized that the discussion was over some field $k$, where $k$ was not specified. So that made me curious: ...
2
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0answers
33 views

Differential calculus question.

Find a constant c so that at any point of intersection of the two spheres $(x-c)^2+y^2+z^2=3$ and $x^2+(y-1)^2+z^2=1$ , the corresponding tangent planes are perpendicular to each other.
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Finding the derivative for the following functions

Question:Using the rules of finding derivatives, find the derivative $f’$ of the following functions: (a) $f(x) = 2x +8$ (b) $f(x) = a + bx + cx^2$ (c) $f(x) = 120$ My answer I used rules and my ...
2
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0answers
28 views

Vector by Matrix derivitive

According to wikipedia, there is no widely accepted definition of a Vector by Matrix derivative. I have a need of such a notion. For matrix w, and vector h. $$\mathbf{y=w \;h} $$ $$ ...
2
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65 views

Simplify series involving derivatives

In order to get the cosine transform of a Marcum Q function of order 1 (see this), I ended up with this series: ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

Estimating the derivatives

Given the following equation: $$ u = \frac{x^a + x^b}{y^a + y^b} $$ where $a$ and $b$ are constants and $u,x,y$ are variables, I want to estimate the derivatives $dx/du$ or $dy/du$. However I cannot ...
2
votes
0answers
113 views

Second derivative of a composite function

Say, we have three Banach spaces $X, Y, Z$ and $g:X \to Y, \ \ f:Y \to Z$ are twice (Fréchet) differenciable. The question is: what is $(f \circ g)''$? Since $(f \circ g)'':X \to ...
2
votes
0answers
793 views

Strictly monotonic increasing function

Suppose that $f$ is continuously differentiable on $[a,b]$ and $f'(x) > 0$ for all $x$. Prove that $f$ is strictly monotonic increasing on $[a,b]$; that is, if $x<y$, then $f(x) < f(y)$. ...