Questions on the evaluation of derivatives or problems involving derivatives (for example, use of the mean value theorem).

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0
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1answer
34 views

Differentiate $(x-1)^2 \sin x$ where $x$ is in radians

How would I differentiate, simplify and then find $f'(\pi/2)$: $$ f(x)=(x-1)^2 \sin x $$ I'm not sure how to differentiate $\sin x$ to then use it later to find an answer, any help would be much ...
1
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2answers
54 views

Second derivative using limits

If f is a function that is two times differentiable at x = a then: $\lim\limits_{h \to 0} \frac{f(a+h)-f(a)-hf'(a)}{h^2/2}=f''(a)$ I don't know how to prove or disprove this. I know I have to use ...
0
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1answer
25 views

Non-differentiability of $\max \limits_i f(i)$

How can we formally show that $\max$ and $\min$ functions are non-differentiable? In particular, I was looking at the L1 matrix norm defined as: $\|A\|_1 = \max \limits_{i \le j \le n} \sum ...
3
votes
3answers
75 views

Find the limit and derivative of integral function.

$\psi_m(x)$ is defined as $$\int_0^{\ln|x|}e^{mt}\sin(t)^m\mathop{dt}$$ with $m$ a natural number greater then zero. Now the question is, does $\lim\limits_{x\to 0}\psi_m(x)$ exist. I've tried using ...
5
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1answer
84 views

Derivative of $\frac{x}{f(x)}\frac{df}{dx}$

Suppose we have a function $f(x):\mathbb R^+\to\mathbb R^+$ that satisfies: 1) $0\leq\frac{df}{dx} \leq 1$ 2) $f(0) = 0$, then do we have $$\frac{d}{dx}\left(\frac{x}{f(x)}\frac{df}{dx} ...
0
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1answer
131 views

Using bordered Hessian matrix to determine non-degeneracy and type of constrained extremum

I have the following problem: $\def\f{f(x_1,x_2,x_3)}\def\1{x_1}\def\2{x_2}\def\3{x_3}\def\n{\nabla}\def\g{g(x_1,x_2,x_3)}\def\l{\lambda}\def\q{\begin{pmatrix}}\def\p{\end{pmatrix}}$ Find the ...
0
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1answer
21 views

How do I find the ridges and valleys given a surface elevation function

Given a surface with a single elevation value for every x and y how can I find the places where the isoelevation contours have the tightest bends? And how can I differentiate between bends that are ...
0
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1answer
45 views

A rigorous proof of continuous differentiability

This small step comes from my reading on saddle point approximation: suppose $$ w=\text{sign}(s)\sqrt{2(s K'(s)-K(s))}\tag{*} $$ where $K$ is convex with and continuously differentiable for all orders ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

What is an intuitive way to see $\frac{d}{dx}\sin^{-1}x+\frac{d}{dx}\cos^{-1}x=0$?

Without calculation, explain why $\frac{d}{dx}\sin^{-1}x+\frac{d}{dx}\cos^{-1}x=0$?
4
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3answers
66 views

Differentiate with product rule

Question: differentiate $x(x^2 +3x)^3$ I have gotten to the point where i've used the product rule and i've gotten $$(x^2 + 3x)^3 + x\cdot(3x+9)(x^2 + 3x)^2$$ but now that it comes to the ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

Find the Derivative

I'm currently studying the product rule and have come across a section of questions that seems to make no sense. I'm sure there's just one little thing that I'm missing but I am unable to spot it. ...
0
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2answers
128 views

Definite integral-dot product

I have an integral equation containing dot product $$\int_{0}^{L} \left(\frac{a}{L}.b(s)\right)\mathrm ds\tag 1$$ Data Given a is a constant vector of size 3 b(s) is a varying vector of size 3 " . ...
1
vote
4answers
56 views

Proving the Derivative of $f'(x) = b^x$

Given $f(x) = b^x = e^{x\ln b}$ for $b > 0$, can someone show me how $f'(x) = \ln b e^{x\ln b}$ ?
0
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0answers
25 views

Sufficient conditions for the objective function to have gradient pointing towards the origin

Say I have a sufficiently smooth objective function $J(x)$. How can I ensure the below statement is fulfilled -with additional assumptions to $J$ if needed. $\underset{{{| x ...
1
vote
2answers
104 views

How to obtain probability distribution from the generating function $G(s) = e^{a(s-1)^2}$?

I was trying to get the probability distribution $p(n)$ from a generating function $G(s)$ like this: $G(s) = e^{a(s-1)^2}=\sum s^np(n)$ I need first to do Maclaurin expansion of the exponential and ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Computing the derivative of a transformation matrix

I am trying to find a geometric transformation between two images, where the transformation is a simple scaling matrix. So, if I denote the two image functions as $r$ and $f$ and the scaling matrix as ...
7
votes
5answers
213 views

Is there an easier way to find $\frac{\mathrm d^9}{\mathrm dx^9}(x^8\ln x)$ than using the product rule repeatedly?

Find $\dfrac{\mathrm d^9}{\mathrm dx^9}(x^8\ln x)$. I know how to solve this problem by repeatedly using the product rule, but I was wondering if there is a short cut. Thanks.
0
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0answers
31 views

Applications of Continuity and Differentiability on a Tough Qn

Given f is cont on [0,1] and that it is twice differentiable on (0,1). Suppose that Integral from 0 to 1 of f(x) dx = f(0) = f(1). Prove that there exist a number c where c is an element of (0,1) ...
0
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3answers
38 views

For what values of $r$, $x^r$ has infinite slope at $x=0$?

I'm learning calculus form MIT OCW 18.01SC. In session 23 (it's about linear approximation), prof computes linear approximation near $0$ of some basic functions. $$\sin{x}, \cos{x}, e^x, \ln{(1+x)}, ...
0
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1answer
26 views

Baby version of Sturm Comparison Theorem

In Problem 15-32 of Spivak's Calculus, 4th edition, he proves the following: Suppose $\phi_1$ and $\phi_2$ satisfy $$\phi_1''+g_1\phi_1=0, \\ \phi_2''+g_2\phi_2 = 0,\\[10pt] g_2>g_1, \\[10pt] ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

Finding the partial derivatives of $V (x, y) = U (x, y)e^{−ax−by}$

I think I did something wrong, so I was hoping someone might be able to show me the solution Two functions $V (x, y)$ and $U (x, y)$ are connected by the equation $$V (x, y) = U (x, y)e^{−ax−by}$$ ...
1
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1answer
54 views

Two methods of solving the differential equation $y' = .75 -.005y$

I am working on a differential equation problem and I am stumped since two different methods seem to give me two different answers Method 1 Given $\frac{dy}{dx} = .75 -.005y$ ...
0
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1answer
46 views

How would I use derivatives for suggesting an option to my user?

I was learning derivatives. I understood the theoretical concept behind it. When I was searching for the real-life example in machine learning I came across one of the answers in this question How do ...
0
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2answers
56 views

Find equation of tangent line to a curve $g(x)$ at $x=4$

So I am trying to find the equation of a tangent line to the curve: $$y = g(x)\text{ at }\,x = 4$$ given $g(4) = -6,\;$ and $\;g'(4) = 2$.
0
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2answers
175 views

Least Squares: Derivation of Normal Equations with Chain Rule

I'm new to Stackexchange so please bear with me. I'm struggling with the least squares formula. Now Wikipedia does show ways to derive the "normal equations". But I'd like to get the same result ...
0
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2answers
37 views

Distributional derivate of $f(t)$

I have the function $f(t)=e^{-|t|}$ And I want to distribution derivate it to $f''(t)$. I am aware of that the $f'(t)$ function will be: But how do I derivate to $f''(t)$ ?
1
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0answers
56 views

How can I calculate this matrix differentiation?

I am studying about the Matrix Differentiation. I don't know if this red box differential metric, which is how it is calculated.
3
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2answers
123 views

Does my proof of $|x+y| \le |x| + |y|$ make sense? How do I conclude a proof?

Thank you for reading it. I know I made a lot of mistakes. This is my first ever proof that I have attempted. Another note is that I only have been studying proofs for about a week. Any advice will be ...
2
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0answers
59 views

$n$th derivative of $f(x)$ using limit definition

After playing around with the limit definition of the derivative for higher order derivatives, I noticed the following odd relationship to determine it for an nth order derivative: Let $F^n=f(x+nh)$ ...
0
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0answers
20 views

Prove that the maximums of the family$f(x)=xe^{-ax},\ a>0$ are collinear.

If $f(x)=xe^{-ax}$, and a is an integer constant greater than zero, then $$\frac{df}{dx}=(1-ax)(e^{-ax}).$$ The maximum of $f(x)$ would then be at the $x$-value where $\frac{df}{dx}=0$. Since ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

Prove that $f$ is differentiable in $(0,0)$ if and only if $\lim_{t\to0+} g(t)$ exists

Let $g:[0,\infty)\to\mathbb{R}$ be a mapping and $f(x,y)=xg(\sqrt{x^2+y^2})$ for all $(x,y)\in\mathbb{R^2}$. Prove that $f$ is differentiable in $(0,0)$ $\iff$ $\lim_{t\to0+} g(t)$ exists. My ...
2
votes
9answers
261 views

Why does $(a+b)^2= a^2+b^2 + 2ab$? Why is the $2ab$ there?

When I was doing research on finding the derivative I came across something strange. If $f(x) = x^2$ you find the derivative by going $$\frac{f(x+h)^2-f(x)^2}{h} =\frac{x^2+2xh+h^2-x^2}{h}.$$ Why ...
0
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0answers
25 views

n-th derivative of product

I am looking for a closed-form for the $n^{\text{th}}$ derivative of $$\beta_1 g_1 g_3 + \beta_2 g_2 g_3$$ if $$g_k^\prime = \alpha_k g_{k+1}$$ Here's what I have tried so far: \begin{align*} ...
1
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2answers
21 views

Special vs. General Case in Basic Algebraic Notation

From Rogawski, Jon (2011-04-01). Single Variable Calculus (Page 343). W. H. Freeman. : To compute the derivative of a function of the form eg(x), write eg(x) as a composite eg(x) = f(g(x) ), where ...
8
votes
2answers
396 views

Is there an easier way to find the “natural” integration constant?

Suppose we take consequtive derivatives of a function at a point and then interpolate them with Newton series (Newton interpolation formula) so to obtain a smooth curve. ...
0
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1answer
17 views

Showing the following differential equation is exact

I'm asked to show that the attached differential equation is exact: link. I know I have to show that Nx=My. In this particular equation, M = -x/siny - 2 and N = ((x^2+1)cosy)/(1-cos2y), and all I ...
0
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0answers
39 views

Proving concavity for complicated function

I have a rather complicated function, $f$, that I am trying to demonstrate is log-log-concave, i.e., $$\frac{d^2\log f}{(d\log x)^2}\leq 0.$$ The reason I think it is concave is purely heuristic. ...
1
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2answers
63 views

How to check for convexity of function that is not everywhere differentiable?

I have a question. I have just been introduced to the subject of convex sets and convex functions. I read this in wikipedia that a practical test for convexity is - to check whether the 2nd ...
1
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2answers
53 views

Prove that $\lim_{x\to\infty}f''(x)=0$ if $\lim_{x\to\infty}f(x)=T$ and $\lim_{x\to\infty}f'''(x)=0$.

Suppose that $f$ is a real function such that $f(x) \to T$, where $T$ is a finite limit, and that $f''' \to 0$ as $x \to \infty$. Prove that $f''(x) \to 0$ as $x \to \infty$.
2
votes
2answers
45 views

Find volume of cask

I was given the following question: A wine cask has a radius at the top of $30 cm$ and a radius at the middle of $40 cm$. The height of the cask is $1m$. What is the volume of the cask in litres, ...
3
votes
2answers
110 views

Find arc length of curve on the given interval

I was asked to find the arc length of the curve of the following curve: $24xy = x^4 + 48$ from $x = 2$ to $x = 4$ This has turned out to be a very difficult problem, I get stuck using the arc length ...
1
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2answers
85 views

Assumptions that can be made for $f(x) + xf '(x)\leq 0$

I am wondering if we can make any assumptions about a function $f$ i.f.f. it satisfies $$f(x) + xf '(x)\leq 0 \qquad\forall \;x>0\;?$$
4
votes
1answer
44 views

Deriving Laplace Transform of Laguerre polynomial

I'm given this definition for the Laguerre polynomials: $$L_n(t)=\frac{e^t}{n!}\frac{d^n}{dt^n}\left[t^ne^{-t}\right],~\text{for }n=0,1,2...$$ and I have to show that the Laplace transform is ...
1
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0answers
71 views

Verification: Hessian of the following composition.

I was hoping that someone could verify the steps of computing a Hessian matrix. I have the following function, $F:\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}$, $$F({\bf x}) = \sum_{i=1}^mf(g(A_i^T{\bf x}))$$ where ...
4
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2answers
36 views

Implementing trig functions for dual numbers

I'm curious, how do common trig functions get implemented for dual numbers? One way would be to use the power series definition, but that seems inefficient
0
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1answer
66 views

Using the implicit function theorem to solve for two of four variables in the system of two equations

Show that there are positive numbers $p$ and $q$ and unique functions $u$ and $v$ from the interval $(-1-p, -1+p)$ into the interval $(1-q, 1+q)$ satisfying $$xe^{u(x)} +u(x)e^{v(x)}=0=xe^{v(x)} ...
1
vote
2answers
42 views

Derivative of certain piecewise function

I've got function $f(x) = \begin{cases} \frac{ln(1+x)}{x} &\text{for $x\not=0$} \\ 1 &\text{for $x=0$} \end{cases}$ And I need to find the derivative. (also one sided) I've found that ...
1
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4answers
65 views

Finding $p'(0)$ for the polynomial of least degree which has a local maximum at $x=1$ and a local minimum at $x=3$

The question goes as follows: Let $p(x)$ be a real polynomial of least degree which has a local maximum at $x=1$ and a local minimum at $x=3$. If $p(1)=6$ and $p(3)=2$, then $p'(0)$ is... What I ...
0
votes
2answers
67 views

Higher-order derivative test

Let $f:I\rightarrow \Bbb{R}$ $2007$ times differentiable at $x_0 \in I$. Also: $f'(x_0) = f''(x_0) = ... = f^{(2006)} = 0$ but $f^{(2007)} > 0$. Prove there's $\delta> 0$ such that $f$ is ...
0
votes
2answers
255 views

Simple differentiation / economics marginal cost question

This seems like a very simple question, so I'm sure I'm doing something stupid here, but I'm not quite getting my head around the following question: I have a total cost function: $C = 5x^2 +15x + ...