-5
votes
1answer
49 views

How to show that a given function is a solution of differential equation?

I have been trying to prove this for awhile but in any way that I try it doesn't give me the same required answer that I must show, any ideas? If ${y =\sqrt{x} + \dfrac{1}{\sqrt{x}}}$, ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

How t find z (unknown) in Runge-Kutta question

I'm trying to solve the below question solve $\dfrac{dx}{dy}=\dfrac{1}{x+y}$ for $x=0.5$ to $z$ using R-K (order $4$) with $x_0=0$, $y_0=1$ (take $h=0.5$). Please help me and tell me how to ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Which property can be used to derive a differential equation for a reparametrization

With $0\le t\le1$, two space curves given by: $$c_1(t)=(1,t,0)\quad\quad c_2(t)=(0,t,2t(1-t))$$ One of them, say $c_1$, must be reparametrized by $r(t)$ in order to minimize the area between the ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Derivative with respect to a function

We have a function ${f(s,{\psi(s)}_{3\times 1})}_{3\times1}\tag1$ Given Data $f,\psi$ are matrices and their dimensions are already given in the question s is not a matrix, it is a scalar ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Baby version of Sturm Comparison Theorem

In Problem 15-32 of Spivak's Calculus, 4th edition, he proves the following: Suppose $\phi_1$ and $\phi_2$ satisfy $$\phi_1''+g_1\phi_1=0, \\ \phi_2''+g_2\phi_2 = 0,\\[10pt] g_2>g_1, \\[10pt] ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Two methods of solving the differential equation $y' = .75 -.005y$

I am working on a differential equation problem and I am stumped since two different methods seem to give me two different answers Method 1 Given $\frac{dy}{dx} = .75 -.005y$ ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

Showing the following differential equation is exact

I'm asked to show that the attached differential equation is exact: link. I know I have to show that Nx=My. In this particular equation, M = -x/siny - 2 and N = ((x^2+1)cosy)/(1-cos2y), and all I ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Simple differentiation / economics marginal cost question

This seems like a very simple question, so I'm sure I'm doing something stupid here, but I'm not quite getting my head around the following question: I have a total cost function: $C = 5x^2 +15x + ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Matrix Algebra - Linear dependency

We have a given equation $ \frac{\mathrm{d}R(t) }{\mathrm{d} t}=R(t) \{(1-t)U_0+t U_1\}\tag 1$, all variables except scalar variable 't' has dimension $3 \times 3$. Given data $R(t)$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

ODE with Laplace transform: the jump of $\dot y$

I solved this eq. using the Laplace Transform: $\ddot y+4\dot y+13 y=\delta(t-2\pi)-\delta(t-7\pi)$ The sol. is: $y(t)=\frac{1}{3} e^{2 t} (-e^{14 \pi} \theta(t-7\pi) sin(3 t)+e^{4 \pi} \theta(t-2 ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

ODE $d^2y/dx^2 + y/a^2 = u(x)$

Does the following ODE: $$d^2y/dx^2 + y/a^2 = u(x)$$ have a solution? where $u(x)$ is the step function and a is constant.
0
votes
2answers
30 views

Differential of a shifted function

If I'm given the differential equation: $$\frac{d(12-24f(t))}{dt} = 5$$ How do I rearrange this so that it looks like a normal first order linear differential equation? e.g, so it looks something ...
3
votes
4answers
85 views

Differential equation which has following solution $y=\frac{1}{1+\exp(ax)}$

Is there any linear differential equation which has following solution $$y=\frac{1}{1+\exp(ax)}$$ $a$ is constant. something like: $$ y'' + by' +cy + \alpha = 0$$ where $b$, $\alpha$ and $c$ are ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Solve 2 connected ODEs describing a domain

This problem confused me for a long time. I have 2 ODEs which describe part of our domain. They are connected at middle: $$ \frac{d^2}{dx^2} u = -a, x<x_0 $$ $$ \frac{d^2}{dx^2} u - \frac{u}{b^2}= ...
1
vote
4answers
67 views

Differential equation with the solution of $(1+ax/2)\exp(-ax)$

Is there any linear differential equation which has following solution $$y=(1+ax/2)\exp(-ax)$$ $a$ is constant.
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Generalized Leibniz Rule

Leibniz Rule states that, $$(f\cdot g)^{(m)}(x)=\sum_{k=0}^m \binom{m}{k} f^{(m-k)}(x)g^{(k)}(x).$$ Writing this with differentiation denoted by $D$, we might say $$D^m (fg) = \sum_{k=0}^m ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Two methods of finding a function $f$ such that $Mdx+Ndy=0$ on the curves $f(x,y)=c$

this problem is from my class,i did one way and got one answer,professor did it in another way and got another answer.question is:Find $f(x,y)=constant$ where differential equation is ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

How to normalise equations of the form $dy/dx=B$ and $d^2y/dx^2=A$?

So I am trying to normalise equations of the form, $$dy/dx=B \mbox{ and } d^{2}y/dx^{2}=A$$ If I define $y^{*}$ as; $$y^{*}=By \Rightarrow dy^{*}/dy=B $$ Is it also then true that, $$d(dy^{*})/dy = B ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

ODE with multiple simple conditions $f'(x)=f(x)(Ax+D ) $

I have an ODE to solve . The main issue is,in addition to solving it I have to keep some conditions too in the solution of f(x).. I am bit confused regarding how to deal with it. Equation is given ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Solve the initial value problem 0f $x'=f(x),\quad x(0)=y$ [closed]

Solve the initial value problem $$x'=f(x),\qquad x(0)=y$$ for $$f(x)=(x^2,x+x^{-1})^T$$ Denote the solution by $u(t,y)$ and compute $$Ф(t,y)=\frac{du}{dy}(t,y)$$ Compute the derivative $Df(x)$ for ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

What is the Jacobian of the following function

Consider a function F: $R^n \to R^n$ defined by $$f(u) = A*u*(n+1)+\lambda *B$$ Where A is a tridiagonal n-by-n matrix with -2 on the main diagonal and 1 on the off diagonals. B = $\begin{pmatrix} { ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

second order ODE :- solution

We have $y''-Py'-Qy = 0 $ where P,Q are $P = K_1+K_2x, Q =K_2 $. $K_1,K_2$ are constants. y' means derivative with respect to x . Please suggest a solution for y. Thanks
0
votes
2answers
42 views

The fundamental difference that determines when a derivative can be calculated directly or only using the chain rule

I was given the following problem: Find $\frac{dy}{dx}$ using the implicit equation $x^2 + y^2 = 1$ What I'm more interested in is the explicit equation, $y = \sqrt{1 - x^2}$ (I'm allowed to ...
8
votes
3answers
215 views

Determining the maximum value for the solution of this delay differential equation?

I am working on the following delay differential equation $$\frac{df}{dt}=f-f^3-\alpha f(t-\delta)\tag{1},$$ where $\frac{1}{2}\leq\alpha\leq 1$ and $\delta\geq 1$. I know that there are three ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Solving ODE with matrices

I have an equation in ODE $M{'}(x)= M(x)*A(x)$. Issue here is $A(x) = C_1+C_2* x $ where $C_1,C_2 $ has dimension $3 \times 3$. And x is a scalar variable Doubt What is M(x)? Can any one give ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Solving system of differential equations

I have a system of differential equation to solve. Any suggestions regarding closed form or numerical method is welcome with great respect. This equation is from dynamic equation of a curve. Let us ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

How rigorous is multiplying both sides of an eqaution for the differential of a function?

I have to solve this equation: $$ -C_0 f + \frac{1}{2}f^2 +\frac{d^2 f}{d X^2}=A $$ where $C_0$ and $A$ are two real nonzero constant; $f:\mathcal{R}\to \mathcal{R}$ I have seen that the person who ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

derivative or differentiation with respect to a sum

I have the function $F(z',z,x,y)$, where $z=z(x,y)$ and $z'$ is the differential of $z$ with respect to its argument, and $x, y$ are the two independent varaibles here. So, $z$ and $z'$ are dependent ...
1
vote
2answers
94 views

Lyapunov function for non-autonomous non-linear differential equations

I have read some lecture notes about Lyapunov’s Second Method for autonomous system. Now, I want to deal with the stability of a non-autonomous system. Suppose there is a non-autonomous non-linear ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

On integration when solving differential equations (specifically separable equations)

So here is the differential equation and inititial conditions: $$x \frac{\mathrm{d}y}{\mathrm{d}x}=y(3−y) $$ and $$y(2) = 2$$ We have to find the equation $y$ in terms of $x ~~[y(x)]$ that is a ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

Why would I want to find the rate at which things were changing? Marginal cost, marginal revenue and profit

I'm learning calc and after learning about how to differentiate using product rule and chain rule etc. I came across marginal cost and marginal revenue. I'm pretty familiar with cost, profit and ...
2
votes
3answers
48 views

Simple Differentiation Problem Involving Area Radius and Circumference

A stone is dropped into a pool of water, and the area covered by the spreading ripple increases at a rate of $4 m^2 s^{-1} $. Calculate the rate at which the circumference of the circle formed is ...
2
votes
2answers
29 views

mean value property of derivatives in high dimensions

Let $E$ be a path-connected subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $f$ a differentiable function on $E$. Prove or disprove: for any $x,y\in E$, there exists $z\in E$ such that $f(x)-f(y)=\nabla f(z)\cdot ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Differentiation of multivariable function proof

I'm looking for the differentiation of multivariable function integral $$\frac{\mathrm{d} }{\mathrm{d} x} \int_{v(x)}^{u(x)}f(t,x)dt=u'(x)f(u(x),x)-v'(x)f(v(x),x)+\int_{v(x)}^{u(x)}\frac{\partial ...
5
votes
0answers
81 views

general solution of the equation $\frac{dy}{dx} =\exp(y/x)$

How can i get the general solution of the equation a) $\frac{dy}{dx} = \exp(y/x)$ b) $\frac{dy}{dx} = \exp(x-y)$ and $y=2$ when $x = 0$ I tried b) first: This is a first-order nonlinear ordinary ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Solving an ODE using variations of parameters and Wronskian theorem.

So I am attempting to solve this differential equation by trying to follow an example that my professor did in class. I am just not too sure about my answer seeing as WolframAlpha gives me this: ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Under what conditions can a function $ y: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R} $ be expressed as $ z z' $?

This is a follow-up to Under what conditions can a function $ y: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R} $ be expressed as $ \dfrac{z'}{z} $?. It turns out that in that case, \begin{align} \text{$ y = ...
3
votes
1answer
30 views

How to express $z'(t)$ and $w'(t)$ in terms of $z(t)$ and $w(t)$?

I have these functions: $x' (t) = −5x(t) + 2 y(t)$ $y' (t) = 2x(t) − 2y(t)$ where $x(0)=10$ and $y(0)=0$ I am also given these 2 functions: $z(t) = x(t) + 2y(t)$ $w(t) = −2x(t) + y(t)$ First ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

Under what conditions can a function $ y: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R} $ be expressed as $ \dfrac{z'}{z} $?

Can an arbitrary function $ y: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R} $ always be expressed as $ \dfrac{z'}{z} $ for some differentiable function $ z: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R} $, or are additional conditions on $ ...
1
vote
3answers
47 views

Calculate minimum perimeter of a rectangle with an extra constraint.

I have been set this problem, and although I can derive a minimum perimeter using calculus, I now need to add an extra constraint to one side of the rectangle and I am having problems deriving a ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Can a third degree'Riccati' like differential equation be re-written as a third order linear ODE

Consider the equation $$ y' = a_0(x) + a_1(x)y + a_2(x)y^2 + a_3(x)y^3 $$ Does there exist a substition $y = f(a_0, a_1, a_2, a_3, u, u', u'')$ such that after simplifying from this subsitution we ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Is this a first integral for the system (double pendulum)?

Consider the system $$\dot{\theta}_1=w_1$$ $$\dot{\theta}_2=w_2$$ $$\dot{w}_1=-L_1\sin\theta_1+\frac{m_2}{m_1}\cos\theta_2\sin(\theta_2-\theta_1)$$ ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Motivation and Derivation of the Riccati Equation Transformation

Given a Riccati Equation which is differential equation of the form: $$ \frac{dy}{dx} = a_0 (x) + a_1 (x)y + a_2 (x)y^2 $$ It is well known that the transformation: $$ y = -\frac{1}{a_2(x)} ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

how to derive the canonical form of a transfer second order equation?

How to derive the canonical form of the second order transfer function?? $$\frac{(\omega_n)^2}{s^2+2\zeta\omega_ns + (\omega_n)^2}$$
1
vote
1answer
122 views

deriving second order transfer function from spring mass damper system..

I am having a hard time understanding how a differential equation based on a spring mass damper system $$ m\ddot{x} + b\dot{x} + kx = 0$$ can be described as an second order transfer function for an ...
-1
votes
1answer
18 views

Oscillating Spring & Rates of change

How to solve? Are they asking for: instantaneous rate of change: $\frac{d}{dt}h(t)=2.5$ and solve for value of $t$ or when $\frac{d}{dt}h(t_1)$ where $t_1$ is when $h(t)=2.5$ but both methods ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Differentiate the following functions

Let $$y(x)= 4 x^3 e^{2x},$$ then $$y'(x) = 4 \times 3 \, x^2 e^{2x} + 4 \, x^3 \times 2 e^{2x} = 12 \, x^2 e^{2x} + 8 \, x^3 e^{2x}$$ Does this look correct?
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Write this ODE without any square roots

Given the function $$u(t):=\sqrt{\sum_{i=0}^n \alpha_i t^{2i}}$$ is it possible to plug this into the ODE $$(t^2-1)u''(t)+tu'(t)(1-8a+8at^2)-4(a+a^2-2at^2+n(-a+2at^2)-C)u(t)=0 $$ such that I get a ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

First derivative of Lagrange polynomial

Given the Lagrange basis polynomial as: $L_i(x)= \prod_{m=0, m \neq i}^n \frac{x-x_m}{x_i-x_m} $ is there a generic equation for the first derivative ${L_i}'(x)$ for any order,t hat is for any $n$?
3
votes
2answers
42 views

derivative after changing variable

I have just studied a lesson about derivative of a function but I still confuse in the following case. Suppose that I have a function: $$ f(x) = 2x^2 + 3x + 1$$ and I want to calculate ...