Questions on the evaluation of derivatives or problems involving derivatives (for example, use of the mean value theorem).

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Derivative of $Ad(c(t))X$

Let $G=SO(3)$ and $V=\{c'(0)|c:(-\epsilon,\epsilon)\to G, c\in C^{\infty} , c(0)=1\}$. For $g\in G$, define $Ad(g): V\to V$ by $Ad(g)(X)=gXg^{-1}$. The book says ...
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2answers
18 views

Numerical Approximation for 2D Curvature

I have a list of points (x, y) that are taken from an unknown 2D parametric curve $\vec{f}(t)$. These points are monotonically increasing in t (ie: they're a "connect the dots" version of ...
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0answers
69 views

Derivative under integral mixed with…

$$f(x,y)=\int_{e^{4y}}^{\ln^3(x)}{\frac{\sin(t)}{t}\,dt}$$ Whats the derivative $\frac{d f}{d t}$, if: $$x(t)=\cos(2+6t).4t^2$$ $$y(t)=\ln(2r+7e^{5t})$$ Really not much to say about this problem ...
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4answers
70 views

Computing the sixth derivative of $F(x) = \int_1^x\sin^3(1-t)\mathrm dt$

Compute the sixth derivative at $x_0 = 1$ of $$F(x) = \int_1^x\sin^3(1-t)\mathrm dt$$ It's from a multiple choice test. I was able to narrow down the choices to $0$ and $60$. I guessed $0$ and ...
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1answer
27 views

Is this theorem about integration with substitution wrong?

A theorem in my book states: If $g$ is differentiable, f is continuous, and F is an antiderivative of f, then : $\int f[g(x)]g'(x)dx=F[g(x)]+C$ The reason I am asking if this is correct, ...
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1answer
32 views

Differents between $lnx^2$ and $ln(x^2)$ Find derivative

I have this problem Find derivative for $lnx^2$. It seems that $lnx^2 \neq ln(x^2)$ since the derivative are differents using Wolfram Alpha. I don't understand how to calculate the derivative for ...
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1answer
16 views

nth derivative of a troublesome function

I don't know where to start on this problem. I'm trying to get the 2015th derivative(at x = 0) of f(x) = x^2 * arctan(x). Doing the derivatives one by one seems a little troublesome... What do you ...
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1answer
44 views

Is $f:\mathbb{R}^2\to\mathbb{R}$ differentiable on $(0,0)$?

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^2\to\mathbb{R}$ such that $f(x,y) = (x^2+y^2)\sin(\frac{1}{x^2+y^2})$ for $(x,y)\ne (0,0)$ and $f(x,y)=0$ for $(x,y)=(0,0)$. Is $f$ differentiable on $(0,0)$? So let's first ...
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1answer
27 views

How can I prove this about the tangent line formula??

The equation of a tangent line to $f(x)$ at $x = t$ is $y = f'(t)(x - t) + f(t)$. Recently, I heard that it is also determined by the remainder of polynomial division of $f(x)$ by $(x-t)^2$. For ...
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35 views

Understanding Cauchy's mean value theorem

We studied in class today about the Cauchy's mean value theorem, but in somewhat more complicated version, and i find it difficult to prove. here the theorem: Let $f,\ ...
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1answer
25 views

Intiution behind the derivative of dirac delta function

Let me first begin what I mean by saying the intuition behind the " $\delta'(x)$ ". For example the smooth approximations of the delta function looks like the following: (Left:the smooth ...
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4answers
26 views

Prove that a function diverges to infinity if its derivative has a positive lower bound for all $x$ on a closed ray $\left[ a,\infty \right)$.

Let $f$ be differentiable on $\left[ a,\infty \right)$. Prove that if $\exists m>0\,\forall x\in \left[ a,\infty \right)\,f'\left( x \right)\ge m~$, then $\lim\limits_{x\to\infty}\,f\left( x ...
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2answers
17 views

Find the general expression from the antiderivative

I am having trouble computing the original function. Question states: Let $f$ be a differentiable, positive function, such that $$f'(x)=x*f(x)$$ for all real numbers x. A) Find the general ...
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1answer
30 views

Differentiating both sides with respect to time.

So I have this problem: An active volcanic mountain grows in the shape of a cone while maintaining its base diameter equal to its height. The volume of the mountain increases at a rate of ...
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1answer
31 views

Founding maxima or minima to a function

$g(x)=e^{x-1}+x^{2}-3+2x$ How can I find when this function has maxima and minima? I found the derivative but I can't understand how find the solution when $g'(x)=0$. It's high school material.
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1answer
30 views

Partial differentiation or normal differentiation

Consider the function $$ f(x,y) = \begin{cases}\frac{xy(x^2-y^2)}{x^2+y^2}, & (x,y)\neq(0,0)\\ 0, & \text{otherwise.}\end{cases} $$ Compute $$\frac{d^2f}{dxdy}(0,0)$$ and ...
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0answers
15 views

Using chain rule on a function $u:\mathbb R^n \rightarrow \mathbb R$

Suppose we have $x \in \mathbb R^n$, $\lambda \in \mathbb R$ and a function $u:\mathbb R^n \rightarrow \mathbb R$. I want to calculate the derivative $$ \frac{\partial u(\lambda x)}{\partial \lambda} ...
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0answers
10 views

Proving that the derivative of the LRL vector $=0$ [on hold]

How to prove that the derivative of the Laplace–Runge–Lenz vector $=0$? $$A=\dot{x}\times(x\times\dot{x})-\dfrac{k}{\mu}\cdot\dfrac{x}{||x||}$$ $$\dot{A}=0$$
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2answers
58 views

How to prove this equation about derivatives?

I'm currently studying derivatives, and I saw some equations but this one just not seems much trivial to me: $$\lim_{h\to 0}\left(\frac{f\left(x_0-2h\right)-f\left(x_0+3h\right)}{h}\right) = ...
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1answer
8 views

Angle between a line and a circle that it goes though

I just solved a task regarding the angle under which a certain line goes through a circle. The line naturally has two common points with the circle. It seems that the angle between them is the same in ...
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28 views

Analyze the variation of this function $f(x)=x \exp[a+b(x-1)] \, E_1[a+b (x-1)]$ w.r.t. $x$

Please, I need to analyse the variation of the following function w.r.t. $x$ : $f(x)=x \exp[a+b(x-1)] \, E_1[a+b (x-1)]$, where $E_1[a+b (x-1)]$ is the exponential integral, $b>a$, $a>0$, ...
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1answer
17 views

Differentiation and PDE Theory

I have been given the following two definitions: 1) $D^ku$ is the set of all derivatives of order k of u 2) Let $\Omega$ be a non-empty subset of Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^N.$ An expression of the ...
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1answer
10 views

For which functions $r$ is the curve $r(t)(\cos t,\sin t)$ regular or unit speed?

Decide conditions on smooth function $r$ such that $\nu$ is a regular curve and decide functions $r$ for which $\nu$ has speed $1$. Let $r: \mathbb R \rightarrow \mathbb R$ be a smooth function ...
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1answer
14 views

Total differential related limit

I am trying to find whether total differential of $u(x,y)=y^{1/3}\arctan x$ exists at $(0,0)$, where partial derivatives are zero, so I want to know if $$\lim_{(h_1,h_2)\to\vec 0} ...
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1answer
24 views

Differentiating an Integral

Does anyone know any general approach for something like this: $$ \frac{d}{dx}\int_{-\infty}^{x}f(x,u)du\qquad\text{or}\qquad\frac{d}{dx}\int_{x}^{\infty}f(x,u)du\qquad $$ Basically, I'm trying to ...
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1answer
23 views

Coming Up With A Neutral Fixed Points Theorem

Question: If $f(x_0)=x_0,f'(x_0)=1$ and $f''(x_0)>0$, is $x_0$ weakly attracting, weakly repelling, or neither? (weakly attracting meaning $\exists\delta,\forall x\in ...
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1answer
31 views

Find the derivative of an integral.

Find the derivative of the following integral $$ F(x)=\int_x^{x^2}e^{t^7}dt $$ Find F′(x) given F(x). Normally I would show my attempt in working out the problem: however, I don't even know where ...
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8 views

On Differentiation Theorem and Radius of Convergence

For reference: http://www0.maths.ox.ac.uk/system/files/coursematerial/2014/2644/48/14MT-AnalysisI-sheet7.pdf 4.(b) For fixed $d \in \mathbb{R}$, let $f_d(x)=S(d+x)C(d-x)+S(d-x)C(d+x)$ By ...
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3answers
54 views

Conceptual question on differentiation in calculus?

In Calc class, my teacher told us that the only solution to $y' = y$ is $y = ce^x$, with $c$ being a real number. I am having difficulty understanding the only part. Is there a proof of this? Or am I ...
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2answers
65 views

Prove that a function is constant [duplicate]

I'm attempting to prove the following statement: Let $f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ be a function and suppose that $|f(x)-f(y)|\leq (x-y)^2$ for all $x,y\in\mathbb{R}$, therefore f is constant. I ...
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0answers
35 views

Why aren't placeholders for arguments more common?

When learning about differentiation and integration, one often deals with functions, and it's common to use $D(x^2) = 2x$ as a function instead of $D(x\mapsto x^2) = (x\mapsto 2x)$, while it would ...
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2answers
26 views

Number of zeros of $ f^n $

Let $f:\Bbb R\to \Bbb R$ be infinetly differentiable function that vanishes at $10$ distinct points in $\Bbb R$.suppose $ f^{n} $ denote $n$-th derivate of $f$, for $n \ge 1$. Then which of following ...
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46 views

how to solve this chain rule problem

I'm having some difficulty solving this problem. The information I have is the following: $z:(y_1,y_2,y_3,\dotsc,y_n)$ and $y$ is also composed of a function $y:(x_1,x_2,x_3,\dotsc,x_n)$ given ...
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2answers
38 views

Prove the existence of derivative

Let $f\colon \mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function on $\mathbb{R}$. Suppose $f(x)$ exists for all $x\neq0$, and $\lim_{x\rightarrow0}f'(x)$ exists. Show that $f'(0)$ exists. I ...
3
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1answer
42 views

Show that between any two real roots of the equation $e^x \cos{x}+1=0$, there is a root of the equation $e^x \sin{x}+1=0$

My steps are the following: Suppose $f(a)=f(b)=0$ Since $f$ is differentiable on $[a,b]$ and continuous on $(a,b)$ By Rolle's Theorem $\exists c\in(a,b)$ such that $$f'(c)=e^c(-\sin{c})+e^c ...
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0answers
36 views

Inflection point and 2nd derivative

Is it possible a function $f:\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ to have an inflection point somewhere but that it is not two times differentiable at that point? If so, then can we have a form of that ...
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2answers
44 views

Find that the limit is $0$

I have to prove that the following limit is $0$: \begin{equation} \lim_{(x,y)\to (0,0)}\frac{\lvert x\rvert^2y^2}{x^2+y^4}=0. \end{equation} This is a part of an exercise where I have to study the ...
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2answers
50 views

How to prove that $f$ is differentiable at every point beside $x=-1$? [duplicate]

Consider $f(x) = |x+1|$. I want to show that for every $x_0\neq-1$ , $\lim_{h \rightarrow 0}\frac{f(x_0+h)-f(x_0)}{h}$ is exist. So far i just wrote the definition, and looked on 2 options:When ...
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0answers
36 views

$f$ is differentiable twice but not in $0$?

Let $f$ be differentiable twice in any punctured neighborhood of 0. Is $f$ necessarily differentiable at 0? How can I show or prove such a thing? Does it mean that the derivative is subtracted by $x$ ...
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1answer
27 views

solve equation with Intermediate value theorem…

set $a_1$,$a_2$,$a_3>0$ and $λ_3>λ_2>λ_1$ on $ℝ$. show that there are exactly two $x$’s for $a_1/(x-λ_1) + a_2/(x-λ_2) + a_3/(x-λ_3) = 0$ I tried use the intermediate value theorem but I ...
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0answers
34 views

Differentiable only at $x=0$ and $f'(0)>0$

Is there a function $f$ satisfy (1) Only differentiable at $x=0$ (2) $f'(0)>0$ but $f$ is not increasing state on $x=0$?
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3answers
48 views

Help with integration of $\frac{f'(x)}{[f(x)]^n}$.

How do I integrate an expression of the form $$ \frac{f'(x)}{[f(x)]^n} $$ with respect to $x$? Could I use some kind of recognition method, thus avoiding partial fractions? For example: $$ ...
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2answers
82 views

Find the limit without using Maclaurin series

Find a limit, $$\lim_{x\to 0} \frac{1-\cos{(1-\cos{(1-\cos x)})}}{x^8}$$ without using Maclaurin series. My attempt was to use L'hopital's rule but that's just too much, and chances of not making a ...
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0answers
29 views

The definition of continuously differentiable functions

When we say $f \in C^1$, we mean that f is continuously differentiable. Isn't the continuity a redundant word? I mean, we have a theorem that says if $f$ is differentiable then it is continuous. So ...
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2answers
107 views

What is the derivative of floor function? [on hold]

What is the derivative of the next equation? $$f(x) = \left\lfloor\frac{c}{x}\right\rfloor\ \ \ \ \ \text{ where }\lfloor\cdot\rfloor\text{ is the floor function.}$$ $c,x$ are positive integers ...
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2answers
38 views

Prove the inequality $x \le x+(1-x) \sin^2(x) \le 1$ for $x \in (0,1)$ by using derivative

The problem: show that $x \le x+(1-x) \sin^2(x) \le 1$ for $x \in (0,1)$ I tried to solve it with the derivative and the inequality $\sin(x) \le x$ for $x>0$ thanks for helpers
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1answer
22 views

Find a the value of a point on the tangent line

Suppose that the line tangent to the graph of $y = h(x)$ at $x = 3$ passes through the points $(-2, 3)$ and $(4, -1)$ with a slope of $-2/3$. Find $h(3)$. Hey guys, here's a question from my ...
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0answers
16 views

second derivative fail, classify the nature of the critical point

f(x,y,z)= $\frac{(x+y)^2}{2}+z^3$ the critical point I calculated is span{(1,-1,0)} the eigenvalue of the Hessian of point (1,-1,0) are 0,0,2, which means that this point is degenerate and the ...
0
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1answer
28 views

Draw $-dU(x)/dx$ for $U(x)$

It's been a little while since I've done any problems like this, but I just wanted to make sure I'm on the right track. Updated attempt: