Questions on the evaluation of derivatives or problems involving derivatives (for example, use of the mean value theorem).

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1answer
8 views

Question involving the PDF of a function of a random variable.

I'm trying to understand the setup for problem 3.1, from M.G. Bulmer's Principles of Statistics (Dover, 1967). Suppose that $X$ is a continuous random variable, and that $Y$ is a linear function ...
3
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0answers
35 views

How to find unkown height of triangle without hyptenuse

I been trying to solve this question and have tried to solve it for many days, but do not know how, any help would be much oblidged. A cable company owns the roads marked with the dotted lines in ...
-5
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0answers
25 views

Solving derivative problem [on hold]

Derivative of f(x) = x.cosx/sqrt(1+x^2)?
0
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2answers
77 views

Help me finding nth derivate

I am beginning in Successive Differentiation. This is very simple question in differentiation, but don't where i am confused. Find a closed formula for the $n^{th}$ derivative of: $$\frac ...
2
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0answers
27 views

find the total differential of this equation $ xyz + \sqrt{ x^2 + y^2 + z^2} = \sqrt 2 $

How to calculate the total differential of $ z= z(x,y)$, which is $ xyz + \sqrt{ x^2 + y^2 + z^2} = \sqrt 2 $ at point (1, 0, -1)? The evaluation of mine seems wrong, $ dz= \frac{\partial ...
0
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0answers
43 views

Derivative of a summation series

Let $f_{n}(x)=x+(1-x)x^2+(1-x)(1-x^2)x^3+\cdots+(1-x)(1-x^2)\cdots(1-x^{n-1})x^n;\quad n\geq4$ then $f'(x)=\text{ ?}$ $$(A)\qquad (1-f_{n}(x)) \left(\sum\limits_{r=1}^n ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Finding the Zeroes of a Second Derivative to Determine Points of Inflection

I have been told to graph the function $y=\cos \left(x^2\right)$ for $-2π ≤ x ≤ 2π$. I have determined key features of the graph but need help when it comes to determining the points of inflection for ...
2
votes
1answer
26 views

Minimizing long equation with hyperbolic functions

In physics book that I am reading it is said that minimizing the expression $$\phi = - N T k \log (2 \cosh(H \beta)) - \frac{J N}{2} z \tanh^2(H \beta) + H N \tanh(H \beta) $$ with respect to $H$ ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

What is the derivative of the ReLu of a Matrix with respect to a matrix

I want to compute $\frac{\partial r(ZZ^tY)}{\partial Z}$ where the ReLu function is a nonlinear operator $r(x)=max(0,x)$ and $Z \in\mathbb{R}^{n\times m}$ is a matrix. I am wondering also if the ...
3
votes
3answers
66 views

Calculate derivative of integral

I tried to calculate the derivative of this integral: $$\int_{2}^{3+\sqrt{r}} (3 + \sqrt{r}-c) \frac{1}{2}\,{\rm d}c $$ First I took the anti-derivative of the integral: ...
4
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3answers
52 views

Derivative of $f(t)=\frac {1}{\rho}\log (1+\rho t)$

Could you have me to find the ferivative of $$f(t)=\frac {1}{\rho}\log (1+\rho t)$$ with repsect to $t$? And Is it $$\lim_{t\to \infty} \frac {f'(t)}{t}=1?$$ Update: Based on Hint of Surb: ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

third derivative of inverse function

Is my way of solving and my answer correct? Let $f(x)=x+\frac{x^2}{2}+\frac{x^3}{3}+\frac{x^4}{4}+\frac{x^5}{5}$ And $g(x)=f^{-1}(x)$ Find $g'''(0)$ My attempt: We know that ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Proving that a polilinear operator is differentiable

A Polilinear map operator is $P:X^1 \times ... \times X^n \to Y$ such that the foolowing applies: $\lambda, \mu \in R$ $$ P( \lambda x_1^1 + \mu x_2 ^1, x^2,...,x^n)= \lambda P(x_1^1,x^2,...x^n)+ \mu ...
0
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2answers
23 views

continuously differentiable multivariable functions

What does it really mean to say a function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$ is continuously differentiable? A function $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is continuously differentiable if ...
1
vote
5answers
69 views

Does the function $|x^2-4|/x$ have critical points?

Does the function $|x^2-4|/x$ have critical points? I tried differentiating and putting the derivative equal to 0.But I'm still a bit confused (as I got no solution).
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Derivative of Bezier Rectangle

From this page Derivatives of a Bézier Curve, I can see that the derivative of a degree $N$ Bezier curve is just a Bezier curve of degree $N-1$ and it explains how to calculate the control points by ...
0
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0answers
20 views

Rankine Hugoniot, taking limits

I have seen two different derivations of the Rankine Hugoniot jump conditions across a shock s(t) in the xt-plane. I present a summary of the two different derivations and then post my question in ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

How to differentiate with respect to component of a vector?

Let $\vec{\alpha}=\frac{m(\vec{x})}{x^2}\vec{x}$ where $\vec{x}=(x_1,\,x_2)$. In a book I read in Eq.(3.24), it was given that $$ \frac{\partial \alpha_1}{\partial x_1}=\frac{d m}{d ...
4
votes
2answers
64 views

$n$-th derivative of $(x^2-1)^n$ has distinct real roots in $[-1,1]$.

For $n=1,2,3,\ldots$, let $$f(x) = (x^2-1)^n .$$ Show that the $n$-th derivative $f^{(n)}$ has distinct real roots in $[-1,1]$. I have no idea about the problem. Could I have a hint?
1
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1answer
20 views

Second differential of the norm in an infinite dimensional Hilbert space

Let $f: E \to \mathbb{R}$ sending $x \mapsto \|x\|$ and make some simple hypothesis $E$ is a Hilbert Space Let's say that the norm $\|\cdot\|$ is derived from a scalar product So we can easily ...
0
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0answers
14 views

Probability distribution of derivative of function of random variable

The calculation of probability distribution of a function of random variable is a well established theory and there are general rules on how to go from the distribution of r.v. to the distribution to ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

Maximum value of $f(x)=\frac{x^2}{x^3+200}$ over natural numbers

This was a great problem I came across today.Just wanted to share it :-) $f$ is a function defined over the set of natural numbers(I mean the domain is natural numbers) by ...
1
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1answer
35 views

Pathological Question involving $C^1$ Criterion for Differentiability

Edwards1973 gives a sufficient condition for differentiability: If all partial derivatives of $f$ exist at every point of an open set containing $\vec a$, and the partials are continuous at ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Derivatives Must Exist over an Entire Open Set?

Let the domain of some function $f$ be an open set that contains the point $a$. This question is with regards to the domain of the (partial) derivatives of $f$. Claim: If all the partial derivatives ...
2
votes
2answers
65 views

How do I differentiate the following implicit function

$$\sqrt{x^2+y^2} = e^{\sin^{-1} \left( \frac{y}{\sqrt{x^2 + y^2}} \right) } \\ \text{find} \quad \frac{d^2x}{dy^2} \quad \text{i.e. prove} \\ \frac{d^2x}{dy^2} = \frac{2 \left( x^2 + y^2 \right) ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Number of points of discontinuity

Find the number of points where $$f(\theta)=\int_{-1}^{1}\frac{\sin\theta dx}{1-2x\cos\theta +x^2}$$ is discontinuous where $\theta \in [0,2\pi]$ I am not able to find $f(\theta)$ in terms of ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Differentiate function returning vector

can I differentiate a function which is returning a vector? I'm trying to implement Least Squares method on sets of points, but I'm stuck at defining Jacobian, which is numeric, but then, I have no ...
3
votes
4answers
77 views

How to prove that the line perpendicular to the radius is the tangent in the calculus sense?

Let $P=(p_1,p_2)$ be a point on an semicircle and $r$ be the line perpendicular to the radius $\overline{OP}$, like the picture below. Euclid showed (Book III, Proposition 16) that $r$ does not ...
1
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0answers
39 views

Total derivative involving rigid transformation

This stems from considering rigid body transformations, but is really a general question about total derivatives. Something is probably missing in my understanding here. A rigid body motion ...
0
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0answers
22 views

General formula for sinusoidal taylor series centered at any a?

I understand that to find a taylor series centred at a particular a value you need to find a formula for the nth derivative, but this is tricky for cos(x) and sin(x). Is it possible to have a formula ...
0
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1answer
28 views

Rate of change for no stretch/compression

I am reading about cloth simulation from here. This is what one of the part says - Shouldn't the condition for no compression/stretching be Wu = 0 If there is no stretch/compression along ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

How is Lipschitz continuity for Fréchet derivatives defined?

Let $(X,||\cdot||_X)$ be a Banach space and $X^*$ it's dual of linear functionals $X\to\mathbb{R}$. The Fréchet derivative $\nabla f(x)$ of a function $f:X\to\mathbb{R}$ at $x$ is an element of $X^*$. ...
1
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2answers
15 views

Approximation of derivative of discrete function

I have a function of which I only know the value of at some discrete points. Now I want to calculate the derivative of this function. The approximation of taking the difference of two consecutive ...
0
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1answer
15 views

Derivative of vector and vector transpose product

I saw this answer here : Vector derivative w.r.t its transpose $\frac{d(Ax)}{d(x^T)}$. I am finding difficult to understand the part in red. What rule is that ? If I apply multiplication rule, ...
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0answers
12 views

Derivative of product of Vector Transpose and Vector

I was reading about simulation of cloth in graphics where I found this part a little difficult to understand : Firstly, from what I understand, he considers a force C(x) ...
2
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0answers
16 views

Derivation of the Leibniz (product) rule for differentiating Grassman numbers

In Chapter 1 of Nakahara's Geometry, Topology, Physics, Grassman numbers are defined as linear combinations of objects $\theta_i$ which satisfy anti-commutation relations $\{ \theta_i, \theta_j\} = ...
1
vote
1answer
13 views

Finding the horizontal and vertical tangents of a parametric equation.

Find the points at which the polar curve $r=2+2\sin{(\theta)}$ has a horizontal or vertical tangent line. Translate the parametric equation to Cartesian coordinates: $$ r^2=2r+2r\sin{(\theta)} ...
0
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2answers
53 views

Is the following function continuously differentiable at $x=0$?

Is the function $$f(x) = \begin{cases} 1 & x\leq0 \\ \cos(x) & x\geq 0 \end{cases}$$ differentiable at $x=0$? Is it continuously differentiable? How can I check it? I see that ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Exponential Derivative Word Problem

I am having problem with a world problem derivative application question. The number of parasites in the blood after $h$ hours medication is taken is given by the function $p = ...
2
votes
3answers
80 views

How to prove $f(x)=\sqrt{x+2\sqrt{2x-4}}+\sqrt{x-2\sqrt{2x-4}}$ is not differentiable at $x=4$?

How to prove $f(x)=\sqrt{x+2\sqrt{2x-4}}+\sqrt{x-2\sqrt{2x-4}}$ is not differentiable at $x=4$ ? Please let me know the fastest method you know of for such type of problems. Is there any way other ...
-1
votes
1answer
40 views

Differentiability of multi-variable functions

Is the following function differentiable at the origin: $$f(x,y)=\frac{x^4y^6+x^3+xy^4}{x^2+y^4}$$ I think it is differentiable but I don't know how to prove it? Can I use partial derivatives?
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1answer
45 views

How to find the antiderivative of f(x). [closed]

While studying, I learned that the antiderivative of $1/f(x)$ is simply ln$\lvert f(x)\rvert$. Why is this so?
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0answers
19 views

Can the first derivative test be used to find concavity of a graph?

If the first derivative test determines that the left side of a point is increasing, and that the right side of a point is decreasing, can I say that the point is a relative maxima and that the shape ...
2
votes
3answers
364 views

How to rewrite $\frac{d}{d(x+c)}$? [on hold]

I would like to know how to rewrite the following equations: $$ \frac{d (f(x))}{d(x+c)} =0\\ \frac{d^2 (f(x))}{d(x+c)^2} =0\\ $$ Here $x$ is a variable, $c$ is a constant and $f(x)$ is a function of ...
1
vote
3answers
207 views

Calculus: Finding Arc Length--Squaring the Derivative Where did the -1/2 come from?

Math Example about finding the arc length. I have gotten the derivative of the equation. Here is the equation. $$f(x)=\frac{x^5}{5} + \frac{1}{12x^3}$$ Derivative of the equation is: $$f'(x) = x^4 - ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Numerical differentiation (approximation with three supporting points )

Given the supporting points $x-2h,x-h,x+2h$. Determine the difference quotient Du(x) in the form $$Du(x)=au(x-2h)+bu(x-h)+cu(x+2h)$$ for the numerical approximation of $u'(x)$ of order $2$. What ...
-1
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0answers
32 views

Differentiation with respect to time delay [closed]

Given a function $y_t=x_{t-td}$ what will be the solution for $\frac{dy}{dtd}$ . Thanks in advance Sorry I modified the question to remove the confusion about $(t-td)$. It is not $x*(t-td)$ it is ...
2
votes
0answers
17 views

derivative of quadratic form with regard to inverse of lower-triangular matrix

I have a quadratic form of the form $Q(\Sigma; x, \mu) = (x-\mu)'\Sigma^{-1}(x-\mu)$ where $\Sigma$ is a positive-definite non-singular matrix with (modified) Cholesky decomposition $\Sigma = LDL'$ ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Find the rate of change in x

$y=(169-x^2)^{0.5} $ Find the rate of change in $x$ if $y$ increases at a rate of 0.8 units per second when$ y=12 $ I started off with$\frac {dx}{dt}=\frac {dx}{dy}\times \frac {dy}{dt}$ (which is ...
1
vote
4answers
47 views

Find the value of $dy/dx$ at $x=8$

Given that variables $xy=40$, find $dy/dx$ at $x=8$. I used $40/8$ to get $y=5$. So why is the answer $-5/8$ and not $5/8$?