Questions on the evaluation of derivatives or problems involving derivatives (for example, use of the mean value theorem).

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-1
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1answer
12 views

Estimating values using tangent line? [on hold]

How do you do this type of question and what would be correct answers in this case? Thank you all in advance!
2
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1answer
32 views

Integral inequality $\int_0^x{f(t)^3 dt \leq \left( \int_0^x f(t) dt\right)^2} :\forall x>0$

Let $f(0) = 0$ and $0<f'(x)\leq1$ for all $x \geq0$, then prove: $$\int_0^x{f(t)^3 dt \leq \left( \int_0^x f(t) dt\right)^2} :\forall x>0$$ The hint I was given was "differentiate, factor and ...
0
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0answers
9 views

Numerical integration of function with derivatives of implicit variables

I have an independent (array) variable $r = {r_0, r_1, ..., r_N}$, and three functions (arrays) of that variables, $n(r) ={n_0, n_1, ..., n_N}$, $p(r)$, and $E(r)$. How can I calculate the function ...
1
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0answers
14 views

Derivatives in Topological Vector Spaces and General Spaces

I know that we may have a function $f$ such that all the directional derivative of $f$ in some topological vector space $V$, but the derivative to not exist. Moreover, it's possible for all the ...
4
votes
4answers
184 views

Chain rule for partial derivatives intuition

Can somebody give me an intuitive explanation for the above equations. I'm not sure how they come about and how they can be perceived logically. $$\frac{\partial z}{\partial s} =\frac{\partial ...
1
vote
2answers
18 views

Indefinite integrals with rati0nal and polynomial functions and Substituion

I am totally confused with the substitution method of evaluating indefinite integrals, especially those with rational functions and polynomials. I have 2 cases, which if I made to understand, would ...
-1
votes
1answer
33 views

$ \exists c \in( a, b) \text{ such that } f(c)=\max\limits_{x \in [a, b]} f (x) $ [on hold]

I saw in a corrected. We have $ f $ continuous on $ [a, b] $ with $ f (a) = f (b) $ and $ f $ differentiable left and right at $ (a,b)$ then $$ \exists c \in (a,b) \text{ such that } ...
1
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1answer
32 views

nth derivative of ${1\over x}$. A problem. [on hold]

$f(x)=f^{(0)}(x)=x^{-1}$, $f^{(1)}(x)=-x^{-2}$, $f^{(2)}(x)=2x^{-3}$. Therefore, $f^{(n)}(x)=(-1)^{n}n!x^{-n-1}$. Except I see in some places that the expression is different, using, for example, ...
1
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1answer
15 views

Proving that $\sup f'\left( \left( 0,\infty \right) \right)=0$ under a certain set of conditions.

Let $f$ be a twice differentiable function on $\left( 0,\infty \right)$ s.t. $f''(x)>0$ for all $x\in \left( 0,\infty \right)$. Prove, that if the following conditions are satisfied: ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

is it possible to intergrate this function to get x(t) and y(t)?

say you have a function as below; $d^2V(t)/dt = -B^2V(t)$ B is a constant Initial conditions $V_x(0) = V$, $V_y(0) = 0$ I can't see how to integrate to get x(t) and y(t); I ended up with ...
3
votes
3answers
48 views

Is the function complex differentiable at (0,0)?

(in Complex) $$ g(z) = \begin{cases} \frac{z^5}{|z|^4} & \text{if $z \neq 0$} \\ 0, & \text{if $z = 0$ } \end{cases} $$ For the function above, is it differentiable at $z=0$? I am trying to ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Finding maximum of convex function (appliance of derivatives)

The task goes as following: Divide the length of $14$ into parts $a$ and $b$, in a way that the sum of surfaces of two squares (which sizes are $a$ and $b$), is minimal. $14=a+b => b=14-a$ ...
1
vote
1answer
13 views

Derivative of a distribution

$\DeclareMathOperator{\vp}{v.p.}$ We define $\vp \frac 1x \in \mathcal D'(\mathbb R)$ (the principal value of $\frac 1x$) as $$\left\langle \vp \frac 1x, \varphi \right \rangle = \lim_{\varepsilon ...
1
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1answer
46 views

${f \text{ is differentiable on } I \iff f_{\left|\ [a,b]\right.} \text{ is differentiable }\ \forall a,b \in I}$

Let $f\in \mathbb{R}^{I}$ $I$ interval of $\mathbb{R}$ Show that $${f \text{ is differentiable on } I \iff f_{\left|\ [a,b]\right.} \text{ is differentiable }\ \forall a,b \in I}$$ in ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Relationship between supremum of the partial derivative and the derivative of the supremum

To fully set up the problem: I have a function $$F : \mathbb R^n \times \mathbb R^+ \to \mathbb R$$ such that $F$ is positive and for any fixed $t^* > 0$, $$F(x,t^*) \in H^\infty(\mathbb R^n);$$ ...
1
vote
3answers
38 views

Find $f^{(n)}(1)$ where $f(x)={1\over x(2-x)}$.

Find $f^{(n)}(1)$ where $f(x)={1\over x(2-x)}$. What I did so far: $f(x)=(x(2-x))^{-1}$. $f'(x)=-(x(2-x))^{-2}[2-2x]$ $f''(x)=2(x(2-x))^{-3}[2-2x]^2+2(x(2-x))^{-2}$. It confuses me a lot. I know I ...
-1
votes
1answer
16 views

Finding the stationary points of a function

I have a question that I need help with. How do I find the stationary points of the following function? $$y = \frac{4x^3}{(x-1)^2}$$ I differentiated the function and got $$\begin{align} y' ...
1
vote
1answer
15 views

Questions on continuously differentiable function on $[a,b]$

Let $f:[a,b]\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ be a function. Normally we define derivatives of $f$ only at interior points in $[a,b]$. But when we write $f\in C^1([a,b])$, it means that $f$ is differentiable on ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Differentiation through the integral sign, more general case

I wondered in which cases, given a measurable space $(A,\mu)$, Banach spaces $E,F$, an open $U\subseteq E$ and $f:A\times U\rightarrow F$, we can conclude that the function $s\mapsto\int_A f(x,y)dx$ ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Differentiability implies continuous derivative? [duplicate]

We know differentiability implies continuity, and in 2 independent variables cases both partial derivatives fx and fy must be continuous functions in order for the primary function f(x,y) to be ...
1
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2answers
22 views

Property of a differentiable function

Which one of the following is true: 1.If a function real valued function $f$ satisfies $|f(x)-f(y)|\leq |x-y|^{\sqrt2}$ for all $x,y\in \mathbb R$ is $f$ a constant? 2.If $f$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Theorem $4.3.12$ on ( Mathématiques en BCPST Tome 1 Pascal BEAUGENDRE )

Let $f\in \mathbb{R}^{I}$ and $x_0 \in \stackrel{\ \circ}{I} = \mathrm{int}(A)$ Show that $$\left.\begin{matrix} f \text{ is continuous at } x_0 \\ f \text{ is differentiable at all } x \in I ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Derivative of $Ad(c(t))X$

Let $G=SO(3)$ and $V=\{c'(0)|c:(-\epsilon,\epsilon)\to G, c\in C^{\infty} , c(0)=1\}$. For $g\in G$, define $Ad(g): V\to V$ by $Ad(g)(X)=gXg^{-1}$. The book says ...
0
votes
2answers
20 views

Numerical Approximation for 2D Curvature

I have a list of points (x, y) that are taken from an unknown 2D parametric curve $\vec{f}(t)$. These points are monotonically increasing in t (ie: they're a "connect the dots" version of ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Derivative under integral mixed with…

$$f(x,y)=\int_{e^{4y}}^{\ln^3(x)}{\frac{\sin(t)}{t}\,dt}$$ Whats the derivative $\frac{d f}{d t}$, if: $$x(t)=\cos(2+6t).4t^2$$ $$y(t)=\ln(2r+7e^{5t})$$ Really not much to say about this problem ...
1
vote
4answers
75 views

Computing the sixth derivative of $F(x) = \int_1^x\sin^3(1-t)\mathrm dt$

Compute the sixth derivative at $x_0 = 1$ of $$F(x) = \int_1^x\sin^3(1-t)\mathrm dt$$ It's from a multiple choice test. I was able to narrow down the choices to $0$ and $60$. I guessed $0$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Is this theorem about integration with substitution wrong?

A theorem in my book states: If $g$ is differentiable, f is continuous, and F is an antiderivative of f, then : $\int f[g(x)]g'(x)dx=F[g(x)]+C$ The reason I am asking if this is correct, ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Differents between $lnx^2$ and $ln(x^2)$ Find derivative

I have this problem Find derivative for $lnx^2$. It seems that $lnx^2 \neq ln(x^2)$ since the derivative are differents using Wolfram Alpha. I don't understand how to calculate the derivative for ...
1
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1answer
17 views

nth derivative of a troublesome function

I don't know where to start on this problem. I'm trying to get the 2015th derivative(at x = 0) of f(x) = x^2 * arctan(x). Doing the derivatives one by one seems a little troublesome... What do you ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Is $f:\mathbb{R}^2\to\mathbb{R}$ differentiable on $(0,0)$?

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^2\to\mathbb{R}$ such that $f(x,y) = (x^2+y^2)\sin(\frac{1}{x^2+y^2})$ for $(x,y)\ne (0,0)$ and $f(x,y)=0$ for $(x,y)=(0,0)$. Is $f$ differentiable on $(0,0)$? So let's first ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

How can I prove this about the tangent line formula??

The equation of a tangent line to $f(x)$ at $x = t$ is $y = f'(t)(x - t) + f(t)$. Recently, I heard that it is also determined by the remainder of polynomial division of $f(x)$ by $(x-t)^2$. For ...
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0answers
35 views

Understanding Cauchy's mean value theorem

We studied in class today about the Cauchy's mean value theorem, but in somewhat more complicated version, and i find it difficult to prove. here the theorem: Let $f,\ ...
1
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1answer
27 views

Intiution behind the derivative of dirac delta function

Let me first begin what I mean by saying the intuition behind the " $\delta'(x)$ ". For example the smooth approximations of the delta function looks like the following: (Left:the smooth ...
2
votes
4answers
27 views

Prove that a function diverges to infinity if its derivative has a positive lower bound for all $x$ on a closed ray $\left[ a,\infty \right)$.

Let $f$ be differentiable on $\left[ a,\infty \right)$. Prove that if $\exists m>0\,\forall x\in \left[ a,\infty \right)\,f'\left( x \right)\ge m~$, then $\lim\limits_{x\to\infty}\,f\left( x ...
1
vote
2answers
25 views

Find the general expression from the antiderivative

I am having trouble computing the original function. Question states: Let $f$ be a differentiable, positive function, such that $$f'(x)=x*f(x)$$ for all real numbers x. A) Find the general ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Differentiating both sides with respect to time.

So I have this problem: An active volcanic mountain grows in the shape of a cone while maintaining its base diameter equal to its height. The volume of the mountain increases at a rate of ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Founding maxima or minima to a function

$g(x)=e^{x-1}+x^{2}-3+2x$ How can I find when this function has maxima and minima? I found the derivative but I can't understand how find the solution when $g'(x)=0$. It's high school material.
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Partial differentiation or normal differentiation

Consider the function $$ f(x,y) = \begin{cases}\frac{xy(x^2-y^2)}{x^2+y^2}, & (x,y)\neq(0,0)\\ 0, & \text{otherwise.}\end{cases} $$ Compute $$\frac{d^2f}{dxdy}(0,0)$$ and ...
0
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0answers
15 views

Using chain rule on a function $u:\mathbb R^n \rightarrow \mathbb R$

Suppose we have $x \in \mathbb R^n$, $\lambda \in \mathbb R$ and a function $u:\mathbb R^n \rightarrow \mathbb R$. I want to calculate the derivative $$ \frac{\partial u(\lambda x)}{\partial \lambda} ...
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0answers
10 views

Proving that the derivative of the LRL vector $=0$ [on hold]

How to prove that the derivative of the Laplace–Runge–Lenz vector $=0$? $$A=\dot{x}\times(x\times\dot{x})-\dfrac{k}{\mu}\cdot\dfrac{x}{||x||}$$ $$\dot{A}=0$$
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2answers
58 views

How to prove this equation about derivatives?

I'm currently studying derivatives, and I saw some equations but this one just not seems much trivial to me: $$\lim_{h\to 0}\left(\frac{f\left(x_0-2h\right)-f\left(x_0+3h\right)}{h}\right) = ...
0
votes
1answer
8 views

Angle between a line and a circle that it goes though

I just solved a task regarding the angle under which a certain line goes through a circle. The line naturally has two common points with the circle. It seems that the angle between them is the same in ...
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0answers
55 views
+50

Analyze the variation of this function $f(x)=x \exp[a+b(x-1)] \, E_1[a+b (x-1)]$ w.r.t. $x$

Please, I need to analyse the variation of the following function w.r.t. $x$ : $f(x)=x \exp[a+b(x-1)] \, E_1[a+b (x-1)]$, where $E_1[a+b (x-1)]$ is the exponential integral, $b>a$, $a>0$, ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Differentiation and PDE Theory

I have been given the following two definitions: 1) $D^ku$ is the set of all derivatives of order k of u 2) Let $\Omega$ be a non-empty subset of Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^N.$ An expression of the ...
0
votes
1answer
13 views

For which functions $r$ is the curve $r(t)(\cos t,\sin t)$ regular or unit speed?

Decide conditions on smooth function $r$ such that $\nu$ is a regular curve and decide functions $r$ for which $\nu$ has speed $1$. Let $r: \mathbb R \rightarrow \mathbb R$ be a smooth function ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Total differential related limit

I am trying to find whether total differential of $u(x,y)=y^{1/3}\arctan x$ exists at $(0,0)$, where partial derivatives are zero, so I want to know if $$\lim_{(h_1,h_2)\to\vec 0} ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Differentiating an Integral

Does anyone know any general approach for something like this: $$ \frac{d}{dx}\int_{-\infty}^{x}f(x,u)du\qquad\text{or}\qquad\frac{d}{dx}\int_{x}^{\infty}f(x,u)du\qquad $$ Basically, I'm trying to ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Coming Up With A Neutral Fixed Points Theorem

Question: If $f(x_0)=x_0,f'(x_0)=1$ and $f''(x_0)>0$, is $x_0$ weakly attracting, weakly repelling, or neither? (weakly attracting meaning $\exists\delta,\forall x\in ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Find the derivative of an integral.

Find the derivative of the following integral $$ F(x)=\int_x^{x^2}e^{t^7}dt $$ Find F′(x) given F(x). Normally I would show my attempt in working out the problem: however, I don't even know where ...