Questions on the evaluation of derivatives or problems involving derivatives (for example, use of the mean value theorem).

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Indefinite integrals with rati0nal and polynomial functions and Substituion

I am totally confused with the substitution method of evaluating indefinite integrals, especially those with rational functions and polynomials. I have 2 cases, which if I made to understand, would ...
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1answer
28 views

$ \exists c \in( a, b) \text{ such that } f(c)=\max\limits_{x \in [a, b]} f (x) $

I saw in a corrected. We have $ f $ continuous on $ [a, b] $ with $ f (a) = f (b) $ and $ f $ differentiable left and right at $ (a,b)$ then $$ \exists c \in (a,b) \text{ such that } ...
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1answer
22 views

nth derivative of ${1\over x}$. A problem.

$f(x)=f^{(0)}(x)=x^{-1}$, $f^{(1)}(x)=-x^{-2}$, $f^{(2)}(x)=2x^{-3}$. Therefore, $f^{(n)}(x)=(-1)^{n}n!x^{-n-1}$. Except I see in some places that the expression is different, using, for example, ...
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1answer
12 views

Proving that $\sup f'\left( \left( 0,\infty \right) \right)=0$ under a certain set of conditions.

Let $f$ be a twice differentiable function on $\left( 0,\infty \right)$ s.t. $f''(x)>0$ for all $x\in \left( 0,\infty \right)$. Prove, that if the following conditions are satisfied: ...
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1answer
16 views

is it possible to intergrate this function to get x(t) and y(t)?

say you have a function as below; $d^2V(t)/dt = -B^2V(t)$ B is a constant Initial conditions $V_x(0) = V$, $V_y(0) = 0$ I can't see how to integrate to get x(t) and y(t); I ended up with ...
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3answers
46 views

Is the function complex differentiable at (0,0)?

(in Complex) $$ g(z) = \begin{cases} \frac{z^5}{|z|^4} & \text{if $z \neq 0$} \\ 0, & \text{if $z = 0$ } \end{cases} $$ For the function above, is it differentiable at $z=0$? I am trying to ...
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0answers
14 views

Finding maximum of convex function (appliance of derivatives)

The task goes as following: Divide the length of $14$ into parts $a$ and $b$, in a way that the sum of surfaces of two squares (which sizes are $a$ and $b$), is minimal. $14=a+b => b=14-a$ ...
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1answer
11 views

Derivative of a distribution

$\DeclareMathOperator{\vp}{v.p.}$ We define $\vp \frac 1x \in \mathcal D'(\mathbb R)$ (the principal value of $\frac 1x$) as $$\left\langle \vp \frac 1x, \varphi \right \rangle = \lim_{\varepsilon ...
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1answer
45 views

${f \text{ is differentiable on } I \iff f_{\left|\ [a,b]\right.} \text{ is differentiable }\ \forall a,b \in I}$

Let $f\in \mathbb{R}^{I}$ $I$ interval of $\mathbb{R}$ Show that $${f \text{ is differentiable on } I \iff f_{\left|\ [a,b]\right.} \text{ is differentiable }\ \forall a,b \in I}$$ in ...
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0answers
20 views

Relationship between supremum of the partial derivative and the derivative of the supremum

To fully set up the problem: I have a function $$F : \mathbb R^n \times \mathbb R^+ \to \mathbb R$$ such that $F$ is positive and for any fixed $t^* > 0$, $$F(x,t^*) \in H^\infty(\mathbb R^n);$$ ...
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3answers
36 views

Find $f^{(n)}(1)$ where $f(x)={1\over x(2-x)}$.

Find $f^{(n)}(1)$ where $f(x)={1\over x(2-x)}$. What I did so far: $f(x)=(x(2-x))^{-1}$. $f'(x)=-(x(2-x))^{-2}[2-2x]$ $f''(x)=2(x(2-x))^{-3}[2-2x]^2+2(x(2-x))^{-2}$. It confuses me a lot. I know I ...
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1answer
16 views

Finding the stationary points of a function

I have a question that I need help with. How do I find the stationary points of the following function? $$y = \frac{4x^3}{(x-1)^2}$$ I differentiated the function and got $$\begin{align} y' ...
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1answer
14 views

Questions on continuously differentiable function on $[a,b]$

Let $f:[a,b]\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ be a function. Normally we define derivatives of $f$ only at interior points in $[a,b]$. But when we write $f\in C^1([a,b])$, it means that $f$ is differentiable on ...
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0answers
17 views

Differentiation through the integral sign, more general case

I wondered in which cases, given a measurable space $(A,\mu)$, Banach spaces $E,F$, an open $U\subseteq E$ and $f:A\times U\rightarrow F$, we can conclude that the function $s\mapsto\int_A f(x,y)dx$ ...
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1answer
21 views

Differentiability implies continuous derivative? [duplicate]

We know differentiability implies continuity, and in 2 independent variables cases both partial derivatives fx and fy must be continuous functions in order for the primary function f(x,y) to be ...
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2answers
18 views

Property of a differentiable function

Which one of the following is true: 1.If a function real valued function $f$ satisfies $|f(x)-f(y)|\leq |x-y|^{\sqrt2}$ for all $x,y\in \mathbb R$ is $f$ a constant? 2.If $f$ is ...
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1answer
83 views

Theorem $4.3.12$ on ( Mathématiques en BCPST Tome 1 Pascal BEAUGENDRE )

Let $f\in \mathbb{R}^{I}$ and $x_0 \in \stackrel{\ \circ}{I} = \mathrm{int}(A)$ Show that $$\left.\begin{matrix} f \text{ is continuous at } x_0 \\ f \text{ is differentiable at all } x \in I ...
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0answers
17 views

Derivative of $Ad(c(t))X$

Let $G=SO(3)$ and $V=\{c'(0)|c:(-\epsilon,\epsilon)\to G, c\in C^{\infty} , c(0)=1\}$. For $g\in G$, define $Ad(g): V\to V$ by $Ad(g)(X)=gXg^{-1}$. The book says ...
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2answers
19 views

Numerical Approximation for 2D Curvature

I have a list of points (x, y) that are taken from an unknown 2D parametric curve $\vec{f}(t)$. These points are monotonically increasing in t (ie: they're a "connect the dots" version of ...
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1answer
78 views

Derivative under integral mixed with…

$$f(x,y)=\int_{e^{4y}}^{\ln^3(x)}{\frac{\sin(t)}{t}\,dt}$$ Whats the derivative $\frac{d f}{d t}$, if: $$x(t)=\cos(2+6t).4t^2$$ $$y(t)=\ln(2r+7e^{5t})$$ Really not much to say about this problem ...
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4answers
74 views

Computing the sixth derivative of $F(x) = \int_1^x\sin^3(1-t)\mathrm dt$

Compute the sixth derivative at $x_0 = 1$ of $$F(x) = \int_1^x\sin^3(1-t)\mathrm dt$$ It's from a multiple choice test. I was able to narrow down the choices to $0$ and $60$. I guessed $0$ and ...
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1answer
32 views

Is this theorem about integration with substitution wrong?

A theorem in my book states: If $g$ is differentiable, f is continuous, and F is an antiderivative of f, then : $\int f[g(x)]g'(x)dx=F[g(x)]+C$ The reason I am asking if this is correct, ...
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1answer
32 views

Differents between $lnx^2$ and $ln(x^2)$ Find derivative

I have this problem Find derivative for $lnx^2$. It seems that $lnx^2 \neq ln(x^2)$ since the derivative are differents using Wolfram Alpha. I don't understand how to calculate the derivative for ...
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1answer
17 views

nth derivative of a troublesome function

I don't know where to start on this problem. I'm trying to get the 2015th derivative(at x = 0) of f(x) = x^2 * arctan(x). Doing the derivatives one by one seems a little troublesome... What do you ...
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1answer
45 views

Is $f:\mathbb{R}^2\to\mathbb{R}$ differentiable on $(0,0)$?

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^2\to\mathbb{R}$ such that $f(x,y) = (x^2+y^2)\sin(\frac{1}{x^2+y^2})$ for $(x,y)\ne (0,0)$ and $f(x,y)=0$ for $(x,y)=(0,0)$. Is $f$ differentiable on $(0,0)$? So let's first ...
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1answer
29 views

How can I prove this about the tangent line formula??

The equation of a tangent line to $f(x)$ at $x = t$ is $y = f'(t)(x - t) + f(t)$. Recently, I heard that it is also determined by the remainder of polynomial division of $f(x)$ by $(x-t)^2$. For ...
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0answers
35 views

Understanding Cauchy's mean value theorem

We studied in class today about the Cauchy's mean value theorem, but in somewhat more complicated version, and i find it difficult to prove. here the theorem: Let $f,\ ...
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1answer
27 views

Intiution behind the derivative of dirac delta function

Let me first begin what I mean by saying the intuition behind the " $\delta'(x)$ ". For example the smooth approximations of the delta function looks like the following: (Left:the smooth ...
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4answers
27 views

Prove that a function diverges to infinity if its derivative has a positive lower bound for all $x$ on a closed ray $\left[ a,\infty \right)$.

Let $f$ be differentiable on $\left[ a,\infty \right)$. Prove that if $\exists m>0\,\forall x\in \left[ a,\infty \right)\,f'\left( x \right)\ge m~$, then $\lim\limits_{x\to\infty}\,f\left( x ...
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2answers
18 views

Find the general expression from the antiderivative

I am having trouble computing the original function. Question states: Let $f$ be a differentiable, positive function, such that $$f'(x)=x*f(x)$$ for all real numbers x. A) Find the general ...
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1answer
31 views

Differentiating both sides with respect to time.

So I have this problem: An active volcanic mountain grows in the shape of a cone while maintaining its base diameter equal to its height. The volume of the mountain increases at a rate of ...
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1answer
31 views

Founding maxima or minima to a function

$g(x)=e^{x-1}+x^{2}-3+2x$ How can I find when this function has maxima and minima? I found the derivative but I can't understand how find the solution when $g'(x)=0$. It's high school material.
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1answer
30 views

Partial differentiation or normal differentiation

Consider the function $$ f(x,y) = \begin{cases}\frac{xy(x^2-y^2)}{x^2+y^2}, & (x,y)\neq(0,0)\\ 0, & \text{otherwise.}\end{cases} $$ Compute $$\frac{d^2f}{dxdy}(0,0)$$ and ...
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0answers
15 views

Using chain rule on a function $u:\mathbb R^n \rightarrow \mathbb R$

Suppose we have $x \in \mathbb R^n$, $\lambda \in \mathbb R$ and a function $u:\mathbb R^n \rightarrow \mathbb R$. I want to calculate the derivative $$ \frac{\partial u(\lambda x)}{\partial \lambda} ...
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0answers
10 views

Proving that the derivative of the LRL vector $=0$ [on hold]

How to prove that the derivative of the Laplace–Runge–Lenz vector $=0$? $$A=\dot{x}\times(x\times\dot{x})-\dfrac{k}{\mu}\cdot\dfrac{x}{||x||}$$ $$\dot{A}=0$$
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2answers
58 views

How to prove this equation about derivatives?

I'm currently studying derivatives, and I saw some equations but this one just not seems much trivial to me: $$\lim_{h\to 0}\left(\frac{f\left(x_0-2h\right)-f\left(x_0+3h\right)}{h}\right) = ...
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1answer
8 views

Angle between a line and a circle that it goes though

I just solved a task regarding the angle under which a certain line goes through a circle. The line naturally has two common points with the circle. It seems that the angle between them is the same in ...
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0answers
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Analyze the variation of this function $f(x)=x \exp[a+b(x-1)] \, E_1[a+b (x-1)]$ w.r.t. $x$

Please, I need to analyse the variation of the following function w.r.t. $x$ : $f(x)=x \exp[a+b(x-1)] \, E_1[a+b (x-1)]$, where $E_1[a+b (x-1)]$ is the exponential integral, $b>a$, $a>0$, ...
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1answer
19 views

Differentiation and PDE Theory

I have been given the following two definitions: 1) $D^ku$ is the set of all derivatives of order k of u 2) Let $\Omega$ be a non-empty subset of Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^N.$ An expression of the ...
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1answer
11 views

For which functions $r$ is the curve $r(t)(\cos t,\sin t)$ regular or unit speed?

Decide conditions on smooth function $r$ such that $\nu$ is a regular curve and decide functions $r$ for which $\nu$ has speed $1$. Let $r: \mathbb R \rightarrow \mathbb R$ be a smooth function ...
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1answer
14 views

Total differential related limit

I am trying to find whether total differential of $u(x,y)=y^{1/3}\arctan x$ exists at $(0,0)$, where partial derivatives are zero, so I want to know if $$\lim_{(h_1,h_2)\to\vec 0} ...
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1answer
25 views

Differentiating an Integral

Does anyone know any general approach for something like this: $$ \frac{d}{dx}\int_{-\infty}^{x}f(x,u)du\qquad\text{or}\qquad\frac{d}{dx}\int_{x}^{\infty}f(x,u)du\qquad $$ Basically, I'm trying to ...
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1answer
23 views

Coming Up With A Neutral Fixed Points Theorem

Question: If $f(x_0)=x_0,f'(x_0)=1$ and $f''(x_0)>0$, is $x_0$ weakly attracting, weakly repelling, or neither? (weakly attracting meaning $\exists\delta,\forall x\in ...
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1answer
31 views

Find the derivative of an integral.

Find the derivative of the following integral $$ F(x)=\int_x^{x^2}e^{t^7}dt $$ Find F′(x) given F(x). Normally I would show my attempt in working out the problem: however, I don't even know where ...
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0answers
8 views

On Differentiation Theorem and Radius of Convergence

For reference: http://www0.maths.ox.ac.uk/system/files/coursematerial/2014/2644/48/14MT-AnalysisI-sheet7.pdf 4.(b) For fixed $d \in \mathbb{R}$, let $f_d(x)=S(d+x)C(d-x)+S(d-x)C(d+x)$ By ...
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3answers
54 views

Conceptual question on differentiation in calculus?

In Calc class, my teacher told us that the only solution to $y' = y$ is $y = ce^x$, with $c$ being a real number. I am having difficulty understanding the only part. Is there a proof of this? Or am I ...
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2answers
65 views

Prove that a function is constant [duplicate]

I'm attempting to prove the following statement: Let $f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ be a function and suppose that $|f(x)-f(y)|\leq (x-y)^2$ for all $x,y\in\mathbb{R}$, therefore f is constant. I ...
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0answers
36 views

Why aren't placeholders for arguments more common?

When learning about differentiation and integration, one often deals with functions, and it's common to use $D(x^2) = 2x$ as a function instead of $D(x\mapsto x^2) = (x\mapsto 2x)$, while it would ...
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2answers
26 views

Number of zeros of $ f^n $

Let $f:\Bbb R\to \Bbb R$ be infinetly differentiable function that vanishes at $10$ distinct points in $\Bbb R$.suppose $ f^{n} $ denote $n$-th derivate of $f$, for $n \ge 1$. Then which of following ...