Questions on the evaluation of derivatives or problems involving derivatives (for example, use of the mean value theorem).

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11 views

Prove that the following function is convex?

I am trying to prove that the function $$g(\alpha)=\ln\Big(\sum_{i=1}^{n}t_i^\alpha+A(\alpha)\Big) ~~t_i, \alpha>0,$$ where $A(\alpha)=\int_{a}^{b}x^{\alpha+\beta}e^{-\lambda x^\beta}\,dx$,is ...
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16 views

Limit proof of derivative function

$f:[0,+\infty) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ twice differentiable. If $f''$is limited and there is $\lim\limits_{x\to \infty}f(x)$, show that $\lim\limits_{x\to \infty}f'(x) = 0$.
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0answers
7 views

Partial derivative of polynomial dependant on previous time values

I have not touched calculus for a few years, and I am not sure what is going on here. Any help would be greatly appreciated :) Essentially, let $p_{t} = \log p(y_{t}|h_{t},h_{t+1})$, where ...
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1answer
18 views

Function whose $n$-th derivative at $x=0$ is $n^3$ / evaluating the power series $\sum_{n=1}^\infty n^3\frac{x^n}{n!}$

I have troubles proving that the power series $\sum_{n=1}^\infty n^3\frac{x^n}{n!}$ represents the function $f(x)=e^x(x^3+3x^2+x)$. My idea was using the identity theorem for power series and the ...
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2answers
24 views

Confusing result obtained taking second derivative of ye^y

I was doing my calculus homework, and one of the questions asked for the first and second derivative of $ye^y=x$, I did the computations and arrived at $-(x+1)^{-2}$, which was a lot neater and ...
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2answers
39 views

Prove that $\lim\limits_{x\to\infty} f'(x)=0$

Let $f$ be a function in $(0,\infty)$ such that $f'(x)$ exists. In addition, $\lim\limits_{x\to \infty} f'(x)=L$ (finite) and $f(n)=0$ for every $n \in \Bbb N$. Prove that ...
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1answer
16 views

Lagrangian derivative quotient rule?

How do I find the Lagrangian derivative of: $$\frac{D}{Dt} \left(\frac{x}{y^{a}}\right) = 0$$ where a is a constant?
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2answers
30 views

Using definition of derivative to prove that $\lim_{h \to 0} \dfrac{f(x_0+bh)-f(x_0-ch)}{(b+c)h}=f'(x_0) $

I'm studying in preparation for a Mathematical Analysis I examination and I'm solving past exam exercises. If it's any indicator of difficulty, the exercise is Exercise 4 of 4, part $a$ and graded for ...
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4answers
62 views

Minimum distance between the curves $f(x) =e^x$ and $g(x) =\ln x$ [on hold]

What is the minimum distance between the curves $f(x) =e^x$ and $g(x) = \ln x$? I didn't understand how to solve the problem. Please help me.
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0answers
20 views

Fourier transform calculus of tempered distributions

For example I wanted to ask confirmation of this calculation, if $u \in \mathcal{S}'(\mathbb{R}^n)$ then $\widehat{D^\alpha u} =(2\pi i \xi)^\alpha \widehat{u}$. By definition $\langle \varphi , u ...
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1answer
12 views

Finding the rate at which the space diagonal of a cube is decreasing

This is the context of the question: I'm assuming by the space diagonal (although I'm not sure) to be the area of the right-angled traingle created by the diagonal. Let this space be $V$, then we ...
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3answers
16 views

Finding the formula for acceleration from $v=2s^3+5s$, where $s$ is the displacement at time $t$

This is the question: I first found $\frac{dv}{ds}=6s^2+5$, then I tried to find $\frac{ds}{dt}$ by messing about a little with implicit differentiation, but I had no luck and I therefore couldn't ...
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0answers
25 views

Range of Derivative

Let $g(x) = f(x)/(x+1)$, where $f(x)$ is differentiable on $x\in[0,5]$, such that $f(0)=4$ and $f(5)=-1$. What is the range of values $g'(c)$ for a $c$ belonging to $[0,5]$? Considering values of ...
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3answers
44 views

Why are these equations equal to a constant?

I am reading this part of a research paper where the author states that the left hand side of equations (12) and (13) must be equal to a constant. However I could not understand the explanation he ...
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1answer
17 views

Differentiable any finite number of times

Does there exist a pathological function which is differentiable any finite number of times as one wishes, but is not differentiable an infinite amount of times? Is it reasonable for such function to ...
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2answers
41 views

Is $f( x + iy) = e^{-x} e^{-iy}$ complex - differentiable?

I started by letting $u(x,y) = e^{-x}$ and $v(x,y) = e^{-iy}$ . I then tried to use the cauchy reiman equations : $\frac{\partial u}{\partial x} = \frac{\partial v}{\partial y}$ and $\frac{\partial ...
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1answer
27 views

Algebra of Linear differential operators, question on Commutativity and Association

The following is a discussion on the following second differential equation $$ \frac{dy^2}{dx} - y = 0 $$ So, let us introduce the following, convention and definition, represent the derivative ...
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2answers
51 views

Memorizing Formulas for Differentiation

Once upon a time, I memorized the following formula out of laziness. Let $k(x)=\frac{f(x)^{g(x)}h(x)+i(x)}{j(x)}$. Then $k'(x)$ is as follows. ...
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1answer
13 views

Using Rodrigues' formula to show a result

use the formula $P_n(x) = \dfrac{1}{2^nn!}\dfrac{d^n}{dx^n}((x^2-1)^n)$ to show that $P_{2n}(0) = \dfrac{(-1)^n(2n)!}{4^n(n!)^2}$ and odd terms are 0. I first subbed in 2n to the formula and got ...
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1answer
21 views

Does the momentum of a particle depend on its position [on hold]

By definition: $\displaystyle \dot{x}=\frac{p}{m}$, where $p$ is the momentum of the particle $m$ is the mass, and $\dot{x}$ the velocity. As the velocity depends on the position of the particle(?) ...
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2answers
38 views

Is velocity a function of displacemnt?

The velocity $\displaystyle\vec{v}$ of a particle $=\frac{d\vec{x}}{dt}$. So surely this means that $\vec{v}$ is dependent on the position of the particle?
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1answer
26 views

Bound the variation of this decreasing function

Let $f(x)$ be a decreasing function defined over the interval $[0,a]$, with $f(0)=b$. The first derivative of $f(x)$, which is negative, is such that $f^\prime(x) > g(x)$, or equivalently ...
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0answers
31 views

Leibniz integral rule definition

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leibniz_integral_rule If we have an integral $$\int_{y_0}^{y_1} f(x, y) \,\mathrm{d}y$$ then for $x$ in $(x_0, x_1)$ the derivative of this integral is thus ...
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1answer
29 views

Proof of derivatives though first principle method

In school I was taught to memorize this formula. $ \frac {d} {dx} (\cos x) = - \sin x $ However, recently I found out a proof using the first principle (under the "Derivatives" chapter), but could ...
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3answers
24 views

Why does $\frac{1}{6e^{2y}}=\frac{1}{2x-8}$ in this context?

This is the context: I tried substituting $y=3e^{2x}+4$ into $6e^{2y}$but I wasn't able to go any further. Does anyone what exactly is being done in the last step?
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1answer
42 views

Points of contacts of tangents of the curve $y=\sin x$

Prove that the points of contacts of tangents of the curve $y={\sin x}$ drawn from origin lie on the curve $\frac{1}{x^2} - \frac{1}{y^2} = -1$
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2answers
674 views

Function that is the sum of all of its derivatives

I have just started learning about differential equations, as a result I started to think about this question but couldn't get anywhere. So I googled and wasn't able to find any particularly helpful ...
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1answer
12 views

$\frac{d}{dy} F(g(y),y) = ?$

Given that we know if the integral of $f(y)$ is $F(y)$ then we can say that $\frac{d}{dy} F(y) = F'(y) = f(y)$. But what does $\frac{d}{dy} F(g(y),y)$ equal to? Can we say that it is $f(g(y),y)?$
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24 views

Need help in verifying if I am taking the derivative of $f(x) = \frac{x}{\cos(x)}$ correctly

I need to take the derivative of $f(x) = \frac{x}{\cos(x)}$. What I am doing: $$f'(x) = \frac{d\ (x\cos(x)^{-1})}{d \ x} + (\frac{d\ (x\cos(x)^{-1})}{d\ (\cos(x))} * \frac{d\ \cos(x)}{d\ x})$$ ...
0
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1answer
33 views

If $f$ is differentible at a point $x \in [a,b]$, then $f$ is continuous at $x$.

Proof. As $t\rightarrow x$, we have, by Theorem 4.4, (Baby Rudin, p.104) $f\left( t\right) -f\left( x\right)$ = $\dfrac {f\left( t\right) -f\left( x\right) } {t-x}\cdot \left( t-x\right) \rightarrow ...
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1answer
24 views

Differentiating a function composition

Given $g:R^n \rightarrow R^k$ and $h:R^k \rightarrow R$, we have $f(x) = h(g(x))$. Using the chain rule, we can differentiate $f(x)$ to get $f'(x) = \nabla^Th(g(x))g'(x)$ My question is why do we ...
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0answers
15 views

Relation between sub-tangent and sub-normal of $y^2 = (x+a)^3$

If the relation between sub-tangent and sub-tangent at any point on the curve $y^2 = (x+a)^3$ is $p(SN)=q(ST)$ then find the value of $p$ and $q$ where $SN$ is length of sub-normal and $ST$ is length ...
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4answers
73 views

Proving that the exponential inequality $e^x \ge x^e$ holds for all $x \ge 0$ [duplicate]

How does one prove that $$e^x \ge x^e$$ for all $x \ge 0$? I tried to do this by setting $f(x)=e^x-x^e$ Plotting this function shows this easily, as seen here. However, when I tried to prove ...
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0answers
45 views

Bound the first derivative of the following function: $f(x)=g(x)+h(x)$

Consider a decreasing function $f(x)$, resulting from the sum of two other decreasing functions: $f(x)=g(x)+h(x)$. All these 3 functions are positive. In addition, we have $g(0)=h(0)=1$. Further, we ...
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2answers
45 views

What does third derivative tell about inflection point?

I was trying to find the nature (maxima,minima,inflection points) of the function $$\frac{x^5}{20}-\frac{x^4}{12}+5=0$$ But I faced a conceptual problem.It is given in the solution to the problem ...
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1answer
72 views

Find all $f:\mathbb {R} \rightarrow \mathbb {R}$ where $f(f(x))=f'(x)f(x)+c$

Recently, while studying calculus, I have come across multiples problems which asked the following: If $f(x)$ is a polynomial, find all $f(x)$ that $f(f(x))=f'(x)f(x)+c$, where $c$ is a constant. ...
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0answers
22 views

which of the following functions are differentiable at x=0 [on hold]

The function is $$f(x) = \arctan \left( \frac{1}{|x|} \right), \quad( x\ne 0), \quad f(0) = \frac{\pi}{2}$$ i have found its left derivative -1 and right derivative 1? but it is derivable. how?
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1answer
31 views

Why does this follow from the triangle inequality?

Proving that differentiability implies continuity.
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31 views

What does this notation mean on this derivative question?

$x^2 \tan x \mid _{x=\pi}$ What does this little line after the $\tan x$ mean? Does it mean I should take the derivative and then substitue in $\pi$? I need to find the second derivative.
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1answer
50 views

How do you differentiate the integral from $ \int_{e^{-x}}^{e^x} \sqrt{1+t^2}\,dt$ [duplicate]

How do you differentiate the integral from $e^{-x}$ to $e^x$ of $\sqrt(1+t^2)$ with respect to t? $$ \int_{e^{-x}}^{e^x} \sqrt{1+t^2}\,dt $$ I know the answer is $$ e^x\sqrt{1+e^{2x}} + ...
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1answer
16 views

Error Bounds with Trapezoidal Formula

I know there are some posts about the same thing but I am unable to do my specific question or at least, I don't think I'm doing it the right way. The question asks me to use the Trapezoidal Error ...
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4answers
91 views

application of L'Hopital's rule?

I am trying to evaluate the following limit: $$ \lim_{x \to 0} \frac{e^x}{\sum_{n = 1}^\infty n^k e^{-nx}}, $$ where $k$ is a large (but fixed) positive integer. I am unsure how to proceed. Can this ...
3
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1answer
56 views

A general case - Leibniz rule

Given the Leibniz rule: $$\frac{d}{dy}\int^a_b f(x,y) dx = \int_b^a \frac{\partial f}{\partial y} (x,y) dx$$ How do I prove a more general case using the chain rule and the above: $$\frac{d}{dy} ...
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2answers
27 views

How to calculate this derivative? Do I have to use the chain rule?

Derivative of $(r^2 - x^2)^{1/2}$ with respect to x? Please show the steps also.
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2answers
43 views

How to differentiate $y=e^ {\frac{-1}{2}x^2}\cdot\sqrt{1+2x^2}$?

We need to find the maximum point of the curve, M. I know that we must find the $dy/dx$ of the equation of the curve and set it to $0$. However, I'm having trouble differentiating the equation. I'm ...
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2answers
25 views

On differentiable functions

Consider the integral: $I$= $\int_2^{\infty} f(x)g(x) \mathrm{d}x $, where $f(x)$ and$g(x)$ are nonconstant functions. Assuming that this integral exists, does this necessarily mean that $f(x)$ and ...
0
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0answers
6 views

Giving two examples of functions with some properties.

This is a question from a list. Obtain two $\mathcal{C}^\infty$ functions $f,g:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ satisfying these properties: $f(x)=0 \Leftrightarrow 0\leq x\leq 1$; $g(x)=x$ if $|x|\leq 1$, ...
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2answers
39 views

Complex differentiability and differentiability in R2

In $\mathbb R$ for a derivative to exist (or a limit generally) it is necessary that the limit be the same in both directions (from below and above) and this is the same in $\mathbb C$ where for a ...
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2answers
28 views

differentiability of a function

Let $f$ be a continuous function on an open interval in $\mathbb R$ such that $|f|$ is differentiable. Can we show that $f$ is differentiable? I can get several examples of non-differentiable $f$ if ...
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1answer
14 views

Prove that the equation of the tangent at P is $ \frac {xx_1}{a^2} - \frac {yy_1}{b^2} = 1 $ (Hyperbolas)

Question: Point P ($x_1 , y_1$) is on the hyperbola $\frac {x^2}{a^2}$ - $\frac {y^2}{b^2}$ = 1 Prove that the equation of the tangent at P is $$ \frac {xx_1}{a^2} - \frac ...