Tagged Questions

For requesting, clarifying, and comparing definitions of mathematical terms.

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Definition of vertex-cut for digraph?

I am trying to understand vertex cut for digraph. I could find this for graphs Vertex cut is a vertex whose removal increases the number of components in a graph. (D67, Handbook of Graph Theory by ...
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Definition of component for a digraph?

I could find this in Wikipedia Component: A connected component of a graph is a maximal connected subgraph. The term is also used for maximal subgraphs or subsets of a graph's vertices that have ...
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w.r.t. which chain complex is $H^k_{sign}(M;R)$ computed?

This question is inspired by my previous question. People often write $H^k_{sign}(M;R)$ for the $k$th singular cohomology group with coefficients in $R$. However, I don't understand what this means. ...
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Interpretation of definitions and logical implication in Calculus - e.g. monotonic strictly increasing function

I read definitions in Calculus books that often confuse me from a logical perspective. For example, the definition of a monotonic function, e.g. a strictly increasing function, is defined as follows. ...
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What does algebraic mean?

If something is algebraic in a field, what does it mean? I don't know the correct phrasing. An element $a \in K$ is algebraic over $F$. Please can someone give some correct phrasing with a simple ...
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How to show X is in the co-finite topology

This might be kind of a silly question but I can't fully grasp why the set X on which the cofinite topology is defined would be contained in the Topology. I know that the closure of all open sets U ...
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Coordinate charts vs. coordinates on manifolds

I just realised that I'm confused what coordinates really means in the context of manifolds. For example, say $M=S^2$. Then we can define smooth charts as follows: Let the open sets be $U = S^2$ ...
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Why do authors make a point of $C^1$ functions being continuous?

I've just got a little question on why authors specify things the way they do. Is their some subtlety I'm missing or are they just being pedantic? I've encountered the function spaces $C^k[a,b]$ a ...
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Derivative of function of one variable with respect to function of two variables

I'm looking to find the derivative of a function of one variable with respect to a function of two variables: $$\frac{df(x)}{dg(x,y)}$$ I'm not entirely sure whether this is possible in the first ...
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Is this definition of a Euclidean frame well-defined?

Going through my lecture notes on geometry I find a definition of a Euclidean frame which doesn't seem to have been formed correctly (most likely written down wrong). So I've taken it upon myself to ...
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Is this definition of Mersenne Primes correct? [closed]

According to my understanding, the definition of Mersenne Prime is the following: A Mersenne Prime is a prime number that is obtained by using the formula $2^n-1$, where $n\in\mathbb{N}_+$
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Properties of sin(x) and cos(x) from definition as solution to differential equation y''=-y

I recently came across the interesting definition of the sine function as the unique solution to the Initial Value Problem $$y'' = -y$$ $$y(0) = 0, y'(0) = 1$$ (My first question would be why this ...
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$0^0$ is undefined, but sometimes defined as $1$?

When typing a calculation to Wolfram Alpha it always takes $0^0$ as undefined, but for some calculations I need to preform, I specifically need it to be equal $1$. Is there a way to make it ...
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Extension of Up/Down/Right/Left in n dimensions

I'm wondering if there are extensions of the right/left/up/down concepts in n dimensions, i.e. "if $x_0$ points ahead of me, I'm looking LEFT/RIGHT along $x_1$, UP/DOWN along $x_2$, XXX/YYY along $x_3$...
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Definition of Polish Topology

Let $\xi$ such that $1 \leq \xi < \omega_1$ and $f$ be of Baire class $\xi$. In this paper (Section $5$), the author defined T_{f,\xi}=\left\{ \tau^{\prime} : \tau \subset \tau^{\prime} \text{ ...
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An equivalent definition of connectedness in General Toplogy

I'm studying General Topology by the book of James Munkres and there he defined connectedness this way: "Let X be a topological space. A separation of X is a pair U, V of disjoint nonempty open ...
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the definition of random variable

If we supposed that X is a random variable, is X - X a random variable? Could the outcome of an event is only 1? Cause X-X has only one outcome, and the possibility of it is 1. How about X + X?
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Definition of an Integral Domain in the second edition of Herstein's Topics in Algebra

I think a definition in Herstein's Topics in Algebra needs to be modified and I am asking this question to make sure I am not missing something. Herstein defines an integral domain as a commutative ...