21
votes
2answers
1k views

Determinant of a non-square matrix

I wrote an answer to this question based on determinants, but subsequently deleted it because the OP is interested in non-square matrices, which effectively blocks the use of determinants and thereby ...
0
votes
1answer
10 views

Forms - unitary group?

If $Id$ is the $n$ by $n$ identity matrix and $J$ is the $2n$ by $2n$ matrix with $Id$ in the upper right corner and $-Id$ in the lower left corner, then $Sp_{2n} = \{G\in Gl_{2n} : G^{tr}JG = J\}$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Hessian matrix as derivative of gradient

From a text: For a real-valued differentiable function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$, the Hessian matrix $D^2f(x)$ is the derivative matrix of the vector-valued gradient function $\nabla ...
0
votes
0answers
100 views

Meaning of $A^A$

Let $A$ be a matrix. I know that there is definition for $A^k$ power of $A$, and $e^A$ expontential of $A$. Is there any meaning of $A^A$?
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Is there any definition for homogeneous rotations?

Most of the geometric transformations can only be represented into square matrices via homogeneous coordinates, e.g., translation and 3D rotations with axes not through coordindate system origin. ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Linear maps and matrix coefficients

I am currently working through this page in my script: Can somebody explain what this means and how it works in practice? Perhaps if I saw an example I could follow it. Thanks for your help!
3
votes
2answers
48 views

Notation - Transpose of Block Matrices [Lay P121 Q2.4.12]

Definition of Transpose is $(A^T)_{ij} = A_{ji}$ $1.$ Why $\begin{bmatrix} M & N \end{bmatrix}^T = \begin{bmatrix} M^T \\ N^T \end{bmatrix}$, and NOT $\begin{bmatrix} M \\ N\end{bmatrix}$? ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

One definition of the determinant of a matrix

Suppose you define as follows : for $(a,b,c,d)\in \mathbb{R}^4$, $\det \begin{pmatrix} a & b \\ c & d\end{pmatrix} = ad-bc$. for $A$ a square matrix of size $n$, you define $\det A$ ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Transformation-Matrix (Definition & explanation)

I have to do a proof ("Let V be a vector space with basis A, B, C. Show that $T_{AC} = T_{BC}T_{AB}.$ Well, I really don't know what is menat by $"T_{AB}"$ or something like this. I thought about the ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

confusion about rank and nullity of matrix and rank-nullity theorem

I can see that rank + nullity = number of columns of the matrix. Does that mean the dimension of matrix is the number of columns? Isn't dimension of a $m\times n$ matrix $mn$? Thanks.
1
vote
5answers
153 views

Definition of determinant [closed]

Determinant is a certain function from the set of all $n\times n$ matrices to the set of scalars. How is the determinant defined? What characterizes the determinant function?
2
votes
2answers
24 views

$M=(a_{ij})$, with $1\leq x\leq3$ and $1\leq x \leq 3$, such that $a_{ij}=4i+2j-6$.

My exercise asks me to write the following matrix $M=(a_{ij})$, with $1\leq x\leq3$ and $1\leq x \leq 3$, such that $a_{ij}=4i+2j-6$. What I did not understand, and tried unsuccessfully was what ...
0
votes
2answers
43 views

Question about $(A - \lambda I_A)\vec{x} = 0$.

Finding a solution to $C\vec{x} = (A - \lambda I_A)\vec{x} = 0$ is the equivalent of considering the determinant of $C$ when it is zero. This means the matrix is linearly dependent and has infinite ...
1
vote
2answers
47 views

Matrix with Functions as Entries

What do we call a matrix with functions as entries? $$\textbf{f(x)}=\begin{bmatrix} f_{11}(x) & f_{12}(x) \\ f_{21}(x) & f_{22}(x) \end{bmatrix} $$
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Adjoint of a Matrix Definition

Tom M. Apostol in his book "calculus Vol. 2" page 122 (see image below) defines adjoint of a matrix as the transpose of the conjugate of the matrix. Is this definition always correct ? Does it agree ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

How to Define an Infinite Anti-Diagonal Matrix

We can define an infinite diagonal matrix with some ease, and then say that a finite diagonal matrix is the top left sub-matrix of our infinite one. Can we define an infinite anti-diagonal matrix? It ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

With infinite size, we can have $P \cdot M = M \cdot D $ (D diagonal) but where $M^{-1}$ does not exist. Can we say “P is diagonalizable”?

(I had this question in mind for longer time, but it is just triggered now by some comments at that recent question in mse) (Background) I was looking at properties of the Pascal-matrix: ...
-2
votes
3answers
222 views

Non-symmetric $A^T=A$

Wikipedia says that symmetric matrices are square ones, which have the property $A^T=A$. This assumes that one can have non-square $A^T=A$ and, because it does not satisfy the first property of ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Is this definition of diagonal matrix correct?

I need to know if the following definition: Let $A:=\|a_{i,j}\|_{\substack{i=1,...,m \\ j=1,...,m}}$ be a square matrix. $A$ is diagonal matrix if $$i\neq j \implies a_{ij}=0, \quad\forall i,j \in ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Meaning of $L_A$?

Let $A$ be an m*n matrix with entries from a field $F$. $L_A: F^n \rightarrow F^m$ defined by $L_A=Ax$. I'm a bit confused about this definition. $L_A$ is a matrix representation of linear ...
2
votes
1answer
266 views

What is the intuitive meaning of the adjugate matrix?

The definition of the adjugate matrix is easy to understand, but I have never seen it used for anything. What is the intuitive meaning of this matrix? Are there examples of applications which may ...
12
votes
2answers
662 views

What's the name for the property of a function $f$ that means $f(f(x))=x$?

I can think of several examples of functions such that twice application of the function is equivalent to no application of it. Additive inverse Multiplicative inverse Fourier transform Complex ...
0
votes
1answer
200 views

Differentiability of a matrix function

To prove the differentiability of a function defined on $M\in M_n$, how should I adapt the definition of differentiability? $h^{-1}[f(x+h)-f(x)-hL(x)]\to 0$  How do I take the reciprocal of a ...
0
votes
2answers
653 views

Definition: Eigenspace of a matrix

If I am given a matrix and told to find a basis for its eigenspace, does that just mean find the eigenvectors of the matrix? In my understanding, an eigenspace of an eigenvalue $\lambda$ is the set of ...
0
votes
1answer
355 views

Need help understanding Hessian matrix for direction estimation

Additional context: $H = |δ^2f / δx_iδx_j|$ is the Hessian matrix. $(3)$ From my previous question: What are the functionality of δ symbol and $δr^T$?, I got a few questions: I have read more ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

What are the functionality of δ symbol and $δr^T$?

I got two questions here: Does anybody know what is the functionality of the small delta letter δ here? Is it simply the same as the rate of change just like the big delta letter Δ? And for the ...
2
votes
2answers
507 views

Definition of Symplectic Matrix

In Wikipedia and MathPlanet an equivalent definition of a symplectic matrix is given: $$\left( \begin{array}{ccc} A & B \\ C & D \end{array} \right)$$ is symplectic if and only if: ...