For requesting, clarifying, and comparing definitions of mathematical terms.

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Definition of an absolutely continuous random variable

Just what is the proper definition of an absolutely continuous random variable? It's supposed to be something like: $$\mathbf{P} (A) = \int_A f d \mu$$ for some Borel set $A$. But what is $\mu$? Is ...
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0answers
21 views

Meaning of the term $X/H$ and orbits

I am trying to find representations of the group $G=GL_2(F(t)/t^2) = (M_2(F_p) , + ) \rtimes GL_n(F)$ So I was trying to do exactly what Serre has explained in this section. I am not quite able to ...
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15 views

Notation: column/row projection function for matrix-like objects

If we have a $n$-tuple $\mathscr x$ $$\mathscr x := (x_i)_{i\in n}=(x_0,x_1,\ldots,x_{n-1})\in \prod_{i\in n}X_i$$ where $(X_i)_{i\in n}$ is an indexed family of sets and $x_i\in X_i$. We can ...
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Definition of a minimal set of automorphisms generating an orbit?

By definition, the orbit of a vertex v in a graph G is the set of all vertices f (v) such that f is an automorphism of G. I wonder whether there is a definition for a minimal set S of automorphisms ...
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Are little-o and “error term” the same thing?

I'm reading The Elements of Infinitesimal Calculus by David A. Santos, and I stumbled upon this: 45 Definition Let $m$ and $n$ be non-zero natural numbers with $m < n$. We say that $x^n$ ...
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1answer
14 views

Precision needed in definition of unboundedness

This is a quick question about what it means for a function to be unbounded. Does it mean that the function tends to + or - infinity, or does it just mean that it has no limit?
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1answer
31 views

Define F : Z → Z by the rule F(n) = 2 -3n, for all integers n

I am not sure how to go about solving this problem. Can somebody tell me how to define $F : Z \to Z$ by the rule $F(n) = 2 -3n$, for all integers $n$ ? I am not sure where to even start or what ...
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24 views

Are there terminologies distinguishing these two ranks?

Definition 1. Let $R$ be a ring with invariant basis number and $M$ be a free $R$-module. Then, the rank of $M$ is the cardinality of an $R$-basis of $M$. ${}$ Definition 2. ...
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1answer
17 views

Understanding quotient map

If I am understanding correctly, a quotient map can be defined in this way (actually I quoted the following from Munkres): Let $X$ and $Y$ be topological spaces; let $p:X \rightarrow Y$ be a ...
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1answer
27 views

Terminology: Difference between Lemma, Theorem, Definition, Hypothesis, Postulate and a Proposition

Based on observation after reading few books and papers, I think that Lemma : Lemma contains some information that is commonly used to support a theorem. So, a Lemma introduces a Theorem and comes ...
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18 views

On the definition of uniform continuity over an interval.

I was reading some slides and I stumbled upon this definition of uniform continuity in an interval I am unsure on how to trace this back to the definition of uniform continuity that I know: A ...
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2answers
40 views

What's the difference between finite and finitely generated algebras

I didn't understand the difference between the two definitions: I thought the definition of $B[a_1,\ldots,a_n]$ is exactly the one in the item (b), i.e., $B[a_1,\ldots,a_n]=Ba_1+\ldots+Ba_n$. I ...
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1answer
46 views

What does it mean by a set is bounded. [closed]

Given a subset $S\subset R^m,$ what does it mean by $S$ is bounded? I missed a class so didn't get the definition... Please help.
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1answer
49 views

What is the difference between CW-complex and Cellular complex?

Is every CW-complex is a Cellular space? Is its converse true? If it is true then what is the difference between them? We include the definition of CW-complex in algebraic topology given by ...
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1answer
40 views

Are the implicitly definable sets of a second-order theory the sets the second-order quantifiers range over?

I know that in a second-order setting, due to the failure of the Beth definability theorem, implicit and explicit definition come apart (i.e., there are predicates which can be implicitly, but not ...
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2answers
688 views

Are ideals also rings?

I am learning about rings and ideals. But I am confused about something. My book (Gallian) says that an ideal of a ring by definition is a subring. But I have talked to other people who insist that an ...
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1answer
10 views

What is an example of a non-negative Hermitian form which is still not an inner product?

I was reading the definitions: Let $X$ be a vector space and $f: X \times X \longrightarrow \mathbb K$, where $\mathbb K = \mathbb R$ or $\mathbb C$. $f$ is said to be a Hermitian form on $X$ if: ...
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16 views

Definition of convergence rate of random variables

What is the definition of rate of convergence of a sequence of random variables? i.e. what does it mean that the convergence rate of the sequence of random variable $X_1,X_2,\ldots X_n,\ldots$ to $X$ ...
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7 views

What does it mean 'not containing $l^{\infty}(2)$ isometrically'

What does it mean 'not containing $l^{\infty}(2)$ isometrically'? The following is the context: Suppose $X,Y$ are sets and $E,F$ are normed spaces not containing $l^{\infty}(2)$ isometrically. Can ...
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3answers
90 views

What set does $\mathbb W$ denote?

What set does $\mathbb W$ denote? I know this may horribly lack context, but I've seen multiple times on M.SE $\mathbb W$ used in some fairly elementary context I think.
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1answer
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What is the connection between $V(\vec x) = \frac{1}{2}(x_1^2+x_1x_2+x_2^2)$ and $V(\vec x) = \frac {1}{2} x^TPx $?

For example, $V(\vec x) = \frac{1}{2}(x_1^2+x_1x_2+x_2^2)$ has an equivalent representation $V(\vec x) = \frac {1}{2} x^TPx $ where $P$ is some matrix Can someone make this connection clearer for me ...
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34 views

What is 'free algebra'?

I've been googling the definition of it, and it seems like somehow it's related to a polynomial ring. But I still quite don't get it. Is a free algebra just a free group with additional operation ...
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1answer
32 views

Interpret a relation definition, it's meaning and and how it should be applied

I'm unsure of the definition below : $\mathbb{Z} = (\dots,-2,-1,0,1,2,\dots)$ Take a relation $\rightarrow$ on $\mathbb{Z}^2$ define as $(x,y)$ $\rightarrow$ $(x',y')$ only when: $(x',y')= ...
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2answers
20 views

Is transitive closure defined uniquely?

I'm encountering questions where I'm required to find a transitive closure (and the questions seem to suggest that there is only one), but I probably don't understand something in the definition, ...
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1answer
19 views

Help understanding cardinal multiplication and infinite Cartesian products

The cardinal product of two sets is defined to be the cardinality of the Cartesian product. The Cartesian product is: $$\prod_{\alpha \lt\beta}\kappa_{\alpha}=\{f\mid f\colon\beta\rightarrow ...
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1answer
12 views

Are these two definitions of separable extension equivalent?

Definition1 - wikipedia Let $E/F$ be an algebraic extension. Then $E/F$ is separable iff for each $\alpha\in E$, the minimal polynomial of $\alpha$ over $F$ is separable. Definition 2 - ...
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47 views

Questions about the definition of convergence

I am having difficulty understanding the definition of convergence. I've been rereading and looking at examples during this past week and I haven't made any progress. Definition: We say that ...
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1answer
43 views

What does it mean for pullbacks to preserve monomorphisms?

If two arrows $f_A : A \to C$, $f_B : B \to C$ are monomorphisms, then their pullback arrows $p_A : P \to A$, $p_B : P \to B$ are monomorhisms too. Is that what is meant by pullbacks preserving ...
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3answers
61 views

What are some illustrative examples that demonstrate how $\succ$ can differ in behavior from $>$ and/or $\geq$?

I really, really want to understand the generalization of metric spaces known as continuity spaces. Unfortunately, I always get tripped up right at the beginning. The problem is that I have little or ...
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3answers
34 views

Difference between generators and basis

What is the difference between the terms "generator set" and "basis"? Don't they both just mean a set of objects that you can use to obtain all of the objects in a larger set under some operations? ...
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Are there symbols for the map function or the filter function?

I'm going to define two notations, because I'd like to use them, but I'm wondering whether someone has done this before in serious mathematics. The idea comes from functional programming. Definition: ...
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1answer
26 views

Alternate definition limit

The definition of the limit of a sequence is: $L=\lim\limits_{n\to\infty}f(n)\Leftrightarrow\forall\epsilon>0:\exists N\in\mathbb{N}:\forall n\in\mathbb{N}:\left(n>N\Rightarrow ...
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1answer
24 views

Question on definition of group acting on a topological space.

I know that a group can act on a graph by acting on the set of vertices on a graph. I also know that a graph can be viewed as a CW complex and therefore a topological space and i am trying to bridge ...
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1answer
14 views

Definition of Cofinal Segment

Recently I encountered the term 'cofinal segment' in the paper 'The Point of Continuity Property, Neighbourhood Assignments and Filter Convergences' by Ahmed Bouziad, example $2.3$. Question: What ...
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3answers
37 views

What does inversion mean?

I am in highschool taking some advanced math courses and I have some questions about terminology. There appears to be more definitions to the meaning of inversion in math than I can count. I'm ...
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0answers
10 views

If $C=M \times (0,1)$, what is an integral over $\partial C$?

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold. Define $C=M \times (0,1)$ so that $\partial C = M \times \{0\} \cup M \times \{1\}$. If $f:\partial C \to \mathbb{R}$, is then the integral over $\partial C$ ...
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2answers
297 views

When is it allowed to take a constant out of a series?

When is it allowed to take a constant out of a series? Suppose we have a series $\sum ca_n$, when can we write it as $c\sum a_n$? It's pretty obvious when we know beforehand the series converges ...
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0answers
26 views

Why is delta used to describe difference between two entities

I hear a lot about extracting "delta" between two properties in my current job. I come from a User Interface programming background and I do not really have much math background. I looked up delta ...
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1answer
21 views

How to interpret the definition of inductive set?

I can't understand the sentence below: "A subset Y ⊂ X will be called inductive if, for every x ∈ X such that y ∈ Y for all y ∈ X such that y < x, we have x ∈ Y." please tell me what's the meaning, ...
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0answers
33 views

Does this violate the notion of positive definiteness?

From a previous course in linear algebra, I was taught that a function is positive definite if it satisfies $$\left< \vec x \mid v(\vec x) \mid \vec x\right> > 0 $$ In simpler notation, ...
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1answer
115 views

I need help understanding Frege's definition of number

I have really been trying to understand Frege's definition of a number or at least gain a strong intuition of it. However, my attempts have not been fruitful. If someone could help me it would be much ...
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2answers
224 views

To whom do we owe this construction of angles and trigonometry?

I've come across what is, to me, the most precise, beautiful and thorough definition of what we know of as the angle between two vectors. I say this because most literature either skims over things ...
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2answers
42 views

What exactly is the meaning of the following $\inf\{ s_n : n > N\}$ and $\sup\{ s_n : n > N\}$

What exactly is the meaning of the following $$u_N = \inf\{ s_n : n > N\} \ \ \text{ and} \ \ v_N = \sup\{ s_n : n > N\}$$ This might seem a stupid question, but I am not understanding the ...
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1answer
14 views

Definition of normal extension.

Let $E/F$ be an algebraic extension. Then, $E/F$ is normal iff $E$ is a splitting field of a family of polynomials in $F[X]$. So does this mean that if $E$ is a splliting field of a given ...
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132 views

Evaluating a definite integral by definition

I have an area function $A(x)$ defined as $$A(x) = \int_{-1}^{x} (t^2 + 1)\space dt$$ ... and I would like to use the definition of definite integral to evaluate it. I started this way $$A(x) = ...
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1answer
61 views

Why does this author define cardinality indirectly?

I'm studying Enderton's Elements of Set Theory and in the page 129 he defines what it means two sets being equinumerous: After that in the page 136 he defines cardinality: Why doesn't he define ...
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1answer
49 views

What does the notation $\mathbb R[x]$ mean?

What does the notation $\mathbb R[x]$ mean? I thought it was just the set $\mathbb R^n$ but then I read somewhere that my lecturer wrote $\mathbb R[x] = ${$\alpha_0 + \alpha_1x + \alpha_2x^2 + ... + ...
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1answer
33 views

Is this alternate definition of Limit correct?

Would it be correct to define the limit of a series as the smallest number that no number in the series is greater than (for an increasing series, the other way around for a decreasing series, i.e the ...
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1answer
35 views

How do I prove cardinality is well-defined?

I define equinumerous and cardinality in this way: $A$ and $B$ are equinumerous (written $A\sim B$) if there is a bijection between them. We say $card(X)=card(Y)$ if $X\sim Y$. I would ...
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Defining the rational function field in n variables.

Reading over an editing my dissertation "Elementary functions" and i am having trouble with my definition of a rational functions in n variables, this is what i have written but its missing one part: ...