-1
votes
1answer
29 views

Explanation of the passage from $\int_{N'}^N dN/N$ to $\ln N-\ln N'$

While going through my text I got stuck in the derivation given in the picture. ($\Omega$ is a constant) I don't know how to get the second step from the first step, also I don't know why ln is ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Quaternion expansion

I have a quaternion equation $ \psi(s)=Pe^{\frac{1}{2}k(s)}\tag 1$ Given conditions and data Here P is a constant unit Quaternion defined for 3D rotation matrix as $(p_1,p_2,p_3,p_4) , p_4\in ...
-1
votes
2answers
63 views

Integral of inverse of square root of a quadratic

I haven't taken a course on calculus so far so I don't know what to do. The integral may be wrong. Please tell me which part of it is wrong. $$ q∫_{+a}^{-a}\lim_{c \to g}\frac 1{(b^2+c^2)^{3⁄2}} dc $$ ...
2
votes
4answers
60 views

I'm wondering when the integral $\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{dx}{(1+x^2)^\alpha}$ converges.

I'm wondering when the integral $$ \int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{dx}{(1+x^2)^\alpha} $$ converges for the real number $\alpha$.
3
votes
3answers
61 views

Changing order of integration (multiple integral)

Prove $$ \int_0^a\left( \int_0^x \left( \int_0^y \left( \int_0^z f(u) \, du \right) dz \right) dy \right) dx = \int_0^a \frac {(a-t)^3}{3!} f(t) dt $$ where $a$ is constant. So I began with two ...
4
votes
2answers
73 views

improper integral containing $\sqrt{\cos x-\dfrac{1}{\sqrt 2}}$ in the denominator

How do i find the value of this integral-- $$I=\displaystyle\int_{0}^{\pi/4} \frac{\sec^2 x \ dx}{\sqrt {\cos x-\dfrac{1}{\sqrt 2}}}$$ I came across this integral too in physics.
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Prove $\int_0^1 \frac{\ln(1+t^{4+\sqrt{15}})}{1+t}dt= -\frac{\pi^2}{12}(\sqrt{15}-2)+\ln (2) \ln(\sqrt{3}+\sqrt{5})+\ln(\phi) \ln(2+\sqrt{3})$

Prove that: \begin{equation} \int_0^1 \frac{\ln\left(1+t^{4+\sqrt{15}}\right)}{1+t}dt= -\frac{\pi^2}{12}(\sqrt{15}-2)+\ln (2) \ln(\sqrt{3}+\sqrt{5})+\ln(\phi) \ln(2+\sqrt{3}) \end{equation} ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

Integral related to a geometry problem

In the question Geometry problem involving infinite number of circles I showed that the answer could be obtained by the sum $$ \sum_{k=0}^{\infty}\int_{B_{k}} {4 \over \,\left\vert\,1 + \left(\,x + ...
0
votes
4answers
59 views

General form for these types of integrals

I encountered this integral in physics-- $$2\int_{0}^{\infty} \dfrac{1-t^2}{(1+t^2)((a+b)t^2+a-b)} dt$$ I know for certain that $a>0$, $b>0$. $a$ and $b$ are independent variables
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Alternative view on integration?

The question is about an alternative view on formulating or arriving at the concept of the integral (in case this is possible of course). Let's say we want to add a series of values $f(x_i)$ occuring ...
14
votes
1answer
170 views

Is this integral $\int_0^1\left(\left\{\frac1x\right\}-\frac12\right)\frac{\log(x)}{x}dx$ equal to zero?

My initial question was to find if this integral $$ \int_0^1 \left(\left\{\frac 1x\right\}-\frac12\right)\frac{\log(x)}{x}dx$$ is convergent or divergent. ($\left\{\frac 1x\right\}$ is the fractional ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

How to find this integral $\int_{0}^{\infty}\dfrac{f(x)}{g(x)}dx$ [duplicate]

show that: $$I=\int_{0}^{\infty}\dfrac{x^8-4x^6+9x^4-5x^2+1}{x^{12}-10x^{10}+37x^8-42x^6+26x^4-8x^2+1}dx=\dfrac{\pi}{2}$$ I found this : ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Integration By Parts and convergence

I have an integral as $\int_0^\infty e^t w(t)f(t)dt$ where $f$ is a continuous PDF function and $w(t)\to 1$ at infinity. Is there any way to solve such an integral by parts? At the first glance ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

To be integrable, a function must be bounded; yet $\int (1/x^3)\,dx = -1/(2x^2)$?

One condition of integrability is that the function is bounded across the interval. $1/x^3$ however has a pole at $x=0$ yet it's integral is defined over all real numbers. Doesn't this violate the ...
5
votes
1answer
102 views

Is there a theory of integration in elementary terms for definite integrals?

Let's call a real number explicit if it can be expressed starting from integers by using arithmetic operations, radicals, exponents, logarithms, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions. For ...
9
votes
3answers
465 views

Why doesn't this converge?

Why doesn't $$\int_{-1}^1 \frac{1}{x}~\mathrm{d}x$$ converge? I mean you would think that because of symmetry the area from the negative side and positive side cancel out, resulting in the integral ...
0
votes
2answers
37 views

Find $\iiint_E sin^3 x+\tan y+ 6\hspace{1mm} dV$, where $V$ is region inside $x^2+y^2+z^2 = 1$

I guess that the integral of $\sin^3 x+\tan x$ part is zero, because i have seen many problems like these where the integral is over a symmetrical region and the functions are odd. But I want ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

Solving integral that contain exponential function and lower incomplete gamma function

I have the following integral; $$y=\int_0^\infty\frac{e^{-xf}}{m+x}\gamma(a,hx)~dx$$ where $f,m,h\in\mathbb{R}^+$ , $a\in\mathbb{N}$ , $\gamma\left(a,h x\right)$ is the lower incomplete gamma ...
6
votes
2answers
139 views

A strange answer for $\int _{-1}^1 \log x\; dx$

I typed $\int _{-1}^1 \log x\; dx$ on Wolfram Alpha. It is giving the answer to be $-2+i\pi$. Can someone please explain what is happening?
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Definite integral - Finding an equivalent form

I have the following definite integral $ \int_{0}^{L} {\psi(t) }_{1 \times 5}{A(s)}_{5 \times 5}(\psi(t) _{1 \times 5})^{T} {B(s)}_{5 \times 5} ds \tag 1 $ Given data All dimensions are ...
6
votes
0answers
147 views

Integration of combination of Bessel Function and Exponential Function

I have read "Watson:Treatise Theory of Bessel Function", "Table of Integration, Series and Product", "Handbook of Mathematical Functions, Formulas, Graphs and Mathematical Tables" and other online ...
4
votes
5answers
189 views

Integral of $1/[(1+x^2)\sqrt{1+x^2}]$

I try to get back on track with the integration. I would like to solve $$ \int_0^1 \frac{dx}{(1+x^2)\sqrt{1+x^2}}.$$ There are my way to try to solve it (that I don't find the right solution) and an ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Solving linear non-homogeneous integral equation

Is it possible to solve equations of the kind: $$x(t) = \int \limits_t^T c_1 x(s) ds +c_2 $$ with $c_1$ and $c_2$ being some constants and if I know $x(0)$? Or do I need more assumptions on $x$?
4
votes
2answers
121 views

Definite integral $\int_{0}^{\infty}e^{-u}\frac{1}{\left(\sqrt{1+(h+u)^{2}}\right)^{5}}du$

Hi guys I have the following definite integral to solve: $$\int_{0}^{\infty}e^{-u}\frac{1}{\left(\sqrt{1+(h+u)^{2}}\right)^{5}}du$$ is it possible to obtain an analytic expression? And if not why? ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Integration question.

The question is as follows For any real number $x$, let $\lfloor{x}\rfloor$ denote the greatest integer less than or equal to $x$. Let $f$ be a real valued function defined on the interval ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Integral of two function multiplied [closed]

Please let me know what / how does the result of below integral results would differ: $$(f \star g)(\tau) = \int_{-\infty}^\infty f(t)\star g(t+\tau)\,dt,$$ $$(f + g)(\tau) = \int_{-\infty}^\infty ...
2
votes
2answers
210 views

An Improper Integral

I need help with this integral: $\Large {\int_0^\infty \frac{dx}{x\sqrt{1+x}}} $ What I did: Substitute $\sqrt {1+x} = t$. Then the integral turns into $ \int_1^\infty 2dt/(t^2-1) $. Now I replaced ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Integrating by parts with exponential and power-law functions

I have a question about integrating by parts for $$\int_{L}^{U}\left[x^{a} \cdot e^{-bx}\right]\,dx$$ for positive reals $L,U$ with $L<U$ ($L, U \in [0, +\infty) $). I'm interested in cases with ...
4
votes
4answers
62 views

Integration of some floor functions

Can anyone please answer the following questions ? 1) $\int$ $ \left \lfloor{x}\right \rfloor $ $dx$ 2) $\int$ $ \left \lfloor{\sin(x)}\right \rfloor $ $dx$ 3) $\int_0^2$ $\left ...
1
vote
2answers
91 views

Using Stokes theorem to integrate $\vec{F}=5y \vec{\imath} −5x \vec{\jmath} +4(y−x) \vec{k}$ over a circle

Find $\oint_C \vec{F} \cdot d \vec{r}$ where $C$ is a circle of radius $2$ in the plane $x+y+z=3$, centered at $(2,4,−3)$ and oriented clockwise when viewed from the origin, if $\vec{F}=5y ...
0
votes
1answer
127 views

Finding the value of $\int_{0}^{1} \frac{\sin^2 x}{x^2}dx$

I would like to find the exact value of $$\int_{0}^{1} \frac{\sin^2 x}{x^2}dx.$$ First of all we know that it exists and must be $\hspace{0.1cm}$$\leq1$$\hspace{0.1cm}$ because$\hspace{0.1cm}$ ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Integral of $\exp(-x\,f(x))$

What is the evaluation of the integral of the following form or is there any alternative form for it? $$\int e^{-x \, f(x)} dx \tag 1$$
14
votes
2answers
379 views
+100

Closed form for the integral $\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{\ln^{2}(x)\ln(1+x)}{(1-x)(x^{2}+1)}dx$

Here is a challenging one maybe some would like a go at. Show that: ...
9
votes
4answers
216 views

How to evaluate a certain definite integral: $\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{\log(x)}{e^{x}+1}dx$

How can I show that: $$\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{\log(x)}{e^{x}+1}dx=-\frac{\log^{2}(2)}{2}$$ EDIT: This is equivalent to showing that $\eta'(1)=-\ln2\gamma-\dfrac{\ln^2(2)}{2}$.
8
votes
1answer
51 views

Changing the order of integration without sketching?

When changing the order of double integrals, I have always relied on sketching the region. I have recently come across this example on MSE by @FelixMartin which seems to avoid visual-based reasoning, ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

An intergral with variable upper limit

Let $$\psi \left(x \right)=\int_{0}^{x}\frac{\ln(1-t)}{t}dt,x\in (0,1).$$ Show $$\forall x\in (0,1), \psi\left(x \right)=?$$ I return the old variable $t$ by the substitution $s=ln(1-t)$,and then ...
-1
votes
1answer
61 views

Some confusing and tough (for me) integrations [closed]

Can anyone please help me with these integrations : $\int_0^3$ $| x+1 |$ $dx$ $\int$ $(|x-2|+|x-1|+|x|+|x+1|+|x+2|)$ $dx$ $\int$ $|x|dx$ $\int$ $(e^{|x|}$ + $\ln x)$ $dx$ $\int_0^\pi$ ...
6
votes
1answer
72 views

Closed form for integral of integer powers of Sinc function

(Edit: Thank you Vladimir for providing the references for the closed form value of the integrals. My revised question is then to how to derive this closed form.) For all $n\in\mathbb{N}^+$, ...
6
votes
2answers
136 views

Find the length of the curve $x^{2k}+y^{2k} =1$

I want to find an expression for length and find the limit $k\rightarrow \infty$ The answer is obviously 8, if we look at the graphs.
0
votes
1answer
34 views

How to calculate the cumulative density of a bump function

How would I go about calculating the integral $$\int_{1/4}^x \exp\left(\frac{-1}{1-16(t-\frac{1}{2})^2}\right)dt,$$ where we assume $\frac{1}{4} \leq x \leq \frac{3}{4}$? Thanks!
1
vote
1answer
33 views

The integral of $1/x$ from $n-1$ to $n$ is greater than $1/n$?

I want to prove that $$\int_a^n \! 1/x \, \mathrm{d}x$$ where $a$ is $n-1$ is greater than $1/n$. How to prove this? I know the integral equals to $$\log(n) - \log(n-1)$$ But how to proceed from here? ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Some tough (For me) Integrations [closed]

Can anyone please help me with these integrations : 1) $\int_0^\pi$ $x$ $\sin(x)$ $\sin((\pi/ {2})\cos(x))$ $dx$ 2) $\int_0^1$ ${(tx - x + 1})^n$ $dx$ 3)$\int_0^{\pi/2}$ $dx\over (a^2 \sin^2(x)+b^2 ...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

Find $ \int_0^2 \int_0^2\sqrt{5x^2+5y^2+8xy+1}\hspace{1mm}dy\hspace{1mm}dx$

I need the approximation to four decimals Not sure how to start or if a closed form solution exists All Ideas are appreciated
4
votes
2answers
102 views

Integral $\int^1_0\frac{\ln{x} \ \mathrm{Li}_2(x)}{1-x}dx$

I would like to know how to evaluate the integral $$\int^1_0\frac{\ln{x} \ \mathrm{Li}_2(x)}{1-x}dx$$ I tried expanding the integrand as a series but made little progress as I do not know how to ...
2
votes
3answers
63 views

Integration of a real powered rational expression

Peace be upon you, I've encountered this pretty integral \begin{align*} \int_0^1&\frac{x^{\alpha+\beta-1}-x^{\alpha-1}}{x-1}dx,\\ \\ &\alpha,\beta\in\Re^+ \end{align*} It seems much simpler ...
3
votes
2answers
138 views

Closed form for $\int_0^x \{1/t \}\,\mathrm{d}t$, $x \in \mathbb{R}_+$ and related.

After some tests I think that Conjecture 1 Let $x \in \mathbb{R}_+$ then $$ \int_0^x \left\{ \frac{1}{t} \right\}\,\mathrm{d}t = 1 - \gamma + H_{\{1/x\}} - x\lfloor1/x\rfloor + \log x$$ ...
3
votes
4answers
70 views

How to solve $\int_0^1 t^k e^{\alpha t}dt$?

Calculate the following definite integral: $$\int_0^1 t^k e^{\alpha t}dt, \ \ \ \alpha\in \mathbb R$$ I have to apply the integration by parts, but I can not write the result in a compact ...
2
votes
3answers
73 views

Evaluate $\frac{1}{a}\int_0^\infty{x^2}e^{-\frac{x^2}{2a}}\,dx$

Evaluate the following integral: $$\frac{1}{a}\int_0^\infty{x^2}e^{-\large\frac{x^2}{2a}}\,dx.$$
3
votes
1answer
77 views

How to solve $\int_{0}^{\pi}4\sqrt{\sin(x)-\sin^3(x)}dx$?

So as the question says I am dealing with $$\int_{0}^{\pi}4\sqrt{\sin(x)-\sin^3(x)}dx$$ So I'll show my steps and hopefully someone will point me in the right direction. ...
12
votes
5answers
288 views

The other ways to calculate $\int_0^1\frac{\ln(1-x^2)}{x}dx$

Prove that $$\int_0^1\frac{\ln(1-x^2)}{x}dx=-\frac{\pi^2}{12}$$ without using series expansion. An easy way to calculate the above integral is using series expansion. Here is an example ...