1
vote
1answer
106 views

Prove $\int_{\mathbb{R^{+}}} \frac{\sin^3 {(\pi x^2)} \cos {(4x^2)}}{x^5} dx=\frac{\pi}{32} (3\pi-4)^2$

How do you arrive at the result $$I=\displaystyle\int_{\mathbb{R^{+}}} \dfrac{\sin^3 {(\pi x^2)} \cos {(4x^2)}}{x^5} dx=\dfrac{\pi}{32} (3\pi-4)^2\ ?$$ Wolfram Alpha agrees numerically. I tried ...
0
votes
2answers
105 views

Improper integral of $\frac{\ln x}x$

Find $$\int_e^{\infty}\frac{\ln x}{x}\ dx$$ $A.\ \dfrac12$ $B.\ \dfrac{e^2}{2}$ $C.\ \dfrac{\ln(2e)}{2}$ $D.$ DNE (Does not exist) I tried doing this and this is where I've gone so far: $$\lim ...
1
vote
3answers
105 views

Evaluate $\int_0^\infty\frac{dl}{(r^2+l^2)^{\frac32}}$

How to evaluate the following integral $$\int_0^\infty\frac{dl}{(r^2+l^2)^{\large\frac32}}$$ The solution is supposed to look like this, unfortunately I can't derive it. $$ ...
1
vote
3answers
110 views

Value of the integral $\int_{\mathbb{R}} \frac{x\sin {(\pi x)}}{(1+x^2)^2}$

How do we evaluate the integral $$I=\displaystyle\int_{\mathbb{R}} \dfrac{x\sin {(\pi x)}}{(1+x^2)^2}$$ I have wasted so much time on this integral, tried many substitutions $(x^2=t, \ \pi x^2=t)$. ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Absolute integrability questions (can someone check my answers?)

Started working through some textbook problems and have some questions about a collection of related questions. It has been a long time since I have done any analysis and I am feeling very rusty and ...
8
votes
2answers
155 views

An exercise from my brother: $\int_{-1}^1\frac{\ln (2x-1)}{\sqrt[\large 6]{x(1-x)(1-2x)^4}}\,dx$

My brother asked me to calculate the following integral before we had dinner and I have been working to calculate it since then ($\pm\, 4$ hours). He said, it has a beautiful closed form but I doubt ...
4
votes
3answers
127 views

Evaluate $\int_0^1\frac{x^a-x^{-a}}{x-1}dx$

I have heard that: $$\int_0^1\frac{x^a-x^{-a}}{x-1}dx=\frac1 a-\pi\cot(\pi a)$$ when $-1<a<1$. How would I prove this? That doesn't have an elementary indefinite integral, but the definite ...
3
votes
2answers
78 views

Evaluate $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-\frac{1}{2}(x^2-xy+y^2)}dx\, dy$

I need to evaluate the following integral: $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-\frac{1}{2}(x^2-xy+y^2)}dx\, dy$$ I thought of evaluating the iterated integral ...
3
votes
0answers
93 views

Integral ${\large\int}_0^\infty\frac{\ln x}{1+x}\sqrt{\frac{x+\sqrt{1+x^2}}{1+x^2}}\ dx$

Please help me to evaluate this integral: $$I={\large\int}_0^\infty\frac{\ln x}{1+x}\sqrt{\frac{x+\sqrt{1+x^2}}{1+x^2}}\ dx.\tag1$$ Mathematica could not evaluate it in a closed form. A numerical ...
8
votes
1answer
151 views

Evaluate $\int_{0}^{\large\frac{\pi}{4}} \ln {(\sin x)}\cdot\ln {(\cos x)} \left(\frac{\ln{(\sin x)}}{\cot x}+\frac{\ln {(\cos x)}}{\tan x}\right)dx$

How do I find the value of this integral? $$I=\int_{0}^{\Large\frac{\pi}{4}} \ln {(\sin x)}\cdot\ln {(\cos x)} \left(\dfrac{\ln{(\sin x)}}{\cot x}+\dfrac{\ln {(\cos x)}}{\tan x}\right)dx$$ I tried ...
4
votes
3answers
175 views

A closed form of $\int_0^1\frac{\ln\ln\left(\frac{1}{x}\right)}{x^2-x+1}dx$

This integral has been bugging me since yesterday: $$\int_0^1\frac{\ln\ln\left(\frac{1}{x}\right)}{x^2-x+1}dx$$ I've tried substitution $y=\frac{1}{x}$ and $e^y=\frac{1}{x}$, but those didn't ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Convergence of improper integral of $\ln f(x)$

Is there something know about the convergence of $\int_0^1 \ln f(x)dx $ for $f(x)$ continous on $\left(0,1\right)$ and both limits exists, i.e. $\lim_{x\to 0} f(x)$ and $\lim_{x\to 1} f(x)$ ? I ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Improper integral $\int_{0}^{\pi} \frac{x}{\sin x} dx$

Find out whether or not the following integral exists $$\int_{0}^{\pi} \frac{x}{\sin x} dx.$$ I'm pretty sure this integral doesn't exist but I can't seem to find a good way to prove this. It ...
9
votes
3answers
155 views

Prove $\int_0^{\infty} \left(\sqrt{1+x^{4}}-x^{2}\right)\ dx=\frac{\Gamma^{2}\left(\frac{1}{4}\right)}{6\sqrt{\pi}}$

I have in trouble for evaluating following integral $$\int_0^{\infty} \left(\sqrt{1+x^{4}}-x^{2}\right)\ dx=\frac{\Gamma^{2}\left(\frac{1}{4}\right)}{6\sqrt{\pi}}$$ It seems really easy, but I ...
3
votes
2answers
118 views

Find $\lambda$ if $\int^{\infty}_0 \frac{\log(1+x^2)}{(1+x^2)}dx = \lambda \int^1_0 \frac{\log(1+x)}{(1+x^2)}dx$

Problem : If $\displaystyle\int^\infty_0 \frac{\log(1+x^2)}{(1+x^2)}\,dx = \lambda \int^1_0 \frac{\log(1+x)}{(1+x^2)}\,dx$ then find the value of $\lambda$. I am not getting any clue how to proceed ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

How to identify continuity or discontinuity of an [Definite] integral?

How can I figure out whether an improper integral converges based on the discontinuities in the integrand? For instance, these two both have discontinuities within the intervals of integration, and ...
1
vote
0answers
154 views

$ \int_0^\infty (1+t^2)^{-s} (1+it)^{s'} 2t \; d t.$

The following integral bothers me since weeks: $$ \int_0^\infty (1+t^2)^{-s} (1+it)^{s'} 2t \; d t.$$ Has any body a suggestion for this integral. $Re\; s >0$ sufficiently large and $s'$ an ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Choose appropriate contour for a complex integral

I have a problem to solve integral $$ I = \int^{\infty}_0 \frac{\mathrm{d}x}{(x-z)(1+x^2)^{\kappa+2}} $$ I can solve the same integral with borders $-\infty$ to $\infty$ using residue theorem but ...
8
votes
1answer
258 views

Evaluation of $\int_0^1 \frac{\log(1+x)}{1+x}\log\left(\log\left(\frac{1}{x}\right)\right) \ dx$

I need some hints, clues for getting the closed form of $$\int_0^1 \frac{\log(1+x)}{1+x}\log\left(\log\left(\frac{1}{x}\right)\right) \ dx$$
2
votes
1answer
26 views

fourier transform of scaled function

let us consider following example one thing which i did not understand is where absolute value of $a$ came from?ok if we have $\int^{\infty}_{-\infty} x(a*t)*e^{-j\omega*t}dt$ then we may have ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Fourier transform of a sinusoidal function

Let us consider following table which I want to calculate myself $$ x(t)=\frac{\sin(\omega_bt)}{\pi t}\quad\iff\quad X(j\omega)= \begin{cases} 1 & \text{if $|\omega|<\omega_b$}, ...
1
vote
2answers
74 views

Compute $\int_{0}^{\infty}e^{-tz}(z+d)^{n-1}dz$ as a function of $\Gamma(n)$

Is it possible to compute this integral $$\int_{0}^{\infty}e^{-tz}(z+d)^{n-1}dz$$ as a function of complete gamma $\Gamma(n)$. If possible, I'm looking for a closed form solution. Thanks!
-2
votes
0answers
57 views

Convolution Integral

Does someone know how to solve this convolution integral? $$V(x)=c_1\int\limits_{-\infty}^\infty \left(r(\tilde x)+\dfrac{c_2}{n(\tilde x)}-n(\tilde x)\right)\left(\sqrt{c_3+(x-\tilde x)^2}-|x-\tilde ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Evaluating integral involving Bessel function.

Evaluate $$\int_0^{\infty } \frac{2^{\frac{r}{\delta }} \left(2^{\frac{r}{\delta }}-1\right) r\ e^{-\frac{\alpha ^2+\left(2^{\frac{r}{\delta }}-1\right)^2}{2 \beta ^2}}\log 2 }{\beta ^2 \delta } ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Laplace transform of : $t^{\gamma-1} F(\alpha,\beta,\delta,\frac{t}{d})$, where $F$ is the Gauss' hypergeometric function

What is the Laplace transform of : $t^{\gamma-1} F(\alpha,\beta,\delta,\frac{t}{d})$, where $\gamma >0 $ and $F$ is the Gauss' hypergeometric function. Note that I have the Laplace transform of : ...
2
votes
2answers
110 views

Closed form for $f(x)=\int_{0}^{+\infty}e^{it^{x}}dt$?

Let $x>1$ and $f(x)=\int_{0}^{+\infty}e^{it^{x}}dt$. Does this integral have a closed form ? Fist point, the integral converges. Indeed let $u=e^{it^{x}}$ and $v=\frac{-i}{x}t^{1-x}$ we have ...
2
votes
3answers
104 views

How to calculate integral $I=\displaystyle\int_{-1}^{1}\dfrac{dz}{\sqrt[3]{(1-z)(1+z)^2}}$?

The integral is $I=\displaystyle\int_{-1}^{1}\dfrac{dz}{\sqrt[3]{(1-z)(1+z)^2}}$. I used Mathematica to calculate, the result was $\dfrac{2\pi}{\sqrt{3}}$, I think it may help.
3
votes
1answer
163 views

How to find $\int_0^{\pi}\frac{\sin n\theta}{\cos\theta-\cos\alpha}d\theta$

I was doing some work in physics and I came up with a definite integral. I tried everything I could but couldn't solve the integral. The integral is $$ \int_0^\pi {\sin\left(n\theta\right)\over ...
4
votes
3answers
265 views

Integral without residues

How do I do this integral without using complex variable theorems? (i.e. residues) $$\lim_{n\to \infty} \int_0^{\infty} \frac{\cos(nx)}{1+x^2} \, dx$$
5
votes
3answers
176 views

Help with logarithmic definite integral: $\int_0^1\frac{1}{x}\ln{(x)}\ln^3{(1-x)}$

I'm look for a closed form evaluation of the following improper definite integral involving logarithms: $$\begin{align} I:&=\int_{0}^{1}\frac{1}{x}\ln{(x)}\ln^3{(1-x)}\,\mathrm{d}x\\ ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Evaluating improper integral expression

Can anybody please guide me in evaluating this expression, for my research work. I have tried a lot but in vain. Both the integrals involve gamma functions and even wolfram said that the time limit ...
1
vote
2answers
83 views

Prove that $\Gamma\left(t+1\right)=t\ \Gamma\left(t\right)\quad\forall{t>0}.$ [closed]

Consider the next function: $$\Gamma\left(t\right)=\int_{0}^{+\infty}x^{t-1}e^{-x}dx.$$ Prove that $\Gamma\left(t+1\right)=t\ \Gamma\left(t\right)\quad\forall{t>0}.$
2
votes
2answers
53 views

Cauchy distribution characteristic function

I know that it's easy to calculate integral $\displaystyle\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{e^{itx}}{\pi(1+x^2)}dx$ using residue theorem. Is there any other way to calculate this integral (for someone who ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

Calculate the Gauss integral without first squaring it

We know that the integral $$I = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \mathrm{d}x e^{-x^2}$$ can be calculated by first squaring it and then treat it as a 2-d integral in the plane and integrate it in polar ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

proving improper integral converge

I'm trying to prove the following integral converge: $$ \int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{e^{-\frac{1}{x}}-1}{x^\frac{2}{3}} $$ since 0 and $\infty$ are the problematic points I've done this: $$ ...
4
votes
3answers
524 views

Prove the equation

Prove that $$\int_0^{\infty}\exp\left(-\left(x^2+\dfrac{a^2}{x^2}\right)\right)\text{d}x=\frac{e^{-2a}\sqrt{\pi}}{2}$$ Assume that the equation is true for $a=0.$
6
votes
3answers
486 views

How do you integrate the reciprocal of square root of cosine?

I encountered this integral in physics and got stuck. $$\int_{0}^{\Large\frac{\pi}{2}} \dfrac{d\theta}{\sqrt{\cos \theta}}.$$
3
votes
3answers
133 views

How do I evaluate the integral $\int_0^{\infty}\frac{x^5\sin(x)}{(1+x^2)^3}dx$?

I have no idea how to start, it looks like integration by parts won't work. $$\int_0^{\infty}\frac{x^5\sin(x)}{(1+x^2)^3}dx$$ If someone could shed some light on this I'd be very thankful.
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Integration of exponential functions: $\int_0^\infty e^{-({x^2}/{y^2})-y^2}\; dx$

How I am to solve this integral? I am not able to use any of the methods. $$\int_0^\infty e^{-({x^2}/{y^2})-y^2}\; dx$$
2
votes
4answers
84 views

Definite Integral: $\int_0^1\frac{x^{2} -1}{\log x}\,dx$ [duplicate]

How to figure out the following integral? I have not been able to solve it from some time. $$\int_0^1\frac{x^{2} -1}{\log x}\,dx$$
2
votes
2answers
80 views

How to compute this integral involving sech?

Does anybody know how to so solve this integral: $$ \int\limits_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\text{sech}(t-h)\,e^{ikt/\epsilon}\,\mathrm{d}t $$ and where $h\in \mathbb{R}$ is a constant, $k\in\mathbb{Z}$ and ...
1
vote
3answers
41 views

Find convergence of improper integral.

Hello I have to find the convergence of this improper integral: $$\int_{e}^{\infty} \frac{1}{x\log^2x} dx$$ So I started by doing the following: $\lim \limits_{x \to A} \int_{e}^{A} ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Sophomore's dream: $\displaystyle\int_0^{1} x^{-x} \; dx = \sum_{n=1}^\infty n^{-n}$

In the solution of the so-called sophomore's dream, one of the key steps is to compute $$\int_0^1 x^n (\log x)^n$$ using the change of variables $x = \exp\left(-\frac{u}{n+1}\right)$ to obtain the ...
0
votes
2answers
53 views

Finding $(p,q)$ such that $\frac{x^p}{1+x^q}$ is integrable on $(0,+\infty)$

I'm trying to show that $f(x) = \frac{x^p}{1+x^q}$ is integrable on $(0,\infty)$ if and only if $p > -1$ and $q-p > 1$. So on $[1,\infty)$ we can compare with $g(x) = x^{p-q}$ which is ...
6
votes
3answers
111 views

Finding the integral of $\frac{x}{e^x + 1}$ [duplicate]

I've having some difficulty with finding this integral: $$ \int_0 ^{\infty} \frac{x}{e^x + 1}$$ Now usually I would use the monotone convergence theorem to write (using geometric series): $$f_n (x) ...
1
vote
2answers
95 views

Evaluating integral using Beta and Gamma functions.

$$\int_0^{\infty} x^{-3/2} (1 - e^{-x})\, dx$$ Evaluate the above integral with the help of Beta and Gamma functions. I'm badly stuck. I'm getting Gamma of a negative number and have no clue how ...
1
vote
2answers
71 views

Convergence of $\displaystyle\int\frac{1}{\sqrt[3]{1-x^3}}\ dx$

Please help me to prove that this integral converges. $$\int_{0}^1 \frac{1}{\sqrt[3]{1-x^3}}\ dx $$ No ideas. Tried to find function which is bigger and converges, equivalent fun-s, but no result ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Calculating integral with different boundary

I am confused about calculting such integral with two ways of choosing boundary: $$I_1 = \int_0^1 \frac 1{x^2}dx,\quad \text{for } 0 \le x \le 1$$ $$I_2 = \int_0^1 \frac 1{x^2}dx, \quad \text{for } 0 ...
8
votes
3answers
203 views

How to evaluate improper integral $\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{\tan^{-1}{x}}{e^{ax}-1}dx$?

I'm trying to evaluate the improper integral, $$I(a)=\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{\tan^{-1}{x}}{e^{ax}-1}\mathrm{d}x,~~~\text{where }a\in\mathbb{R}^+.$$ Does this integral have a simple closed form ...
1
vote
3answers
104 views

Evaluate $\int_0^{\infty}\int_0^{\infty}e^{-x^2-2xy-y^2}\,dx\,dy$

I would like to compute the following, $$ \int_0^{\infty}\int_0^{\infty}e^{-x^2-2xy-y^2}\ dx\,dy $$ It is obvious that we can rewrite the integral above to, $$ ...