Questions about the evaluation of specific definite integrals.

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Closed-form of $\int_0^1 \int_0^1 \int_0^1 x^{(y^z)} \,dz\,dy\,dx$

We know that $$\int_0^1 \int_0^1 x^y\,dy\,dx = \ln 2.$$ Do we know a closed-form of $$\int_0^1 \int_0^1 \int_0^1 x^{(y^z)} \,dz\,dy\,dx\,?$$ As a start we know that $$\int_0^1 x^{(y^z)}\,dz = ...
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11 views

Setting up a volume-finding calculation

I'm asked to find the volume inside the sphere $x^2+y^2+z^2=25$ and outside the cylinder $x^2+y^2=1$. I approached the volume $V$ in the following way: ...
4
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1answer
39 views

Prove using contour integration that $\int_0^\infty \frac{\log x}{x^3-1}\operatorname d\!x=\frac{4\pi^2}{27}$

Prove using contour integration that $\displaystyle \int_0^\infty \frac{\log x}{x^3-1}\operatorname d\!x=\frac{4\pi^2}{27}$ I am at a loss at how to start this problem and which contour to pick. I ...
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1answer
59 views

$\int_0^1\frac{\tanh ^{-1}(x)\log(x)}{(1-x) x (x+1)} \operatorname d \!x = -1.38104$

$$\int_0^1\frac{\tanh ^{-1}(x)\log(x)}{(1-x) x (x+1)} \operatorname d \!x = -1.38104$$ When I look at it, I have no idea how to work on it. any hits! Thank you
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0answers
11 views

Triple integral containing definite integral and exponentials with trigonometric functions

I am attempting to solve the following integral analytically: $$ \int_{z=5i}^{z=1} \int_{t=\csc^{-12}(z)}^{t=2} \int_{\theta=\sin^{t}(z)}^{\theta=t^2} {[\mathrm{e}^{t\cos(\mathrm{e}^{i \theta})} + ...
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2answers
37 views

Integral with parameter: $\int_{0}^{a}x^2\sqrt{a^2-x^2}dx$

I have the following integral : $$\int_{0}^{a}x^2\sqrt{a^2-x^2}dx$$ I tried to manipulate the integral and then use substitution to get a rational form to arrive at: $$-8a^4\int_0^a ...
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0answers
24 views

Proving $\int_{\frac{\pi}{4}}^{\frac{3\pi}{4}}{e^{\cos(x)}\cot(x)} dx < \frac{1}{e}$

While i was playing around with very weird functions and came across this: $$ \int_{\frac{\pi}{4}}^{\frac{3\pi}{4}}{e^{\cos(x)}\cot(x)}dx \approx 0.3676932086...\approx \frac{1}{e} - ...
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0answers
25 views

Definite integral substitution question.

Let's say you have $$\int^\infty_0 f(x) dx$$ and you substitute $x=u^2$ so that the integral becomes, $$\int^\infty_0 f(u) du$$ or $$\int^{-\infty}_0 f(u) du$$ My question is, which of these ...
5
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5answers
80 views

Find $\int_{ - \infty }^{ + \infty } {\frac{1} {1 + {x^4}}} \;{\mathrm{d}}x$

How can we find the integral: $$\int_{ - \infty }^{ + \infty } {\frac{1} {1 + {x^4}}} \;{\mathrm{d}}x$$ I tried to find and got it to be $\cfrac{\pi}{\sqrt2}$. Am I correct? Please help me with an ...
1
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0answers
18 views

Question regarding double integrals

Regarding the Buffon's needle case for long needles of length $ l>t, $ (the distance between the parallel lines on the floor), we need to solve the integral $$ \int_{\theta=0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}} ...
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1answer
32 views

Evluating triple integrals via Spherical coordinates

Use Spherical coordinates to evaluate the triple integral $$\iiint_{\mathrm{x^2+y^2+z^2<z}}\sqrt{x^{2}+y^{2}+z^{2}}\, dV,$$ What I tried Converting $x^2+y^2+z^2<z$ to Spherical coordinates ...
4
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0answers
92 views

Integral Contest [on hold]

Before you answer this OP, please read all the terms and conditions below. Thank you... Today I hold an unofficial little contest on brilliant.org. Now, I will hold it here on Math S.E. It's just for ...
7
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0answers
52 views

Real analytic methods for the following integral

A few days back, the following integral was posted $$\int_0^1 x^x(1-x)^{1-x}\sin(\pi x)\,dx=\frac{\pi e}{24}$$ The integral was answered using complex analysis tools but I am interested in other ...
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0answers
35 views

A Riemann Integrability Question

Define $f:\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$. For any fixed closed interval $[a,b] $,$f(x) $ is $Riemann$ integrable on $[a,b].$ Proof:$\forall a,b;c,d\in\mathbb{R},a<b,c<d.$ $f (x+y) $ is ...
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1answer
13 views

Area between $y=2+|x-1|$ and $y=-\frac{1}{5}x+7$

Question 17, page 448, from Anton 8th. The question asks for the area, and the answer is 24. Now, I did draw the graph, found the points where both functions touch each other by $f(x) = g(x)$: ...
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0answers
30 views

A inverse Trigonometric multiple Integrals

How to calculate the closed form of the integral $$\int\limits_0^1 {\frac{{\int\limits_0^x {{{\left( {\arctan t} \right)}^2}dt} }}{{x\left( {1 + {x^2}} \right)}}} dx$$
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1answer
27 views

Is there a clever way to determine negative area of an integral?

Given some continuous, integratable function f(x) that has only positive area over a range from x1 to x2...is there a way to determine the negative area of the integral of f(x) - c (from x1 to x2), ...
8
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1answer
88 views

Closed form of $\int_0^1\left(\frac{\arctan x}{x}\right)^n\,dx$

Inspired by this question, is there a closed-form of $$\int_0^1\left(\frac{\arctan x}{x}\right)^n\,dx\,?$$ Here $n \in \mathbb{N_+}$. In the answers to the question above we could find proofs of ...
7
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3answers
73 views

Improper integral : $\int_0^{+\infty}\frac{x\sin x}{x^2+1}$

How to evaluate the following improper integral : $$\int_0^{+\infty}\frac{x\sin x}{x^2+1}\,dx$$ I have tried integration by parts and variable substitution, but it didn't work.
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4answers
161 views

Inverse Trigonometric Integrals

How to calculate the value of the integrals $$\int_0^1\left(\frac{\arctan x}{x}\right)^2\,dx,$$ $$\int_0^1\left(\frac{\arctan x}{x}\right)^3\,dx $$ and $$\int_0^1\frac{\arctan^2 x\ln x}{x}\,dx?$$
3
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3answers
82 views

Evaluate integral: $\int_0^{+\infty}\frac{\cos{bx}-\cos{ax}}{x}dx$

It seems that $\displaystyle\int_0^{+\infty}\frac{\cos x}{x}$ is divergent, so how to solve this problem? $$\int_0^\infty \frac{\cos bx -\cos ax}{x}\, dx\quad,\quad\mbox{where}\,a,b>0$$ It's ...
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1answer
29 views

Change of variable in double integrals

I need help to solve the following question(s). a) Evaulate the integral $$\iint_D (x-y) \, dx \, dy,$$ where $D$ is the triangle with vertices $(0,0)$, $(-1,1)$ och $(4,2)$. b) Evaulate the ...
7
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0answers
54 views

Closed form of a difficult definite integral

I'm looking for a closed-form expression for the value of this integral: $$I=\int_0^\pi \frac{\sin(x)}{\sqrt{x^3+x+1}} dx$$ The graph of the integrand looks like this: $\hskip 2.4 in$ Numerically, ...
2
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5answers
633 views

How can I show that these integrals are zero

How can I show that these integrals equal $0$ when $n$ and $m$ are both integers and $n \neq m$? $$\int_{-\pi}^{\pi}\sin(mx)\sin(nx)dx = \int_{-\pi}^{\pi}\cos(mx)\cos(nx)dx = 0$$ I'm able to show that ...
7
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0answers
42 views

Question on the paper Donal F. Connon, “Some integrals involving the Stieltjes constants”

I'm reading Donal F. Connon, Some integrals involving the Stieltjes constants. It gives a definition of the generalized Stieltjes constants $\gamma_n(u)$ as coefficients in the Laurent series ...
2
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2answers
132 views

How to show that these integrals are the same?

While doing some mathematical modelling of planetary orbits I have come up with two definite integrals $D_1$ and $D_2$ which appear to produce the same result when I test (using www.WolframAlpha.com) ...
9
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4answers
145 views

Integral: $\int_0^{\pi/12} \ln(\tan x)\,dx$

I am trying to evaluate: $$\int_0^{\pi/12} \ln(\tan x)\,dx$$ I think the integral is quite simple but I am having a hard time evaluating it. I started with the result: $$\int_0^{\pi/4} \ln(\tan ...
7
votes
2answers
147 views

Evaluating $\int_0^1 \frac{t^{a-1}}{1-t}-\frac{ct^{b-1}}{1-t^c}\ dt$

At first sight it looks like the integral below $$\int_0^1 \frac{t^{a-1}}{1-t}-\frac{ct^{b-1}}{1-t^c}\ dt$$ can be evaluated by using some geometric series. What else can we do? Is there a fast easy ...
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0answers
22 views

Jacobian determinant of unitary transformation

Is the Jacobian determinant of a unitary transformation equal to one? I ask because I get that impression from the appendix of this paper. They have spherical coordinates for two particles, ...
1
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1answer
77 views

A function $f(x)$ that Riemann integrable on $[a,b]$.

Define a function $f(x)$ that Riemann integrable on $[a,b]$. Let $$g(x)=\begin{cases} f(x)&\text{if}&x\in[a,b], \\ f(a)&\text{if}&x<a, \\ f(b)&\text{if}&x>b. ...
3
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2answers
59 views

An inequality with $a_n=\int_0^1 \frac{\mathrm{d}x}{\underbrace{\sqrt{2+\sqrt{2+\dots+\sqrt{2x}}}}_{n \text { times}}}$

Let the sequence $(a_n)_n$ defined by $$a_n=\int_0^1 \frac{\mathrm{d}x}{\underbrace{\sqrt{2+\sqrt{2+\dots+\sqrt{2x}}}}_{n \text { times}}}$$ 1)Prove that $$\frac12 \leq a_n \leq ...
3
votes
2answers
70 views

Log Gamma integral

What is the constant $\phi$ in the evaluation \begin{align} \int_{0}^{1/4} \ln\Gamma\left( t + \frac{1}{4}\right) \, dt = \frac{1}{8} \ln(\phi) \end{align} and the constant $\theta$ in the value ...
3
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1answer
42 views

$\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}dx\frac{x\cos(xt)}{e^{ax}-e^{-ax}}$

Apparently from Mathematica we have: $$\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}dx\frac{x\cos(xt)}{e^{ax}-e^{-ax}}=\frac{\pi^2\mathrm{sech}^2\left(\frac{\pi t}{2a}\right)}{4a^2}$$ for $a,t$ both real and positive. I ...
3
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0answers
30 views

Closed form of $\int_0^1 \left(\ln \Gamma(x)\right)^3\,dx$

From the amazing result by Raabe we know that $$LG_1=\int_0^1 \ln \Gamma(x)\,dx = \frac{1}{2}\ln(2\pi) = -\zeta'(0).$$ We also know that $$LG_2 = \int_0^1 \left(\ln \Gamma(x)\right)^2\,dx = ...
6
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0answers
65 views
+50

Closed form of $\int_0^1 \operatorname{Li}_3^3(x)\,dx$ and $\int_0^1 \operatorname{Li}_3^4(x)\,dx$

We know a closed-form of the first two powers of the integral of trilogarithm function between $0$ and $1$. From the result here we know that $$I_1=\int_0^1 \operatorname{Li}_3(x)\,dx = ...
6
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2answers
46 views

Closed form of $\int_0^1 \operatorname{Li}_p(x) \, dx$

While I've studied integrals involving polylogarithm functions I've observed that $$\int_0^1 \operatorname{Li}_p(x) \, dx \stackrel{?}{=} \sum_{k=2}^p(-1)^{p+k}\zeta(k)+(-1)^{p+1},\tag{1}$$ for any ...
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1answer
44 views

Calculate a definite integral given the value of another define integral

I'm given that a function $f$ is continuous in $[a, b]$ and given a value $\int_a^b f(u)du = c$. Then I'm asked to calculate $\int_g^h f(t)dt$. I'm looking at the fundamental theorem of calculus but I ...
4
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1answer
43 views

Examining the convergence of $\int_{1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{x^2+x}\text{ d}x$

I'd like to have my solution verified for this one. I'd like to show that $$\int\limits_{1}^{\infty}\dfrac{1}{x^2+x}\text{ d}x$$ is convergent. Notice, by partial fraction decomposition, that ...
0
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1answer
20 views

asymptotic series for “stable distribution”

I'm trying to understand how to get from one equation to another in a certain paper I am studying (DOI:10.1080/00018738100101467, eqs. 4.34 and 4.35). The equations are pretty self contained, so I'm ...
2
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1answer
20 views

Finding Factorial using Integral Definition

$n! = \int_{0}^{\infty} {e}^{-x}{x}^{n} \,dx$ How can we find $400!$? $400! = \int_{0}^{\infty} {e}^{-x}{x}^{400} \,dx$ Integration by parts is way too complicated, what are the other options?
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1answer
38 views

Find the area bounded by $x+y=3$ and the coordinate axes.

Find the area bounded by $x+y=3$ and the coordinate axes. I know how to find the area bounded by 2 curves it's just that I'm confused with "coordinate axes". Is it the same as x=y? or not? please ...
3
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1answer
45 views

Reference for closed form integral of $\int_0^1 dz\,z^n/(z-a)$

Is there a closed form (non-recursive) expression for the definite integral $$\int_0^1 dz \frac{z^n}{z-a}, \qquad n\in\mathbb{Z}_+ \text{ and } a\notin (0,1)$$ for general $n$ and $a$ given in terms ...
5
votes
2answers
73 views

Is this closed form of $\int_0^1 \operatorname{Li}_3^2(x)\,dx$ correct?

According to Freitas' paper at page $11$. $$\int_0^1 \operatorname{Li}_3^2(x)\,dx = 20-8\zeta(2)-10\zeta(3)-\frac{15}{2}\zeta(4)-2\zeta(2)\zeta(3)+\zeta^2(3).$$ I evaluated the LHS and it is ...
5
votes
3answers
84 views

Proving convergence of $ \int \limits_0^{\infty} \cos\left(x^2\right) dx $

How would one prove the convergence of $$ \int_0^{\infty} \cos\left(x^2\right) \,\mathrm dx $$ I tried using the integral test for convergence by noting that making the substitution $u = x^2$ means ...
0
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0answers
3 views

find the kernel of voltera 2nd kind with particular form 2. (Alternative approach)

find the kernel of voltera 2nd kind with particular form 2. (Alternative approach) in which we take kernel function of x and t ot just x or just function of t. we try to solve it with alternative ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Integral involving logarithm and inverse trigonometric function [on hold]

$${\int\limits_0^1 {\frac{{\ln \left( {1 - x} \right)\ln \left( {1 + x} \right){{\ln }^2}x}}{{1 + x}}} },{\int\limits_0^1 {\frac{{\ln \left( {1 - x} \right)\ln \left( {1 + x} \right){{\ln }^2}x}}{{1 - ...
0
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0answers
40 views

help me with this integral $\int_0^{\infty}\frac{1}{x}e^{-kx}\sin xdx=\arctan k^{-1}$ [duplicate]

$\int_0^{\infty}\frac{1}{x}e^{-kx}\sin xdx=\arctan k^{-1}$
9
votes
1answer
130 views

Log integrals IV

It can be determined that the integral \begin{align} \int_{0}^{\pi/2} \frac{x}{\sin(x)} \ln\left(\frac{1+\cos(x) - \sin(x)}{1+\cos(x) + \sin(x)} \right) dx \end{align} has a finite value. Is there an ...
5
votes
1answer
89 views

Integral ${\large\int}_0^1\frac{\ln^2\ln\left(\frac1x\right)}{1+x+x^2}dx$

Gradshteyn & Ryzhik, 7th ed., p. 570, formula 4.325(5) give the following definite integral: ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Integral for $\frac{x}{x^2+1}cosx$

When computing Fourier transformation I came across these integral: $$ \int_{\Bbb R}\frac{x \cos x}{1+x^2}\;dx\text{ or } \int_{\Bbb R}\frac{x \sin x}{1+x^2}\;dx $$ Can anyone give me some hints on ...