Questions about the evaluation of specific definite integrals.

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3
votes
3answers
42 views

The average value of the function $y=\tan(2x)$ over the interval $[0,\frac{\pi}{8}]$

I was given the following question in a technology free exam. How would one go about solving this without the use of a calculator? NB. I am currently in my last year of high school so please don't ...
4
votes
2answers
66 views

How to do integral $\int_0^T \frac{1}{t\sqrt{t(T-t)}}e^{-\frac{b^2}{2t}}dt$ and $\int_0^T \frac{1}{\sqrt{t(T-t)}}e^{-\frac{b^2}{2t}}dt$?

I met these two integrals but don't know how to do them: $$\int_0^T \frac{1}{t\sqrt{t(T-t)}}e^{-\frac{b^2}{2t}}dt$$ $$\int_0^T \frac{1}{\sqrt{t(T-t)}}e^{-\frac{b^2}{2t}}dt$$ where $b>0$, ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Average and Median Distance integral [on hold]

I know how to solve part A. I am having problems solving parts B & C.
8
votes
1answer
90 views

A closed form for $\int_{0}^{\pi/2}\frac{\ln\cos x}{x}\mathrm{d}x$?

The following integrals are classic, initiated by L. Euler. \begin{align} \displaystyle \int_{0}^{\pi/2} x^3 \ln\cos x\:\mathrm{d}x & = -\frac{\pi^4}{64} \ln 2-\frac{3\pi^2}{16} ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Finding a mistake in the computation of a double integral in polar coordinates

I have to find $P\left(4\left(x-45\right)^2+100\left(y-20\right)^2\leq 2 \right) $ $f(x)$ and $f(y)$ are given, which I will use in my solution below . ...
8
votes
0answers
89 views
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Computing double integral

Find $$\iint\limits_D \sqrt{(x-10)^2+y^2}\hspace{1mm}dA$$ where $\{(x, y)\in D \mid x^2+y^2\leq 10^2\}$. I am not sure how to start, every way I have tried so far, ends up into something ugly. All ...
1
vote
5answers
89 views

Definite integral $\int_{-\pi/2}^{\pi/2}\cos^{2}\left(\theta\right)\,{\rm d}{\theta} $

Please help me to evaluate definite integral $$\int_{^{-\pi}/_2}^{^\pi/_2}\cos^{2}\left(\theta\right)\,{\rm d}{\theta}$$ Also there was a hint: Use the double angle formula ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

Value of the integral $\int_{\mathbb{R}} \frac{x\sin {(\pi x)}}{(1+x^2)^2}$

How do we evaluate the integral $$I=\displaystyle\int_{\mathbb{R}} \dfrac{x\sin {(\pi x)}}{(1+x^2)^2}$$ I have wasted so much time on this integral, tried many substitutions $(x^2=t, \ \pi x^2=t)$. ...
1
vote
3answers
81 views

Evaluate $\int_{1}^{e}\frac{u}{u^3+2u^2-1}du.$

I'm trying to solve $$\int_{1}^{e}\frac{u}{u^3+2u^2-1}du.$$ My first approach was to factorise and then do a partial integration. However the factorisation ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Absolute integrability questions (can someone check my answers?)

Started working through some textbook problems and have some questions about a collection of related questions. It has been a long time since I have done any analysis and I am feeling very rusty and ...
5
votes
0answers
91 views

An incorrect answer for an integral

As the authors pointed out in this paper (p. 2), the following evaluation which was in Gradshteyn and Ryzhik (sixth edition) is incorrect (and has been removed). $$ ...
3
votes
2answers
228 views

What is the value of this double integral?

Let $C$ be the subset of the plane given by $$ C \colon= \{ \ (x,y) \in \mathbb{R}^2 \ | \ 0 \leq x^2 + y^2 \leq 1 \}.$$ Then what is the value of the double integral $$ \int_{C} \int (x^2 + y^2) ...
0
votes
2answers
56 views

How to evaluate this double integral?

Let $C$ be the subset of the plane given by $$C \colon= \{ \ (x,y) \in \mathbb{R}^2 \ | -1 \leq x = y \leq 1 \}. $$ Then how to evaluate the double integral $$ \int_C \int (x^2+ y^2) dx dy? $$ My ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

What is the area bounded by these curves?

Let $f(x) \colon = x^2$, $g(x) \colon= x+1$. Then what is the area bounded by the graphs of $f$ and $g$ between the vertical lines $x= -1$ and $x= (1+\sqrt{5})/2$? My effort: Since $$ f(x) - g(x) ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Integration of piecewise defined function: $ f(x)=0$ for $x<1$ and $f(x)=1$ for $x\geq1$

I think I am confusing myself too much on this. Let $ f(x)=0$ for $x<1$, and $f(x)=1$ for $x\geq1$. What is $\int_0^1f(x)\,dx$? I am worried because $f$ is discontinuous at $1$. Does that make ...
6
votes
1answer
113 views

Prove $_2F_1\left(\frac13,\frac13;\frac56;-27\right)\stackrel{\color{#808080}?}=\frac47$

I discovered the following conjecture numerically, but have not been able to prove it yet: $$_2F_1\left(\frac13,\frac13;\frac56;-27\right)\stackrel{\color{#808080}?}=\frac47.\tag1$$ The equality holds ...
8
votes
2answers
146 views

An exercise from my brother: $\int_{-1}^1\frac{\ln (2x-1)}{\sqrt[\large 6]{x(1-x)(1-2x)^4}}\,dx$

My brother asked me to calculate the following integral before we had dinner and I have been working to calculate it since then ($\pm\, 4$ hours). He said, it has a beautiful closed form but I doubt ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Integral of Hypergeometric Function with polynomial and exponential

I was working on some mathematical derivations and faced this integral: how can I integrate it?
8
votes
1answer
125 views

Integral: $\int_0^{\pi} \frac{x}{x^2+\ln^2(2\sin x)}\,dx$

I am trying to solve the following by elementary methods: $$\int_0^{\pi} \frac{x}{x^2+\ln^2(2\sin x)}\,dx$$ I wrote the integral as: $$\Re\int_0^{\pi} \frac{dx}{x-i\ln(2\sin x)}$$ But I don't find ...
4
votes
3answers
122 views

Evaluate $\int_0^1\frac{x^a-x^{-a}}{x-1}dx$

I have heard that: $$\int_0^1\frac{x^a-x^{-a}}{x-1}dx=\frac1 a-\pi\cot(\pi a)$$ when $-1<a<1$. How would I prove this? That doesn't have an elementary indefinite integral, but the definite ...
11
votes
0answers
174 views

Evaluating $\int_0^\pi\arctan\left(\frac{\log\sin x}{x}\right)\mathrm{d}x$

I found the following integral as a by product of another one. It has a nice closed form. $$ \displaystyle \int_{0}^{\pi} \arctan \left( \frac{\ln \sin x}{x} \right) \mathrm{d}x $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Area of solid revolution using integration.

When we calculate the volume of a solid generated by rotating a curve around $x$-axis, We divide it into disks. So ,we get $dv = \pi r^2 dx$. where $r=y$ and then we integrate. That OK, but when ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Integrating $\int_0^1 dx\,\ln(x-a)/(x-b)$ paying attention to cuts.

I am trying to compute the following integral, for complex $a$ and $b$ $$\int ^1 _0 dx \frac{\ln(x-a)}{x-b}$$ by turning it into something in terms of dilogarithms. But for certain values of $a$ ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Logarithmic integral and natural numbers.

Prove these two relations: $$\text{li}(k+1)+k-\log (k)-\gamma = \int_0^k \left(\int_1^2 \frac{(s+1)^{n-1}+s-1}{s} \, dn\right) \, ds$$ $$n = \lim_{s\to 0} \, \frac{(s+1)^{n-1}+s-1}{s}$$ ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Finite integral with goniometric functions, $\int_0^{\infty} \frac{8\sin^4(\pi f t)\tan^2(\pi f/2)}{(\pi^4 \tau^2 f^3) }df$

I have difficulties trying to find an algebraic solutions of the following integral: The $\tau$ in this formula is an integer, which is a very important fact because only then this integral is ...
3
votes
2answers
76 views

Evaluate $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-\frac{1}{2}(x^2-xy+y^2)}dx\, dy$

I need to evaluate the following integral: $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-\frac{1}{2}(x^2-xy+y^2)}dx\, dy$$ I thought of evaluating the iterated integral ...
8
votes
2answers
75 views

Evaluating $\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{\sin x}{x-i} dx$

I would like to evaluate the integral $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{\sin x}{x-i} dx,$$ which I believe should be equal to $\frac{\pi}{e}$. However, I cannot reproduce this result by hand. My work is ...
16
votes
1answer
152 views

Prove ${\large\int}_0^\infty\frac{\ln x}{\sqrt{x}\ \sqrt{x+1}\ \sqrt{2x+1}}dx\stackrel?=\frac{\pi^{3/2}\,\ln2}{2^{3/2}\Gamma^2\left(\tfrac34\right)}$

I discovered the following conjecture by evaluating the integral numerically and then using some inverse symbolic calculation methods to find a possible closed form: $$\int_0^\infty\frac{\ln ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

What does this paper mean by “$f(x)$ is practically a rational function”?

The paper "Infinite integrals involving Bessel functions by contour integration" by Qiong-Gui Lin gives a method to solve integrals of the form $\intop_{0}^{\infty}x^{v}f(x)J_{v}(qx)\, dx$. One of the ...
3
votes
0answers
93 views

Integral ${\large\int}_0^\infty\frac{\ln x}{1+x}\sqrt{\frac{x+\sqrt{1+x^2}}{1+x^2}}\ dx$

Please help me to evaluate this integral: $$I={\large\int}_0^\infty\frac{\ln x}{1+x}\sqrt{\frac{x+\sqrt{1+x^2}}{1+x^2}}\ dx.\tag1$$ Mathematica could not evaluate it in a closed form. A numerical ...
8
votes
1answer
147 views

Evaluate $\int_{0}^{\large\frac{\pi}{4}} \ln {(\sin x)}\cdot\ln {(\cos x)} \left(\frac{\ln{(\sin x)}}{\cot x}+\frac{\ln {(\cos x)}}{\tan x}\right)dx$

How do I find the value of this integral? $$I=\int_{0}^{\Large\frac{\pi}{4}} \ln {(\sin x)}\cdot\ln {(\cos x)} \left(\dfrac{\ln{(\sin x)}}{\cot x}+\dfrac{\ln {(\cos x)}}{\tan x}\right)dx$$ I tried ...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

any simple method to do integration?

$$\int_{-2}^{x^{2}-2x}e^{t}.e^{t^2} dt = ?$$ What i did is... on rewriting it , $$\int_{-2}^{x^{2}-2x}e^{t+t^2} dt=\frac{e^{t+t^2}}{t^2/2+t^3/3} $$ and then substituting limits is very long process ...
2
votes
1answer
22 views

Surjectiveness of standard-normal c.d.f. [on hold]

Let $\phi:\mathbb R \to (0,1)$ be a function defined as $\phi(y)=\int_{-\infty}^y\dfrac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}}e^{-\dfrac {x^2}{2}}dx , \forall y\in \mathbb R$ , then is it true that $\phi$ is surjective ? If ...
7
votes
1answer
189 views

An equivalent for $\int_0^1\left(\frac{1}{\log x}+\frac{1}{1-x}\right)^n\;dx$

Set $$ I_n :=\int_0^1\left(\frac{1}{\log x} + \frac{1}{1-x}\right)^n \:\mathrm{d}x \qquad n=1,2,3,.... $$ We have $$I_1 =\gamma, \quad I_2 =\log (2 \pi) - \frac 32, \quad I_3 = 6 \log A - ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Set function integal

We have a vector $y$ ($\sum_i y_i=1$). Define $S(r) = \{i, y_i\geq r \}$. Here is an integral $\int_{0}^{\infty} |S(r)| dr=\sum_i y_i$. I don't know why the integral is correct. Can anybody help me?
1
vote
1answer
70 views

An integral representation for $\psi$

Let $\displaystyle \gamma$ denote the Euler constant defined by $\displaystyle \gamma := \lim\limits_{n \to \infty} \left(\frac11+\frac12+\cdots+\frac1n- \log n\right)$. Here is an integral for ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Not lebesgue integrable function?

I want to consider the function $f:[-1,1]\times [-1,1]\rightarrow \mathbb R:f(x,y)= \begin{cases} \frac{xy}{(x^2+y^2)^2} & (x,y) \neq (0,0) \\ 0 & (x,y) = (0,0) \end{cases} $ And I have ...
5
votes
2answers
61 views

How do i calculate the value of $\int_{0}^{1} \frac{\ln{(1+x)}}{1+x^2}$? [duplicate]

How do i calculate the value of the following integral-- $$I=\int_{0}^{1} \frac{\ln{(1+x)}}{1+x^2}$$ I tried doing substitutions like $1+x=t$ etc. I also tried to use the property ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Integral of an exponential of rational function

I have an integral of the form $\int_{a}^{b} \text{exp}\left(\frac{\lambda}{\rho^2 m + \sigma^2_u}\right) \frac{1}{m^2}\text{exp}\left(-\frac{\lambda}{m}\right) dm$. Can this integral be found ...
0
votes
2answers
21 views

Determining the best way to compute a double integral

The question is: When graphed, this is what it looks like: I thought that the best way to do it would be with respect to y first, then x. The bounds: x/sqrt3 < y < sqrt(4-x^2) 1 < x ...
12
votes
0answers
127 views

Evaluating $\int_{0}^{1}\cdots\int_{0}^{1}\left\{\frac{1}{x_{1}\cdots x_{n}}\right\}^{2}\:\mathrm{d}x_{1}\cdots\mathrm{d}x_{n}$

Here is my source of inspiration for this question. I suggest to evaluate the following new one. $$ I_{n}:= \int_{0}^{1} \! \cdots \! \int_{0}^{1} \left\{\frac{1}{x_{1}x_{2} \cdots ...
3
votes
3answers
56 views

Average distance from a point in a ball to a point on its boundary

What variety of methods are readily available to find the average distance from a point in $\{ (x,y,z) : x^2+y^2+z^2 \le r^2 \}$ to the point $(0,0,r)$? I just worked this out and got $6r/5$. Later ...
3
votes
2answers
102 views
+100

Convergence of ${\large\int}_{-\infty}^\infty J_0(x)\,J_0(x+a)\,dx$

Consider $$I(a)={\int}_{-\infty}^\infty J_0(x)\,J_0(x+a)\,dx,$$ where $J_0(z)$ is the Bessel Function of the $1^{st}$ kind and $a>0$. Does this integral converge for any values of $a$? If so, is ...
3
votes
2answers
132 views

Evaluating $\int^b_a \frac{dx}{x}$ from the definition of the integral

I know that $$\int^b_a \frac{dx}{x}=\ln b-\ln a$$ I'm trying to evaluate this integral using the same method used in this answer: http://math.stackexchange.com/a/873507/42912 My attempt $\int^b_a ...
6
votes
2answers
189 views

Integral $\int_{0}^{\pi/2} \arctan \left(2\tan^2 x\right) \mathrm{d}x$

The following integral may seem easy to evaluate ... $$ \int_{0}^{\Large\frac{\pi}{2}} \arctan \left(2 \tan^2 x\right) \mathrm{d}x = \pi \arctan \left( \frac{1}{2} \right). $$ Could you prove ...
3
votes
3answers
169 views

A closed form of $\int_0^1\frac{\ln\ln\left(\frac{1}{x}\right)}{x^2-x+1}dx$

This integral has been bugging me since yesterday: $$\int_0^1\frac{\ln\ln\left(\frac{1}{x}\right)}{x^2-x+1}dx$$ I've tried substitution $y=\frac{1}{x}$ and $e^y=\frac{1}{x}$, but those didn't ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Continuity of $K(x,y)$ satisfying $g(x)= \int_0^1 \! K(x,y) f(y)\ \mathrm{d}x $ and $ \frac{d^3g}{dx^3} = f$

$g(x)$ is defined as the following : $$g(x)= \int_0^1 \! K(x,y) f(y)\ \mathrm{d}x $$ where $K(x,y)$ is continuous in $ 0 \leq x \leq 1 $ , $ 0 \leq y \leq 1 $, and $f(x)$ is continuous in $ 0 \leq x ...
2
votes
3answers
25 views

Integration Proofs

Prove Show that for $x\geq 1$ $\displaystyle\left|\int_1^x \frac {\sin(t)}{t} dt\right|$ $ \leq \ln(x) $ Attempt: $\displaystyle\left|\int_1^x \frac {\sin(t)}{t} dt\right|$ $ $ $ \leq $ ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

Proof that $\log(a^b) = b\log a$ when $\log$ is defined by an integral

When $\log a$ is defined as $\displaystyle\int_1^a\frac{dx}x$, then how does one prove that $\log(a^b)=b\log a$? I will post an answer here that is identical to an answer I posted to another ...