Questions about the evaluation of specific definite integrals.

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$\int_0^\frac{\pi}{2}\cos ^2x\log(\tan x)dx.$

Evaluate $\int_0^\frac{\pi}{2}\cos ^2x\log(\tan x)dx.$ Sidenote:Via mathalpha I know that answer is $-\pi/4$ but do not know how to derive that.
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Expansion of Integration

Consider the integral \begin{equation} I(x)=\int^{2}_{0} (1+t) e^{xcos[\pi (t-1)/2]} dt \end{equation} show that \begin{equation} I(x)= 4+ \frac{8}{\pi}x +O(x^{2}) \end{equation} as $x\rightarrow0$. ...
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2answers
48 views

Integral $I=\int_0^\infty \frac{x^4}{(\alpha+x^2)^4}dx$

Hi I am trying to show $$ \int_0^\infty \frac{x^4}{(\alpha+x^2)^4}dx=\frac{\pi}{32\alpha^{3/2}},\quad \Re(\sqrt \alpha)> 0. $$ I am looking for a solution to this NOT using contour integration, but ...
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Question regarding trigonometry

I've got this thing on my mind : we know that $cos(x)$ is a periodic function , hence integral from $2(k-1) \pi$ to $2k \pi$ will yield the same value for any $k \geq1$. My question is , why is ...
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2answers
31 views

Short argument for asymptotic value of parameter integral

I want to find the main term of the asymptotic expansion for $x\to 0^+$ for $$f(x)=\int_0^{\pi/2} \dfrac{\cos t}{t+x}dt.$$ Now, clearly, the problem is at $t=0$ and the cosine is almost $1$ ...
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3answers
89 views

Showing that $\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{dx}{1 + x^2} = 2 \int_0^1 \frac{dx}{1 + x^2}$

I was reading an article in which it was stated that, with a change of variable, one could show that: $$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{dx}{1 + x^2} = 2 \int_0^1 \frac{dx}{1 + x^2}$$ I tried with $t = 1 + ...
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1answer
32 views

Help me integrate this function using Simpson's rule

I have a question: compute $$\int_0^1 \frac{\sin(x)}{x}\,dx$$ for $n=10$ divisions. I got the value $0.9127$ but I think its a bit too high.
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15 views

Argument Principle solving the quesion

1/2pi i ∫ c(0,12) f'(z)/f(z) dz where f(z) = (z-5+12i)^4(z-7)^6 / 12(z-8)^6(z-i+6)^7 dz. How do I go about doing this kind of question. I only know its argument principle. I googled it but still cant ...
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1answer
42 views

Integral $\int_0^{\pi/2} \log^n (\sin t)\log^p (\cos t) dt$

I am looking for a closed form expression for the logarithmic trigonometric integral $$ I_{n,p}=\int_0^{\pi/2} \log^n (\sin t)\log^p (\cos t) dt \quad (n\geq 0, p\geq 0). $$ Closed form expression ...
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2answers
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Integrate $I=\int_0^1\frac{\ln x}{x^n-1}dx$

Hi I am trying to obtain a closed form for$$ I_n=\int_0^1\frac{\ln x}{x^n-1}dx, \quad n\geq 1. $$ This integral is quite nice and generates many other known closed form results such as $$ ...
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0answers
28 views

Integral $I=\int_0^1 \frac{\arctan\big(\sqrt{x^2 + 2}\big)}{\sqrt{x^2 + 2}(x^2 + 1)}dx$

Hi I'm trying to show that $$ I=\int_0^1 \frac{\arctan\big(\sqrt{x^2 + 2}\big)}{\sqrt{x^2 + 2}(x^2 + 1)}dx=\frac{5\pi^2}{96}. $$ We can try the substitution $u=(x^2+2)^{1/2}, du=x(2+x^2)^{-1/2}dx$ ...
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0answers
54 views

Calculate the following Integral (Please Help)

Hi, I am trying to calculate: $$\int_0^1 \frac{\ln(1-x+x^2)}{x-x^2}dx$$ I am not looking for an answer but simply a nudge in the right direction. A stradegy, just something that would get me ...
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1answer
45 views

How to integrate $\int \frac{dy}{\sqrt{4y+\frac{1}{4y^2}+2C_1}}$?

How do I integrate $\int \frac{dy}{\sqrt{4y+\frac{1}{4y^2}+2C_1}}$, where $C_1$ is an arbitrary constant? Is this integral really complex (hard to integrate)? EDIT: This comes from DE: $dy/dx = ...
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3answers
25 views

Integral $\int_{0}^{\pi}\sqrt{1+4\sin^{2}(x/2)-4\sin(x/2)}\mathrm{d}x$

Here's how I solved it. \begin{eqnarray*} & & \int_{0}^{\pi}\sqrt{1+\left(4\sin^{2}\left(\frac{x}{2}\right)\right)-\left(4\sin\left(\frac{x}{2}\right)\right)}\mathrm{d}x\\ & = & ...
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1answer
26 views

How do I integrate this in terms of error function

How do I evaluate $$\dfrac{1}{\sqrt{4\pi t}}\int_0^{\infty}ye^{-\frac{(\xi-y)^2}{4t}}dy$$ in terms of $\text{erf}(x)$ ? I tried integration by parts but the integral seems to get complicated. I think ...
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1answer
39 views

integration $\int_a^b$$f$$(x)$$dx$ when $f(a)=f(b)$

How to integrate $\int_a^b$$f$$(x)$$dx$ when $f(a)=f(b)$ Can something like $\int_0^kf(x)dx=2\int_0^{k\over2}f(x)dx$ for $f(x)=f(k-x)$ be somehow used?
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3answers
221 views

William Lowell Putnam Integral Problem

Prove That $$ \frac{22}{7}-\pi= \int_0^1 \frac{x^4\,\left(1-x\right)^4}{1+x^2}$$
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1answer
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How to evaluate $\int_0^ \infty e^{-x\sinh(t)-\frac{1}{2}t}~dt$?

$$ \int_0^ \infty e^{-x\sinh(t)-\frac{1}{2}t}~dt $$ I tried doing it by parts and looking for differentials but I just keep getting back to the original expression. I can't think of a clever ...
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2answers
46 views

Definite Integral $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{x\sin x}{(x^2+a^2)(x^2+b^2)}\,\mathrm{d}x$

$$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{x\sin x}{(x^2+a^2)(x^2+b^2)}\,\mathrm{d}x$$ This is easy to evaluate with complex analysis but is there an elementary way (substitution, partial fractions, integration ...
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integral $I=\int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-\alpha x^{2k}}dx$

$$ I=\int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-\alpha x^{2k}} dx $$ The last problem was ill posed, and is answered in the post! You can disregard this post!
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41 views

Integral $\int_0^{\pi/3}\log\bigg( \frac{1+2\cos\theta}{2}+\sqrt{\left( \frac{1+2\cos\theta}{2} \right)^2-1}\ \bigg)d\theta.$

Hi I am trying to calculate this integral I given by $$ I=\frac{1}{\pi}\int_0^{\pi/3}\log\left( \frac{1+2\cos\theta}{2}+\sqrt{\bigg( \frac{1+2\cos\theta}{2} \bigg)^2-1} \right)d\theta. $$ ...
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3answers
29 views

How to get from $3\int_{-1}^0 (x^3-x) dx \,\,\,- \,\,\, 3\int_0^1 (x^3-x) dx$ to $6\int_{-1}^0(x^3-x)dx$?

Homework problem: Set up the definite integral that gives the area of the region. Two functions are given: $y_1 = 3(x^3-x)$ $y2 = 0$ The graph of $y1$ runs from x=-1 to x=1. I've gotten this ...
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2answers
32 views

Showing $f(z_0) = \frac{1}{2 \pi} \int_0^{2 \pi} f(z_0+Re^{i\theta}) \ d\theta$

Suppose that $f$ is analytic on and inside the circle $|z-z_0|=R$. Show carefully that $f(z_0)$ is equal to the average of $f$ on ${|z-z_0|=R}$, i.e. show that $$f(z_0)={1 \over {2 \pi}} \int_0^{2 ...
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1answer
28 views

Bessel's integral, how to actually evaluate?

I am just about to study Bessel functions and I have recently seen one of its integral representations given by: $$ J_ \alpha (x) = \frac{1}{\pi} \int_0 ^ \pi \cos(\alpha \tau - x\sin\tau) d\tau - ...
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3answers
661 views

How do I solve this definite integral?

$$\int_0^{2\pi} \frac{dx}{\sin^{4}x + \cos^{4}x}$$ I have already solved the indefinite integral by transforming $\sin^{4}x + \cos^{4}x$ as follows: $\sin^{4}x + \cos^{4}x = (\sin^{2}x + ...
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1answer
36 views

Proof of integral equality

Let $f^{(n)}(x)$ be the $n$-th derivative of $f(x) = \cos(x)$. Prove that : $$ \int_0^{2\pi} f^{(n)}(x) \,\, dx = \int_0^{2\pi} f^{(n)}(kx) \,\, dx, $$ where $n$, $k$ are natural numbers equal or ...
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2answers
40 views

Integral of $e^x ln(e^{2x} - 4)$

Find the integral from ln4 to ln6 of $$e^x \ln(e^{2x} - 4)$$ I factored $$\ln(e^{2x} - 4)$$ to get $$\ln((e^{x} - 2)(e^{x} + 2))$$ Then I separated this to get: $$e^x\ln(e^{x} - 2) + e^x\ln(e^{x} + ...
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1answer
32 views

A bounded integral

I want to show that there exists $K\in\mathbb{R}^+$ such that $$\left|\int_{1}^x \sin(t+t^7)dt \right|<K$$ for all $x\ge 1$. Intuitively, I'm quite sure it is true, but I can't find a formal proof. ...
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1answer
36 views

Integral Involving $(\arcsin x)^3$

Find the integral of $$\int_{0}^{1}8(\arcsin x)^3 dx$$ Okay, so I have substituted $u = \arcsin x$. I multiplied the integral by $$(1-x^2)^{1/2}/(1-x^2)^{1/2}$$ And then I said that $$\cos u = ...
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1answer
40 views

Complex contour integral with sign function:$-i \int \limits_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{{\rm sgn}(x)^2 ~x~ e^{i x}}{1+ax^2} dp$

I am trying to evaluate the integral: $-i \int \limits_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{{\rm sgn}(x)^2 ~x~ e^{i x}}{1+ax^2} dx$ with sgn$(x)$ the sign function and $a$ positive real. Naively applying the ...
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2answers
43 views

Area under the curve $f(x) = \sin x$

Find the area under the curve $f(x) = \sin x$ on the interval $[0, \pi]$ if $\sin x \ge 0$ My handbook give this as $$\int_0^\pi \sin x \space dx = (\cos \pi) - (\cos 0) = (-1) - (-1) = 2$$ what ...
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1answer
27 views

Disappearing negative signs when evaluating a sinh^-1 integral

$$\int_{-2}^{6} \frac{1}{\sqrt{1+(-x)^2}} \, dx$$ When performing this integral on paper, I get $$\sinh^{-1}(6) - \sinh^{-1}(-2) $$ But when I type it on wolframalpha, I get the unintuitive answer ...
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3answers
54 views

Find the integral of $\frac{x^5+x^2+4x+\sin(x)}{64+x^6} dx$ from $-2$ to $2$

Find $$\int\limits_{-2}^{2}\frac{x^5+x^2+4x+\sin(x)}{64+x^6}dx$$ I understand this questions is trying to make the point about the integrals of symmetric functions. So I separated all of these to ...
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3answers
53 views

Solving an Integral With Square Root in the Denominator [duplicate]

Solve for k: $$\int_6^{16}\frac{1}{\sqrt{(x^3 + 7x^2 + 8x -16)}}dx = \frac{\pi}{k}$$ I have factored the denominator to obtain $x^3 + 7x^2 + 8x - 16 = (x-1)(x+4)^2$ I think that since the answer ...
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LogSine Integrals $\int_0^{\pi/3}\theta \ln^2\big(2\sin\frac{\theta}{2}\big)d\theta$.

Hi this will soon end my posts on Log Sine integrals, and we can progress into other classes of integrals. The log sine integral I am trying to calculate is given by $$ ...
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$\frac{5\pi^3}{154}=\int_{\pi/6}^{\pi/2}\bigg[\Re\big(\text{Li}_2(4\sin^2\theta)\big) +\text{Li}_2\bigg(\frac{1}{4\sin^2\theta}\bigg) \bigg]d\theta$

I am trying to prove $$ \int_{\pi/6}^{\pi/2}\bigg[\Re\big(\text{Li}_2(4\sin^2\theta)\big) +\text{Li}_2\bigg(\frac{1}{4\sin^2\theta}\bigg) \bigg]d\theta=\frac{5\pi^3}{54}. $$ Clearly, this closed form ...
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4answers
212 views

Prove that these two curves have the same length

My midterms are approaching, and I was going through some of our past Calculus midterms when I stumbled upon this question from 1996: Show that these two curves, $$(\Gamma) : \frac ...
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An integral related to the power and algebraic function

I meet with a complex integral problem, given as follws: $$\int_0^\infty {\frac{{{x^p}}}{{{{\left( {x + a} \right)}^q}}} \cdot {{\left( {\frac{{x + b}}{{x + c}}} \right)}^n}dx,where{\text{ }}q > p ...
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LogSine Integral $\int_0^{\pi/3}\ln^n\big(2\sin\frac{\theta}{2}\big)d\theta$

I am trying to integrate the Log Sine Integral: $$ Ls_{n+1}=-\int_0^{\pi/3}\bigg[\ln\big(2\sin\frac{\theta}{2}\big)\bigg]^nd\theta $$ where n is a non-negative integer. This problem is strongly ...
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29 views

LogSine Moments $\int_0^\sigma \theta^k \ln^{n-1-k}\big| 2\sin\frac{\theta}{2}\big|d\theta$

This integral is known as the moments for the generalized log-sine integrals. The notation I am using is similar to Lewin and what he used in the 1950's-1980's. $$ ...
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31 views

LogSine Generating Fn $ \int_0^\pi \big(2\sin\frac{\theta}{2}\big)^x e^{\theta y} d\theta$

This is related to generating functions for Ls (Log Sine Integrals.) I am trying to calculate $$ \int_{0}^{\pi}\left[2\sin\left(\theta \over 2\right)\right]^{x} {\rm e}^{\theta y}\,{\rm d}\theta. $$ ...
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1answer
109 views

LogSine Integral $I=-\int_0^{\pi/3} \ln^2\big(2\cos \frac{\theta}{2}\big) d\theta$

These are known as LogSine integrals at $\pi/3$, so I will call the integral Ls as this is common in the literature. I am trying to prove $$ Ls=-\int_0^{\pi/3} \ln^2\big(2\cos \frac{\theta}{2}\big) ...
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1answer
36 views

Definite Integral

Solve the following : $$\int_0^1 x^5 \sqrt{1 - x^2}dx $$ Any ideas ?I haven't been able to make any progress on this exercise , it's driving me insane , since there's probably no big deal to the ...
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1answer
21 views

Definite integral in spherical coordinates

I want to compute the volume enclosed by the sphere $x^2+y^2+z^2\le4$ with $0\le z\le 1.$ If I use the rings method I get: $$\pi \int_0^1 \left( \sqrt{4-z^2}\right)^2dz=\frac{11}{3}\pi $$ If I set ...
2
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1answer
31 views

Volume vs. Surface Area Integrals

In order to find the volume of a sphere radiud $R$, one way is to slice it up into a stack of thin, concentric disks, perpendicular to the $z$-axis. a disk at any point $z$ will have radius ...
2
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1answer
74 views

Integrate $I=\int_0^{\pi/2}x^2\ln(\sinh x)\ln(\cosh x)dx$

Hi I am trying to evaluate the integral $$I=\int_0^{\pi/2}x^2\ln(\sinh x)\ln(\cosh x)dx.$$ Note we can write the integrand as $$ x^2 \ln\big(\frac{e^x-e^{-x}}{2}\big) ...
3
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2answers
109 views

some problems with evaluating $\int_0^{\pi}\ln(\sin x+\sqrt{1+\sin^2x})dx$

solve $$\int_0^{\pi}\ln(\sin x+\sqrt{1+\sin^2x})dx$$ when i start to solve it I think with $\sin x=u$ but I faced a $\color{#00f}{problem}$ its $\sin \pi = \sin 0 = 0$ so the integral is equal to ...
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1answer
106 views

How to evaluate the integrals: $\int_0^{\pi/2}(\cos^2 \frac{x}{2}+x\cos x)e^{\sin x}dx$

$$I_1=\int_0^{\pi/4}\frac{\sin x}{x\cos^2 x}dx$$ With this integral, I can't solve. I think setting $x=\frac{\pi}{4}-t$ is ok. But it seeems to be wrong. $$I_3=\int_0^{\pi/2}(\cos^2 ...
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0answers
37 views

How to solve integral equations like this?

sorry for such a non-specific question and lack of research effort, but I'm new to integral equations and don't know where to start. How does one go about solving equations of the form ...
3
votes
3answers
80 views

Proof of definite integral $\int_0^{\pi/2} \frac{\sin(2n+1)x}{\sin x}dx=\frac\pi2$ using induction

Prove by induction or otherwise that $$\int_0^{\pi/2} \frac{\sin(2n+1)x}{\sin x}dx=\frac\pi2$$ for every integer $n\ge0$. How to prove the above question? Can it be proved without using induction?