For questions about decimal expansion, both practical and theoretical.

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1answer
207 views

Binary expansion

I am trying to get my head around the left and right shift for binary expansion. The rules are: Shifting to the right ...
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1answer
50 views

Strange notation for a decimal expansion of a transcendental number

I am checking page proofs for one of my papers right now and an editor changed $\zeta(3)=1.202$$\ldots$ to: $\zeta(3) = 1.202,...,$ I find this latter notation very strange and think it ...
8
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2answers
218 views

Regularities when $n$ and $2n$ contain the same digits

Suppose we would like to find positive integers $n$ such that the base-10 representations of $n$ and $2n$ contain precisely the same digits. $142857$ is a well-known example, and computer search ...
22
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1answer
642 views

Is $0.1010010001000010000010000001 \ldots$ transcendental?

Does anyone know if this number is algebraic or transcendental, and why? $$\sum\limits_{n = 1}^\infty {10}^{ - n(n + 1)/2} = 0.1010010001000010000010000001 \ldots $$
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2answers
121 views

Mixed repeating decimals

How can be proven that a fraction having at the denominator a multiple of both 2 and 3 is transformed to a mixed repeating decimal number? I thought to bring the denominator to the form of ...
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0answers
141 views

How prove $|S-10^k\cdot AB|\le 9k$

Let $0 \leq a_k, b_k \leq 9$ and let $A,B$ be numbers with decimal expansions $$A=0.a_{1}a_{2}\cdots a_{k}>0 \hspace{0.5in} B=0.b_{1}b_{2}\cdots b_{k}>0.$$ Let $S$ be the number of possible ...
2
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3answers
285 views

Why irrational implies having an infinite decimal expansion?

Why irrational means having an infinite decimal expansion?
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2answers
24 views

Equal number of 1s and 0s in number of n digits

How many ways could one create a binary number of n digits where the number of 1s and 0s are equal? For example, if n was 8 then we could have: 10101010 or 11110000 In addition to this, I may ...
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1answer
71 views

Conversion from decimal to unknown number system

If we have the number $(387)_{10} \rightarrow (762)_n$ , how do we calculate the $n$? Thanks in advance.
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1answer
201 views

Digits difference of numbers between 10 and 99

I was asked the question, how many numbers between 10 and 99 have digits that differ EXACTLY by 3? I didn't understand the question, I thought it meant numbers like 11,44,77 then 22,55,88 and ...
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2answers
170 views

How do you calculate how many decimal places there are before the repeating digits, given a fraction that expands to a repeating decimal?

If you have a fraction such as $$\frac{7}{26}=0.269230\overline{769230}$$ where there are a number of digits prior to the repeating section, how can you tell how many digits there will be given just ...
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1answer
65 views

If 0.99…=1 What about 0.89…=0.9?

I notice the general pattern is that ?.??999... equals to 0.??1 more than the repeating 9 part. Is it true?
2
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1answer
86 views

Permuting digits in a power of $2$

Does there exist a natural number $N$ that is a power of $2$ whose digits (in the decimal representation) can be permuted to a different power of $2$? Thoughts: If such a number $N$ exists, then ...
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1answer
175 views

What is $\tau$ in base $12$?

I'm a big fan of both $\tau$ and the duodecimal system. And while I can find information for $\pi$ on both, I can't seem to find the number of $\tau$ in base $12$. $\tau$ is given as $\tau = 2\pi$. ...
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2answers
263 views

Computing the last non-zero digit of ${1027 \choose 41}$?

I am working on the following problem: Let $x_n$ be a sequence of positive odd numbers. If $N$ is the number of ordered pairs $(x_1, x_2, x_3, \dots, x_{42})$ such that $$x_1 + x_2 + x_3 + \dots + ...
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0answers
42 views

Metric for precision of a decimal number

I am working on cleansing a cities database and trying to increase the precision of the latitudes and longitudes of these cities. I am comparing what I have against an outside datasource and want to ...
2
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0answers
95 views

Appear the digits in the number $3^{3^{3^3}}$ approximately equally often?

Does the number $$3\uparrow \uparrow 4 = 3^{3^{3^3}}$$ contain the digits 0-9 approximately equally often ? With "approximately" I mean that a chi-squared test for equal distribution would produce ...
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0answers
96 views

Rudin: Supremum of Finite Decimals

I am reading Rudin. Note the following construction: Let $x>0$ be real. Let $n_0$ be the largest integer s.t. $n_0 \leq x$. Then, having chosen $n_0, \ldots, n_{k-1}$, let $n_k$ be the largest ...
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1answer
83 views

For which $n \in \mathbb{Z^+}$ is $(4n+9)/(2n^2+7n+6)$ a terminating decimal?

I saw this problem here. My approach: Let $A = (4n+9)/(2n^2+7n+6) = \frac{6}{2n + 3} - \frac{1}{n + 2}$ If $\frac{6}{2n + 3}$ and $\frac{1}{n + 2}$ are terminating decimals, then so is $A$. A ...
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0answers
114 views

Division of large numbers

Euclidean Algorithm Versus Horner Algorithm. I have come across this problem and I do not manage to find a good example for it. For all the numbers I pick there is no loss. Give an example of a ...
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3answers
69 views

How to round $ 0.03446$ to three decimal places?

What is $ 0.03446 $ rounded to three decimal places? I think it is $0.035$ but someone told me that it should be $0.034$. I think $0.035$ because the $6$ would change the $4$ into a $5$, which ...
2
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1answer
66 views

What Will Happen Without Decimal Expansion?

After a discussion on the complexity of decimal expansion (such as $0.\bar{9}=1$), some of my students (middle school) decided to throw away the decimal expansion of some numbers! Namely, the numbers ...
3
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1answer
188 views

$\displaystyle \frac{6}{2n-1} - \frac{1}{n} = \frac{p}{2^i5^j}$

$\displaystyle \frac{6}{2n-1} - \frac{1}{n} = \frac{p}{2^i5^j}$ For which $n$ is this expression true. $n$ and $p$ are integers. $i$ and $j$ are positive integers or zero.
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3answers
51 views

Graph of the last digit of $x^n$ - why is it symmetric when $n$ is even, and not when $n$ is odd?

I have discovered this fact: "The graph of the last digit of $x^n$ (where $x$ is positive) is asymmetrical if $n$ is odd, and symmetrical if $n$ is even." What is the logic behind this? For ...
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1answer
49 views

Finding number of primes of the form $1010\ldots 101$ (in base 10) [closed]

How many primes among the positive integers, written as usual in the base $10$, are such that their digits are alternating $1$’s and $0$’s, beginning and ending with $1$?
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3answers
61 views

How to do long division $1.068 / 40$ without using a calculator?

1.068 divided by 40. 1.068 / 40 = ? How would you do this problem by long division and any other methods to figure this out without using a calculator. Just pencil and paper.
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2answers
39 views

11th form to 7th form

I can't solve this one: Consider an integer expressed in the 11-based form. In the 11-based form, digits 0 to 9 correspond to their decimal values, and A corresponds to 10. For example (15)_11 = (1 * ...
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1answer
125 views

What are the last 20 digits of mega?

What are the last 20 digts of the number mega, which is "2 in a pentagon" in steinhaus-moser-notation ? In contrary to power towers or tetration, the ending digits are not stable. I found out that ...
7
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0answers
90 views

Which digit occurs most often?

Is there any method to calculate, which digit occurs most often in the number $$4 \uparrow \uparrow \uparrow \uparrow 4\ ,$$ the fourth Ackermann-number ? Or would it be necessary to calculate the ...
0
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1answer
97 views

do you know another Magic Square with this property?

with the repeating digits of $\frac{1}{19} = 0.052631578947368421$ we can construct an exceptional magic square : The number 19 is a cyclic number with a period of 18 before the digits start to ...
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3answers
480 views

Dividing Decimals.. But remainders?

So, I understand how to do long division with decimals. So let's consider this problem: $10.5$ divided by $5.5$ (I chose this problem because it will OBVIOUSLY have a remainder) So we will look at ...
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1answer
366 views

How to calculate decimals of the fractional number 1/49?

I find this tricky one. How to calculate the first 50 digits/decimals of the fractional number 1/49? Two of my calculators and MatLab gives different answers so I'm curious, how this is calculated ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

First digits of extremely large binomial coefficients

Can the first digits of a binomial coeffecient $$\binom{n}{k}$$ be calculated, if n and k are very large numbers ? For example Calculate the first ten digits of $$\binom{10^{85}}{10^{23}}$$ Any ...
2
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1answer
170 views

First digits of extremely large numbers (Generalization of “first digits of Graham's number”)

I found a question about the first digits of Graham's number and would like to generalize it : We want the first n digits of the number $a\uparrow^b c$. Which method is the most effective to do ...
9
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0answers
101 views

Biggest powers NOT containing all digits.

Let $m>1$ be a natural number with $m \not\equiv 0 \pmod{10}$ Consider the powers $m^n$ , for which there is at least one digit not occurring in the decimal representation. Is there a largest $n$ ...
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3answers
292 views

What is the smallest natural number n?

What is the smallest natural number n for which there is a natural k, such that, the lasts 2012 digit in the representation decimal of $n^k$ are equal to 1? I don't even know how to start with it ... ...
2
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2answers
106 views

Which real numbers have two representations?

Are they only numbers that end with 9999... and 0000... after the dot or some other too? If so, can you give an example?
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2answers
150 views

Decimal expansion of a Cauchy sequence

In one of the construction of $\mathbb{R}$ we make each real number an equivalence class of Cauchy sequences in $\mathbb{Q}$. More precisely, two Cauchy sequences $a_n$ and $b_n$ are equivalent iff ...
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0answers
83 views

Why are normal numbers important?

I'm studying normal numbers for my university dissertation - in particular whether or not algebraic numbers are normal. One thing I cannot find anywhere is why it matters. I'm not expecting a real ...
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3answers
597 views

Is a decimal with a predictable pattern a rational number?

I'm starting as a private Math tutor for a high school kid; in one of his Math Laboratories (that came with an answer sheet) I was stumped by an answer I encountered in the True or False section (I'm ...
2
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0answers
40 views

A four-digit square is of the form $aabb$. What's $a^2+b^2$? [duplicate]

The 5772 Ulpaniada included the following question: Consider a four digit square number (a number which is the square of a whole number).Its digit notation is $aabb$ (the thousands digit is $a$, ...
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3answers
168 views

Why does $0,\bar{9}$ equal $1$? [duplicate]

I am finding hard to understand why $0,99999..... = 1$ I have the following proof: Let $x$ be $0,9999...$ then $10x = 9,999...$ So $10x - x = 9,999 - 0,9999$ $9x = 9 \rightarrow x = 1$ From a ...
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4answers
67 views

How do I convert from binary base to decimal?

I have a homework problem and I don't understand it. Here is the problem: The base two number 11111(base 2) has the same digit in all places. The same number can be written in different bases. Find ...
2
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1answer
72 views

Calculating 6 decimal digits of $3^{\sqrt2}$ using a calculator.

How can we calculate $3^{\sqrt2}$ to 6 decimal digits, using only a semi-basic calculator (Which has the square root too) and a pen and paper? I asked this question from my teacher and he ...
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2answers
349 views

converting decimals to base negative-10

I have a decimal (base $10$) number, $44$, and would like to convert it to base $-10$. I know how to convert $$ 164_{-10} \mapsto 44_{10}, $$ but not the other way around.
2
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1answer
84 views

Fractions and long division. [duplicate]

$\frac{1}{9}=0.111\dots$ $9\times \frac{1}{9} = 0.999\dots$ $1=0.999\dots$ What is the problem here? Thanks for any help.
4
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0answers
105 views

Arrow notation and decimals.

We know how to add with decimals. We know how to multiply with decimals. We know how to exponentiate with decimals. Do we know how to work with decimals for power towers? for example, can we deal ...
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2answers
56 views

Divisibility by $9$

Suppose we have a natural number $N$ with decimal representation $A_kA_{k-1}\ldots A_0$. How do I prove that if the $\sum\limits_{i=0}^kA_i$ is divisible by $9$ then $N$ is divisible by $9$ too?
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0answers
66 views

Decimal system history

Today, "numbers" usually refer to real numbers and are most commonly conceptualized as consisting of all possible infinite decimal expansions (or binary expansions, etc). When did this way of thinking ...
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2answers
41 views

How to identify whether a fractional part of a number contains more that 2 digits.

EX. I want to accept numbers which have maximum of 2 digits after decimal points. i, e, 10.23 should be allowed and 10.233 should not be allowed. What mathematical operations can be done to ...