For questions about decimal expansion, both practical and theoretical.

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Finding sequences in $\pi$ [duplicate]

I recently came across some programs which were able to calculate exactly, when a particular sequence of digits appears the first time in the decimal expansion of $\pi$. This made me wondering, if it ...
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1answer
41 views

Sum involving the number of zeros of $k$

I'm currently interested in sums involving digit-functions. Especially, I'd like to calculate the following sum: $$ s=\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}{\frac{a_0(k)}{k\left(k+1\right)}} $$ Where $a_0(k)$ is the ...
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2answers
88 views

Digit sum of $n^2$ is 44

Is there a whole number $x$ such that the sum of the digits of $x^2$ equals 44? I would like someone to tell me if my thoughts are correct. The remainder of a number a divided with 9 is the same as ...
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4answers
113 views

How many $0$s does the number $30!$ have? [duplicate]

I want to find out the number of $0$s in the number $30!$, what should I do? Is there any trick that would work for a general question of this type, like number of $0$s in $50!$ ?
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4answers
136 views

Can a number have an uncountably infinite amount of digits?

I'm an extreme mathematical layman, so please excuse the probable ignorance and awkward phrasing of this question. Is there such thing as a kind of number which has an uncountably infinite amount of ...
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1answer
20 views

Are there more convenient ways of getting the number of digits of a positive integer?

I want to define $n$th power of $10$ for a positive integer. Say for $43$ it would be $2$, for $5$ it would be $1$, for $9999$ it would be $4$. As for $1$, $10$, $100$, ... I am still shifting between ...
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1answer
48 views

Doubling sequences of the cyclic decimal parts of the fraction numbers

Is there any theory, why and when doubling sequences of the decimal part of the fraction numbers occur? Take for example these small numbers: ...
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1answer
47 views

For any $n$ is there $n$ consecutive $0$ in the decimal expansion of $2^m$ for suitable $m \in \mathbb N$?

We have define a function $f:\mathbb N \rightarrow \mathbb N$ such that $f(n)=$ { smallest $m \in \mathbb N$ such that decimal expansion of $2^m$ have $n$ consecutive $0$ }. I computed some values of ...
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3answers
122 views

What is $\left\lfloor0.\overline{9}\right\rfloor$? [duplicate]

We know that $0.\overline{9} = 1$ but then what is $\left\lfloor0.\overline{9}\right\rfloor$? My thought process went: $0.\overline{9} = 1$ so therefore $\left\lfloor0.\overline{9}\right\rfloor = ...
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3answers
120 views

Generalize multiples of $999…9$ using digits $(0,1,2)$

The smallest $n$ such that $9n$ uses only the three digits $(0,1,2)$ is $1358$, giving a product $12222$. For $99n$ this is $11335578$, giving $1122222222$. Similarly, ...
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1answer
32 views

Upper bound of digit sum of powers

Take $x \in \Bbb N$, $x \le9$ and $m \in \Bbb N$. Now we define a function $d_s(n): \Bbb N \to \Bbb N$ as the digit sum of $n$ in base $10$. Now let's say we have a lower bound $b_l$ and an upper ...
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84 views

Find numbers $\overline{abcd}$ so that $\overline{abcd}+\overline{bcd}+\overline{cd}+d+1=\overline{dcba}$

Find the numbers $\overline{abcd}$, with digits not null that satisfy the equality \begin{equation}\overline{abcd}+\overline{bcd}+\overline{cd}+d+1=\overline{dcba}\end{equation} where ...
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2answers
21 views

Denote a number as a sum of two in terms of the base

Technically, in decimal base, $$445 = 44 \cdot 10 + 5.$$ Lets say there's a number of base $B$ where I want to segregate the number into last digit and rest of the first digit as a representation ...
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2answers
48 views

A positive integer is equal to the sum of digits of a multiple of itself.

Let $n$ be a positive integer, prove there is a positive integer $k$ so that $n$ is equal to the sum of digits of $nk$. I'm not really sure how I should approach this problem, I tried to do a ...
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3answers
51 views

Why does the division algorithm work for converting between number bases?

I know and have observed that the the division algorithm can be used to convert any number in the decimal system to the binary system. However, I have tried searching for an intuition of why this ...
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1answer
29 views

Is the set of real numbers in $[0,1]$ with digits $1$ and $3$ only in their development in base $5$, dense in $[0,1]$?

Let $E$ denote the set of real numbers in $[0,1]$ with digits $1$ and $3$ only in their development in base $5$. How to prove that $E$ is dense in $[0,1]$? Is this the right way to see that E is ...
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3answers
51 views

Is this formula true for $n\geq 1$:$4^n+2 \equiv 0 \mod 6 $?

Is this formula true for $n\geq 1$:$$4^n+2 \equiv 0 \mod 6 $$. Note :I have tried for some values of $n\geq 1$ i think it's true such that :I used the sum digits of this number:$N=114$,$$1+1+4\equiv ...
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0answers
34 views

Procedure converting decimals to rationals.

Suppose I have been given a rational number in decimal format (since decimals of rationals repeat, finite precision presentation suffices), what is the most effective way to write it in form of ratio ...
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3answers
115 views

Find the smallest natural number $n$

Find the smallest natural number $n$ such that rightmost digit is $6$ and when we deleted that digit $6$ and add it to the left of the number we get $4n$. Example of the operation: $123456$ becomes ...
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2answers
40 views

Finding number of digits of decimal number

I'm looking for a way to calculate the number of digits in a decimal number, such as $600.045$. I'm aware of the $1+\mathrm{int}(\log(x))$ formula for finding number of digits of an integer, but this ...
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2answers
56 views

What determines what base the right side of this base coversion will be?

Referring to this example of positional notation on Wikipedia: There are several examples $$465\;\;\text{(base 10)} = 465\;\;\text{(base 10)}$$ But then $$465\;\;\text{(base 7)} = ...
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1answer
37 views

How to find if 1/n will be recurring decimal expansion?

How to determine if the expansion of $1/n$ would be a recurring decimal expansion or not? for example, $1/7 = 0.\overline{142857}$ but $1/8=0.125$. So, how to find if $1/n$ would be a recurring ...
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Iterated digit product

A very interesting calculator at http://www.micmaths.com/defis/defi_01.html repeatedly calculates the product of the digits of a number and stops when it reaches a single digit. It asks what is the ...
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6answers
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What are the last two digits of $77^{17}$?

I'm trying to solve current task referenced the following but I stuck at $\displaystyle77^{17}\equiv x\pmod{100}$. As it is described on above link it uses Binomial Theorem. But I read a lot about the ...
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2answers
154 views

Does this weird series converge?

$\sum_{n\in S}$$\frac{1}{n}$, where S consists of those positive integers whose decimal expansion does not contain the digit 1. This was a part(b) question. Part (a) was an evaluation of the ...
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1answer
42 views

proof of rational numbers as repeating or terminating decimald

As an exercise in my conceptual algebra class we attempted to determine the reason why this theorem holds true in the forward direction. (Note we decided not to tackle the opposite direction) I wrote ...
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4answers
36 views

Recurring decimals

Does anybody have any idea why when you divide a any number, say, by 11 (excluding multiples of 11 of course) you obtain a recurring decimal? I know that it must either terminate or recur, but why ...
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2answers
90 views

What are the necessary conditions for UPC primes?

0 68000 00027 7 is a UPC that the Hershey Company could use for some candy bar or other product. It happens that $6800000027$ is a prime number. But $68000000277$ ...
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3answers
165 views

What is the last digit? [closed]

Consider all 100 digit numbers, i.e., those between $0$ and $10^{100} - 1$ (inclusive). For each number, take the product of non-zero digits (treat the product of digits of $0$ as $1$) , and sum ...
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60 views

Product of digits

Find all natural numbers $x$ ($x$ in base $10$) so that the product of its digits is $x^2 - 10x - 22$. Here is what I did so far: I took two cases. The first case was considering one or more ...
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1answer
45 views

converting decimal to hexadecimal using division method

Okay so I know the basic procedure of converting a decimal number to any base-r is to divide by r and keep up with reminders until you reach zero. The reminders form the new base that is equivalent to ...
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0answers
93 views

Does $\pi$ contain infinitely many “zeros” in its decimal expansion?

Some number doesn't contain $"7"$ in its decimal expansion. For example Liouville's constant $$L=\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{1}{10^{n!}}=0.11000100....$$ contains only $0$ and $1$. It is well-known ...
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4answers
4k views

What does .9 with a line above the 9 mean?

What does this mean? $$\Large.\overline9 $$ I've never seen this notation before.
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Looking for reading material on: Numbers, in whose internal decimal places appear all natural numbers as a sequence of digits

For example one can have the number 0.12 and can look at the sequence of the digits of it's internal decimal places and see, that 0.12 contains the numbers 1,2 and 12. It is also easy to construct a ...
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1answer
79 views

Number theory / decimal representation

Prove that for any $n\in\mathbb{N}$ there exists a number $m\in\mathbb{N}$ such that the decimal representation of $m^2$ has $n$ ones at the beginning and some combination of $n$ ones and twos at ...
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3answers
62 views

Do asymptotes disprove 0.9 repeating equal 1?

I am in 9th grade and taking geometry. Several of my friends taking pre-calc say that 0.9999... does not equal 1, but is just an asymptote. I have not taken that subject yet and they don't give any ...
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Is there any known application for normal numbers?

Background: I am writing a master thesis on the complexity of the expansions of algebraic numbers in some complex basis $\beta$ with $|\beta| > 1$. This is a very small step towards proving the ...
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0answers
47 views

Multiple of power of 5 with only the digits 2,5,6

after helping a friend solve a homework, I asked myself the following question: $H\subseteq\{1,2,\ldots,9\}$, $T(H)=\{n\in\mathbb{N}:$ all the digits in the decimal representation in $n$ belong to ...
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1answer
22 views

Given $2^n$, what is the largest power of $2$ that will divide any random concatenation of base $10$ digits of powers of $2$ ending with $2^n$?

My first thought was that it would be $2^n$ itself, for example, if you concatenate $4$ and $2$ to get $42$, that's divisible by $2$ but not by $4$. But whit $2^9 = 512$, you can concatenate $16$ and ...
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1answer
22 views

Simple question: Writting numers into decimal

I want to know if there are numbers in the interval $[\frac{28}{100},\frac{29}{100}]$ Which got a $7$ in their decimal expansion. I would say "yes", because we can write $0.28=0.2799999999...$ But ...
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1answer
41 views

Real numbers and rationals - Decimal Expansion

How would one endeavor to show that A real number is rational if and only if its decimal expression ends in recurring digits?
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1answer
370 views

Numbers having in decimal representation no common digits with all their proper divisors

Let us call a positive integer having in decimal representation no common digits with all its proper divisors "a good number". $54$ is a good number : $1,2,3,6,18,27$ $48$ is not a good number : ...
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581 views

How can the decimal expansion of this rational number not be periodic?

I just noticed that dividing $1 \div 998$ gives me the apparently non-periodic $$0.001002004008016032064\ldots ,$$ which is $$10^{-3} + 2\times 10^{-6} + 4\times10^{-9} + 8\times 10^{-12} + \cdots = ...
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1answer
52 views

Prove that powers of any fixed prime $p$ contain arbitrarily many consecutive equal digits.

Prove that powers of any fixed prime $p$ contain arbitrarily many consecutive equal digits. It is an intuitive re-statement of Baltic Way 2012 (I think there are shortlists in Baltic Way every ...
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2answers
211 views

square of digits - why does it always contain 1 or 89 [closed]

I attempted project euler problem 92, while I passed it, my solution works, but had just...awful performance. So I would like to try again tomorrow. In the meantime understanding why the iteration ...
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0answers
12 views

Determine decimal places in the expansion in the expansion

I need to know how to determine how many places in the decimal of 1/800. No need to answer my exact question but how I can go about it, please. However, the exact question is below. "Note that the ...
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1answer
24 views

Are there longer runs of squares that look like different squares across consecutive bases?

I was trying to solve a different problem of representation across multiple bases, looking at this page http://primefan.tripod.com/BaseReps.html when I noticed this: $$11000100, 21021, 3010, 1241, ...
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2answers
303 views

Find whether a given rational number has a terminating decimal expansion

Without actual division find whether the rational number $\dfrac{1323}{264600}$ is terminating or non terminating. I know that to solve this, we have to convert the denominator into the formula ...
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3answers
146 views

Irrational Numbers : Show that $0.1248163264…$ is irrational

I was working through some basic Number Theory Problems in Rosen and came across the following problem : Show that the real number $0.1248163264...$ represented in ...
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1answer
66 views

Finding all the zeroes in $100!$

Is there a way to find all the $0$s in $100!$? (Including zeroes that come between two non-zero numbers) I know that to find the $0$s at the end we can use the greatest integer method. I was just ...