Questions on the use of mathematical techniques to extract properties from given data. Consider if your question might be more suited for Cross Validated (stats.SE) instead.

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Effect of Event on Another

I am having difficulty wrapping my mind around conceptualizing the impact of one event on another. For the scope of this question, let's define the following: Event A: An assault occurs; Event B: A ...
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36 views

Bivariate Correlation Unique solution

I have a set of data, let's say "score vs loss ratio", the score is an arbitrary number I gave to a team by looking at their past history. I want to prove my hypothesis which is higher the score, high ...
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1answer
46 views

Variance of Estimated Coefficients in Logistic Regression

I have a logistic regression model with a binary variable as the response and a categorical variable with 3 categories as a predictor. The fitted model is: logit(P(Y=1)) = intercept -0.19*C2 + ...
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1answer
48 views

Empirical Copula

I am trying to find the empirical copula linking two random variables $X$ and $Y$. I have some data available but it's limited with respect to the variable $Y$ and I am not convinced it's enough data ...
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1answer
48 views

Data compression from lack of patterns

From my understanding, lossless data compression takes advantages of statistical patterns. I want to know if it is possible to compress data based on the lack of patterns, such as a random string of ...
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1answer
31 views

How do I creat a box and whisker plot?

I know you have to create a box around the median of a data set of numbers, but I do not know where the end of the box would be placed. Please help!
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1answer
27 views

Addition of two box plots

I have two box plots that I'd like to add together to form one box plot representing both plots in one. Here's an example of two box plots: At a school 200 boys and 200 girls participated in a test. ...
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18 views

Best multivariate approximation scheme for scattered data approximation

what is the best multivariate approximation scheme for scattered data approximation on a set E of points in $R^d$?
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44 views

Find spikes in data

I have some datasets and I need to find spikes in them. Imagine the data looks like trading data. If the spike is big enough, I need to log it, otherwise, proceed in the analysis. I tried with a ...
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1answer
18 views

Is Expectation Propagation (EP) affected by the prior?

I understand EP by reading Minka's thesis: http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/um/people/minka/papers/ep/minka-ep-uai.pdf I'm trying to apply it to solve a Bayesian inference problem. However, I'm ...
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1answer
246 views

slope of curve represented by discrete points

I have data which are visualized in this chart: I need to compute slope of increasing / decreasing parts of the curve. I can't use any 2 points because of noise in data. Maybe numerical derivative ...
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1answer
33 views

Problem with significant figures

I know that if I am multiplying/dividing my answer is the least number of significant figure in the data and if I am adding/subtracting my answer is the least number of decimal places i the data but ...
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1answer
146 views

Maths concept for salient point in graph data

I have collected data concerning the total post counts of users in an online forum (see graphic). What I am hoping to do is compare the language of 'first posts' with the language of 'later posts'. ...
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39 views

Simple maths for an algorithm to searching a table to find out if one type of entry has a causal effect upon another type?

I asked this over on StackExchange and was sent over here... I have a database table which is recording two different types of events which seem to be related to one another. It records the date and ...
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1answer
129 views

Given a set of data points, how to use gradient descent to find the minimum in the function that passes from those data points?

I have a function with n parameters. I don't know the formula of the function but I can generate as many data points as I want using the function that I have. My question is, how can I find the set of ...
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1answer
28 views

Correct equation

What is the correct equation which describes the following dates: 270, 180, 135, 112.25, 101.25. I've obtained data whit the equations: 180 + 90 = 270 135 + 45 = 180 112.5 + 22.5 = ...
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27 views

How to compute a “weather” score for repeated trials over time, with a bias for recency

I'm doing some analysis on repeated software tests that can either pass or fail. For each test, I've collected a set of historical (pass/fail, timestamp) records, and I'd like to compute a score to ...
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1answer
43 views

Distance measures for binary data

I was wondering what are some good distance measures for binary data that have the following properties. I know that there are measures like the Jaccard index and the Dice Index, but they don't ...
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1answer
174 views

Sigmoid function with separate control of derivative at 0 and sharpness of bend.

For a physical relationship, $f(x)$, I'm trying to model, i have a fairly good determination of some of the boundaries, such that $ f(0) = 0$ $f'(0) = B$ $ \lim_{x\to\infty} f = A $ So far, what I ...
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1answer
101 views

How to appropriately normalize financial data?

I am evaluating a normalization of financial data. Two colleagues feel certain of a certain approach, and I am befuddled. The approach shapes the results how they want (i.e., brings possibly extreme ...
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1answer
260 views

Analyzing data to determine seasonal indices?

The quarterly sales levels for the past four years of a leading tyre manufacturer are displayed on the table table How to analyze the data to determine the specific seasonal indices,and what ...
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0answers
245 views

Kalman filter with sensors having different sampling rate

I would like to implement Kalman filter scheme with two different kind of sensors - say 9DOF IMU (gyro/accelerometer/magnetometer) and GPS sensor (position/velocity/altitude). Problem is, as i ...
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1answer
114 views

Looking for data science-oriented “Applied Maths for dummies” summer school

I'm a PhD candidate who critically lake of maths skills for his data science projects. I'm looking for a summer school that would enable me to take off in this aspects. This could be ...
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2answers
150 views

2D data fitting

I have some numbers as a function of 2 variables: $(x, y) \mapsto z$. I would like to know which function $z=z(x,y)$ best fits my data. Unfortunately, I don't have any hint, I mean, there's no ...
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1answer
549 views

Is there a scientific way to assign weights to historical data?

This is a common question I usually face while processing historical data. I have year on year data of an event for the past N years.I would like to assign weights to the data of these N years so that ...
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58 views

Is it possible to get function from bunch of points?

I have some points which I know the position in 3D. and that points made in sequence. for example, . (x1,y1,z1) ...
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1answer
63 views

matching two curves

I have two curves extracted from some data and I'm trying to detect when there is a difference. Each of these 3 plots represents a different data set. From these example curves below, I'm looking for ...
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1answer
42 views

How to convert one number range to another? (Prioritizing a list of skills based on current familiarity and usefulness)

I'm trying to come up with a formula to prioritize a list of skills that a learner should tackle based on: current familiarity with the skill, and the usefulness of the skill. Familiarity is a $1$ ...
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0answers
108 views

Two Part Question Regarding Function Analysis and Encryption

I've been to my professors office hours, and my teaching assistants are not making this clear for me. Encryption is such a great field of study and I really would like to get off on the right foot. ...
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3answers
95 views

$4\log_2(n)=n$ How to Solve for $n$?

As the title suggests, my log skills are pretty lacking. Need to learn how to get from $4\log_2(n)=n$ to $n=16$ ($\log$ base $2$). I've searched Google and it seems I am missing some core concept ...
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1answer
42 views

Decision to market one or the other game, based on the expected demand

For example, there is a new video game to market, lets call it Game 1, and there is a 0.60 probability that its competitor will produce a new game similar to it. (This 0.60 may not need to be known ...
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0answers
46 views

Approximating a probability distribution given multiple datasets

I am beginner in mathematics/statistics and apologise in advance for my faulty use of language. I am working on a problem in statistical genetics. Given a dataset, $D$, I obtained probabilities for ...
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19 views

Correct sampling methods for this data set / requirements

I am just looking for a push in the right direction as to what kind of sampling methods I can use to fulfill this set of sampling criteria. I had thought stratified sampling, but I'm not sure if ...
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4answers
63 views

Finding function for data

I'm in need of a function for this data which occurs in an application I am making. I've been staring at it for hours and I can't figure it out, hope someone here can help me. Here's the data: f(x) = ...
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1answer
73 views
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29 views

Aproximate data with this equation (or linearize the equation)

I have found an equation that describes the behaviour of a phisical system: $$ y=a_1e^{-a_2x} + a_3 + a_4x + a_5e^{{-a_6} / {(1-x)}}$$ Now I have data of that physical system and I want to ...
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4answers
143 views

Predicting the movement of people on a grid.

Let there be a $30$ by $30$ grid that is there are $900$ tiles.The rows are numbered from 1-30 while the columns are numbered from (i) to (xxx). There are total of $100$ people and each of them is ...
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3answers
58 views

Separating populations and estimating line-fit parameters

Given a dataset containing two populations, each of which can be described by a linear relationship between two variables in each sample with high R$^2$, how does one separate the two populations (and ...
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2answers
71 views

Can we express “exactly X” with set theory?

I have a question that I think that is a better fit here than a programming SE as SQL is founded on set theory and my question is more about set theory than about a programming question. Assuming I ...
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2answers
47 views

Scaling data into $[-1,1]$

I have a data in the matrix for: \begin{bmatrix} 1 & 2 & 3 & 9 & 6\\ 8 & 2 & 7 & 4 & 6 \\ 1 & 2 & 8 & 7 & 4 \end{bmatrix} Each row corresponds ...
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2answers
56 views

Best way to generalize a distribution of data into smaller subsets?

Suppose I had a data set as follows: 168.95, 176.83, 178.13, 179.61, 179.44, 172.83, 173.37, 174.06, 174.94, 175.43, 175.73, 175.5, 173.78, 174.06, 172.71, 174.3, 178.38, 178.43, 177.18, 175.34, ...
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2answers
148 views

Function to fit a curve

I am trying to fit a function to data that looks like the following. I have no idea what the function is, but by visual inspection it seems to be a parabola (or some other convex polynomial) + a ...
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0answers
62 views

Why do candlestick plots seem to show a cyclical structure?

One oddity I notice is that if a random or quasi-random data series such as price data is plotted, it is similar to a random walk, but if the same data series is plotted using candlesticks ...
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1answer
196 views

How do you set the range for ListPlot (mathematica)

I have a large set (about 2050 values) of data that I would like to make a graph out of. The data is in two columns in Excel. I copied the first column and made the list x={0, 3.6, 7.1, 10.7...} and ...
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1answer
57 views

The number of nuts in a package of “Premium Cashews” is normally distributed with a mean of 433 and a standard deviation of 6 nuts.

The number of nuts in a package of "Premium Cashews" is normally distributed with a mean of 433 and a standard deviation of 6 nuts. Packages with fewer than 420 nuts or more than 445 nuts will be ...
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1answer
30 views

Continuity correction: Change P(2 ≤ x < 9) to continuous?

Convert discrete probability into continuous probability using continuous correction: attempt: Discrete: P(2 ≤ x < 9) therefore continuous should be Continuous: P(1.5 < X < 8.5) Is this ...
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1answer
25 views

Rating based on 2 criterias

I'm trying to write rating system which scores items based on two criteria with different importance. Criteria_1 will have importance 0.2 and Criteria_2 will have 0.8. Maybe a bit of trickiness adds ...
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1answer
582 views

How do I 'reverse engineer' the standard deviation?

My problem is fairly concrete and direct. My company loves to do major business decisions based on many reports available on the media. These reports relates how our products are fairing in ...
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1answer
22 views

How do I calculate the function of an (expected) logarithmic distribution, if I know the area under the curve & one data point?

I'm trying to get the function that lets me determine the value of y, where x is an arbitrary number. In this case, I'm looking at sales charts, and I'm making the assumption that the function is ...
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99 views

Significance Tests & Confidence Intervals for Non-normal data

I have 2 nonnormally distributed samples of different sizes (N1~=N2). To evaluate whether there is a significant difference between these samples, I used the Mann_whitney U test (ranksum in MATLAB) ...