For questions on cross products.

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3
votes
2answers
64 views

Are these two rotation matrices related?

There are two $3\times3$ matrices $A$ and $B.$ Both represent a rotation in 3D space. $A$ and $B$ are given as follows where $a,b,c$ are column vectors. $A = [\begin{array}{ccc}a & b & c \\ ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Bio-Savart Law [Doubt about Cross Product in the equation]

In my physics textbook, Bio-Savart Law is written as: $$\vec{B} = \frac{K\,i\, d\vec{s} \times \vec{r}}{ 4 \pi \, r^2}$$ $K$: constant And, when the cross-product is made, the result is: $$B = ...
2
votes
2answers
95 views

Possible to solve this coupled system of vector equations?

Let $\gamma, \omega, c$ be positive constants, let $\mathbf{Q}_{a}$ and $\mathbf{Q}_{b}$ be three-dimensional vectors, and let $\mathbf{B}(\mathbf{r})=\mathbf{B}(x,y,z)$ be a vector field. Let ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Proof that $\mathbf{R}[\omega]_\times\mathbf{R} = [\mathbf{R}\omega]_\times$

I have to prove that $$\mathbf{R}[\omega]_\times\mathbf{R}^\mathrm{T} = [\mathbf{R}\omega]_\times$$ Herein $\omega$ is a vector with elements. The notation $[\mathbf{a}]_\times$ is a conversion of ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Determining $u=v \times w$ using the cross product

Let $v = (3,0,0)$ and $w=(0,1,-1).$ Determine $u = v \times w$ using the geometric properties of the cross product rather than the formula. What are the possible angles $x$ between two unit vectors ...
11
votes
5answers
6k views

Why does cross product give a vector which is perpendicular to a plane

I was wondering if anyone could give me the intuition behind the cross product of two vectors $\textbf{a}$ and $\textbf{b}$. Why does their cross product $\textbf{n} = \textbf{a} \times \textbf{b}$ ...
2
votes
1answer
190 views

Multiplying vectors (answered own question)

I recently realised that asking a question and answering our own question is allowed here, so here is a question I've seen commonly on many sites: "How does one multiply two vectors?" This is very ...
0
votes
1answer
168 views

Category-theoretic cross product and set-theoretic cross product

I recently proved as an exercise the associativity of cross product as defined in category theory. But in set theory, cross product is not associative. It seems intuitive to me that cross should be ...
1
vote
1answer
263 views

Find closest vector to A which is perpendicular to B

To start, I would like to apologize if the answer to my question was easily googled, I am quite new to this and googling "Find closest vector to A which is perpendicular to B" gave me no results. My ...
7
votes
1answer
887 views

Do the BAC-CAB identity for triple vector product have some intepretation?

As in the title, I was wondering if the formula: $$a\times (b\times c)=b(a\cdot c)-c(a \cdot b)$$ for $\mathbb R ^3$ cross product has some geometrical interpretation. I've recently seen a proof (from ...
0
votes
1answer
153 views

Cross product as factor in dot product [duplicate]

Given there are two vectors $w,v$ with $||w||=4$ , $||v||=1$ and $\phi=\frac{2\pi}{3}$ How do you transform the following expression into a form in which it can be computed with the given ...
0
votes
2answers
74 views

Computing cross product using norm and angle

Sorry for the weird title, if someone finds a better title for my problem be my guest to edit it ;) For $\mathbf{v,w} $ in R³ with $\mathbf{||v||=1 ;||w||=4; \theta =\frac{2\pi}{3}}$ Solve ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Find vectors vertical to given vectors with certain length

Given the vectors $\mathbf{u,v}$ in R³, determine all vectors that are vertical to $\mathbf{u}$ and $\mathbf{v}$ with length = 1 Every vector $\mathbf{x'}$ that is to be found must meet these ...
1
vote
3answers
53 views

Reordering vector product

If I have vectors $a, b, c \in \mathbb{R}^3$, and if we have e.g. $a = b\times c$, is there any way to express $b$ in terms of the other two?
3
votes
2answers
214 views

Help over the proof of triple vector product identity

For all vectors $\bf{x}$, $\bf{y}$ and $\bf{z}$, $$\bf{x}\times(\bf{y}\times\bf{z})=(\bf{x}\cdot\bf{z})\bf{y}-(\bf{x}\cdot\bf{y})\bf{z}$$ The proof goes as follows: We may suppose that $\bf{y}$ ...
4
votes
1answer
547 views

Interpretation of eigenvectors of cross product

If we fix a non-zero vector $\boldsymbol{v}\in\mathbb{R}^3$, then the linear map $\boldsymbol{x}\mapsto\boldsymbol{v}\times\boldsymbol{x}$ has trivial eigenvectors $\boldsymbol{x}_1=t\boldsymbol{v}$ ...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

How to solve cross-products including matrices?

I'm a programmer and I'm doing a whitebalance-transformation in RGB colorspace. This should work with this transformation matrix that I've found in literature: $$ \begin{pmatrix} R \\ G \\ B ...
4
votes
3answers
358 views

Cross product- square

I recently saw the following expression somewhere- $$\frac{1}{2} \left\| \frac{\vec{u}}{9} \times \frac{\vec{u} + \vec{v}}{9} \right\| + \frac{1}{2} \left\| \frac{\vec{u} + \vec{v}}{9}\times ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Cross product, ortonormal basis

Could you explain to me why for $\{i, \ j, \ k\}$ an orthonormal basis of $\mathbb{R}^3$ we have $i \times j =k, \ \ j \times k = i, \ \ k \times i =j$? Thank you.
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Comparing a geometric definition of cross product to the “usual” one

Could you help me with my little problem? Given this definition of cross product: 1) $a \times b$ is perpendicular to $a$ and $b$, whenever $ a,b$ are linearly independent 2) basis $a, \ b, \ a ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

Solution set to cross product

If $\vec a,\vec b \in \mathbb{R}^3$ with $|\vec a|\ne0$ show that the equation $\vec a \times \vec u =\vec b$ has a solution if and only if $a \cdot b = 0$ and find all the solutions in this case. ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

Given $u=(-2,5,3)$ find a unit vector $v$ s.t $|u\times v|$ is maximal, and then a unit vector $w$ s.t $|(u\times v)\cdot w|$ is minimal

This is a similar question to the one I have posted before. The problem is as in the title: Given $u=(-2,5,3)$ find a unit vector $v$ s.t $|u\times v|$ is maximal, and then a unit vector $w$ s.t ...
2
votes
1answer
300 views

Cross Product for functions

So functions are just uncountabley-infinite dimensional vectors, and as such there's a nice generalization of the inner product between two functions (the integral of their product). Is their a ...
2
votes
3answers
12k views

Area of a parallelogram, vertices $(-1,-1), (4,1), (5,3), (10,5)$.

I need to find the area of a parallelogram with vertices $(-1,-1), (4,1), (5,3), (10,5)$. If I denote $A=(-1,-1)$, $B=(4,1)$, $C=(5,3)$, $D=(10,5)$, then I see that ...
1
vote
1answer
231 views

Test of handedness

I'm reading a book on linear algebra, where the author gives a method to test the handedness or chirality of a given set of 3 basis vectors. if (v1 x v2) . v3 > 0 then it's right-handed, while if ...
1
vote
2answers
303 views

Vectors and Cross Product

I have these two questions regarding the Cross Product. 1.) You are looking down at a map. A vector $u$ with $|u| = 3$ points north and a vector $v$ with $|v| = 10$ points northeast. What is $|u ...
1
vote
1answer
562 views

How to generate an ordered list of vertices of a cube from a face and a normal vector

Consider a cube with faces we'll call "left", "right", "front", "back", "top" and "bottom". The cube can be described by $0 \le x,y,z \le 1$. To name the faces, we'll say $x$ extends to the right, ...
1
vote
1answer
623 views

The Darboux vector is defined by $D = \tau T + \kappa B$. Show that $T' = D \times T$

The Darboux Vector is defined as $D = \tau T + \kappa B$. Show that for a unit speed curve $$T' = D \times T \hspace{1cm} ... $$ Here, the $...$ represents the fact that there are a few ...
8
votes
1answer
202 views

Maps of $\mathbb{R}^3$ preserving the cross product

Given a map $\phi:\Bbb R^3 \rightarrow \Bbb R^3$ such that for all $a,b \in \Bbb R^3$: $$\phi(a \times b)=\phi(a) \times \phi(b)$$ Is $\phi$ necessarily a rotation around the origin or the map ...
0
votes
1answer
180 views

Special Case of Lie-algebra

Suppose $\Bbb{R}^3$ with $[u,v]=u\times v$, thus the cross product of $u$ and $v$ and suppose also $\mathfrak{so}(n)$, the space of skew symmetric $n\times n$-matrices with $[a,b]=ab-ba$. Then i have ...
-1
votes
2answers
1k views

Find the sine sign given a pair of 3D vectors

I want to find the exact sine between two vectors in 3-dimensional space. Data: $x$: vector $y$: vector $z = \Vert x \times y \Vert$ I have tried this: $$\sin \alpha = \frac{\Vert z\Vert}{( ...
4
votes
3answers
599 views

Rotational invariance of cross product

Hi guys I'm looking for a proof that $ ( Ra \times Rb ) = R ( a \times b ) $ where $\times$ is the three-dimensional cross product, and $R$ is a rotational matrix ( $\det R = 1$ and $R^T R = I$ ) ...
2
votes
0answers
212 views

Cross product in higher than 3 dimensions

As I understand it, to get an $n$-dimensional cross product, you need $n-1$ vectors of dimension $n$. However my lecture notes are quite miss leading in the fact that they suggest this isn't always ...
1
vote
2answers
103 views

What does the symbol $\Delta$ stands for?

While studying Landau-Lifshitz equation following term appears, $-m \times (m \times \Delta m) = \Delta m + |\nabla m|^2 m$ In above equation m is a vector quantity. It will be great if someone can ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Vector product proof

Prove that if $$a=b \times c$$ $$b=c \times a$$ $$c=a \times b$$ then $a \perp b$, $a \perp c$, $b \perp c$, and $|a|=|b|=|c|=1$
0
votes
1answer
243 views

Cross product proof

Three vectors $a$, $b$, and $c$ are given. Prove that if $a \perp b$, $a \perp c$, $b \perp c$, and $|a|=|b|=|c|=1$, then $$a=b \times c$$ $$b=c \times a$$ $$c=a \times b$$
5
votes
5answers
14k views

What is the general formula for calculating dot and cross products in spherical coordinates?

I was writing a C++ class for working with 3D vectors. I have written operations in the Cartesian coordinates easily, but I'm stuck and very confused at spherical coordinates. I googled my question ...
0
votes
1answer
408 views

Cross product as result of projections

The cross product between two vectors in $\Bbb{R}^3$ (call them a and b) is denoted a $\times$ b and the result is a vector in $\Bbb{R}^3$ orthogonal to the first two. There are a variety of ways of ...
1
vote
1answer
196 views

proof for $[\vec{a}\cdot (\vec{b} \times \vec{c})]\vec{a}=(\vec{a}\times\vec{b})\times(\vec{a}\times\vec{c})$

I encounter this triple product property in wikipedia But I can't find proof for $$[\vec{a}\cdot (\vec{b} \times \vec{c})]\vec{a}=(\vec{a}\times\vec{b})\times(\vec{a}\times\vec{c})$$ The RHS cross ...
1
vote
1answer
339 views

Cross product and inverse of a matrix

I would like to show that $\left(\begin{array}{ccc} 1 & s & s^2 \\ 1 & t & t^2 \\ 1 & u & u^2 \end{array}\right)$ has an inverse provided $s$, $t$ and $u$ are distinct. I ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Derivative of a vector function

Can someone please check my work below to confirm whether or not I got the correct answer? This is question 13.2.16 in the 7th edition of Stewart Calculus. Find the derivative of the vector function: ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

problem understanding $a\times((b\cdot b)a-(b\cdot a)b)=-a\cdot ba\times b$

$a\times(b\times(a\times b))=a\times((b\cdot b)a-(b\cdot a)b)=-a\cdot ba\times b$ can anyone expand on how the final answer is derived? I try to expand but ended up scratching my head. the best I can ...
2
votes
2answers
266 views

How to prove the equality of two vectors?

OK, i am trying to prove that if $\vec a\times \vec b = \vec a \times \vec c$ and also $\vec a\cdot \vec b = \vec a \cdot \vec c$ then $\vec b = \vec c$. so far i got to $\vec n \tan \alpha = \vec m ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How do you compute the normal vector to a hyperplane in $\mathbb{R}^n$ given $n$ representative points?

Given $n$ points (no two identical, no three colinear, no four coplanar, etc.), I'd like to find a formula for the normal vector to the unique hyperplane that intersects each of these points. In ...
6
votes
2answers
171 views

Explanation of a cross product result

In my book the result $$(u\times v)\cdot(x\times y)=\begin{vmatrix} u\cdot x & v\cdot x \\u \cdot y & v \cdot y\end{vmatrix},$$ where u, v, x and y are arbitrary vectors, is stated (here ...
-1
votes
3answers
69 views

Why is this not possible?

Why is the following not possible? $$\frac{2x-1}{2x}\neq4x-2$$ And the following method not correct? $$\bigg(\frac{2x-1}{2x} + \frac{1}{1}\bigg)-1\equiv\frac{2x-1}{2x}$$ Cross multiplying: ...
3
votes
1answer
537 views

Determining partial derivatives and cross products for bicubic interpolation using function values only?

I'm trying to implement a bicubic interpolation algorithm. In order to calculate the interpolated values, I need to calculate sixteen coefficients used in the calculation process - and that's where ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Another Cross Product

So I understand most of the properties of cross products. However I ran into a small complication. I get that $i\times j = k$, $j\times k = i$. I also understand that $k \times j = -i$ and that ...
28
votes
6answers
9k views

Is the vector cross product only defined for 3D?

Wikipedia introduces the vector product for two vectors $\vec a$ and $\vec b$ as $$ \vec a \times\vec b=(||\vec a||||\vec b||\sin\Theta)\vec n $$ It then mentions that $\vec n$ is the vector normal ...
2
votes
2answers
62 views

Cocountable fibers

Let $C$ be an uncountable set. Can we construct a set $A \subseteq C^2$ such that it has a cocountable number of cocountable horizontal fibers, and a cocountable number of countable vertical fibers?