For questions on cross products.

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Cross Product of Covectors

Is the vector/cross product defined for covectors (in the dual space) or is it, strictly speaking, only defined for vectors themselves? I would imagine that it works fine for covectors but I wanted to ...
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2answers
1k views

Why is cross product only defined in 3 and 7 dimensions? [duplicate]

Why $3$ and $7$? I know from some reading that Hurwitz's Theorem explains this, but can someone help me build some intuition behind this or perhaps provide a simpler explanation? It still seems ...
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1answer
22 views

cross-products versus units of measure

If I draw 2 perpendicular line segments on the ground, 3 meters and 4 meters, how far into the sky does their cross-product extend? What if instead the line lengths are 300 cm and 400 cm? Can ...
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1answer
58 views

Prove that $g(t) \times \frac{d}{dt} g(t) = 0$

If the vectorial function $r = g(t)$, with values in $\mathbb R^3$ and where $t\in\mathbb R$, is a solution of the differential equation $\frac{d^2}{dt^2} r(t) = t^2 r(t)$, such that $g(0) = 0$, ...
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1answer
90 views

Can cross products be defined without coordinates?

I recently learned about cross products and understood that cross products can be computed without an origin and coordinates in three dimensions, like vectors can be defined without coordinates. But ...
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36 views

Given two lines, how do I find the plane?

$$r_1(t) = \langle t, 2t, 3t\rangle$$ $$r_2(t) = \langle3t, t, 8t\rangle$$ I found $\mathbf{n} = \langle13,1,-5\rangle$ Can I just plug in say $P_0 = (0,0,0)$ and get $13x+y-5z = 0$?
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1answer
69 views

Cross product and right hand rule

Is there a simple proof that the cross product (defined as the usual determinant) always obeys the right hand rule?
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1answer
82 views

Find the length and direction of $u \times v$ and $v \times u$

So I was given two vectors: $u=-8i- 2j- 4k$, and $v=2i+2j+k$. I was able to figure out the cross product of $u\times v$ which is $6i-12k$, and $v \times u$ which is $-6i+12k$. However, I need help ...
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2answers
93 views

Cross product in > 3d

What exactly would we get by calculating the cross product of vectors in $R^n, n>3$ using the formula $\vec a \times\vec b=(||\vec a||||\vec b||\sin\Theta)\vec n$ $\vec n$ being a vector normal ...
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2answers
59 views

Vector triple product = 0

Let $U, V, W$ be three non-zero vectors, no two of which are parallel. Under what conditions is $U\times(V\times W) = 0$?
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1answer
83 views

How do you find the max value of a length of a vector?

I have a vector $v = 7j$ and a vector $u$ with a length of 5 that starts at the origin and rotates in the $xy$-plane. How am I supposed to find the max value of the length of the vector $|u \times ...
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What is does the transformation $[\mathbf{a}]_{\times}$ do?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross_product#Conversion_to_matrix_multiplication I'm curious about the matrix $[\mathbf{a}]_{\times} \stackrel{\rm def}{=} ...
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2answers
999 views

Equation of plane that goes for intersection of 2 planes and is perpindicular to another plane

Really don't know what to do here, went to a tutor neither did he. Okay first the problem: Find the equation of the plane that passes through the line of intersection of the planes x − z = 2 and y + ...
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1answer
47 views

Relation between $\vec{a}\times\left(\vec{b}\times\vec{c}\right)$ and $\left(\vec{a}\times\vec{b}\right)\times\vec{c}$

The operation $\vec{a}\times\left(\vec{b}\times\vec{c}\right)$ can be simplified to $\vec{b}\left(\vec{a}\cdot\vec{c}\right) - \vec{c}\left(\vec{a}\cdot\vec{b}\right)$ and can easily be remembered by ...
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0answers
39 views

Cross Product Component Values

When taking the cross product, the x component of the perpendicular vector is the (signed) area of the yz projection of the parallelogram spanned by the two vectors it's orthogonal to-right? And ...
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2answers
48 views

Prove that vectors x,y are linearly dependent exactly when …

Prove that vectors $\vec{x},\vec{y}$ (belonging to $\mathbb{R}^3$) are linearly dependent only if the following is true $$ \begin{vmatrix} x_1&y_1 \\ x_2&y_2 \end{vmatrix} ...
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161 views

Cross Product - Moments :: Dynamics

Some background: I am self studying dynamics and I have encountered a fundamental problem with either my understanding of linear algebra, or I am just plain dumb. So, I print screened the page of the ...
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2answers
443 views

Finding the volume of a pyramid (the vector way)

The problem I have 4 points $ P \; (-1,2,0) \\ Q \; (2,1,3) \\ R \; (1,0,1) \\ S \; (3,-2,3) $ and I want to find the volume of a pyramid. What I'm most concerned here is the appropriate strategy ...
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1answer
152 views

Projective geometry. Interpretation of a cross product between a line coincident with a point

Let $p \in \mathcal{P}^2$ be a point in projective 2-space coincident with a line $l\in\mathcal{P}^2$ such that $l^\top p = 0$. What does $l \times p$ mean? For example, $p = ...
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2answers
208 views

How to find all 3 orthogonal vectors to a 4D vector

For a program I'm writing, I need to find the vectors orthogonal to a given vector rotated at an arbitrary angle, and in 4D. It is a unit vector. For 3D, I found the two orthogonal vectors like ...
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5answers
96 views

Reasoning behind the cross products used to find area

Alright, so I do not have any issues with calculating the area between two vectors. That part is easy. Everywhere that I looked seemed to explain how to calculate the area, but not why the cross ...
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0answers
29 views

Matrix: Area of a Triangle, which point to choose for cross multiplication

When given 3 points(vertices), which one should you pick to do the your calculations with. E.g.: $P1=(1,-1,1) P2=(2,1,-1) P3=(1,-2,-1) $ I can pick P1 -> P2 and P1 -> P3. Then do my cross ...
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1answer
242 views

Finding 2 vectors orthogonal to each other and a given vector

given vector: $u = <1, -7, 2>$ Find a vector $v$ and $w$ which are are orthogonal to each other and to $u$ I tried the following: $$ v \cdot u = <1,1,c> \cdot <1,-7,2> \rightarrow ...
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2answers
276 views

Proof in a Scalar Triple Product [closed]

For any three vectors $\vec a,\ \vec b,\ \vec c$, show that : $$[\vec a\times\vec b,\ \vec b\times\vec c,\ \vec c\times\vec a]=[\vec a,\ \vec b,\ \vec c]^2$$ where $[\vec a,\vec b,\vec c]=\vec ...
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Generating a 3d ribbon from a series of points

I am attempting to generate a 3d ribbon from a set of 3d points. The idea is to generate a realistic ribbon which follows those points. In its current state, one example looks like this: In this ...
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1answer
38 views

Given 3 cross products of 3 vectors, how do you solve an expression of this format?

If you're given: $$a \times b = (2, -4, 2),\quad a \times c = (7, 13, -11),\quad b \times c = (1, 7, 1)$$ what properties of cross products or formulas can you use to solve $(2b - c) \times (3a + ...
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39 views

Cross-Product Intuition

Can anyone provide me with a little geometric insight as to why the ratio of the vector components of some vector perpendicular to two other should simply be the projections of those two vectors onto ...
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1answer
60 views

Projection on a hyperplan and a hypercube intersection

I need to project an array y onto a hyperspace defined by (a.x) = c where a is an array in R^N However, x needs to belong in the hypercube {0 <= x_i <= 1, for all i from 1 to n} Therefore from ...
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3answers
81 views

Cross product of vector functions

I was trying to make sense of a problem when I stumbled upon this on yahoo answers. I was just wondering if it was correct. If it is, can you please maybe explain why? ${\bf r}'(t) = \langle -5 \cos ...
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1answer
58 views

Why and how are quaternions 'bilinear'?

What does it mean when we say that quaternion composition is 'bilinear'? I have observed that some authors write quaternion multiplication as: While others specify: Excuse the poor images, ...
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1answer
184 views

Showing that a set of points equidistant to two other points form a plane.

Question: if p and q are two distinct points in space, show that the set of points equidistant from p and q form a plane. Work Done: Note: I'm pretty sure this can be done with vectors and cross ...
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3answers
566 views

How come the cross product of two planes is collinear with the direction vector of the line?

If two planes intersect in a line, explain why the cross product of the normal vectors of the planes is collinear with the direction vector of the line.
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1answer
100 views

Show that $e^{\theta(s\times)} = I + \sin\theta(s\times) + (1 − \cos \theta)(s\times)^2$

$$e^{\theta(s\times)} = I + \sin\theta(s\times) + (1 − \cos \theta)(s\times)^2$$ I have to prove the above formula and am not sure where to start, may someone please help me! The full question is ...
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2answers
60 views

Show that angular momentum can be divided into center of mass and internal coordinate

This might belong in physics but I want to be sure I am approaching the math right. Given: show angular momentum can be divided into separate parts of the center of mass and internal coordinates. ...
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1answer
47 views

Explanation for cross product observation

For a dynamics class, I have observed a weird correlation which my Professor couldn't explain. So I was wondering if someone would give me an explanation of what's happening . Here's a general ...
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116 views

How do I plot a bunch of vectors in Maple and find the difference and cross product between them?

Title says it all. This is the assignment I'm trying to do. http://math.rutgers.edu/~shtelen/Teaching/Fall-2013/L1_instr.pdf Data I need to plot ...
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1answer
158 views

on proving bac-cab rule, $\vec{A} \times ( \vec{B} \times \vec{C})= \vec{B} (\vec{A} \cdot\vec{C})- \vec{C}(\vec{A}\cdot\vec{B})$

I noticed something when I was doing a proof of the BAC-CAB rule, and wanted to check if my intuition was correct. First, when I actually multiplied out $\vec{B} (\vec{A} ...
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3answers
517 views

showing / proving curl identity $\nabla \times \left( \frac{1}{r^2} \hat r \right) = 0$

OK, I have to show the following: $$ \nabla \times \left( \frac{1}{r^2} \hat r \right) = 0$$ This should be pretty easy, but I wanted to be sure I was doing this correctly. I set up the matrix: ...
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3answers
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Help proving that $\vec{a}\times(\vec{a}\times(\vec{a}\times\vec{b}))\cdot\vec{c} = -\|\vec{a}\|^2\vec{a}\cdot\vec{b}\times\vec{c}$

This is problem 13 from Chapter 13, Section 14 of Apostol's Calculus Vol 1. I need to prove or disprove the formula $\vec{a}\times(\vec{a}\times(\vec{a}\times\vec{b}))\cdot\vec{c} = ...
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1answer
43 views

If $U \times V$ is a unit vector, $|U| = \sqrt{3}/3, |V| = 2$ and $U\cdot V > 0$, then what is the angle between $U$ and $V$?

If $U \times V$ is a unit vector, $|U| = \sqrt{3}/3$, $|V| = 2$ and $U \cdot V > 0$, then what is the angle between $U$ and $V$? Is this just dot product? $U \cdot V = |U| |V| \cos(\theta)$? Solve ...
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1answer
48 views

Unbiased estimate of cross-product for unbiased vector

Let $g$ be an unbiased estimate of a vector $G$. Can $g$ be used to find an unbiased estimate of the cross product $GG'$? I'm stuck because naively using $gg'$ is a biased estimator, with the ...
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1answer
260 views

Does this cross-product norm inequality hold?

Let $\times$ denote the cross-product. $\;$ Is it the case that For all unit vectors $\:\mathbf{x}\hspace{.01 in},\hspace{-0.03 in}\mathbf{y}\hspace{-0.03 in},\hspace{-0.02 in}\mathbf{z}\:$ in ...
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1answer
153 views

Multiplication of cross product with Levi-Civita symbol

I want to show following property for the scalar product $$ \left( \vec \omega \times \vec y,\vec \omega \times \vec y\right)=\left( \vec \omega,\vec y\times \left(\vec \omega \times \vec ...
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1answer
42 views

Help clearing doubt about expansion of $\vec i\times(\vec a\times \vec i)$

I have this doubt in vector analysis I need help with. I know that cross product of a vector with itself is a null vector ($\vec a\times \vec a=\vec 0)$ as both point the same direction. Now consider ...
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1answer
2k views

How to prove this vector identity

How do i prove this vector identity ? $$(\vec a \times \vec b)\times \vec c=(\vec a \cdot\vec c)\vec b - (\vec b\cdot\vec c)\vec a$$
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2answers
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Are these two rotation matrices related?

There are two $3\times3$ matrices $A$ and $B.$ Both represent a rotation in 3D space. $A$ and $B$ are given as follows where $a,b,c$ are column vectors. $A = [\begin{array}{ccc}a & b & c \\ ...
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1answer
80 views

Bio-Savart Law [Doubt about Cross Product in the equation]

In my physics textbook, Bio-Savart Law is written as: $$\vec{B} = \frac{K\,i\, d\vec{s} \times \vec{r}}{ 4 \pi \, r^2}$$ $K$: constant And, when the cross-product is made, the result is: $$B = ...
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2answers
71 views

Possible to solve this coupled system of vector equations?

Let $\gamma, \omega, c$ be positive constants, let $\mathbf{Q}_{a}$ and $\mathbf{Q}_{b}$ be three-dimensional vectors, and let $\mathbf{B}(\mathbf{r})=\mathbf{B}(x,y,z)$ be a vector field. Let ...
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1answer
52 views

Proof that $\mathbf{R}[\omega]_\times\mathbf{R} = [\mathbf{R}\omega]_\times$

I have to prove that $$\mathbf{R}[\omega]_\times\mathbf{R}^\mathrm{T} = [\mathbf{R}\omega]_\times$$ Herein $\omega$ is a vector with elements. The notation $[\mathbf{a}]_\times$ is a conversion of ...
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1answer
94 views

Determining $u=v \times w$ using the cross product

Let $v = (3,0,0)$ and $w=(0,1,-1).$ Determine $u = v \times w$ using the geometric properties of the cross product rather than the formula. What are the possible angles $x$ between two unit vectors ...