For questions on cross products.

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27 views

Why is the cross product contained in orthogonal complement?

Let $(V,\langle,\rangle)$ be the $\mathbb R^3$ with the standard bilinear-form and let $W \subset V$ be a two dimensional spanning set given by $v = (x_1,x_2,x_3)$ and $w = (y_1,y_2,y_3)$ and the ...
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21 views

Motivation for construction of cross-product (Quaternions?)

I just found a very interesting article here: http://www.johndcook.com/blog/2012/02/15/dot-cross-and-quaternion-products/ The author observes that by defining i,j,k s.t. $i^2=j^2=k^2=ijk=-1$, ...
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1answer
43 views

What is the difference between $|a|$ and $|| a ||$

So I am doing maths involving cross-product and dot-product and I came across the above two notation as in $||u\times v|| = ||u|| ||v|| \sin a$ and $u\cdot v = |u| |v| \cos a$. What is the difference ...
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21 views

Name of an identity for traceless matrices in $\mathbb{R}^3$?

While working on a more compact presentation of a derivation in the context of incompressible fluid flow we tried to simplify things by introducing intermediate steps instead of writing out lengthy ...
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Higher Dimensional Right-Hand Rule

In seven dimensions, the cross product makes sense. Without resorting to nonvector tensors or exterior products (although they can be used to further explain), how does one perform this cross product ...
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2answers
38 views

About matrix $R$, what is this called: $R^TR$? What is it for?

I am doing singular value decomposition on a matrix $R$. The first step is to compute such a matrix $R^TR$. What is this matrix? A reference told me this is cross product of matrix R. I use a ...
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21 views

How to find a normal vector from an equation in the form f(x,y)?

If I have an equation $f(x,y)$ which given the $x$ and $y$ coordinate, it gives you the $z$ coordinate. How can I find the normal (directional) vector of the the point $(x,y,f(x,y))$? This would be ...
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18 views

How to prove the distributive law of cross product by geometric definition

I'm asked to prove the distributive law of cross product by its geometric definition in an exercise, and I found the following answer in stack exchange. How to prove the distributive property of ...
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1answer
20 views

Cross Product in Levi-Civita Notation - The elementary basis vector's missing?

http://www.unl.edu.ar/ceneha/uploads/Cartesian_tensors_Index_notation_&_summation_convention.pdf avers: $1.$ $(a×b).(c×d) = \epsilon_{i jk}a_jb_k \quad e_{ilm}c_ld_m$ $2. \nabla × ...
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2answers
44 views

Adding two vectors such that the resulting vector is perpendicular to a third vector

Let $$a = (-3, 3, 1)$$ $$b = (1, 4, -4)$$ $$c = (2, 1, -3)$$ For which values of $t \in \Re$ is $b + tc$ perpendicular to a? For a vector to be perpendicular to $a$, the dot product of that ...
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Line integrals, cross products, surface integrals and Stoke's Theorem related problem?

The vector field $\vec{F}(\vec{R})$ is defined as being equal to the line integral over some simple closed curve $C$: $$\vec{F}(\vec{R})=\oint_C\|\vec{r}-\vec{R}\|^2d\vec{r}.$$ We show that there ...
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0answers
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Find an equation of the plane through the line of intersection…

Find an equation of the plane through the line of intersection of the planes x - z = 1 and y + 2z = 3 and perpendicular to the plane x + y - 2z = 1. Is this set up right? x y z 1 0 ...
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9 views

Cross Product of Covectors

Is the vector/cross product defined for covectors (in the dual space) or is it, strictly speaking, only defined for vectors themselves? I would imagine that it works fine for covectors but I wanted to ...
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2answers
451 views

Why is cross product only defined in 3 and 7 dimensions? [duplicate]

Why $3$ and $7$? I know from some reading that Hurwitz's Theorem explains this, but can someone help me build some intuition behind this or perhaps provide a simpler explanation? It still seems ...
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1answer
15 views

cross-products versus units of measure

If I draw 2 perpendicular line segments on the ground, 3 meters and 4 meters, how far into the sky does their cross-product extend? What if instead the line lengths are 300 cm and 400 cm? Can ...
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1answer
52 views

Prove that $g(t) \times \frac{d}{dt} g(t) = 0$

If the vectorial function $r = g(t)$, with values in $\mathbb R^3$ and where $t\in\mathbb R$, is a solution of the differential equation $\frac{d^2}{dt^2} r(t) = t^2 r(t)$, such that $g(0) = 0$, ...
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1answer
59 views

Can cross products be defined without coordinates?

I recently learned about cross products and understood that cross products can be computed without an origin and coordinates in three dimensions, like vectors can be defined without coordinates. But ...
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34 views

Given two lines, how do I find the plane?

$$r_1(t) = \langle t, 2t, 3t\rangle$$ $$r_2(t) = \langle3t, t, 8t\rangle$$ I found $\mathbf{n} = \langle13,1,-5\rangle$ Can I just plug in say $P_0 = (0,0,0)$ and get $13x+y-5z = 0$?
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36 views

Cross product and right hand rule

Is there a simple proof that the cross product (defined as the usual determinant) always obeys the right hand rule?
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33 views

Find the length and direction of $u \times v$ and $v \times u$

So I was given two vectors: $u=-8i- 2j- 4k$, and $v=2i+2j+k$. I was able to figure out the cross product of $u\times v$ which is $6i-12k$, and $v \times u$ which is $-6i+12k$. However, I need help ...
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72 views

Cross product in > 3d

What exactly would we get by calculating the cross product of vectors in $R^n, n>3$ using the formula $\vec a \times\vec b=(||\vec a||||\vec b||\sin\Theta)\vec n$ $\vec n$ being a vector normal ...
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2answers
41 views

Vector triple product = 0

Let $U, V, W$ be three non-zero vectors, no two of which are parallel. Under what conditions is $U\times(V\times W) = 0$?
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How do you find the max value of a length of a vector?

I have a vector $v = 7j$ and a vector $u$ with a length of 5 that starts at the origin and rotates in the $xy$-plane. How am I supposed to find the max value of the length of the vector $|u \times ...
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102 views

What is does the transformation $[\mathbf{a}]_{\times}$ do?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross_product#Conversion_to_matrix_multiplication I'm curious about the matrix $[\mathbf{a}]_{\times} \stackrel{\rm def}{=} ...
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60 views

Equation of plane that goes for intersection of 2 planes and is perpindicular to another plane

Really don't know what to do here, went to a tutor neither did he. Okay first the problem: Find the equation of the plane that passes through the line of intersection of the planes x − z = 2 and y + ...
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43 views

How do I prove that there is a minus in the vector product?

It's basically this problem but it wasn't welcomed in [academia.SE] . My teacher says this is the way to obtain the vector product of two vectors: $$\overrightarrow{u} \times \overrightarrow{v} = ...
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32 views

Given the normal vector n(s), determines the curvature k(s) and the torsion

Given the normal vector n(s) of a curve $\alpha$, with non zero torsion everywhere, determines the curvature k(s) and the torsion $\tau$(s) of $\alpha$. I am first trying to show the following which ...
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1answer
39 views

Relation between $\vec{a}\times\left(\vec{b}\times\vec{c}\right)$ and $\left(\vec{a}\times\vec{b}\right)\times\vec{c}$

The operation $\vec{a}\times\left(\vec{b}\times\vec{c}\right)$ can be simplified to $\vec{b}\left(\vec{a}\cdot\vec{c}\right) - \vec{c}\left(\vec{a}\cdot\vec{b}\right)$ and can easily be remembered by ...
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Cross Product Component Values

When taking the cross product, the x component of the perpendicular vector is the (signed) area of the yz projection of the parallelogram spanned by the two vectors it's orthogonal to-right? And ...
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2answers
45 views

Prove that vectors x,y are linearly dependent exactly when …

Prove that vectors $\vec{x},\vec{y}$ (belonging to $\mathbb{R}^3$) are linearly dependent only if the following is true $$ \begin{vmatrix} x_1&y_1 \\ x_2&y_2 \end{vmatrix} ...
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122 views

Cross Product - Moments :: Dynamics

Some background: I am self studying dynamics and I have encountered a fundamental problem with either my understanding of linear algebra, or I am just plain dumb. So, I print screened the page of the ...
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2answers
156 views

Finding the volume of a pyramid (the vector way)

The problem I have 4 points $ P \; (-1,2,0) \\ Q \; (2,1,3) \\ R \; (1,0,1) \\ S \; (3,-2,3) $ and I want to find the volume of a pyramid. What I'm most concerned here is the appropriate strategy ...
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1answer
91 views

Projective geometry. Interpretation of a cross product between a line coincident with a point

Let $p \in \mathcal{P}^2$ be a point in projective 2-space coincident with a line $l\in\mathcal{P}^2$ such that $l^\top p = 0$. What does $l \times p$ mean? For example, $p = ...
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2answers
107 views

How to find all 3 orthogonal vectors to a 4D vector

For a program I'm writing, I need to find the vectors orthogonal to a given vector rotated at an arbitrary angle, and in 4D. It is a unit vector. For 3D, I found the two orthogonal vectors like ...
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5answers
82 views

Reasoning behind the cross products used to find area

Alright, so I do not have any issues with calculating the area between two vectors. That part is easy. Everywhere that I looked seemed to explain how to calculate the area, but not why the cross ...
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Matrix: Area of a Triangle, which point to choose for cross multiplication

When given 3 points(vertices), which one should you pick to do the your calculations with. E.g.: $P1=(1,-1,1) P2=(2,1,-1) P3=(1,-2,-1) $ I can pick P1 -> P2 and P1 -> P3. Then do my cross ...
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1answer
63 views

Finding 2 vectors orthogonal to each other and a given vector

given vector: $u = <1, -7, 2>$ Find a vector $v$ and $w$ which are are orthogonal to each other and to $u$ I tried the following: $$ v \cdot u = <1,1,c> \cdot <1,-7,2> \rightarrow ...
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120 views

Proof in a Scalar Triple Product [closed]

For any three vectors $\vec a,\ \vec b,\ \vec c$, show that : $$[\vec a\times\vec b,\ \vec b\times\vec c,\ \vec c\times\vec a]=[\vec a,\ \vec b,\ \vec c]^2$$ where $[\vec a,\vec b,\vec c]=\vec ...
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Generating a 3d ribbon from a series of points

I am attempting to generate a 3d ribbon from a set of 3d points. The idea is to generate a realistic ribbon which follows those points. In its current state, one example looks like this: In this ...
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1answer
25 views

Given 3 cross products of 3 vectors, how do you solve an expression of this format?

If you're given: a x b = (2, -4, 2) a x c = (7, 13, -11) b x c = (1, 7, 1) what properties of cross products or formulas can you use to solve: ...
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Cross-Product Intuition

Can anyone provide me with a little geometric insight as to why the ratio of the vector components of some vector perpendicular to two other should simply be the projections of those two vectors onto ...
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1answer
47 views

Projection on a hyperplan and a hypercube intersection

I need to project an array y onto a hyperspace defined by (a.x) = c where a is an array in R^N However, x needs to belong in the hypercube {0 <= x_i <= 1, for all i from 1 to n} Therefore from ...
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3answers
69 views

Cross product of vector functions

I was trying to make sense of a problem when I stumbled upon this on yahoo answers. I was just wondering if it was correct. If it is, can you please maybe explain why? ${\bf r}'(t) = \langle -5 \cos ...
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1answer
53 views

Why and how are quaternions 'bilinear'?

What does it mean when we say that quaternion composition is 'bilinear'? I have observed that some authors write quaternion multiplication as: While others specify: Excuse the poor images, ...
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1answer
97 views

Showing that a set of points equidistant to two other points form a plane.

Question: if p and q are two distinct points in space, show that the set of points equidistant from p and q form a plane. Work Done: Note: I'm pretty sure this can be done with vectors and cross ...
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3answers
264 views

How come the cross product of two planes is collinear with the direction vector of the line?

If two planes intersect in a line, explain why the cross product of the normal vectors of the planes is collinear with the direction vector of the line.
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1answer
98 views

Show that $e^{\theta(s\times)} = I + \sin\theta(s\times) + (1 − \cos \theta)(s\times)^2$

$$e^{\theta(s\times)} = I + \sin\theta(s\times) + (1 − \cos \theta)(s\times)^2$$ I have to prove the above formula and am not sure where to start, may someone please help me! The full question is ...
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2answers
56 views

Show that angular momentum can be divided into center of mass and internal coordinate

This might belong in physics but I want to be sure I am approaching the math right. Given: show angular momentum can be divided into separate parts of the center of mass and internal coordinates. ...
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3answers
82 views

How do I plot a bunch of vectors in Maple and find the difference and cross product between them?

Title says it all. This is the assignment I'm trying to do. http://math.rutgers.edu/~shtelen/Teaching/Fall-2013/L1_instr.pdf Data I need to plot ...
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1answer
111 views

on proving bac-cab rule, $\vec{A} \times ( \vec{B} \times \vec{C})= \vec{B} (\vec{A} \cdot\vec{C})- \vec{C}(\vec{A}\cdot\vec{B})$

I noticed something when I was doing a proof of the BAC-CAB rule, and wanted to check if my intuition was correct. First, when I actually multiplied out $\vec{B} (\vec{A} ...