For questions on cross products.

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1answer
43 views

how $3i \times 3i = 9i \times i$? (i is the unit vector and $\times$ is cross product)

$i$ is the unit vector; didn't know how to write it. I'm reading a text and somewhere it uses something like $ai \times bi = (ab)i \times i$ (implicitly). I can see why this is true geometrically, ...
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1answer
41 views

Stokes' Theorem and Surfaces

Stokes' Theorem states the following: \begin{equation*} \oint_c \textbf{F}\centerdot d\textbf{r}= \int\int_S (\nabla \times\textbf{F})\centerdot nd \textbf{S}\end{equation*} for a given C that is the ...
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1answer
28 views

Vector cross product identity for $(a\times b)\cdot(c \times d)$

Prove that $(a\times b)\cdot(c \times d)=(a\cdot c)(b\cdot d)-(a\cdot d)(b\cdot c)$ I would appreciate some hints on how to solve this.I assume there is a method which does involve equating LHS ...
6
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5answers
300 views

Sphere equation given 4 points

Find the equation of the Sphere give the 4 points (3,2,1), (1,-2,-3), (2,1,3) and (-1,1,2). The *failed* solution I tried is kinda straigh forward: We need to find the center of the sphere. Having ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Is there any associative algebra that has all the algebraic properties of cross product?

Cross product is not associative, but is there any non-trivial associative algebra that has all the algebraic properties of cross product except the condition that would violate associativity and ...
3
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1answer
56 views

Is the matrix form of the cross product related to bilinear forms.

The cross product of two vectors $\mathbf{x}, \mathbf{y} \in \mathbb{R}^3$ can be represented as a matrix product as follows, if $\mathbf{x} = (x_1, x_2, x_3)^{\top}$ then $\mathbf{x} \times ...
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1answer
17 views

Cross-product is a left singular vector?

Assume A is a 3x2 matrix with rank(A)=2. u1 and u2 are already left singular vectors... How would I go about proving that the cross-product of the two is also a left singular vector? Hints would be ...
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0answers
14 views

Properties of cross product ${\rm i}(a\times a^*)$

Given a complex 3-vector $a\in\mathbb{C}^3$, let $b$ be the following vector $$b={\rm i}(a\times a^*)$$ where $a^*$ is the element-wise complex conjugate of $a$. As can be easily shown by ...
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0answers
20 views

Cross product query.

In cross product, we do it like: a vector x b vector = a*b*sin(theta). From where does this sin(theta) came from? Can someone please derive the cross product and explain it.
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0answers
34 views

covariance of cross product of two vectors

I have two independent vectors in 3D and know the covariance matrix of each. What will be the covariance of cross products of above vectors. In particular what will be the covariance of cross ...
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1answer
53 views

Product rule for gradient of cross product

The book I am reading gives a list of product rules, among them the following: $$\nabla \cdot (v\times w) =(\nabla \cdot v) w-v\nabla \cdot w.$$ However, the left-hand side is a number whereas the ...
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1answer
59 views

Programming constraints in video game. How are these two equations equal?

I'm currently working on programming a game that uses a physics engine (NAPE). Inside of that engine there are constraints that you can program. In order to program those you need a somewhat ...
0
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1answer
23 views

If $u$ and $v$ are vectors in $R^3$, simplify the expression $(u+v) \times (u-v)$ as much as possible.

Here is my thinking process for answering this question: Cross product is neither commutative nor associative. Hence I cannot do any algebraic operations on this expression. However I know that cross ...
0
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2answers
54 views

How to prove this Gram determinant

Let $E$ be an Euclidian oriented vector space of dimension $3$ and $x,y,u,w \in E$. How do we prove (without coodinates) $$ \det \begin{pmatrix} \langle x,u \rangle & \langle x,w \rangle \\ ...
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3answers
38 views

Calculus - Components of a unit vector

Determine the components of a unit vector perpendicular to (0, 3, -5) and (2, 3, 1). I think I should be using either cross or dot product, but am unsure on what to do from there.
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2answers
78 views

Given two unit vectors, find a vector perpendicular with additional constraint

Given two unit length vectors find a perpendicular vector of unit length. I want to know if there's a way to do this without using a square root operation (avoid a normalization operation). Since the ...
3
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1answer
55 views

cross product in cylindrical coordinates

Hi i know this is a really really simple question but it has me confused. I want to calculate the cross product of two vectors $$ \vec a \times \vec r. $$ The vectors are given by $$ \vec a= a\hat ...
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1answer
33 views

Clarify Right hand Rule

I was just wondering whether in the right hand rule are all 3 vectors perpendicular to one another or is it simply one way, i.e. $A \times B=C$, would it be right to also say $C \times A=B$ and $C ...
1
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2answers
29 views

Writing a vector as the sum of two other vectors.

Suppose you have 2 vectors $\vec a = (1,1,2)$ and $\vec b = (3,4,-2)$, how would you write $\vec a$ as the sum of 2 vectors $\vec c$ and $\vec d$ where $\vec c$ is in the direction of $\vec b$ and ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Cross Product in 3D

Hi! I am currently working on some calc2 online homework problems concerning the cross product. I understand how the cross product works, but I am not sure how to apply it to this question. I know ...
2
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1answer
34 views

Determine Cross Product with Left Hand vs Right Hand

If I perceive http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross_product correctly, then to determine the cross product With a right hand, let: the 1st vector in the cross product = your index finger = in red ...
0
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1answer
46 views

Image and Kernel of different linear maps and their dimension

I'm trying to determine the image and the kernel of different linear maps. I understood well the theory but I can not transfer the knowledge of the books I have read to specific linear maps. 1) ...
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0answers
10 views

Relational Algebra Cross Join Definition. Need Clarification

I'm currently reading Lee Wilkinson's Grammar of Graphics, and I'm having trouble understanding his mathematical definition of the cross join. I understand the input and output, but the relational ...
2
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1answer
137 views

How do I solve $F = \nabla\times G$ for $G$?

Given the vector valued function $F(x,y,z) = (xz,-yz,y)$ find $G$ such that $F = \nabla\times G$ I let $G(x,y,z) = (G_1,G_2,G_3)$ and expanded $\nabla \times G$ then equated the components to $F$ but ...
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1answer
42 views

Why is the cross product contained in orthogonal complement?

Let $(V,\langle,\rangle)$ be the $\mathbb R^3$ with the standard bilinear-form and let $W \subset V$ be a two dimensional spanning set given by $v = (x_1,x_2,x_3)$ and $w = (y_1,y_2,y_3)$ and the ...
0
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1answer
43 views

Motivation for construction of cross-product (Quaternions?)

I just found a very interesting article here: http://www.johndcook.com/blog/2012/02/15/dot-cross-and-quaternion-products/ The author observes that by defining i,j,k s.t. $i^2=j^2=k^2=ijk=-1$, ...
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1answer
47 views

What is the difference between $|a|$ and $|| a ||$

So I am doing maths involving cross-product and dot-product and I came across the above two notation as in $||u\times v|| = ||u|| ||v|| \sin a$ and $u\cdot v = |u| |v| \cos a$. What is the difference ...
3
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1answer
178 views

Name of an identity for traceless matrices in $\mathbb{R}^3$?

While working on a more compact presentation of a derivation in the context of incompressible fluid flow we tried to simplify things by introducing intermediate steps instead of writing out lengthy ...
3
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0answers
19 views

Higher Dimensional Right-Hand Rule

In seven dimensions, the cross product makes sense. Without resorting to nonvector tensors or exterior products (although they can be used to further explain), how does one perform this cross product ...
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2answers
42 views

About matrix $R$, what is this called: $R^TR$? What is it for?

I am doing singular value decomposition on a matrix $R$. The first step is to compute such a matrix $R^TR$. What is this matrix? A reference told me this is cross product of matrix R. I use a ...
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2answers
35 views

How to find a normal vector from an equation in the form f(x,y)?

If I have an equation $f(x,y)$ which given the $x$ and $y$ coordinate, it gives you the $z$ coordinate. How can I find the normal (directional) vector of the the point $(x,y,f(x,y))$? This would be ...
3
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1answer
38 views

Cross Product in Levi-Civita Notation - The elementary basis vector's missing?

http://www.unl.edu.ar/ceneha/uploads/Cartesian_tensors_Index_notation_&_summation_convention.pdf avers: $1.$ $(a×b).(c×d) = \epsilon_{i jk}a_jb_k \quad e_{ilm}c_ld_m$ $2. \nabla × ...
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2answers
51 views

Adding two vectors such that the resulting vector is perpendicular to a third vector

Let $$a = (-3, 3, 1)$$ $$b = (1, 4, -4)$$ $$c = (2, 1, -3)$$ For which values of $t \in \Re$ is $b + tc$ perpendicular to a? For a vector to be perpendicular to $a$, the dot product of that ...
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2answers
110 views

Line integrals, cross products, surface integrals and Stoke's Theorem related problem?

The vector field $\vec{F}(\vec{R})$ is defined as being equal to the line integral over some simple closed curve $C$: $$\vec{F}(\vec{R})=\oint_C\|\vec{r}-\vec{R}\|^2d\vec{r}.$$ We show that there ...
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0answers
10 views

Cross Product of Covectors

Is the vector/cross product defined for covectors (in the dual space) or is it, strictly speaking, only defined for vectors themselves? I would imagine that it works fine for covectors but I wanted to ...
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2answers
904 views

Why is cross product only defined in 3 and 7 dimensions? [duplicate]

Why $3$ and $7$? I know from some reading that Hurwitz's Theorem explains this, but can someone help me build some intuition behind this or perhaps provide a simpler explanation? It still seems ...
1
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1answer
18 views

cross-products versus units of measure

If I draw 2 perpendicular line segments on the ground, 3 meters and 4 meters, how far into the sky does their cross-product extend? What if instead the line lengths are 300 cm and 400 cm? Can ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Prove that $g(t) \times \frac{d}{dt} g(t) = 0$

If the vectorial function $r = g(t)$, with values in $\mathbb R^3$ and where $t\in\mathbb R$, is a solution of the differential equation $\frac{d^2}{dt^2} r(t) = t^2 r(t)$, such that $g(0) = 0$, ...
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1answer
82 views

Can cross products be defined without coordinates?

I recently learned about cross products and understood that cross products can be computed without an origin and coordinates in three dimensions, like vectors can be defined without coordinates. But ...
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0answers
36 views

Given two lines, how do I find the plane?

$$r_1(t) = \langle t, 2t, 3t\rangle$$ $$r_2(t) = \langle3t, t, 8t\rangle$$ I found $\mathbf{n} = \langle13,1,-5\rangle$ Can I just plug in say $P_0 = (0,0,0)$ and get $13x+y-5z = 0$?
3
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1answer
53 views

Cross product and right hand rule

Is there a simple proof that the cross product (defined as the usual determinant) always obeys the right hand rule?
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1answer
49 views

Find the length and direction of $u \times v$ and $v \times u$

So I was given two vectors: $u=-8i- 2j- 4k$, and $v=2i+2j+k$. I was able to figure out the cross product of $u\times v$ which is $6i-12k$, and $v \times u$ which is $-6i+12k$. However, I need help ...
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2answers
84 views

Cross product in > 3d

What exactly would we get by calculating the cross product of vectors in $R^n, n>3$ using the formula $\vec a \times\vec b=(||\vec a||||\vec b||\sin\Theta)\vec n$ $\vec n$ being a vector normal ...
0
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2answers
55 views

Vector triple product = 0

Let $U, V, W$ be three non-zero vectors, no two of which are parallel. Under what conditions is $U\times(V\times W) = 0$?
2
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1answer
52 views

How do you find the max value of a length of a vector?

I have a vector $v = 7j$ and a vector $u$ with a length of 5 that starts at the origin and rotates in the $xy$-plane. How am I supposed to find the max value of the length of the vector $|u \times ...
0
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0answers
102 views

What is does the transformation $[\mathbf{a}]_{\times}$ do?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross_product#Conversion_to_matrix_multiplication I'm curious about the matrix $[\mathbf{a}]_{\times} \stackrel{\rm def}{=} ...
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2answers
388 views

Equation of plane that goes for intersection of 2 planes and is perpindicular to another plane

Really don't know what to do here, went to a tutor neither did he. Okay first the problem: Find the equation of the plane that passes through the line of intersection of the planes x − z = 2 and y + ...
2
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1answer
45 views

Relation between $\vec{a}\times\left(\vec{b}\times\vec{c}\right)$ and $\left(\vec{a}\times\vec{b}\right)\times\vec{c}$

The operation $\vec{a}\times\left(\vec{b}\times\vec{c}\right)$ can be simplified to $\vec{b}\left(\vec{a}\cdot\vec{c}\right) - \vec{c}\left(\vec{a}\cdot\vec{b}\right)$ and can easily be remembered by ...
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0answers
38 views

Cross Product Component Values

When taking the cross product, the x component of the perpendicular vector is the (signed) area of the yz projection of the parallelogram spanned by the two vectors it's orthogonal to-right? And ...
0
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2answers
48 views

Prove that vectors x,y are linearly dependent exactly when …

Prove that vectors $\vec{x},\vec{y}$ (belonging to $\mathbb{R}^3$) are linearly dependent only if the following is true $$ \begin{vmatrix} x_1&y_1 \\ x_2&y_2 \end{vmatrix} ...