For questions about or involving covering spaces in algebraic topology.

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Open Covers for Čech Homology

Would it make sense to define a filtered open covering $$\{U_i\} = U_1 < U_2 < \cdots < U_n = X$$ on a topological space $X$ in order to compute Čech homology? Or does this defeat the ...
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1answer
39 views

Show a function is continuous based on its properties relative to a covering map

Let $p:E\to B$ be a covering map, let $Y$ be locally path-connected, and let $g:Y\to E$ be a function such that $p\circ g$ is continuous $g \circ \gamma $ is continuous for every path $\gamma$ in $...
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58 views

Covering space action

In exercise 1.3.28 in Hatcher's Algebraic Topology, we are asked to show that for a covering space action of a group $G$ on a simply-connected space $Y$, $\pi_1(Y/G)$ is isomorphic to $G$. This is a ...
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39 views

Deck transformations and compact CW complexes

Let $X$ be a CW complex and $\widetilde{X}$ its universal cover, formed by lifting the CW structure on $X$. A finite cellular cochain, denoted $\phi$, is a cochain in $H^n(\widetilde{X}^n,\widetilde{...
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262 views

Homotopy equivalent spaces have homotopy equivalent universal covers

A problem in section 1.3 of Hatcher's Algebraic Topology is Let $\tilde{X}$ and $\tilde{Y}$ be simply-connected covering spaces of the path-connected, locally path-connected spaces $X$ and $Y$. ...
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34 views

Deck transformations of cover of double mapping cylinder

On page 66 of Hatcher's Algebraic Topology, he discusses the universal cover of a space $X$ which is a cylinder with its edges glued to a circle by maps $z \mapsto z^m$ and $z \mapsto z^n$. He ...
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1answer
41 views

Classification of $G$-principal Bundle and classification of $G$-coverings: a bridge between the two?

I encountered the following sentence in an exercise (the context is irrelevant) Let $G\cong\langle s_1,s_2,\dots , s_g \mid R \rangle$ be a discrete one relator group. Consider the $G$-principal ...
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57 views

Euler characteristic of 2-sheeted covering space

I'm currently taking a course on algebraic topology and while doing exercises, I realised that I wanted to use the following: If $X$ is a compact connected $2$-manifold and $\varpi:Y \rightarrow X ...
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1answer
99 views

The universal cover of a path-connected, locally path-connected space $X$ covers any other covering space

I'm currently reading Hatcher's Algebraic topology book. In page 68 he says: A consequence of the lifting criterion is that a simply-connected covering space of a path-connected, locally path-...
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30 views

Prove that covering maps are quotient maps

I know this to be true because my professor's lecture notes uses this result but I would like to see a proof of the statement.
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33 views

When is a fibration (canonically) a principal fibration over its group of automorphisms?

The question is inspired by the following observation: Let $p: X'\to X$ be a connected covering space where both spaces are suitably nice (say they are CW complexes), then $p: X' \to X$ is a principal ...
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187 views

Universal cover of $T^2 \vee \mathbb{R}P^2 $

What is the universal cover of the wedge sum of the torus and the real projective plane? I know from Hatcher's Algebraic Topology that the universal cover of $\mathbb{R}P^2 \vee \mathbb{R}P^2 $ is ...
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1answer
62 views

Is there any general method to calculate the universal cover of a given topological space $X$?

I am currently taking a course in algebraic topology and I have to calculate the universal cover of a lot of spaces (I'll call them $X$ from here on). So far I know some tricks to do it: consider $X'$ ...
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1answer
94 views

How can I prove that the hawaiian earring has no universal cover?

I know that the Hawaiian earring is not semi-locally simply connected so the existence is not guaranteed. Also, the point in which it must fail is the origin, where it isn't even locally simply ...
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95 views

Covering of hawaiian earring

I'm taking a course on Algebraic Topology and I'm struggling to find the solution to this problem: Let $Y$ be the Hawaiian earring in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and $Y'$ the union on infinite $Y$s moved $3z$ ...
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1answer
17 views

Example of non locally connected space with a covering in each connected component which is not a covering of the whole space

Can someone show me an example of an space $X$ non locally connected and another space $X'$ such that $\varpi: X' \to X$ is not a covering but $\varpi: \varpi^{-1}(X_i) \to X_i$ is, for each connected ...
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72 views

3 sheeted cover of Klein bottle with torus

So I'm dealing with this exercise in which it is asked to determine whether the torus can be a 3-cover of the Klein bottle. A friend of mine came up with a proof that this is not the case, but this ...
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24 views

Degree one branched cover is a homeomorphism

Suppose that $f:X \to Y$ is a branched cover of Riemann surfaces and a covering map of degree one outside of the ramification points. Then is $f$ a homeomorphism?
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30 views

The projection onto the orbit space $X/G$

Let $X$ be a locally compact, Hausdorff, path connected and locally path connected space. Assume a group $G$ acts freely and properly discontinuously on $X$, which means $\forall K^{compact},~~\{g\in ...
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1answer
29 views

Covering group $Aut(\tilde{X},p)\cong NH/H $

I want to show $Aut(\tilde{X},p)\cong NH/H $ where $H=p_*\pi_1(\tilde{X},\tilde{x_0})$ and $NH$ is the normalizer of $H$. In my text book, the author sketches the proof of the above by using the ...
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1answer
53 views

Definition of finite-sheeted covering

What is the definition of a finite-sheeted covering $q: E \to X$? Does it mean that every open $V \subseteq X$ has a pre-image $q^{-1}(V)$ that is the disjoint union of a finite number of sheets? Or ...
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29 views

Show entropy bound unit simplex

Let $\mathcal{S}_d$ be the $d$-dimensional unit simplex. Then for the norm $||x||_1 = \sum_i |x_i|$ and $0 < \varepsilon \leq 1$, $$N(\varepsilon, \mathcal{S}_d, ||\cdot||_1) \leq \left(\frac{5}{\...
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Find a nonregular 3-fold covering space of the genus two closed orientable surface.

Find a nonregular 3-fold covering space of the genus two closed orientable surface. This question was asked to me in Ph.D. Preliminary Exam. I have not any idea.
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How can I show that the composition of two coverings is also a covering?

I'm trying to prove the following: Let $\varpi ' : X'' \to X'$ and $\varpi : X' \to X$ be two coverings and let $X$ be a locally simply connected space. Prove that $\varpi \circ \varpi ' : X'' \...
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1answer
61 views

On a subgroup of the deck transformation of a covering space

I'm stuck with an exercise. Suppose you have a covering space $M \rightarrow X$, and you define $G:=\{\tau \in Deck(M)|\tau(S)=S\}$, for some $2$-sphere $S$ in $M$, and $G$ acts freely by isometries ...
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27 views

Show covering number $N(\epsilon,\mathcal{P},h) < \infty$ for all $\epsilon >0$

Let $\mathcal{P} = \{P_{\theta}: \theta \in \Theta\}$ be a dominated model of distributions on $[0,1]$. For the parameter space $\Theta$ we have $$\Theta := \{\theta: [0,1] \rightarrow \mathbb{R} \...
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1answer
39 views

Determine a normal covering space

Is there a way to determine if a covering space is normal without using the two theorems of Hatcher's book in pages 71 and 72?
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38 views

Covering map of the annulus

How to find universal covering map of the annulus of inner radius $\frac{1}{R}$ and outer radius $R>1$ from the right half plane $H$ where $H=\{z|Re(z)>0\}$?
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2answers
50 views

Size of the deck transformation group

If $p\colon Y\to X$ is a $k$-fold covering map, and $Y$ is path-connected, what is the size of Deck($p$), the deck transformation group? I was attempting to prove that the answer is $\leq k$, but ...
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72 views

Surface groups and subgroups of fundamental groups

The fundamental group of any closed surface is a surface group. Let $S_3$ be the orientable surface of genus 3. Is $\pi_1(S_3)$ isomorphic to an index-3 subgroup of any surface group? We have 1 2-...
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39 views

Covering a rectangle with circles

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1answer
20 views

Covering space of an abelian topological group is abelian if the covering map is a homomorphism

I'm trying to show that if $(E, \cdot)$ and $(G, \cdot)$ are both topological groups, $G$ is abelian, and $(E, p)$ is a covering of $G$ such that $p:E\to G$ is a homomorphism with respect to $\cdot$, ...
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Let $q: X\to Y$ and $r: Y\to Z$ be covering maps; let $p=r\circ q$. Show that if $r^{-1}(z)$ is finite for each $z\in Z$, then $p$ is a covering map.

Let $q: X\to Y$ and $r: Y\to Z$ be covering maps; let $p=r\circ q$. Show that if $r^{-1}(z)$ is finite for each $z\in Z$, then $p$ is a covering map. I've almost completed solving this problem, but ...
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2answers
56 views

Suppose $p:E\to B$ is a covering map and $B$ is connected. Prove that if $p^{-1}(\{b\})$ has n points $p^{-1}(\{b\})$ has n points for every $b\in B$

My idea is to somehow show that the group $O_n$ is both open closed which will imply $O_n=B$. Then assign to each $n$ the set of points $O_n\subseteq B$ such that $p^{-1}(b)$ has exactly $n$ points. ...
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1answer
61 views

Universal cover of boundary

Let $M$ be a compact manifold-with-boundary and $B$ a component of $\partial M$. Let $\tilde{M}$ be the univeral cover of $M$ with infinite-sheeted covering map $p:\tilde{M} \to M$. I wonder about the ...
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63 views

How does the fundamental group of the base space act on its universal cover?

I have a guess: Given $p : \tilde{X} \rightarrow X$, and fixing $x_0 \in X$, then $\pi_1(X, x_0)$ acts on $p^{-1}(x_0)$ in an obvious way. (Monodromy) Is this action the action that gives $X$ as a ...
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2answers
64 views

Finding open covers that do not contain finite subcovers

I'm being asked that for each of the following spaces $(X_i, T_i)$, find an open cover $U_i$ that does not contain a finite subcover. $X_i$ is a set and $T_i$ is a collections of subsets. I have ...
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1answer
79 views

Constructing covering space of surfaces

If $S_g$ is the surface $\#_g T^2$ where $g$ is a non-negative integer, when can we construct a covering space $S_h$ of $S_g$? Each such surface is a $CW$-complex, and in a $n$-sheeted covering, each ...
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1answer
27 views

What are the morphisms in the category of unramified coverings over a compact Riemann surface?

Fix a compact Riemann surface $S$, and finite a set of branch points $B \subseteq S$. Consider the collection of Riemann surfaces $S_1$ and mermorphic functions $f: S_1 \rightarrow S$, such that $f$ ...
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0answers
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Algorithms for finding covering spaces of a given space

Taking the example of $X=S^1\vee S^1$ , to find the covering space $X$ what was done in Munkres is that we had the idea of how the real line wraps around the circle. Using this we attached circles ...
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1answer
76 views

Covering space of a $\theta$ graph

I'm considering a problem of finding an explicit algorithm to construct a covering of a finite graph (in particular, of a $\theta$ graph) Since the current graph is homotopy equivalent to a wedge of ...
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86 views

Geodesic Lines on Covering Maps

So I'm not sure how deck transformations work into this problem. I've established the following so far. Let $\pi:\tilde{M}\rightarrow M$ be the universal covering map. We may suppose that $M$ is ...
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119 views

Is there is a way to construct a covering space of a wedge of two circles for a given normal subgroup

I would like to construct a covering space of a wedge of two circles with a given normal subgroup $H \subset \pi_{1}(S^{1} \vee S^{1})=F_{a,b}$. The goal is to find a covering space $\tilde{X}$ so ...
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1answer
43 views

If p is a covering map of a connected space, does p evenly cover the whole space?

Suppose I have a covering map $p:X\rightarrow Y$, and $Y$ is connected. Is $Y$, as an open set, evenly covered by $p$? I think the answer is yes; I'm new to this kind of topology, so I'm not sure if ...
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1answer
70 views

Is There a Generalization of the Path Lifting Property Of Covering Maps.

$\newcommand{\R}{\mathbf R}$ Let $p:(E, e)\to (X, x)$ be a covering projection map. We know that for any path $\gamma:I\to X$ such that $\gamma(0)=x$, there is a unique lift $\Gamma:I\to E$ such that $...
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26 views

What happens if the Vector field vanishes in this case?

"Given the contravariant vector field $V{\mu}(x)$, we cosider te differential equation $$\frac{dx^{\mu}}{d\lambda}=V^{\mu}(x).$$ The solution $x^{\mu}$ is a map from $\mathbb{R}\rightarrow M$ is ...
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1answer
48 views

Étale morphism has all its Deck transformation homotopic to identity

Is there an example that étale morphism (of degree $d,d<\infty$) $\pi: X\rightarrow Y$, s.t. all its Deck transformations homotopic to $Id_X$,except the trivial one, where $Y$ is general Enriques ...
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35 views

Involution and Covering space

Is there a connected topological space such that admits a free involution, trivial fundamental group and furthermore has the set of real number as it's covering space?
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Catalog of covering maps

Is there somewhere where I can find a list of covering maps including their base space and target space? Apart from standard examples found in notes and books I can't find much else.
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83 views

Covering spaces of $S^1 \vee S^1$: to what subgroups do these ones correspond?

The universal covering space for $S^1 \vee S^1$ is the Cayley graph, $X$, of the free group on two generators, $F\{a,b\}$. The subgroup $F\{b\}$ corresponds to the covering space ...