The exercise asks the reader to prove that $X$ is a finite covering (i.e., the number of points of $X$ lying over a given point of $L$ is finite and bounded) of $L$, where the affine varieties $X$ and ...
Let $f:Y\to X$ be a finite etale cover of smooth projective connected varieties. (Or, just a finite degree connected topological cover of connected Riemann surfaces.) Let $y\in Y$ and let $x=f(y)$. ...