# Tagged Questions

Questions on coordinate systems, a geometric method where a point in n-dimensions is assigned a corresponding n-tuple of numbers.

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### Avoiding the spherical polar coordinate singularity on $S^2$ by using a double cover?

Is it possible to avoid the spherical polar coordinate singularity on $S^2$ by taking the coordinates as they originally are on $T^2$, i.e. ranging from $0$ to $2\pi$ mod $2\pi$? How would one ...
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### Coordinate transform a triangle

There is a triangle with points P1(x1,y1),P2(x2,y2),P3(x3,y3) on an XY plane. The final ...
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### Polar angle of a given point

How to find out polar angle of a given point $A(x_1,y_1)$ relative to another point $B(x_2,y_2)$ in a 2D space?
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### Definition of a cubic coordinate system

I'm looking at "Foundations of Differentiable Manifolds" by Frank Warner, and have a question about one of the basic definitions at the beginning of the book. He writes: A coordinate system $(U,\phi)$...
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### Calculating x and y coordinates from curvilinear orthogonal coordinates.

We have a curvilinear orthogonal coordinate system defined with $u=xy$, $v=\frac{x^2 - y^2}{2}$, $z=z$. First, calculate x and y. For them, I got $x=\sqrt{\frac{-2v\pm2\sqrt{v^2-u^2}}{2}}$ and $y=u/x$...
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### Adding Pitch/Yaw to Spherical Coordinates

Im running a program on a simulator where I have a stationary camera at global position $(0, 0, 0.48)$ with a pitch $=-28$ and yaw $=0$ rotation. The reference for this pitch and yaw are the global ...
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### The meaning of spacecraft attitude represented in quaternion

I am reading the following paper about the attitude control of aircraft: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1271671 The quaternion represents the relative orientation of two ...
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### Find the volume defined by $0 \leq z^2 \leq 2$ and $x^2 + 4y^2 - (2-z)^2 \leq 0$

I am asked to find the volume defined by $$0 \leq z^2 \leq 2\\ x^2 + 4y^2 - (2-z)^2 \leq 0$$ How can I do that using cylindrical coordinates? Is that minus sign before $(2-z)$ really supposed to ...
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### Induced metric on a one-sheet hyperboloid

I am trying to find the induced metric on a one-sheet hyperboloid. Suppose we use cylindrical coordinates $(r, \theta, z)$ for the ambient space in which the hyperboloid is embedded. The hyperboloid ...
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### Triangulation with two camera setup - Result in world or camera coordinate system?

I have some problems to understand how I can triangulate a 3D-point using a two camera setup. Let's assume I'm using a right handed coordinate system and the camera is looking in positive z-...
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### Derive the length of the longest line segment that can be enclosed inside the region A.

Q. Let A be the region in the xy-plane given by A={(x,y): x=u+v, y=v, u^2+v^2≤1}. Derive the length of the longest line segment that can be enclosed inside region A. My attempt: I found the equation ...
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### Converting coordinates

I am having huge trouble converting between cartesian to polar and to spherical. I need these methods for my limits of integration in most cases but using the formulas never seem to work, I just ...
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### parametric polar equation of a circle

I discovered that Mac's Grapher has a parametric polar mode, i.e. where $r$ and $\theta$ can be specified in terms of a parameter, usually $t$. I am attempting to convert the generic equation for a ...
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### Linear equation scale transform

I have a linear equation in the general form: Ax + By = C in the standard coordination (Cartesian Coordinate System). I would like to scale this linear's coordination to a custom ratio (for example x =...
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### Triple integral $\int_{0}^{2\pi} \int_{0}^{2\cos(\theta)} \int_{0}^{\sqrt{2r\cos(\theta)}} r \ dzdrd\theta$ to find volume of a solid

On evaluating the volume between $$x^2+y^2 = 2x\\z^2=2x$$ I set up the triple integral $$\int_{0}^{2\pi} \int_{0}^{2\cos(\theta)} \int_{0}^{\sqrt{2r\cos(\theta)}} r \ dzdrd\theta$$ for which ...
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### Using GPS coordinates in trillateration

for a project we need to find a certain position. The info we have : 3 surrounding positions and the distance between those positions and the point we are looking for. We've got a setup like this ...
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### coordinate transformation of operators

I recently came across a youtube video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6O6iZug6e6Y) on transformation electromagnetism (yes this is physics) and some of the math equations that was postulated did not ...
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### Find coordinates of point C in a equilateral triangle [closed]

How to find the coordinates of point C in a equilateral triangle, where $A=(-2,2)$ and $B=(6,2)$. http://i.stack.imgur.com/TXjjG.png Thanks in advance
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### How to find coordinates of $D$

How can I find the coordinates $D$ if I have the other coordinates of a parallelogram $A(-3/-2)$, $B(4/1)$, $C(6/5)$, $D(?/?)$. Thanks in advance
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### Cone under similarity transformation

Suppose we have a cone passing through the origin of $xyz$ coordinate system. Now, the question is that whether we can find an invertible transformation on this coordinate system that turns the cone ...
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### how to find the pivot/axis and angle that move one coordinates space to another?

I am writing a plugin for a 3d modeler, and I am stuck. For my plugin, I need to get the axis and the angle used for rotating a 3d object. But I only get the coordinates (~ 3dmatrices) of the objects ...
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### Can point in 3D space be represented as vector?

If yes, then such vector is just displacement from origin in coordinate system? Also, I have another(optional) question, how to name variable that represnts particular point using vector? Position or ...
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### determine lat/lng coordinate by adding distance in one direction from another coordinate

How can I calculate the coordinate of a latitude/longitude point that is X feet in one direction (North, South, East, or West). For example, how do I get the point 1000ft North of 45,-100? 500ft East ...
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### Flea on the coordinate system

We drop a flea on a point of the coordinate system(with integer coordinates). Due to the dimensions of the flea we can not see it. The flea jumps away every second by one unit (always in the same ...
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### Volume of paraboloid $z = x^2+y^2$ with heigth $h$

I am asked to find the Volume of paraboloid $z = x^2+y^2$ with heigth $h$. How would be the best way to approach that problem (cartesian/cylindrical)? My reasoning using cylindrical coordinates doesn'...
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### Evaluate the integral $f(x,y,z) = x$ within $x^2+4y^2+9z^2 \leq 1$ and $x \geq 0$ and also $y \geq 0$

I am asked to evaluate the integral $f(x,y,z) = x$ within $x^2+4y^2+9z^2 \leq 1$ and $x \geq 0$ and also $y \geq 0$ using a change of variables. Should I proceed with spherical coordinates? If so, is ...
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### Find limits of integration for region under sphere $x^2+y^2+z^2=a^2$ inside cone $x^2+y^2=z^2$ and above $0xy$

I am asked to find the limits of integration for region under sphere $x^2+y^2+z^2=a^2$ inside cone $x^2+y^2=z^2$ and above $0xy$. Should I use spherical coordinates or cylindrical coordinates? Is it ...
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### Visualizing Nash Equilibria of a 4 dimensional matrix

Are there any good ways to visualize Nash equilibria of a 4-d matrix? I have created an game theory model which consists of of four players (P1; P2; P3; P4) who can all choose between a set of 27 ...
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### Change directly between spherical coordinate systems, without intermediate Cartesian coordinate system.

Is there a practical way to change from one spherical coordinate system to another spherical coordinate system without changing to an intermediate Cartesian coordinate system? The Stack Exchange-...
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### Find the area of the square using co-ordinates

Given a square $ABCD$ such that the vertex $A$ is on the $x$-axis and the vertex $B$ is on the $y$-axis. The coordinates of vertex $C$ are $(u,v)$. Find the area of square in terms of $u$ and $v$ only....
### Defining a region in $\mathbb{R}^2$
I was trying to do this exercise but my answer doesn't match with the solution and I'm wondering why: Consider the coordinates transformation defined by $x=2u+v$ and $y=u^2-v$. Being $T$ the ...